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Zhang Huiyan H Key Laboratory of Energy Thermal Conversion and Control, Ministry of Education, School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, PR - - 2013
Chemical liquid deposition (CLD) with KH550, TEOS and methyl silicone oil as the modifiers was used to modify ZSM-5 and deposit its external acid sites. The characteristics of modified catalysts were tested by catalytic conversion of biomass pyrolysis-derived compounds. The effects of different modifying conditions (deposited amount, temperature, and time) ...
Tomoaia Gheorghe G Orthophedics and Traumatology Department, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 47 Traian Mosoiu Str., Cluj-Napoca 400132, - - 2014
Nanostructured calcium phosphates, such as nanohydroxyapatite (HAP) and HAP with silicon content (HAP-Si) of 0.47wt.% (1% SiO2), 2.34wt.% (5% SiO2) and 4.67wt.% (10% SiO2) in the final product, were synthesized by aqueous precipitation, freeze dried and then calcined at 650, 950 and 1150°C. The obtained materials were investigated by X-ray ...
Ji Li - - 2013
We report on a highly compact, one diode-one resistor (1D-1R) nano-pillar device architecture for SiOx-based ReRAM fabricated using nano-sphere lithography (NSL). The intrinsic SiOx-based resistive switching element and Si diode are self-aligned on an epitaxial silicon wafer using NSL and a deep-Si-etch process without conventional photolithography. AC-pulse response in 50 ...
Condon Melia M University of Western - - 2013
We undertook a neurophysiological investigation of the responses of low-threshold mechanoreceptors in the human finger pad to surfaces of differing softness. Unitary recordings were made from 26 SAI, 17 FAI and 9 SAII afferents via tungsten microelectrodes inserted into the median nerve at the wrist. A servo-controlled stimulator applied ramp-and-hold ...
Hatty Claire R CR Medical Imaging & Radiation Sciences Faculty Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, c/o Brain & Mind Research Institute, 94 Mallett Street, Camperdown, NSW - - 2013
The functional effects of a drug ligand may be due not only to an interaction with its membrane protein target, but also with the surrounding lipid membrane. We have investigated the interaction of a drug ligand, PK11195, with its primary protein target, the integral membrane 18kDa translocator protein (TSPO), and ...
Santos Hélder A - - 2013
Advanced drug delivery formulations are presently recognized as promising tools for overcoming the adverse physicochemical properties of conventional drug molecules, such as poor water solubility, which often leads to poor drug bioavailability. Oral drug delivery is considered as the easiest and most convenient route of drug administration. However, via the ...
Krishna Reddy Reddivari Chenna RC Department of Chemistry, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh-517 502, - - 2013
A series of new 4-(5-(3-cyano-4-isobutoxyphenyl)-4-methylthiazole-2-carbonyl)-N-(substituted phenyl)piperazine-1-carboxamides 8(a-e)/carbothioamides 8(f-j) were accomplished for biological interest by the simple addition of active functionalized arylisocyanates 7(a-e)/arylisothiocyanates 7(f-j) with 2-isobutoxy-5-(4-methyl-2-(piperazine-1-carbonyl)thiazol-5-yl)benzonitrile (4). Compound 4 was synthesized in high yields (94%) by the condensation reaction of febuxostat (1) with piperazine using a selective reagent such as propylphosphonic ...
Daye Mirna M Université Lille 1, Equipe Chimie Analytique et Marine, UMR-CNRS 8217 Géosystèmes, Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, - - 2013
8-Hydroxyquinoline (8-HQ) was chosen as a powerful ligand for Hg solid phase extraction. Among several chelating resins based on 8-HQ, 5-phenylazo-8-hydroxyquinoline (5Ph8HQ) is used for mercury extraction in which the adsorption dynamics were fully studied. It has been shown that Hg(II) is totally absorbed by 5Ph8HQ within the first 30 ...
Simitzi C C Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (IESL-FORTH), Heraklion, Greece; Department of Biology, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, - - 2013
Micro-and nanofabrication techniques provide the opportunity to develop new types of cell culture platform, where the effect of various topographical cues on cellular functions such as proliferation and differentiation can be studied. In this study, PC12 cells were cultured on patterned silicon (Si) surfaces comprising arrays of microcones (MCs) exhibiting ...
Gupta Shweta S Department of Pharmaceutics, Parul Institute of Pharmacy, Limda, Waghodia, Vadodara, Gujarat 391760, - - 2013
Poorly water-soluble drug candidates are becoming more prevalent. It has been estimated that approximately 60-70% of the drug molecules are insufficiently soluble in aqueous media and/or have very low permeability to allow for their adequate and reproducible absorption from the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) following oral administration. Formulation scientists have to ...
