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Sutton Jeannette J a Department of Communication , University of - - 2015
Social media are quickly becoming the channel of choice for disseminating emergency warning messages. However, relatively little data-driven research exists to inform effective message design when using these media. The present study addresses that void by examining terse health-related warning messages sent by public safety agencies over Twitter during the ...
Tsubokura Masaharu M *Division of Social Communication System for Advanced Clinical Research, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan; †Department of Radiation Protection, Minamisoma Municipal General Hospital, Minamisoma, Fukushima, Japan; ‡Department of Radiation Protection, Soma Central Hospital, Soma, Fukushima, Japan; §Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London, United Kingdom; **Department of Health Services Research and Policy, Faculty of public health and policy, London school of hygiene and tropical medicine, London, United Kingdom; and ††Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, - - 2015
Chronic internal radiation contamination accounts for a substantial fraction of long-term cumulative radiation exposure among residents in radiation-contaminated areas. However, little information is available on ongoing chronic internal radiation contamination among residents near the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Using a whole body counter, internal radiation contamination levels among ...
Maezawa Shota S 1Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine/Emergency Center,Tohoku University - - 2014
This study aimed to clarify the management of emergency electric power and the operation of radiology diagnostic devices after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Timing of electricity restoration, actual emergency electric power generation, and whether radiology diagnostic devices were operational and the reason if not were investigated through a questionnaire ...
Bledsoe Bryan E BE 1Department of Emergency Medicine and Department of Trauma Surgery,University of Nevada School of Medicine,Las - - 2014
Introduction The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is widely applied in the emergency setting; it is used to guide trauma triage and for the application of essential interventions such as endotracheal intubation. However, inter-rater reliability of GCS scoring has been shown to be low for inexperienced users, especially for the motor ...
McCabe O Lee OL 1Department of Mental Health and the Center for Public Health Preparedness,Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences,Johns Hopkins School of - - 2014
Working within a series of partnerships among an academic health center, local health departments (LHDs), and faith-based organizations (FBOs), we validated companion interventions to address community mental health planning and response challenges in public health emergency preparedness. We implemented the project within the framework of an enhanced logic model and ...
Rozental T T Oswaldo Cruz Institute/FIOCRUZ,Rio de - - 2014
SUMMARY Rickettsia rickettsii infection is being increasingly recognized as an important cause of fatal acute illness in Brazil, where this tick-borne disease is designated Brazilian spotted fever (BSF). In this study we report five fatal cases of BSF in employees of an animal shelter in an urban area in the ...
Gordijn Bert B Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland, - - 2014
Yang Chiu-Yueh CY Department of Health Business Administration, Hung-Kuang University, Taichung, Taiwan, - - 2014
Quality of life (QOL) can be affected by diseases, disasters, and exposure events to environmental factors. However, whether health-related QOL (HRQOL) might be adversely affected by exposure to dioxin-like chemicals 30 years ago is unknown. We studied people who were poisoned to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dibebenzofurans (PCDFs) due to ...
Zotti Marianne E ME Field Services Branch (FSB), Division of Reproductive Health (DRH), DRH Program for Emergency Preparedness and Response, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), MANILA Consulting Group, Inc., 36 Warwick Drive, Bella Vista, AR, 72714, USA, - - 2014
United States (U.S.) pregnant and postpartum (P/PP) women and their infants may be particularly vulnerable to effects from disasters. In an effort to guide post-disaster assessment and surveillance, we initiated a collaborative process with nationwide expert partners to identify post-disaster epidemiologic indicators for these at-risk groups. This 12 month process began ...
Graeden Ellie E Gryphon Scientific LLC, Takoma Park, Maryland - - 2014
The smallpox antiviral tecovirimat (Arestvyr) has recently been purchased by the U.S. Strategic National Stockpile. Given significant uncertainty regarding both the contagiousness of smallpox in a contemporary outbreak and the efficiency of a mass vaccination campaign, vaccine prophylaxis alone may be unable to control a smallpox outbreak following a bioterror ...
Leider Jonathon P JP de Beaumont Foundation, Bethesda, Maryland (Drs Leider and Sprague and Mr Castrucci); RESOLVE, Washington, District of Columbia (Mss Juliano, Dilley, Nelson, and Kaiman); and Department of Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine, Center for Medicine and Public Health, Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee (Dr - - 2014
National efforts are underway to classify a minimum set of public health services that all jurisdictions throughout the United States should provide regardless of location. Such a set of basic programs would be supported by crosscutting services, known as the "foundational capabilities" (FCs). These FCs are assessment services, preparedness and ...
