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Nakao Y - - 1978
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 1000
Rosselet E - - 1971
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 968
Mishima S - - 1971
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 968
Lanciano R C RC - - 1968
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 968
Cogan D G - - 1977
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 952
DE AGUIAR P M - - 1953
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 945
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 945
Friedman D I - - 2001
There is perhaps no neuro-ophthalmic sign that is as ominous as papilledema. True papilledema from increased intracranial pressure may be a harbinger of serious neurological disease. There, however, are other conditions that may mimic papilledema, contributing to the diagnostic dilemma. This article concerns the detection and differential diagnosis of papilledema, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 854
Sergott Robert C - - 2012
Headaches associated with papilledema may be both life-threatening as well as vision-threatening. This review will review the following clinical features: (1) the character of headaches associated with increased intracranial pressure; (2) the visual symptoms associated with papilledema; (3) the funduscopic findings of true papilledema versus pseudo-papilledema; (4) the role of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 836
Bodechtel G - - 1979
Although luetic ocular changes are rarely seen today they should not be neglected in differential diagnosis. Luetic papilledema is extremely rare and neurologic symptoms may be minor. A clinically observed case is described.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 830
S. F. J. Pilley
Bilateral Papilledema
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 780
Tanaka K - - 1988
Two cases of cervical schwannoma associated with papilledema and dementia are described and the pertinent literature is reviewed. It is very important to conduct complete spinal surveys when patients suffer dementia and papilledema and the cerebrospinal fluid protein is elevated.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 766
Sahin Alparslan - - 2012
Optic disc drusen, which are calcified deposits that form anterior to the lamina cribrosa in the optic nerve, may mimic papilledema. We report herein three cases referred to us with suspicion of disc swelling and papilledema. Following ophthalmologic evaluation with B-scan ultrasound, red-free fundus photography, and computed tomography, the diagnosis ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 759
Sozzi G - - 1986
Papilledema is a rare finding in idiopathic inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy. A case in which the papilledema arose at the beginning of the disease and had a favorable course is reported and the principal hypotheses regarding its pathogenesis are discussed.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 746
Or M - - 1993
Ketoconazole was administered in a case of hirsutismus over a period of 4 months with high doses of 800 mg/day, and bilateral papilledema developed. After cessation of the drug the condition disappeared. As far as we know this is the first reported papilledema complication due to Ketoconazole.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 743
Trenholme G M - - 1977
Reported is a patient with associated papilledema and syphilitic meningitis. The clinical picture initially suggested an intracranial mass lesion. The cause of the papilledema in this patient was not clear; it did not appear to be related to increased intracranial pressure. Patients with syphilitic meningitis should receive prompt penicillin therapy ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 743
Schirmer Clemens M - - 2007
The term "papilledema" indicates swelling of the optic discs secondary to increased intracranial pressure. Papilledema can be caused by an intracranial mass lesion or by other factors. Visual symptoms frequently accompany papilledema, which can lead to permanent visual loss if left untreated. Starting with an illustrative case, the authors review ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 724
Schakal A - - 1992
The Crow-Fukase syndrome or POEMS syndrome (Polyneuropathy, Organomegaly, Edema, Monoclonal protein, Skin changes) is an uncommon plasma cell dyscrasia leading to a multisystemic disorder. An optic disc swelling is often related to this syndrome. We report the case of a 51-year-old man with a papilledema. We presume that vasculitis or ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 723
Mehta Jodhbir S - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe 2 adult patients who presented with papilledema after band atrophy (i.e., twin and triple peaks papilledema). DESIGN: Retrospective small case series. PARTICIPANTS: Two outpatients. METHODS: Observations made on 2 patients whose cases were reviewed in the neuro-ophthalmology clinic. RESULTS: The first patient had a pituitary tumor presenting ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 716
Minckler D S - - 1976
Cyclocryotherapy was a reliable method of producing prolonged decreased intraocular pressure and papilledema in the rhesus monkey. Histologic changes in papilledema caused by decreased pressure were indistinguishable from those in papilledema from increased intracranial pressure. Electron microscopic observations in papilledema after cyclocryotherapy suggested that the principal morphologic alteration in the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 699
