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Roome Christopher J CJ Optical Neuroimaging Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University Onna-son, Okinawa, - - 2014
Chronic cranial windows have been instrumental in advancing optical studies in vivo, permitting long-term, high-resolution imaging in various brain regions. However, once a window is attached it is difficult to regain access to the brain under the window for cellular manipulations. Here we describe a simple device that combines long ...
Monnappa Ajay K AK 1] School of Life Sciences, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology - - 2014
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus HD100 is a predatory bacterium that attacks many Gram-negative human pathogens. A serious drawback of this strain, however, is its ineffectiveness against Gram-positive strains, such as the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus. Here we demonstrate that the extracellular proteases produced by a host-independent B. bacteriovorus (HIB) effectively degrade/inhibit the ...
Rah Marjorie J MJ Bausch & Lomb Incorporated, Rochester, NY, - - 2014
To evaluate whether the use of Biotrue multipurpose solution (MPS) could significantly reduce the likelihood with which patients drop out of using daily wear contact lenses (CLs) amongst 18-44-year-old frequent replacement CL wearers. Daily wear CL subjects habitually using MPSs (other than Biotrue MPS) who reported an intent to imminently ...
Dass Arjun A Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, - - 2014
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcome following stenting over a period of 10 years in patients with chronic laryngotracheal stenosis. Between 2000-2010, out of 111 patients with laryngotracheal trauma, 71 underwent tracheal T-stenting for laryngotracheal stenosis in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at the Government Medical ...
Bruns Patrick P Biological Psychology and Neuropsychology, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, - - 2014
For assessing tactile spatial resolution it has recently been recommended to use tactile acuity charts which follow the design principles of the Snellen letter charts for visual acuity and involve active touch. However, it is currently unknown whether acuity thresholds obtained with this newly developed psychophysical procedure are in accordance ...
Jablonski Tatiana - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate quantitatively the fluorescence of resin composites and human teeth, and to determine the stability of fluorescence after aging. Ten specimens were built using a 1 mm thick increment of dentin composite overlapped by a 0.5 mm thick increment of enamel composite. Ten ...
Melnykowycz Mark M EMPA Dübendorf, Überlandstrasse 129, Dübendorf 8600, Switzerland. - - 2014
The development of flexible polymer monofilament fiber strain sensors have many applications in both wearable computing (clothing, gloves, etc.) and robotics design (large deformation control). For example, a high-stretch monofilament sensor could be integrated into robotic arm design, easily stretching over joints or along curved surfaces. As a monofilament, the ...
Zöpfl Alexander A Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Chemo- and Biosensors, University of Regensburg, Universitaetsstrasse 31, 93053 Regensburg, Germany. alexander.zoepfl@ur.de michael.lemberger@ur.de frank-michael.matysik@ur.de - - 2014
Reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was investigated as a material for use in chemiresistive gas sensors. The carbon nanomaterial was transferred onto a silicon wafer with interdigital gold electrodes. Spin coating turned out to be the most reliable transfer technique, resulting in consistent rGO layers of reproducible quality. Fast changes in ...
Norwood Zack Z Energiteknik, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, Göteborg, - - 2014
The global trends for the rapid growth of distributed solar heat and power in the last decade will likely continue as the levelized cost of production for these technologies continues to decline. To be able to compare the economic potential of solar technologies one must first quantify the types and ...
Pei Yanbo Y 1] Department of Bioengineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA [2] Joint Biomedical Engineering Program, The University of Texas at Arlington and The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, TX 75390, USA - - 2014
Fluorescence imaging in deep tissue with high spatial resolution is highly desirable because it can provide details about tissue's structural, functional, and molecular information. Unfortunately, current fluorescence imaging techniques are limited either in penetration depth (microscopy) or spatial resolution (diffuse light based imaging) as a result of strong light scattering ...
Yilmaztekin Murat M 0000-0002-5667-9169 Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Inonu University, 44280 Malatya, - - 2014
Volatile components in cape gooseberry fruit at ripe stage were collected using headspace-solid phase microextraction, and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Three solid phase microextraction fiber coatings (DVB/CAR/PDMS, CAR/PDMS, and PDMS/DVB) were tested for evaluation of volatile compounds. DVB/CAR/PDMS fiber showed a strong extraction capacity for volatile compounds and produced ...