Baliyan Ankur - - 2013
It still remains a crucial challenge to control actively the structures of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) such as the alignment, the area density, the diameter, the length, the chirality and the number of walls. Here, we synthesize an ultra dense forest of CNTs of a uniform internal diameter by the plasma ...
Kim Hyoung-Jun HJ Department of Chemistry and Medical Chemistry, College of Science and Technology, Yonsei University, Wonju, Gangwon-do 220-710, Republic of - - 2013
We have successfully prepared nanohybrids of biofunctional ferulic acid and layered double hydroxide nanomaterials through reconstruction and exfoliation-reassembly routes. From X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy, both nanohybrids were determined to incorporate ferulic acid molecules in anionic form. Micrsocopic results showed that the nanohybrids had average particle size of 150 nm with ...
Ma Shengzhong S Department of Orthopedics, Second Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan 250033, Shandong Province, - - 2013
Our previous findings confirmed that the nerve growth factor-containing fibrin glue membrane provides a good microenvironment for peripheral nerve regeneration; however, the precise mechanism remains unclear. p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) plays an important role in the regulation of peripheral nerve regeneration. We hypothesized that a nerve growth factor-containing fibrin glue ...
Choi Hong Kyoon HK Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering (BK 21 Graduate Program), Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) , 335 Gwahangno, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701, Republic of - - 2013
The self-assembly of colloidal spheres is an effective strategy for producing nanopatterns. To use colloidal crystals in lithographic applications, the key challenge is to fabricate a monolayer of colloidal crystals uniformly over a large area. A simple and effective method for fabricating a colloidal crystals monolayer from a 3D colloidal ...
Yang Hongbin - - 2013
Solution processable inverted bulk heterojunction (BHJ) polymer solar cells (PSCs) are promising alternatives to conventional silicon solar cells because of their low cost roll-to-roll production and flexible device applications. In this work, we demonstrated that Cs2CO3 functionalized graphene quantum dots (GQDs-Cs2CO3) could be used as efficient electron-selective layers in inverted ...
Al-Qattan M M MM Division of Plastic Surgery, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2013
Over a 20-year period, six patients (19 tendons) underwent two-staged extensor tendon reconstruction using silicone rods followed by palmaris longus tendon grafts sutured proximally to the divided flexor carpi radialis tendon. All patients were young men (mean age, 22 years) who sustained the injury in car accidents. The soft tissue ...
Cherpak Amanda J AJ Department of Medical Physics, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
The in vivo dosimetry tool, RADPOS, has been modified to include a metal oxide-silicon semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) array with an electromagnetic positioning sensor. This allows dose monitoring at five points rather than just at single dose point as in the other versions of the device. The detector has been ...
Shahini Aref A School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Helmerich Advanced Technology Research Center, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, - - 2014
Bone healing can be significantly expedited by applying electrical stimuli in the injured region. Therefore, a three-dimensional (3D) ceramic conductive tissue engineering scaffold for large bone defects that can locally deliver the electrical stimuli is highly desired. In the present study, 3D conductive scaffolds were prepared by employing a biocompatible ...
Liu Jianfeng J Tianjin Key Laboratory of Molecular Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Radiation Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, People's Republic of - - 2014
The poor aqueous solubility and low bioavailability of curcumin restrict its clinical application for cancer treatment. In this study, a novel tumor-targeting nanofiber carrier was developed to improve the solubility and tumor-targeting ability of curcumin using a self-assembled Nap-GFFYG-RGD peptide. The morphologies of the peptide nanofiber and the curcumin-encapsulated nanofiber ...
Li Jianlin J Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA; Gin College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, Jiangsu, - - 2013
A nanoscale layer of TiO2 is coated on the inner pore walls of a porous silicon (PSi) film by room-temperature infiltration of a TiO2 sol-gel precursor and firing at 500°C. The PSi:TiO2 composite films are characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectral analysis (EDS), ...
Ferrari Lucia L Chryso, 7 rue de l'Europe, 45300 Sermaises, France; Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Laboratory for Concrete/Construction Chemistry, Ueberlandstr. 129, 8600 Duebendorf, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The inter-particle forces play a fundamental role for the flow properties of a particle suspension in response to shear stresses. In concrete applications, cement admixtures based on comb-polymers like polycarboxylate-ether-based superplasticizer (PCE) are used to control the rheological behavior of the fresh mixtures, as it is negatively impacted by certain ...