Green N S - - 1986
A 4-year-old boy with transient erythroblastopenia of childhood (TEC) presented with papilledema and transient hemiparesis. Upon spontaneous hematologic recovery, the papilledema resolved. It is concluded that TEC, like other forms of anemia, may present with papilledema and even focal neurologic deficit, from which spontaneous recovery may be anticipated.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 698
James R. Keane
Papilledema and pretectal signs are very important diagnostic clues in patients with hydrocephalus, meningitis, and large focal cysts.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 694
Cavallaro N - - 1990
The authors report bilateral papilledema in a 14 year old boy with brucellosis. Papilledema disappeared completely about one month after the clinical recovery of brucellosis, treated with rifampicin and minocicline, without associated steroids or non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 693
Trobe Jonathan D - - 2011
Papilledema has long been recognized as a valuable sign of increased intracranial pressure (ICP). But because papilledema is based on interruption of the energy-dependent process of axoplasmic flow, it appears late after a rise in ICP. Papilledema is usually present in chronically high ICP but sometimes asymmetrically in the 2 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 692
Aktan S - - 1984
A 26-year-old man with the diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria presented with papilledema due to increased intracranial pressure without localizing neurological signs. It is concluded that papilledema and benign intracranial hypertension could result from a cerebral vein thrombosis which can complicate the course of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. This has not ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 691
Monteiro M L - - 1985
The appearance of unilateral papilledema in the fundus photos of 6 women with pseudotumor cerebri is presented. Associated findings included obesity in 5 and a partially empty sella in 2. The possible explanations for the development of unilateral papilledema in pseudotumor cerebri are reviewed and favor a mechanism that is ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 691
Gallasch G - - 1983
In a 47-year-old man papilledema and hemorrhages of the fundus were found to be related to polycythemia and hyperviscosity of the blood. The pathologic blood flow properties were normalized by isovolemic hemodilution, and reabsorption of the papilledema and hemorrhages was accomplished as a result.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 691
Rozot P - - 1991
A retrospective analysis of three cases of papilledema was made, initially attributed to idiopathic raised intracranial pressure on the basis of the following data: symptoms and signs of raised intracranial pressure, no other neurological signs, normal electroencephalogram, normal computerised tomography, and normal cerebrospinal fluid. The discovery of a dural arteriovenous ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 685
Marcelis J - - 1991
We describe 10 patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension who did not have papilledema. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension without papilledema, although rarely reported, may well be a clinically important headache syndrome. Historical and demographic features of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension without papilledema are similar to those of patients with papilledema. Obese ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 683
Dollfus H - - 1996
PURPOSE: We studied a case of chronic papilledema in a 5-year-old child with visual loss who presented no obvious cosmetic abnormalities. METHODS: Neuroradiologic investigations were suggestive of craniosynostosis. The child underwent decompressive cranial surgery. Postoperatively, the papilledema totally regressed, and visual acuity recovered to 20/20 in both eyes. RESULTS: The ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 680
Javaheri Shahrokh - - 2011
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder and is associated with brain functional and morphological alterations. The association between OSA and papilledema, however, is not well known. We describe a 53-year-old morbidly obese female who presented with impaired vision due to bilateral papilledema. Polysomnography revealed severe OSA. She was ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 679
DUNPHY E B - - 1960
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 672
GLOWACKI J - - 1962
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 672
GLOWACKI J - - 1963
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 672
GLOWACKI J - - 1962
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 672
Digre Kathleen B KB Department of Ophthalmology, John A Moran Eye Center, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, - - 2009
To compare clinical features, visual characteristics, and treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension patients with and without papilledema. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension does not often occur without papilledema. This study estimates the prevalence and compares the clinical characteristics of idiopathic intracranial hypertension patients with and without papilledema. We performed a cross-sectional analysis ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 667
