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Liu Ali A Gamma Knife Center - - 2014
Object The goal of this study was to assess the clinical and pathological features of benign brain tumors that had been treated with Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) followed by resection. Methods In this retrospective chart review, the authors identified 61 patients with intracranial benign tumors who had undergone neurosurgical intervention ...
Lee Jiwon J Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Miyai Masafumi M Department of Neurosurgery, Japanese Red Cross Takayama - - 2014
Abstract We report here the regression of meningioma following treatment with the anti-estrogen agent mepitiostane in a series of cases. The first case was that of a 72-year-old woman who presented with coma status due to non-communicating hydrocephalus. A large presumed meningioma within the cerebello-pontine angle was detected on gadolinium-enhanced ...
Kubicky Charlotte Dai CD Department of Radiation Medicine, Oregon Health Science University , Portland, OR, - - 2014
There are close to 70,000 new cases of primary central nervous system tumors diagnosed annually in the United States. Meningiomas, gliomas, nerve sheath tumors and pituitary tumors account for 85% of them. There is abundant literature on these commonly occurring tumors but data from the literature on infrequently encountered tumors ...
Akiguchi Ichiro I Center of Neurological and Cerebrovascular Diseases, Takeda Hospital Kyoto, Japan ; Department of Health Science, Kyoto Koka Women's University Kyoto, - - 2014
We sought to identify the prevalence of MRI features of disproportionately enlarged subarachnoid space hydrocephalus in possible idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (DESH-iNPH) and to describe the clinico-radiological features and outcomes of a community-based investigation (The Vienna Trans-Danube Aging study). Of the 697 inhabitants (all 75 years old), 503 completed extensive ...
Sun Lijun - - 2014
Three cases of intracranial angioleiomyoma (ALM) in our neurosurgery center are reported in detail. ALM is a benign soft tissue tumor comprised of mature smooth muscle cells and a prominent vascular component, which is extremely rare as a primary intracranial lesion. Altogether, only 12 cases were recorded in the literature ...
Chowdhury Tumul T Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Health Sciences Center, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, - - 2014
Considering the important role of pituitary gland in regulating various endocrine axes and its unique anatomical location, various postoperative complications can be anticipated resulting from surgery on pituitary tumors. We examined and categorized the immediate postoperative complications according to various tumor pathologies. We carried out a prospective study in 152 ...
Bao Zhao-Shi - - 2014
Aspergillosis of the central nervous system is a rare fungal infection that is mainly reported in patients with immune deficiency, such as AIDS patients and organ transplant patients treated with immunosuppressive agents, and is uncommon among patients with intact immune function. We report here a rare case of intracranial aspergillosis ...
Kartal Merve Gulbiz MG Department of Radiology, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, 06050, Bilkent, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
MRI is not only beneficial in the diagnosis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-related diseases, but also aids in planning the management and post-surgery follow-up of the patients. With recent advances in MRI systems, there are many newly developed sequences and techniques that rapidly enable evaluation of CSF-related disorders with greater accuracy. ...
Del Maestro Mattia M Department of Life, Health & Environmental Sciences (Me.S.V.A.), University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, - - 2014
Syringomyelia can be defined as a degenerative, progressive and chronic spinal cord disease. Its association with tumors of the posterior cranial fossa (PCF) is a rare condition. The authors report a rare case of syringobulbia consequent to a meningioma originating from PCF in a 17-year-old female, discussing the pathogenetic mechanism ...
Ma Jun J Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University, China National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases, Center of Brain Tumor, Beijing Institute for Brain Disorders and Beijing Key Laboratory of Brian - - 2014
Lateral ventricular trigone meningioma is relatively rare and surgical resection is the main treatment strategy. It is a challenge to achieve total resection without any complication. We analyzed a series of cases with literature review. Retrospective data was collected for patients with surgical treatment for trigone meningioma at our department ...
Marx Sascha S Department of Neurosurgery, University of Greifswald, Sauerbruchstraße, Greifswald, - - 2014
Background and Importance Primary leptomeningeal melanoma (PLM) is highly malignant and exceedingly rare. Due to its rarity, diagnostic and treatment paradigms have been slow to evolve. We report the first case of a PLM that mimics a cervical spine meningioma and then discuss the current clinical, radiologic, and pathologic diagnostic methodologies ...
Chourmouzi Danai D Department of Radiology, Interbalcan Medical Centre, Thessaloniki, Greece, - - 2014
Pilocytic astrocytoma can be challenging to diagnose. Its clinical presentations can differ, directly related to its size and location, and are relatively unreliable. Similarly, imaging findings also vary with the location of the pilocytic astrocytoma. This review provides an overview of the different imaging findings regarding pilocytic astrocytomas using both ...