- - 2014
This exceptional book helps us understand the complexities of traumatic experiences. Psychiatrist Bessel van der Kolk argues that while humans are a resilient species and able to rebound from wars, violence and disasters, trauma leaves traces on our minds, our emotions, our metabolism, physiology and immune systems.
Caramanica Kimberly K New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Long Island City, New York, - - 2014
Many studies report elevated prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among persons exposed to the September 11, 2001 (9/11) disaster compared to those unexposed; few have evaluated long-term PTSD with comorbid depression. We examined prevalence and risk factors for probable PTSD, probable depression, and both conditions 10-11 years post-9/11 among 29,486 ...
Ruggiero Kenneth J KJ Technology Applications Center for Healthful Lifestyles, College of Nursing, Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), Charleston, SC; Ralph H. Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 109 Bee Street, Charleston, SC, 29401. Electronic address: - - 2014
Disasters have far-reaching and potentially long-lasting effects on youth and families. Research has consistently shown a clear increase in the prevalence of several mental health disorders after disasters, including depression and posttraumatic stress disorder. Widely accessible evidence-based interventions are needed to address this unmet need for youth and families, who ...
Arcaya Mariana C MC Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, Massachusetts, - - 2014
The relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and asthma in the wake of natural disasters is poorly understood. Using pre- and postdisaster data (N = 405) from the Resilience in Survivors of Katrina (RISK) project, we examined associations between PTSD symptoms, measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), and self-reported postdisaster ...
O'Neill Martin M 2nd Center for Computational Epidemiology and Response Analysis University of North Texas, Denton, TX - - 2014
Computational tools are needed to make data-driven disaster mitigation planning accessible to planners and policymakers without the need for programming or GIS expertise. To address this problem, we have created modules to facilitate quantitative analyses pertinent to a variety of different disaster scenarios. These modules, which comprise the REsponse PLan ...
Gates Jonathan D JD *Brigham and Women's Hospital †Tufts Medical Center ‡Massachusetts General Hospital §Boston Medical Center ¶Boston's Children's Hospital, and ‖Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
We discuss the strengths of the medical response to the Boston Marathon bombings that led to the excellent outcomes. Potential shortcomings were recognized, and lessons learned will provide a foundation for further improvements applicable to all institutions. Multiple casualty incidents from natural or man-made incidents remain a constant global threat. ...
Peleg Kobi K National Center for Trauma and Emergency Medicine Research, The Gertner Institute for Health Policy and Epidemiology, Tel-hashomer, Israel; and Disaster Medicine Department, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
Chen Tzu-Fei TF Graduate Institute of Nursing, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Nursing, Min-Hwei College of Health Care Management, Tainan, - - 2014
To develop a Chinese version of the Disaster Preparedness Evaluation Tool and validate its psychometric properties. An adequate disaster preparation programme for nurses has not been developed in Taiwan. To develop an exhaustive and effective educational programme on disaster preparation for nurses, a multidimensional instrument is required for assessing the ...
Stark Lindsay L Associate Professor, at the Program on Forced Migration and Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, United - - 2014
This paper presents an evaluation of the long-term impact of microfinance programmes on Acehnese children during the post-tsunami recovery. The study, conducted from June to August 2010, examined the impact of microfinance programming six years after the tsunami. The sample consisted of 185 microfinance participants, with a comparison group of ...
Hamama-Raz Yaira Y School of Social Work, Ariel University, 8 Maklish st' Petach Tikva, 4955807, Ariel, Israel, - - 2014
Hurricane Sandy was a natural disaster of large proportions-a category 3 storm at its peak intensity that struck New York Metropolitan Area on October, 2012. The death and destruction caused by a hurricane can rise numerous of mental health vulnerabilities such as, acute stress disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and ...
Kodama Yuko Y Institute of Medical Science,The University of - - 2014
To elucidate the impacts of nuclear plant accidents on neighboring medical centers, we investigated the operations of our hospital within the first 10 days of the Great East Japan Earthquake followed by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Data were extracted from medical records and hospital administrative records covering ...
Ayub Muhammad M Department of Psychiatry, Queen's University, 191 Portsmouth Avenue, Kingston, ON, Canada, - - 2014
Psychotic symptoms are more common in general population than validated diagnosis of psychosis. There is evidence to suggest that these symptoms, hallucinations, paranoia, elated mood, thought insertion, are part of a spectrum of psychosis and may have association with the same risk factors that determine development of psychosis. These symptoms ...
Nuttman-Shwartz Orit O The Israeli National Council for Social Work, School of Social Work, Sapir College, Sderot, Israel - - 2014
This article proposes a new concept, shared resilience in a traumatic reality (SRTR), which refers to trauma workers in shared reality situations. Based on the literature that emphasizes the positive effects of exposure to traumatic events for workers in this field, this article expands the perception of shared traumatic situations ...