May Rhea M RM Sharklet Technologies, Inc., Aurora, 12635 E. Montview Blvd. Suite 155, CO 80045 Aurora, CO - - 2014
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a leading hospital acquired infection in intensive care units despite improved patient care practices and advancements in endotracheal tube (ETT) designs. The ETT provides a conduit for bacterial access to the lower respiratory tract and a substratum for biofilm formation, both of which lead to VAP. ...
Martinelli Anna A Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Kemivägen 4, 41296 Göteborg, Sweden. - - 2014
The reaction pathway during the formation of silica via a two-component "non-aqueou" sol-gel synthesis is studied by in situ time-resolved Raman spectroscopy. This synthetic route is followed with and without the addition of the protic ionic liquid 1-ethylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (C2HImTFSI) in order to investigate its effect on the reaction pathway. ...
Zhong Liu-Xue-Ying LX State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, 54 South Xianlie Road, Guangzhou 510060, - - 2014
Purpose. To observe the long-term effectiveness of scleral buckling and transscleral cryopexy conducted under a surgical microscope in the treatment of uncomplicated rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Methods. This was a retrospective analysis in a total of 227 consecutive patients (244 eyes) with uncomplicated rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (proliferative vitreoretinopathy ≤ C2). All ...
Feng Guo-Hua GH Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Chung Cheng University, Chiayi 621, Taiwan. - - 2014
This paper presents a swirl-shaped microfeatured ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC) actuator. A novel micromachining process was developed to fabricate an array of IPMC actuators on a glass substrate and to ensure that no shortcircuits occur between the electrodes of the actuator. We demonstrated a microfluidic scheme in which surface tension ...
Lambrechts Dennis D Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Prometheus, Division of Skeletal Tissue Engineering Leuven, KU Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
Bioluminescence imaging assays have become a widely integrated technique to quantify effectiveness of cell-based therapies by monitoring fate and survival of transplanted cells. To date these assays are still largely qualitative and often erroneous due to the complexity and dynamics of local micro-environments (niches) in which the cells reside. Here, ...
Distelmaier Peter P Herzog Carl Theodor Eye Clinic, Munich, - - 2014
The presented case raises questions regarding the favorable scheduling of planned postoperative care and the ideal observation interval to decide for reoperations in macular hole surgery. Furthermore a discussion about the use of short- and long-acting gas tamponades in macular hole surgery is encouraged. We present an interventional case report ...
Kulkarni Chinmay C Department of Radiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Amrita Lane, Elamakkara P.O. Cochin, Kerala, - - 2014
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the well-known treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma. Multiple digital subtraction angiography (DSA) acquisitions in different projections are required to identify difficult arterial feeders. Moreover, the tell-tale tumor blush can be obscured by proximity to lung base, small size of lesion, and breathing artifacts. C-arm CT is a ...
Wu Tao T Key Laboratory of Nondestructive Test (Ministry of Education), Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063, China. - - 2014
A compact isotope ratio laser spectrometry (IRLS) instrument was developed for simultaneous measurements of the D/H, 18O/16O and 17O/16O isotope ratios in water by laser absorption spectroscopy at 2.73 μm. Special attention is paid to the spectral data processing and implementation of a Kalman adaptive filtering to improve the measurement ...
Pfau Jean C JC Department of Biological Sciences, Idaho State University, 921 South 8th Avenue, Stop 8007, Pocatello, ID 83209, - - 2014
Despite a body of evidence supporting an association between asbestos exposure and autoantibodies indicative of systemic autoimmunity, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), a strong epidemiological link has never been made to specific autoimmune diseases. This is in contrast with another silicate dust, crystalline silica, for which there is considerable evidence ...