Frankaer Christian Grundahl CG Department of Chemistry, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet 207, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, - - 2014
Using synchrotron radiation (SR), the crystal structures of T6 bovine insulin complexed with Ni(2+) and Cu(2+) were solved to 1.50 and 1.45 Å resolution, respectively. The level of detail around the metal centres in these structures was highly limited, and the coordination of water in Cu site II of the copper ...
Ouasri Ali A Département de Physique-Chimie, Laboratoire de Chimie, Centre Régional des Métiers de l'Education et de la Formation, Souissi Rabat, Morocco ; Equipe de Physico-Chimie des Matériaux Inorganiques, Université Ibn Tofail, Faculté des Sciences, BP 133, 14000 Kénitra, - - 2014
The asymmetric unit of the title organic-inorganic molecular salt, C6H18N2 (2+)·SiF6 (2-), consists of one anion and one cation together with half of each of two cations and two anions located on inversion centres. The SiF6 (2-) octa-hedral anions are arranged to form sheets parallel to (011), which are linked ...
Karczewski Konrad J KJ Biomedical Informatics Training Program, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2013
Kanu Sheku A SA Department of Crop Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, Pretoria, 0001, South - - 2013
There is little information on in situ distribution of nutrient elements in N2-fixing nodules. The aim of this study was to quantify elemental distribution in tissue components of N2-fixing nodules harvested from Psoralea pinnata plants grown naturally in wetland and upland conditions in the Cape Fynbos. The data obtained from ...
Abbaspour Mohammadreza M Nanotechnology Research Center and school of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, - - 2014
Recently the liquid nanoemulsifying drug delivery systems (SNEDDS) have shown dramatic effects on improving oral bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs. The main purpose of this study was to prepare a solid form of self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system of loratadin by extrusion-spheronization. The liquid SNEDDS are generally prepared in a soft ...
Qian Linbo - - 2013
Interactions of aluminum with primary and oxidized biochars were compared to understand the changes in the adsorption properties of aged biochars. The structural characteristics of rice straw-derived biochars, before and after oxidation by HNO3/H2SO4, were analyzed by element composition, FTIR and XPS. The adsorption of Al to primary biochars was ...
Singh Amol A Department of Electrical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, 29208, - - 2013
A new chemical sensor based on reverse-biased graphene/Si heterojunction diode has been developed that exhibits extremely high bias-dependent molecular detection sensitivity and low operating power. The device takes advantage of graphene's atomically thin nature, which enables molecular adsorption on its surface to directly alter graphene/Si interface barrier height, thus affecting ...
Ostri Christoffer C Department of Ophthalmology, Glostrup University Hospital, Copenhagen, - - 2013
To report long-term results, prognostic factors and cataract surgery after diabetic vitrectomy. Retrospective review of patient files from a large diabetes centre between 1996 and 2010. Surgical history was obtained from the Danish National Patient Register. Follow-up intervals were 3 months and 1, 3, 5 and 10 years after surgery. In total, ...
Tan Yafang Y University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 1406 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois, - - 2013
We demonstrate the enhancement of a liquid-based homogenous fluorescence assay using the resonant electric fields from a photonic crystal (PC) surface. Because evanescent fields are confined to the liquid volume nearest to the photonic crystal, we developed a simple approach for integrating a PC fabricated on a silicon substrate within ...
Vicente Cláudia S - - 2013
Pine wilt disease (PWD) caused by the pinewood nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus is one of the most serious forest diseases in the world. The role of B. xylophilus-associated bacteria in PWD and their interaction with the nematode, have recently been under substantial investigation. Several studies report a potential contribution of the ...
Saraoui Taous - - 2013
Propionibacterium freudenreichii is a food grade bacterium consumed both in cheeses and in probiotic preparations. Its promising probiotic potential, relying largely on the active release of beneficial metabolites within the gut as well as the expression of key surface proteins involved in immunomodulation, deserves to be explored more deeply. Adaptation ...
Kamath Manjunath Srinivas MS Department of Biotechnology, School of Bioengineering, SRM University, Kilpauk, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Biomaterials-based three-dimensional scaffolds are being extensively investigated in bone tissue engineering. A potential scaffold should be osteoconductive, osteoinductive, and osteogenic for enhanced bone formation. In this study, a three-dimensional porous polycapro-lactone (PCL) scaffold was engineered for prolonged release of resveratrol. Resveratrol-loaded albumin nanoparticles (RNP) were synthesized and entrapped into a ...
Piola Marco M Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, P.zza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, - - 2013
Perfusion culture systems are widely used in tissue engineering applications for enhancing cell culture viability in the core of three-dimensional scaffolds. In this work, we present a multichamber confined-flow perfusion system, designed to provide a straightforward platform for three-dimensional dynamic cell cultures. The device comprises 6 culture chambers allowing independent ...
