Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 612889

Current sort is by publication date. Click to sort by relevancy

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Mihailovic Jasna J Department of Nuclear Medicine, Oncology Institute of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica, Serbia; Technical Faculty "Mihajlo Pupin" Zrenjanin, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, - - 2015
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a relatively rare hematologic disorder characterized by proliferation of plasma cells, primarily involving the bone marrow. Extramedullary involvement also occurs with poor prognosis. Asymptomatic plasma cell disorders, monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance, and smoldering MM, which do not require therapy, should be distinguished from symptomatic MM, ...
Kinch Katie K *NHS Fife, Victoria Hospital, Kirkcaldy †Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee ‡Perth Royal Infirmary, Perth §Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow ∥Royal Aberdeen Children's Hospital, Aberdeen ¶School of Medicine, University of St Andrews, St Andrews #Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Migration percentage (MP) is an accepted method of assessing lateral displacement of the femoral head in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Difficulty in positioning of patients for pelvic radiography remains a concern for the reliability of the MP. This 2-part quantitative study examined 100 anteroposterior pelvic radiographs for children with ...
Atukorala I I Institute of Bone and Joint Research, Kolling Institute, University of Sydney, Australia and Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, New South Wales, Australia University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri - - 2014
It is unknown whether joint inflammation precedes other articular tissue damage in osteoarthritis. Therefore, this study aims to determine if synovitis precedes the development of radiographic knee osteoarthritis (ROA). The participants in this nested case-control study were selected from persons in the Osteoarthritis Initiative with knees that had a Kellgren ...
Kan J Herman JH E.B. Singleton Pediatric Radiology, Texas Children's Hospital, 6701 Fannin Street, Suite 470, Houston, TX, 77030-2399, - - 2014
Fragmentary ossification of the inferior patella is often dismissed as a normal variant in children younger than 10 years of age. The purpose of this study was to determine whether fragmentary inferior patellar pole ossification is a normal variant or is associated with symptoms or signs of pathology using MRI and ...
Kloth Jost Karsten JK Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany, - - 2014
Digital plain radiographs of the full leg are frequently performed examinations of children and young adults. Thus, the objective of this work was to reduce the radiation exposure dependent on specific indications, and to determine objective quality-control criteria to ensure accurate assessment. Institutional review board approval and informed consent of ...
Shan Jing J Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2014
Chest tomosynthesis is a low-dose, quasi-3D imaging modality that has been demonstrated to improve the detection sensitivity for small lung nodules, compared to 2D chest radiography. The purpose of this study is to investigate the feasibility and system requirements of stationary chest tomosynthesis (s-DCT) using a spatially distributed carbon nanotube ...
Santinelli I I Centro di Studi del Cavallo Sportivo, Dipartimento di Medicina Veterinaria, University of Perugia., Via San Costanzo 4, 06126, Perugia, - - 2014
There are scant data on the incidence of the different anatomical variants of equine caudal cervical spine, despite interest in cervical pathology. To identify morphological radiographic variation in the sixth and seventh cervical vertebrae and the first thoracic vertebra in horses of different breeds and to determine whether there are ...
Jia J B JB Department of Radiological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, 101 The City Drive South, Route 140, Orange, CA 92868, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Onyx(®) (ev3, Irvine, CA, USA) is a liquid embolic agent composed of ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer dissolved in dimethyl sulphoxide used for the treatment of intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Onyx is a preferred embolizing agent due to its unique properties, non-adhesive nature, and durability. In addition to its approved intracranial application, ...
Ramamurthy Senthil S Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Winship Cancer Institute, 1701 Uppergate Drive NE, Suite 5018, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA, - - 2014
Our objective is to design, implement, and phantom-test a device to automatically obtain point-of-care patient photographs along with portable radiographs. Such photographs could help with detection of wrong-patient errors. Our device consists of a camera controller (CC) and a camera that can be mounted on a portable conventional radiography (CR) ...
Khandewal Deepika D Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this ex vivo study was to evaluate the accuracy of the Raypex 5 (VDW, Munich, Germany) and Apex NRG XFR (Medic NRG Ltd, Tel Aviv, Israel) electronic apex locators (EALs) in determining the working length when compared with radiographs. Twenty-five human single-rooted teeth were selected, and the access ...
Geary S S Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
A retrospective cohort study was performed to evaluate the use of panoramic radiographs as a screening tool for low bone mass in postmenopausal women. Female subjects aged ≥50 years were included. The predictor variables were gonial angle, antegonial angle, mandibular cortical bone integrity, periodontal disease status, and number of remaining ...