Isama Kazuo K Division of Environmental Chemistry, National Institute of Health - - 2014
  Although nanomaterials are already being used for various applications in the industry, the safety of nanomaterials has not yet been sufficiently elucidated. An in vitro cellular toxicological study using well-characterized nanomaterials is conducted for the evaluation of the biological effects of nanomaterials. In this study, the effects of copper oxide ...
Andreucci Michele M 0000-0002-7974-3792 Nephrology Unit, Department of "Health Sciences", Campus "Salvatore Venuta", "Magna Graecia" University, Loc. Germaneto, 88100 Catanzaro, - - 2014
Radiocontrast media (RCM) are medical drugs used to improve the visibility of internal organs and structures in X-ray based imaging techniques. They may have side effects ranging from itching to a life-threatening emergency, known as contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). We define CIN as acute renal failure occurring within 24-72 hrs of ...
Martin Stéphanie S Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California Berkeley, CA, USA ; Department of Bioengineering, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Lausanne, - - 2014
Auditory perception and auditory imagery have been shown to activate overlapping brain regions. We hypothesized that these phenomena also share a common underlying neural representation. To assess this, we used electrocorticography intracranial recordings from epileptic patients performing an out loud or a silent reading task. In these tasks, short stories ...
Zhang Shunhong S Center for Applied Physics and Technology, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, - - 2014
Design and synthesis of two-dimensional (2D) materials with robust ferromagnetism and biocompatibility is highly desirable due to their potential applications in spintronics and biodevices. However, the hotly pursued 2D sheets including pristine graphene, monolayer BN, and layered transition metal dichalcogenides are nonmagnetic or weakly magnetic. Using biomimetic particle swarm optimization ...
Lanter Bernard B BB Department of Biological Sciences, Binghamton University, Binghamton, New York, - - 2014
Atherosclerosis, a disease condition resulting from the buildup of fatty plaque deposits within arterial walls, is the major underlying cause of ischemia (restriction of the blood), leading to obstruction of peripheral arteries, congestive heart failure, heart attack, and stroke in humans. Emerging research indicates that factors including inflammation and infection ...
Golberg Alexander A Centre for Engineering in Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Shriners Burns Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
We report an all-in-one platform - ScanDrop - for the rapid and specific capture, detection, and identification of bacteria in drinking water. The ScanDrop platform integrates droplet microfluidics, a portable imaging system, and cloud-based control software and data storage. The cloud-based control software and data storage enables robotic image acquisition, ...
Kim Joon Beom - - 2014
We report the fabrication of broadband antireflective silicon (Si) nanostructures fabricated using spin-coated silver (Ag) nanoparticles as an etch mask followed by inductively coupled plasma (ICP) etching process. This fabrication technique is a simple, fast, cost-effective, and high-throughput method, making it highly suitable for mass production. Prior to the fabrication ...
Niu Zhe Z State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Institute of Precision Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, People's Republic of - - 2014
This paper describes a design method for optimizing sensitivity of piezoresistive pressure sensor in high-pressure and high-temperature environment. In order to prove the method, a piezoresistive pressure sensor (HPTSS) is designed. With the purpose of increasing sensitivity and to improve the measurement range, the piezoresistive sensor adopts rectangular membrane and ...
Albrecht Urs-Vito UV PL Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany. - - 2014
Google Glass is a promising premarket device that includes an optical head-mounted display. Several proof of concept reports exist, but there is little scientific evidence regarding its use in a medical setting. The objective of this study was to empirically determine the feasibility of deploying Glass in a forensics setting. ...
Eshraghi Bahram B *Eye Research Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; and †Department of Ophthalmology, Rassoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
To evaluate the results of conjunctival culture in patients with nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) and its changes after successful dacryocystorhinostomy surgery. In this prospective study, 71 adult patients with NLDO and 41 age- and sex-matched controls without NLDO were evaluated. The patients were divided in 2 groups based on clinical ...
Li Hong-Ye HY Key Laboratory of Eutrophication and Red Tide Prevention of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China. - - 2014
The role of diatoms as a source of bioactive compounds has been recently explored. Diatom cells store a high amount of fatty acids, especially certain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). However, many aspects of diatom metabolism and the production of PUFAs remain unclear. This review describes a number of technical strategies, ...