Obrová Jana J Department of Internal Medicine I - Cardiology,University Hospital Olomouc,Olomouc,Czech - - 2014
An excess of deaths from cardiac causes are reported after many natural disasters. Despite the fact that floods are the most common and most destructive natural disaster worldwide, little is known about their effect on human health. We analyzed the influence of the greatest floods in the Czech Republic on ...
Thoresen Siri S Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Oslo, - - 2014
Terrorism and disasters receive massive media attention, and victims are often approached by reporters. Not much is known about how terror and disaster victims perceive the contact with media and whether such experiences influence mental health. In this study, we describe how positive and negative experiences with media relate to ...
Barillo David J DJ Disaster Response, Critical Care Consultants, LLC, Mount Pleasant, SC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Medical support of military operations involves treatment of massive soft tissue wounds, thermal burns, open fractures, blast injuries and traumatic amputations under conditions that are often austere and far from supply lines. Military hospitals, as recently deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, are designed and equipped for stabilization and rapid transfer ...
Smith Joe S JS 1University of California Davis William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching - - 2014
The Incident Command System (ICS) is an adaptable construct designed to streamline response efforts to a disaster or other incident. We aimed to examine the methods used to teach the ICS at US veterinary schools and to explore alternative and novel methods for instruction of this material. A total of ...
Gurien Lori A LA 1University of Florida,College of Medicine - - - 2014
Introduction Disparities in access to medical care and outcomes of medical treatment related to insurance status are documented. However, little attention has been given to the effect of health care funding status on outcomes in trauma patients. Hypothesis/Problem This study evaluated if adult trauma patients who arrived by air transport ...
Rudenstine Sasha S Department of Epidemiology,Columbia University,New York,New - - 2014
We propose a model of population behavior in the aftermath of disasters. We conducted a qualitative analysis of an empirical dataset of 339 disasters throughout the world spanning from 1950 to 2005. We developed a model of population behavior that is based on 2 fundamental assumptions: (i) behavior is predictable ...
Shimura Tsutomu T Department of Environmental Health, National Institute of Public Health, 2-3-6 Minami, Wako, Saitama 351-0197, - - 2014
The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) 1 was severely damaged from the chain reaction of the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami on 11 March 2011, and the consequent meltdown and hydrogen gas explosions. This resulted in the worst nuclear accident since the Chernobyl accident of 1986. Just as ...
Anan Hideaki H 1Emergency Medical Center,Fujisawa City - - 2014
The objective of this study was to draft a new Japanese Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT) training program based on the responses to the Great East Japan Earthquake. Working group members of the Japan DMAT Investigative Commission, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, reviewed reports and academic papers on DMAT ...
Johnson Heather L HL 1The Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences,Daniel K. Inouye Graduate School of - - 2014
Introduction Older adults are disproportionately affected by disaster. Frail elders, individuals with chronic diseases, conditions, or disabilities, and those who live in long-term care facilities are especially vulnerable. Purpose The purpose of this integrative review of the literature was to describe the system-wide knowledge and skills that multi-disciplinary health care ...
Friesen Jason J 1Columbia University,Mailman School of Public Health,Department of Health Policy and Management,New York,New - - 2014
In the past 50 years, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has gained widespread recognition as a life-saving skill that can be taught successfully to the general public. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation can be considered a cost-effective intervention that requires minimal classroom training and low-cost equipment and supplies; it is commonly taught throughout much of ...
Lowe Sarah R SR Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exposure to natural disasters has been linked to a range of adverse outcomes, including mental health problems (e.g., posttraumatic stress symptoms [PTSS], depression), declines in role functioning (e.g., occupational difficulties), and physical health problems (e.g., somatic complaints). However, prior research and theory suggest that the modal postdisaster response in each ...
Lee Christopher - - 2014
There exists little agreement on the choice of indicators to be used to assess the impact of humanitarian assistance. The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami led to significant mortality and displacement in Aceh Province, Indonesia, as well as a nearly unprecedented humanitarian response. Six years after the disaster we conducted an ...
Ashino Yugo Y 1Division of Disaster-Related Infectious Disease,International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS),Tohoku - - 2014
ABSTRACT The current outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) is due to a lack of resources, untrained medical personnel, and the specific contact-mediated type of infection of this virus. In Japan's history, education and mass vaccination of the native Ainu people successfully eradicated epidemics of smallpox. Even though a zoonotic ...
MCCormick Lisa C LC Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, RPHB 330, 1720 Second Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294-0022, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
This article reviews the literature pertaining to psychological impacts in the aftermath of technological disasters, focusing on the immediate psychological and mental health consequences emergency department physicians and first responders may encounter in the aftermath of such disasters. First receivers see a wide spectrum of psychological distress, including acute onset ...