Friedman Deborah I - - 2014
Papilledema is one of the most concerning physical examination findings in neurology: it has a broad differential diagnosis of intracranial (and occasionally spinal) pathology associated with increased intracranial pressure. Papilledema impairs axoplasmic flow within the optic nerves and compresses the optic nerves externally; it may lead to profound visual loss. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 662
Schiffman Jade S - - 2006
Papilledema is defined as optic disk edema that is secondary to increased intracranial pressure. During pregnancy, papilledema poses additional diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. As in the nonpregnant patient, the primary goal is to urgently determine the cause of the papilledema followed by implementing appropriate management for life-threatening conditions in a ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 661
Glass Lora R Dagi - - 2011
INTRODUCTION TO THE OPHTHALMIC LITERATURE OF AN UNUSUAL CAUSE OF PAPILLEDEMA AND SUBSEQUENT OPTIC ATROPHY: X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH). Case report of a 3-year-old female presenting with papilledema resulting from craniosynostosis secondary to XLH. Early intervention with craniofacial surgery prevented the development of optic atrophy. Children with XLH should be ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 661
Repka M X - - 1984
We present two cases of meningioma obstructing the posterior sagittal sinus, producing elevated intracranial pressure and papilledema by impairing cerebral venous drainage. In both patients, this mechanism was not recognized preoperatively and resulted in optic atrophy and significant visual loss.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 654
Seggia J C - - 1993
Four cases of benign intracranial hypertension in two nonobese women (23 and 35 yr. old) and two nonobese men (both 47 yr. old) are presented. The most remarkable finding of the clinical investigation of these cases was the absence of papilledema. Our finding is consistent with other reports, and suggest ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 652
Spitzer M S - - 2007
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 652
Roveda J M - - 1971
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 652
Selhorst J B - - 1985
Low grade papilledema after acute, severe head injury was identified in 15 (3.5%) of 426 patients. Papilledema was recognized immediately after head injury in 1 patient, during the 1st week in 10 patients, and in the 2nd week or after in 4 patients. Initial computed tomographic scans showed evidence of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 652
Wirtschafter J D - - 1975
A detailed review of optic nerve axoplasm is presented. A number of hypotheses have been postulated for the pathogenesis of papilledema associated with increased intracranial pressure. These hypotheses, mechanical and nonmechanical, are critically evaluated in relation to five essential features of papilledema. Theories, as well as clinical and experimental studies, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 648
Barnés C - - 2008
We present the case of a 54-year-old woman with papilledema associated to POEMS syndrome. The presence of intracranial hypertension was detected and treatment started with acetazolamide. The most common ophthalmological pathology in POEMS syndrome is papilledema, the etiology of which could be infiltrative, intracranial hypertension, inflammation or an increase of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 641
Stern B J - - 1984
A patient with communicating hydrocephalus had recurrent papilledema during episodes of thyrotoxicosis. Increased intracranial pressure was documented and, as reflected by the severity of the papilledema, fluctuated in proportion to the thyroid hormone levels.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 641
Manor E - - 1977
A 21-year-old women developed severe bilateral papilledema during an acute febrile disease. Her optic disk margins were blurred and the disks were elevated up to 5 diopters. Splinter hemorrhages, cotton-wool exudates, cytoid bodies, and sheathing of veins were also present. The pyrexia was caused by murine typhus diagnosed by serologic ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 640
Pamir M N - - 1981
Six patients with Behçet's syndrome (five male, one female) had intracranial hypertension diagnosed by elevated CSF pressure in the presence of normal or small ventricles. All six patients had headaches and papilledema. Histories included oral ulcers in 5 patients, genital ulcers in 3, uveitis in 1, arthralgia in 4, and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 640
Gittinger J W JW - - 1989
Three young women with papilledema secondary to pseudotumor cerebri evolved mottled macular pigmentation with preservation of normal visual acuity. Choroidal folds or macular star figures were observed. These macular changes could represent the sequelae of either macular edema or a mechanical disruption of the retinal pigment epithelium. The mechanism of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 638
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