Ashurst John V JV From the departments of emergency medicine (Drs Ashurst, Nappe, Digiambattista, Kambhampati, Alam, Kane, and Greenberg, Ms Ortiz, and Mr Delpais) and emergency medicine research (Ms Porter and Dr Kurt) at Lehigh Valley Health Network in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania - - 2014
Reducing unnecessary testing lessens the cost burden of medical care, but decreasing use depends on consistently following evidence-based clinical decision rules. The Ottawa foot and ankle rules (OFARs) are validated, longstanding evidence-based guidelines to predict fractures. Frequently, radiography is automatically ordered for acute ankle injuries despite findings from OFARs suggesting ...
Su Fangju F Department of Cardiology, Lanzhou General Hospital, People's Liberation Army, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, P.R. - - 2014
Atrial interstitial fibrosis plays a dual role in inducing and maintaining atrial fibrillation (AF). Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) has been reported as closely associated with renal, liver and pulmonary fibrosis diseases. However, whether HIF-1α is involved in myocardial fibrosis, and the associations between HIF-1α, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 ...
Akahane Tsutomu T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shinshu Ueda Medical Center, Ueda, Nagano 386-8610, - - 2014
The current report presents the case of a 41-year-old male exhibiting a giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCT-TS) arising from the patellar tendon sheath. Plain radiography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-localized mass that wrapped around the patellar tendon, and extended from the subcutis into the infrapatellar ...
Mackenzie Alistair A National Coordinating Centre for the Physics of Mammography, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford GU2 7XX, United Kingdom and Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, United - - 2014
The aim of this work is to create a model to predict the noise power spectra (NPS) for a range of mammographic radiographic factors. The noise model was necessary to degrade images acquired on one system to match the image quality of different systems for a range of beam qualities. ...
Kang Hongshan H Department of Critical Care Medicine, Harrison International Peace Hospital, Hebei Medical University, Hengshui 053000, Hebei, China, Corresponding author: Liu Shuhong, Email: - - 2014
To explore the effect of the transcutaneous tracheostomy tube in patients with pneumothorax and its clinical value. A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. Thirty-two patients with pneumothorax admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of Harrison International Peace Hospital of Hebei Medical University from June 2010 to June 2014 ...
Rakhshan Vahid V Iranian Tissue Bank and Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Dept. of Dental Anatomy and Morphology, Dental Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, - - 2014
Digital radiographs need additional metadata in order to be accurate when being converted to analog media. Resolution is a major reason of failures in proper printing or digitizing the images. This letter shortly explains the overlooked pitfalls of digital radiography and photography in dental practice, and briefly instructs the reader ...
Starr Vanessa V 1 Department of Radiology, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, 751 S Bascom Ave, San Jose, CA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), a well-described entity previously evaluated with a standard multimodality imaging algorithm, typically consisting of ultrasound and radiography depending on patient age. CONCLUSION. MRI is increasingly used because it is a noninvasive imaging modality that offers ...
Huda Walter W 1 Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Medical University of South Carolina, 96 Jonathan Lucas St, Charleston, SC - - 2014
Morin Richard L RL Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic Jacksonville, Jacksonville, Florida. Electronic address: - - 2014
Quality and safety improvements in radiology and medical imaging are substantially affected by radiation dose and its relationship to image quality and patient safety. Because radiation dose has many definitions and meanings, familiarity with and understanding of the basic nuances are important; modalities in general use radiation dose metrics that ...
Gonzalez-Zapata Alan A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2014
The patient was an 18-year-old high school baseball pitcher with a chief complaint of right (dominant) arm pain in the region of his right distal humerus that began 8 weeks earlier. Conventional radiographs were obtained, which were interpreted as normal. As a result, magnetic resonance imaging was obtained, which showed ...
Sugarman Jordan J Respiratory Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit and McGill International Tuberculosis Centre, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
The estimated number of maternal deaths in 2013 worldwide was 289 000, a 45% reduction from 1990. Non-obstetric causes such as infectious diseases including tuberculosis now account for 28% of maternal deaths. In 2013, 3·3 million cases of tuberculosis were estimated to occur in women globally. During pregnancy, tuberculosis is associated ...
Haghanifar Sina S Dept. of Oral & Maxillofacial Radiology and Dental Material Research Center, School of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, - - 2014
Statement of the Problem: The presence of impacted third molars in the jaws is a common finding in the routine dental examination of patients. Concerning the odontogenic components of the dental follicle, it can be the origin of different types of odontogenic cysts and tumors. Purpose: The aim of this ...
Gutersohn Andreas A Universitätsklinik für Thoraxchirurgie, Inselspital, Universitätsspital - - 2014
We report the case of a 52 years old patient with dilated cardiomyopathy. Ischemic heart disease was excluded by coronary angiography. However, bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy was present on plain chest radiography. Transbronchial biopsy showed non-necrotizing, epitheloid cell granulomas and thus sarcoidosis was diagnosed. A MRI of the heart confirmed the ...