Qiu Li-Hua LH Huaxi MR Research Center (HMRRC), Department of Radiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, P.R. China ; Department of Radiology, The Second People's Hospital of Yibin, Yibin, Sichuan 644000, P.R. - - 2014
Cystic meningioma is an uncommon meningioma variant that is often difficult to distinguish from other intra-axial tumors, including necrotic gliomas. Cystic meningiomas located in the ventricle are particularly rare and may be misdiagnosed with other brain tumors, including ependymoma, choroid plexus papilloma and neurocytoma, due to its location. The present ...
Lone Manzoor Ahmad MA Department of General Surgery, SKIMS, Soura, Jammu and Kashmir, - - 2014
The Aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of clinico-radiological parameters on the outcome of the treatment in brain tuberculosis. This study was conducted in the Department of Neurosurgery and Neurology Skims Srinagar India for a period of two years from November 2009 to November 2011. A total ...
Alsemari Abdulaziz - - 2014
There are a number of dietary components that may prove useful in the prevention and treatment of cancer. In some cultures, fenugreek seeds are used to treat cancer. The current study focuses on the anticancer properties and proteomic profiles of fenugreek seeds, and is prompted by the clinical profile of ...
Sasani Mehdi M Neurosurgery Department, American Hospital, Guzelbahce Sk. No: 20, 34365, Nisantasi, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Choroid plexus papillomas (CPP) are rare benign neoplasms of the central nervous system that occur most often in children during the first decade of life. They occur most often in the lateral ventricle. It is extremely rare for a CPP to occur in the pineal region. We describe the case ...
Qiu Bo B Department of Neurosurgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001, P.R. - - 2014
Abstract In the current study, we reviewed and re-evaluated the experiences of microsurgical management for pineal region meningiomas via the unilateral occipital transtentorial approach (Poppen's approach). Clinical data were obtained on 15 meningiomas of the pineal region, which underwent microsurgery via unilateral Poppen's approach from March 2009 to June 2012. ...
Azab Waleed A WA Department of Neurosurgery, Ibn Sina Hospital, Kuwait City, - - 2014
Colloid cysts are usually located at the rostral part of the third ventricle in proximity to the foramina of Monro. Some third ventricular colloid cysts, however, attain large sizes, reach a very high distance above the roof of the third ventricle, and pose some challenges during endoscopic excision. These features ...
Hernández-Durán Silvia S University of Costa Rica School of Medicine, Ciudad Universitaria Rodrigo Facio, San Pedro de Montes de Oca, San José, Costa Rica ; Department of Neurological Surgery, Hospital San Juan de Dios, Paseo Colón, San José, Costa - - 2014
The presentation of intracranial hemangiopericytomas is very rare, and only one case of a hemangiopericytoma during pregnancy has been reported in the literature. The management of these lesions poses a great challenge to the neurosurgeon, since the physiological and hormonal changes of pregnancy can exacerbate the symptoms of this highly ...
Dadlani Ravi R Department of Neurosurgery, Sri Satya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences, Bangalore, - - 2014
Intracranial tumors secondary to radiotherapy are rare. In this group gliomas are the rarest. Only 6 cases of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) have been reported in patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) for craniopharyngiomas of which only 4 have been in children less than 18 years of age. In recent years RT has ...
Trinh Victoria V Department of Neurosurgery, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, - - 2014
Primary melanocytic tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) represent only 1% of all melanomas. We report two rare cases of primary diffuse leptomeningeal melanomatosis (PDLM; case 1) and primary melanoma of the thoraco-lumbar spine (case 2). In case 1, multiple cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies and a brain biopsy were ...
Rabiei Katrin K Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, c/o Neurosurgical Clinic, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg SE-413 45, Sweden. - - 2014
There are few, limited, and to some extent contradictory, reports on the cellular and subcellular morphology of arachnoid cysts. In the literature cyst membranes are described as similar to, or as vastly different from, normal arachnoid membranes. This paper reports electron microscopic analyses of symptomatic cysts from 24 patients (12 ...
Streitberger Kaspar-Josche KJ Department of Radiology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
To generate high-resolution maps of the viscoelastic properties of human brain parenchyma for presurgical quantitative assessment in glioblastoma (GB). Twenty-two GB patients underwent routine presurgical work-up supplemented by additional multifrequency magnetic resonance elastography. Two three-dimensional viscoelastic parameter maps, magnitude |G*|, and phase angle φ of the complex shear modulus were ...