Tomassoni Anthony J AJ Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale New Haven Center for Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Response, Yale New Haven Health System, Yale University School of Medicine, 464 Congress Avenue, Suite 260, New Haven, CT 06519, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Toxidromes aid emergency care providers in the context of the patient presenting with suspected poisoning, unexplained altered mental status, unknown hazardous materials or chemical weapons exposure, or the unknown overdose. The ability to capture an adequate chemical exposure history and to recognize toxidromes may reduce dependence on laboratory tests, speed ...
Hanibuchi Tomoya T School of International Liberal Studies, Chukyo University, 101 Tokodachi, Kaizu-cho, Toyota, Aichi, 470-0393 Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to explore neighborhood contextual factors in terms of smoking behaviors among middle-aged Japanese, by using a multilevel analysis. Subjects were Japanese men and women, between 40 and 59 years of age (40,961 for the cross-sectional analysis, and 9,177 for the longitudinal analysis), nested in ...
West Brian B Genesys Regional Medical Center,Emergency Department,Grand - - 2014
Introduction The Focused Abdominal Sonography in Trauma (FAST) scan is used to detect free fluid in the peritoneal cavity, or pericardium, to quickly assess for injuries needing immediate surgical intervention. Mass-casualty incidents (MCIs) are settings where paramedics must make triage decisions in minutes. The Simple Triage and Rapid Transport (START) ...
McCahill Peter W PW 1Carolinas Medical Center,Department of Emergency Medicine,Charlotte,North - - 2014
Introduction Disasters create major strain on energy infrastructure in affected communities. Advances in microgrid technology offer the potential to improve "off-grid" mobile disaster medical response capabilities beyond traditional diesel generation. The Carolinas Medical Center's mobile emergency medical unit (MED-1) Green Project (M1G) is a multi-phase project designed to demonstrate the ...
Connor Susan B - - 2014
Introduction Over the past decade, numerous groups of researchers have studied the willingness of health care personnel (HCP) to respond when a disaster threatens the health of a community. Not one of those studies reported that 100% of HCP were willing to work during a public-health event (PHE). Problem The ...
Wiler Jennifer L JL Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, - - 2014
Midlevel providers, including physician assistants (PA), have been recommended by some to fill the current inadequate supply of providers nationally, including in emergency medicine. PA practice is governed by state law. We described the differences in qualifications, scope of practice, prescriptive authority, and physician supervision required by individual states for ...
Rahill Guitele J GJ School of Social Work, College of Behavioral and Community Sciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Globally, sexual violence (SV) impacts 25-33% of women, is often perpetrated by intimate partners and occurs even post-disasters. The 2010 Haiti earthquake occasioned a SV epidemic in Cité Soleil, where over 50% of females are reportedly victims of SV via non-intimate partners/strangers (NPSV). Little is known about the psychological effects ...
Lubens Pauline P Program in Public Health,University of - - 2014
Journalists and health professionals share a symbiotic relationship during a disease outbreak as both professions play an important role in informing the public's perceptions and the decisions of policy makers. Although critics in the United States have focused on US reporters and media outlets whose coverage has been sensationalist and ...
Chou Ming-Ting MT Department of Cardiology, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; The Center of General Education, Chia-Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan, - - 2014
The incidence of infective endocarditis (IE) is high in dialysis patients. Limited data are available on the risk factors for IE and long-term outcome after IE in dialysis patients, especially in Asian populations. We used Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to design a longitudinal cohort study. 68,426 ESRD patients ...
Morita Tomohiro T 1Postgraduate Medical Education Department,Kameda Medical - - 2014
Luo Jianjun J National Wind Institute, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, - - 2014
Taking proper protective action upon receiving tornado warnings is critical to reducing casualties. With more warning information sources becoming available, how the number of such information sources affects decision making should be quantitatively investigated. To examine how the number of warning information sources affected individuals' decisions to take protective action ...
Mori Koji K From the University of Occupational and Environmental Health (Drs Mori, Tateishi, Kubo, Okazaki, Suzuki, Kobayashi, Hiraoka, Kiyomoto, and Kawashita), Kitakyushu; Hitachi Health Care Center, Hitachi, Ltd (Drs Hayashi and Takeda), Ibaraki; and The Institute for Science of Labour (Drs Yoshikawa and Sakai), Kawasaki, - - 2014
To clarify the occupational health (OH) issues that arose, what actions were taken, and the OH performances during the disaster involving the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and thus improve the OH management system with respect to long-term decommissioning work and preparation for future disasters. We used information in advisory ...
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