Miles James E JE Department of Veterinary Clinical and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 1870 Frederiksberg C, - - 2014
Objective-To compare repeatability and equivalency of measures of femoral trochlea depth and trochlear angle in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) determined by use of radiography, ultrasonography, and digital photography of cadaver limbs. Sample-24 pelvic limbs from 12 red fox cadavers. Procedures-Cranioproximal-craniodistal oblique (skyline) and lateromedial radiographic views of the stifle joint ...
Haghanifar Sina S Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, - - 2014
Statement of the Problem: Determining the crown-root ratio is crucial in many dental clinical decisions. There are no reliable data presented for Iranian population. Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the root-crown ratio of permanent teeth with regards to the relationship of gender and jaw type using ...
Seitz K - - 2014
An innovative, prospective, randomized multicenter study regarding the diagnosis of kidney stones with ultrasound and CT including more than 2700 patients was recently published in the highly respected New England Journal of Medicine 1. The study showed that in the case of clinical suspicion of nephrolithiasis the results of those ...
Zompatori Maurizio M Radiology Unit, Cardio-Thoracic-Vascular Dept, University Hospital S. Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy. Pneumology and Intensive Respiratory Care Unit, Cardio-Thoracic-Vascular Dept, University Hospital S. Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy - - 2014
Imaging plays a key role in the diagnosis and follow-up of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Chest radiography, bedside lung ultrasonography and computed tomography scans can provide useful information for the management of patients and detection of prognostic factors. However, imaging findings are not specific and several possible differential diagnoses ...
Haghnegahdar Abdol Aziz AA Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Shiraz university of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Statement of the Problem: Bifid mandibular condyle (BMC) is a rare anomaly of uncertain origin which may play a role in some defects in temporomandibular joints. Since it may be misinterpreted as fractures or tumors in condylar area, proper diagnosis will help to prevent unnecessary treatments. A comprehensive knowledge about ...
Coleman Roger R RR Director of Research, Gonstead Clinical Studies Society, Othello, - - 2014
The purpose of this exploratory study was to evaluate the amount of error in retrolisthesis measurement due to measurement methods or projection factors inherent in spinal radiography. In addition, this study compared how accurately these methods determine positions of the lumbar vertebrae being studied and the expected projected size of ...
Fleischman Julie M JM Michigan State University, Department of Anthropology, 655 Auditorium Dr., Baker Hall Room 355, East Lansing, MI, - - 2014
Forensic anthropologists are regularly asked to assist with the identification of unknown individuals using comparative medical radiography. This study addressed the use of midline medical sternotomy wires as a means for personal identification. Antemortem and postmortem radiographic comparisons were completed by 46 professional forensic anthropologists and anthropology graduate students familiar ...
Zheng Yangming - - 2014
Congenital tuberculosis (TB) is a rare disease with a high mortality rate, and is difficult to diagnose. Here we present a case of congenital TB detected by the T-SPOT.TB assay in a male infant after in vitro fertilization. He ultimately survived after anti-TB therapy despite a delayed diagnosis, and underwent ...
Palaska Iro I Molecular Immunopharmacology and Drug Discovery Laboratory, Department of Integrative Physiology and Pathobiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate peri-implant marginal bone level changes in relation to crestal or subcrestal implant placement and type of fixture/abutment connection 3 months after implant placement. The duration of the study was 3 months. A total of 105 implants were placed in 81 subjects following a one-stage ...
Javadrashid Reza R Department of Radiology, Imam Reza Teaching Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Objectives: To compare the usefulness of four imaging modalities in visualizing various foreign bodies in different sizes Methods: Foreign bodies in four sizes (0.5, 1, 2 and 3 mm) including metal, tooth, wood, plastic, stone, glass and graphite were embedded in six fresh sheep' heads on bone surface between the ...
Abe Koichiro K Department of Medicine, Teikyo University School of Medicine, 2-11-1 Kaga, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8606, Japan, - - 2014
We report a case of endoscopic removal of a denture with clasps impacted in the ileocecum. The patient was a 63-year-old man hospitalized at another center with aspiration pneumonia. He had a history of cerebral bleeding, inflicted permanent damage with left hemiplegia, and dysphagia. Abdominal radiography for localization of a ...
Resnik Linda L Providence VA Medical Center , Providence, RI , USA - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: This case study compares the impact of two prosthetic socket designs, a "traditional" transhumeral (TH) socket design and a Compression Released Stabilized (CRS) socket. Methods: A CRS socket was compared to the existing socket of two persons with transhumeral amputation. Comparisons included assessments of patient comfort and satisfaction ...
Gasque Kellen K Sanford Children's Health Research Center, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, CA - - 2014
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) results from ALPL gene mutations, which lead to a deficiency of tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP), and accumulation of inorganic pyrophosphate, a potent inhibitor of mineralization that is also a natural substrate of TNAP, in the extracellular space. HPP causes mineralization disorders including soft bones (rickets or osteomalacia) and ...