Johnson Peter B PB Department of Surgery, Radiology, Anaesthetics and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies (Mona Campus), Kingston, - - 2014
Sarcoidosis is a chronic granulomatous disease of unknown aetiology, which may involve any organ system. It most commonly occurs in adults with childhood involvement being rare. Central nervous system involvement is seen in up to 25% and typically involves meningeal disease resulting in multiple cranial neuropathies. Other common clinical findings ...
Gonçalves Vítor M VM 0000-0002-5432-9595 Neurosurgery Department, Garcia de Orta Hospital, Avenida Torrado da Silva, 2801-951 Almada, - - 2014
Intracranial aneurysms are rare in the pediatric population, especially in infancy, representing less than 1% of all aneurysms. In this age group, they are more frequent at the carotid bifurcation and in the posterior circulation, with a greater number of giant aneurysms and spontaneous aneurysm thrombosis when compared with the ...
Kim Dong Ha DH Department of Neurosurgery, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, - - 2014
A differential diagnosis between neurosarcoidosis and neurosyphilis is particularly problematic in patients with a positive serologic result for syphilis. We report here a patient with a solitary cavernous sinus sarcoidosis who had a history of syphilis and showed rapidly progressing cavernous sinus syndrome. A transsphenoidal biopsy was performed and a ...
Mehan William A WA Jr Neuroradiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
Patients with neurologic complaints are imaged with MRI protocols that may include many pulse sequences. It has not been documented which sequences are essential. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of a limited number of sequences in patients with new neurologic complaints. 996 consecutive brain MRI studies from patients with new ...
Ahmed Rafay R Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2014
Malignant gliomas consist of glioblastomas, anaplastic astrocytomas, anaplastic oligodendrogliomas and anaplastic oligoastrocytomas, and some less common tumors such as anaplastic ependymomas and anaplastic gangliogliomas. Malignant gliomas have high morbidity and mortality. Even with optimal treatment, median survival is only 12-15 months for glioblastomas and 2-5 years for anaplastic gliomas. However, ...
Barnes Nicole N Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatric Medicine, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital , Memphis, TN , - - 2014
Advancements in cancer treatments have increased the number of survivors of childhood cancers. Endocrinopathies are common complications following cancer therapy and may occur decades later. The objective of the current review is to address the main endocrine abnormalities detected in childhood cancer survivors including disorders of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, thyroid, ...
Nguyen Lananh L Department of Neuropathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center 200 Lothrop Street, Suite B-400 15207 Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2014
Angiolipomas are benign tumors that usually occur in patients during their late teens or early twenties. Most are found as multiple lesions and often located on the arm or trunk. Although predominantly subcutaneous lesions, intraosseous angiolipomas are primarily found in the mandible and ribs, with one case involving the calvarium ...
Bründl Elisabeth E Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Center Regensburg, - - 2014
Hemangioblastomas (HBLs) are benign neoplasms that contribute to 1-2.5% of intracranial tumors and 7-12% of posterior fossa lesions in adult patients. HBLs either evolve hereditarily in association with von Hippel-Lindau disease (vHL) or, more prevalently, as solitary sporadic tumors. Only few authors have reported on the clinical presentation and the ...
Liu Rui R Department of Neurosurgery, PLA Navy General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Tumors located in the posterior fossa and especially in the middle and upper fourth ventricle are comparatively rare and technically very challenging. For some lesions, the telovelar approach has been shown to be a suitable approach. The unilateral approach is sufficient in most cases of small lesions. However, large fourth ...
Anderson Mark M School of Medicine, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, District of Columbia, United - - 2014
Objectives We present the case of a choroid plexus papilloma (CPP) in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA), describe the different appearances of CPPs with a variety of imaging techniques, and discuss the differential diagnosis of CPA tumors. Participant and Design We report the case of a 52-year-old woman with headache, tinnitus, and unilateral ...
Mazher Saeed - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the outcome of management of intraventricular lesions operated by an open transcortical (nonendoscopic) approach. Study Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Neurosurgery, Dow University of Health Sciences and Civil Hospital, Karachi, from January 2009 to December 2011, with six months follow-up. Methodology: All ...
Tsuchida Yohei - - 2013
Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome is characterized by neurological symptoms resulting from cerebral edema, which occurs as a consequence of hemodialysis. Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome most often occurs in patients who have just started hemodialysis, during hemodialysis, or soon after hemodialysis; although it may also occur in patients who are under maintenance hemodialysis ...