Ritenberg Margarita M Department of Chemistry and Ilse Katz Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105, - - 2014
Generation of macroscopic phenomena through manipulating nano-scale properties of materials is among the most fundamental goals of nanotechnology research. We demonstrate cooperative "speckle beats" induced through electric-field modulation of gold (Au) nanorods embedded in a transparent sol-gel host. Specifically, we show that placing the Au nanorod/sol-gel matrix in an alternating ...
Denninger Philipp P 1] Cell Biology and Plant Biochemistry, Biochemie-Zentrum Regensburg, Universität Regensburg, 93053 Regensburg, Germany [2] Cell Networks-Cluster of Excellence and Centre for Organismal Studies (COS) Heidelberg, Universität Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, - - 2014
Cell-cell communication and interaction is critical during fertilization and triggers free cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]cyto) as a key signal for egg activation and a polyspermy block in animal oocytes. Fertilization in flowering plants is more complex, involving interaction of a pollen tube with egg adjoining synergid cells, culminating in release of ...
Mun Junyoung J 1] Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-744 Korea [2] Department of Energy and Chemical Engineering, Incheon National University, Incheon 406-840 - - 2014
Room-temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) electrolytes have attracted much attention for use in advanced, safe lithium-ion batteries (LIB) owing to their nonvolatility, high conductivity, and great thermal stability. However, LIBs containing RTIL-electrolytes exhibit poor cyclability because electrochemical side reactions cause problematic surface failures of the cathode. Here, we demonstrate that a ...
Choi Hyung-Jin HJ Department of Materials Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daeduk Science Town, 305-764, Daejeon, - - 2014
Homogeneously distributed zinc nanoparticles (NPs) on the glass substrate were investigated for the transmittance, mechanical durability, and antibacterial effect. The buffered Ti NPs between Zn NPs and glass substrate were studied for an enhancement of the transmittance and mechanical endurance. The Ti NPs buffered Zn NPs showed a high transmittance ...
Kunikata Hiroshi H Department of Ophthalmology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, - - 2014
Giant retinal tears (GRTs; ≥90°) are rare and difficult to treat successfully for even experienced vitreous surgeons. Using microincision vitrectomy surgery (MIVS) to treat GRTs has been an important advancement. Here we describe the surgical technique and its complications. Initially, the eye is carefully vitrectomized with MIVS using a modern ...
Pirouzi Gholamhossein G Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia. - - 2014
The suspension system and socket fitting of artificial limbs have major roles and vital effects on the comfort, mobility, and satisfaction of amputees. This paper introduces a new pneumatic suspension system that overcomes the drawbacks of current suspension systems in donning and doffing, change in volume during daily activities, and ...
Gao Shaohui S Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center and State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China; Henan Eye Hospital and Henan Eye Institute, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, - - 2014
To characterize the early ocular-surface changes or tear inflammatory-mediators levels following small-incision lenticule extraction (ReLEx smile) and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK). Forty-seven myopic subjects were recruited for this prospective study. Fifteen underwent ReLEx smile and thirty-two underwent FS-LASIK. Corneal fluorescein (FL) staining, tear break-up time (TBUT), Schirmer ...
Rujeni Nadine N 0000-0002-1805-1768 College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Huye Campus, P.O. Box 56, Butare, - - 2014
The incidence of human brucellosis is not documented in Rwanda despite several reports on the disease in cattle. Because brucellosis has been associated with abortion, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of positive serology in women presenting with abortion and/or stillbirth. The study was done in ...
Jin Xiao X Key Laboratory of Nondestructive Testing, Ministry of Education, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang, 330063, P. R. - - 2014
Highly efficient hot electron transport represents one of the most important properties required for applications in photovoltaic devices. Whereas the fabrication of efficient hot electron capture and lost-cost devices remains a technological challenge, regulating the energy level of acceptor-donor system through the incorporation of foreign ions using the solution-processed technique ...