Jung Yun-Hoa YH Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, - - 2014
This study was performed to investigate the course of the mandibular canal on panoramic radiography and the visibility of this canal on both panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The study consisted of panoramic radiographs and CBCT images from 262 patients. The course of the mandibular canal, as seen ...
Pan Zhaoxun Z Department of Joint Surgery, The Eighty-Ninth Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Weifang, 261021, China, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of arthroscopy-assisted reconstruction of the coracoclavicular (CC) ligament using Endobutton for treating acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation. From March 2012 to May 2013, a total of 22 patients with fresh AC joint dislocation (Rockwood type III and type V) were ...
Kroeze Robert J RJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
To assess the feasibility of a one-step surgical concept, employing adipose stem cells (ASCs) and a novel degradable radiolucent cage filler (poly-L-lactide-co-caprolactone; PLCL), within polyetheretherketone cages in a stand-alone caprine spinal fusion model. A double-level fusion study was performed in 36 goats. Four cage filler groups were defined: (i) acellular ...
Lee Jung-Hye JH Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
Postoperative maxillary cysts are locally aggressive lesions, usually developing as delayed complications many years after radical antral surgery. This report describes a case of bilateral postoperative maxillary cysts following orthognathic surgery performed approximately 21 years previously. The patient complained of stinging pain on her right cheek. Radiographic examination revealed low-attenuation ...
Gang Tae-In TI Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of postoperative maxillary cyst (POMC) diagnosis by panoramic radiographs versus computed tomography (CT) and by oral and maxillofacial radiologists versus non-specialists. Sixty-five maxillary sinuses with POMCs and 63 without any lesion were assessed using panoramic radiographs and CT images by ...
Agacayak Elif E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakir, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic methods, predisposing risk factors and surgical treatment options in patients with translocation of intrauterine devices (IUD). Diagnosis, predisposing factors and treatment of 34 patients with translocation of IUD was evaluated in this retrospective study. Complaints of pain during insertion and ...
Celikten Berkan B Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara, - - 2014
Root resorption is loss of dental hard tissue as a result of clastic activities. The dental hard tissue of permanent teeth does not normally undergo resorption, except in cases of inflammation or trauma. However, there are rare cases of tooth resorption of an unknown cause, known as "idiopathic root resorption." ...
Lee Jung-Tae JT Department of Periodontology, Section of Dentistry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital , Seongnam , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the various events occurring in unsplinted implant restoration in posterior jaws during a period of 4 years. Materials and methods. From August 2008 to April 2009, eight volunteers (three men and five women) who had two or more consecutively missing ...
Hughes Danny R DR Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute, Reston, Virginia2Department of Health Administration and Policy, George Mason University, Fairfax, - - 2014
Little is known about the use of diagnostic testing, such as medical imaging, by advanced practice clinicians (APCs), specifically, nurse practitioners and physician assistants. To examine the use of diagnostic imaging ordered by APCs relative to that of primary care physicians (PCPs) following office-based encounters. Using 2010-2011 Medicare claims for ...
Look Hong Nicole J NJ Division of Surgical Oncology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Variability exists regarding optimal staging for node-positive melanoma. Options include combinations of physical examination (PE), radiography, computed tomography (CT), and positron emission tomography (PET). Cost-effectiveness of regimens has never been investigated. A modeled cost-effectiveness analysis was performed to examine the cost per surgery performed and per accurate diagnosis achieved with ...
Nakayama Tetsuo T Department of Radiology, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine, Morioka, 020-8505, Japan, - - 2014
The purpose of this paper is to review typical and atypical imaging features of spondylolytic spondyolisthesis and natural courses. Imaging features of the typical pars defect in early phase include bone marrow edema of the isthmus on MR imaging with progression of bone defect on plain radiography or CT. There ...
Roemer F W FW Quantitative Imaging Center (QIC), Department of Radiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Radiology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
This narrative review covers original publications related to imaging in osteoarthritis (OA) published in English between April 2013 and March 2014. In vitro data, animal studies and studies with less than 20 observations were not included. To extract relevant studies, an extensive PubMed database search was performed based on, but not ...
Blanco Francisco J FJ Grupo de Proteomica-PBR2-ProteoRed/ISCIII-Servicio de Reumatologia, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC), Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC), Sergas, Universidade da Coruña (UDC), As Xubias, 15006 A Coruña, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current diagnosis of osteoarthritis (OA) relies on the description of pain symptoms, affected joint stiffness, and radiography used as the reference technique for determining the grade of joint destruction. Limitations of the presently available diagnostic tests have provided an impetus for the substantial increase in interest in finding new ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Recent Searches

Search Terms in Title