Harper Lorna - - 2013
Accurate and timely diagnosis of dementia is important to guide management and provide appropriate information and support to patients and families. Currently, with the exception of individuals with genetic mutations, postmortem examination of brain tissue remains the only definitive means of establishing diagnosis in most cases, however, structural neuroimaging, in ...
Wang Zhen-Lin ZL Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Skull Base Surgery Center, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, - - 2013
The early experience of treating anterior skull base meningiomas with intra-extracranial extension via pure endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) was presented, the safety, feasibility and preliminary treatment outcomes were investigated. Eight patients with intra-extradural meningiomas who were admitted from October 2006 to October 2010 were operated on via EEA in one ...
Zimny Anna A Department of General, Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, Chair of Radiology, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland ; Department of General, Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Clinical Hospital, Wrocław, - - 2013
In the article we present pathological intracranial substances and lesions, which produce high signal intensity on T1-weighted MR images. Six groups of substances are discussed: 1. Gadolinium - based contrast agents, 2.hemoglobin degradation products (intra- and extra-cellular methemoglobin), 3. lipid-containing lesions (lipoma, dermoid cyst, implanted fatty materials, laminar cortical necrosis), ...
Jeong Dong Hwan DH Department of Neurosurgery, Ajou University Hospital, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2013
Primary spinal cord melanoma is a rare central nervous system malignant tumor. Usually it resembles an intradural extramedullary (IDEM) nerve sheath tumor or melanoma. We experienced a patient with upper thoracic primary IDEM spinal cord melanoma who was diagnosed to be with hydrocephalus and without intracranial lesions. Initial symptoms of ...
Hiyama Hirofumi - - 2013
A 26-year-old male with large intraventricular meningioma developed acute hydrocephalus postoperatively, which was difficult to manage. After a repeated course of dilated and slit-like ventricle, he gradually presented a disturbance of consciousness, which was recovered by the use of bromocriptine, suggesting akinetic mutism. At the chronic stage, he suffered from ...
Choi Go - - 2013
Here, we report a rare case of an anaplastic astrocytoma masquerading as a hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage. A 69-year-old woman who had been under medical management for hypertension during the past 3 years suddenly developed right hemiparesis with dysarthria. Brain computed tomography (CT) scans with contrast and CT angiograms revealed ...
Xie Xiaobin - - 2013
The orbital subarachnoid space surrounding the optic nerve is continuous with the circulation system for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and can be visualized using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We hypothesized that the orbital subarachnoid space width (OSASW) is correlated with and can serve as a surrogate for intracranial pressure (ICP). Our ...
Bodilsen Jacob - - 2013
Community-acquired bacterial meningitis (CABM) continues to have a high mortality rate and often results in severe sequelae among survivors. Lately, an increased effort has been focused on describing the neurological complications of meningitis including hydrocephalus. To aid in this field of research we set out to ascertain the risk and ...
Preuss Matthias M Department of Neurosurgery, Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, - - 2013
Trigeminal meningoceles, lateral to the maxillary nerve (V2), have seldom been reported as underlying pathology for spontaneous rhinoliquorrhea. In contrast to sphenoid meningoceles arising from a persistent lateral craniopharyngeal canal (Sternberg-Cruveilhier, medial to V2), their occurrence seems to be generated by addition of erosive processes to the constitutively thin bony ...
Terakado Kunihiko - - 2013
To determine the efficacy of a colorimetric pupil light reflex (PLR) device (Melan-100(®), U.S.A.) in dogs of sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome (SARDS; 16 cases), progressive retinal atrophy (PRA; 10 cases) and optic pathway disease (6 cases). The colorimetric device detected PLR abnormality in 32, 16, and 9 eyes with ...
Wanibuchi Masahiko M Department of Neurosurgery, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan ; Carolina Neuroscience Institute, Raleigh, North Carolina, United - - 2013
Choroid plexus papilloma is a rare benign tumor accounting for 0.5% of all intracranial tumors. The majority of choroid plexus papillomas occur during the first 2 years of life in the ventricular system. Moreover, dense calcification of the tumor is uncommon. We report an adult case of densely calcified, atypical ...
Cordenier Ann - - 2013
Headache only triggered by coughing is a rather uncommon condition. The aim of the present review is to present an overview of the diagnosis, clinical characteristics, pathophysiology and treatment of both primary and symptomatic cough headache and discuss other relevant headache disorders affected by coughing. The diagnosis of primary cough ...
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