Tian He H 1] Institute of Microelectronics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China [2] Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology (TNList), Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China - - 2014
Recently, two-dimensional materials such as molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) have been demonstrated to realize field effect transistors (FET) with a large current on-off ratio. However, the carrier mobility in backgate MoS2 FET is rather low (typically 0.5-20 cm(2)/V·s). Here, we report a novel field-effect Schottky barrier transistors (FESBT) based on graphene-MoS2 heterojunction ...
Cabrera Mariana M Department of Ophthalmology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, 900 NW 17th Street, Miami, FL 33136, - - 2014
Sustained-release corticosteroid treatment has shown to be a promising strategy for macular edema due to retinovascular disease (i.e., diabetes and retinal vein occlusion) and for the treatment of noninfectious posterior uveitis. Clinicians now have the option of three sustained-release corticosteroid implants: Ozurdex (Allergan Inc., Irvine, CA) which releases dexamethasone and ...
Megat Hasnan Megat Muhammad Ikhsan MM Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
This paper presents the design and evaluation of a high force density fishbone shaped electrostatic comb drive actuator. This comb drive actuator has a branched structure similar to a fishbone, which is intended to increase the capacitance of the electrodes and hence increase the electrostatic actuation force. Two-dimensional finite element ...
Li Nianbei N Center for Phononics and Thermal Energy Science, School of Physics Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 200092 Shanghai, P. R. - - 2014
Unidirectional nonreciprocal transport is at the heart of many fundamental problems and applications in both science and technology. Here we study the novel design of wave diode devices by engineering asymmetric shapes of nonlinear materials to realize the function of non-reciprocal wave propagations. We first show analytical results revealing that ...
Walker Valerie V 0000-0003-3921-3073 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Southampton General Hospital, C level, MP 6, South Block, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, - - 2014
Production of 2-pentanone, a methylketone, is increased in fasting ketotic humans. Its origin is unknown. We hypothesised that it is formed via β -oxidation of hexanoic acid by the peroxisomal pathway proposed for methylketone-producing fungi and yeasts. We used Penicillium roqueforti cultured on fat (margarine) to investigate 2-pentanone production. Headspace ...
Hinojosa de la Garza Octavio R OR Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados S.C., Complejo Industrial Chihuahua, Avenida Miguel de Cervantes 120, 31109 Chihuahua, CHIH, Mexico ; Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Circuito Universitario Campus II, 31240 Chihuahua, CHIH, - - 2014
This study correlated lung cancer (LC) mortality with statistical data obtained from government public databases. In order to asses a relationship between LC deaths and radon accumulation in dwellings, indoor radon concentrations were measured with passive detectors randomly distributed in Chihuahua City. Kriging (K) and Inverse-Distance Weighting (IDW) spatial interpolations ...
Wei Liping L Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong. - - 2014
Organic fluorophores and quantum dots are ubiquitous as contrast agents for bio-imaging and as labels in bioassays to enable the detection of biological targets and processes. Upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) offer a different set of opportunities as labels in bioassays and for bioimaging. UCNPs are excited at near-infrared (NIR) wavelengths where ...
Chen Huey-Ru HR Department of Electrical Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, - - 2014
In this letter, we utilize an electrical analysis method to develop a TaN thin film resistor with a stricter spec and near-zero temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) for car-used electronic applications. Simultaneously, we also propose a physical mechanism mode to explain the origin of near-zero TCR for the TaN thin ...
Jones Alexander M AM Department of Plant Biology, Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford, United - - 2014
Cytosolic hormone levels must be tightly controlled at the level of influx, efflux, synthesis, degradation and compartmentation. To determine ABA dynamics at the single cell level, FRET sensors (ABACUS) covering a range ∼0.2-800 µM were engineered using structure-guided design and a high-throughput screening platform. When expressed in yeast, ABACUS1 detected ...
Chang Wen-Ying WY Department of Electrical Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan. - - 2014
This paper presents a cost-effective sensor system for mattresses that can classify the sleeping posture of an individual and prevent pressure ulcers. This system applies projected capacitive sensing to the field of health care. The charge time (CT) method was used to sensitively and accurately measure the capacitance of the ...
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