Binks Bernard P BP Surfactant & Colloid Group, Department of Chemistry, University of Hull, Hull, HU6 7RX, UK. - - 2013
A series of platelet sericite particles coated to different extents with a fluorinating agent has been characterised and their behaviour in mixtures with air and oil studied. The material which forms by vigorous shaking depends on both the surface tension of the oil and the surface energy of the particles ...
Wu Congying - - 2013
Arp2/3-branched actin is critical for cytoskeletal dynamics and cell migration. However, perturbations and diseases affecting this network have phenotypes that cannot be fully explained by cell-autonomous effects. In this paper, we report nonautonomous effects of Arp2/3 depletion. We show that, upon Arp2/3 depletion, the expression of numerous genes encoding secreted ...
Montresor Alessio A Department of Pathology and Diagnostics, Division of General Pathology, School of Medicine, and 2 The Center for Biomedical Computing, University of Verona, Verona 37134, - - 2013
Lymphocyte recruitment is regulated by signaling modules based on the activity of Rho and Rap small guanosine triphosphatases that control integrin activation by chemokines. We show that Janus kinase (JAK) protein tyrosine kinases control chemokine-induced LFA-1- and VLA-4-mediated adhesion as well as human T lymphocyte homing to secondary lymphoid organs. ...
MohanKumar Krishnan K 1] Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, Center for Neonatal and Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Neonates and young infants exposed to extracorporeal circulation during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and cardiopulmonary bypass are at risk of developing a systemic inflammatory response syndrome with multi-organ dysfunction. We used a piglet model of ECMO to investigate the hypothesis that epithelial apoptosis is an early event that precedes villous ...
Inagaki Hidehiko K HK 1] Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Pasadena, California, USA. [2] Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA. - - 2014
Optogenetics allows the manipulation of neural activity in freely moving animals with millisecond precision, but its application in Drosophila melanogaster has been limited. Here we show that a recently described red activatable channelrhodopsin (ReaChR) permits control of complex behavior in freely moving adult flies, at wavelengths that are not thought ...
Sen Kaushik K Department of Spectroscopy, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700032, - - 2013
The structures, energies, isomerization, and decomposition pathways of small ionic silicon oxide clusters, SiOn (+) (n = 3, 4), on doublet and quartet energy surfaces are investigated by density functional theory. New structural isomers of these ionic clusters have been obtained with this systematic study. The energy ordering of the ...
Guillén-Solà Mireia - - 2013
Pressure ulcers (PrUs) are ischemic wounds in the skin and underlying tissues caused by long-standing pressure force over an external bone or cartilaginous surface. PrUs are an important challenge for the overall health system because can prolong patient hospitalization and reduce quality of life. Moreover, 95% of PrUs are avoidable, ...
Marucco Arianna A Dip. Chimica, "G. Scansetti" Interdepartmental Centre for Studies on Asbestos and other Toxic Particulates, and NIS - Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces, University of Torino, - - 2014
An increasing interest in the interaction between blood serum proteins and nanoparticles has emerged over the last years. In fact, this process plays a key role in the biological response to nanoparticles. The behavior of proteins at the biofluid/material interface is driven by the physico-chemical properties of the surface. However, ...
Umezawa Masakazu - - 2013
Ultrasonic humidifiers silently generate water droplets as a cool fog and produce most of the dissolved minerals in the fog in the form of an aerosolized "white dust." However, the health effect of these airborne particles is largely unknown. This study aimed to characterize the aerosol particles generated by ultrasonic ...
Huang Bohr-Ran BR Graduate Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering and Department of Electronic Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2013
Solar cells based on a high-efficiency silicon nanostructure (SNS) were developed using a two-step metal-assisted electroless etching (MAEE) technique, phosphorus silicate glass (PSG) doping and screen printing. This process was used to produce solar cells with a silver nitrate (AgNO3) etching solution in different concentrations. Compared to cells produced using ...
Yang J-D JD Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, - - 2013
Background and Purposes: Capsular contracture is one of the most severe complications that can occur in breast surgery following silicone implant insertion. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of montelukast and antiadhesion barrier solution (AABS) on reducing capsular formation and their possible synergism. Materials and Methods: ...
Elsyad M A MA Department of Removable Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Mansoura, - - 2013
This study aimed to compare the influence of resilient liner and clip attachments for bar-implant-retained mandibular overdentures on opposing maxillary ridge after 5 years of denture wearing. Thirty edentulous male patients (mean age 62·5 years) received two implants in the anterior mandible after being allocated into two equal groups using balanced randomisation. ...
Hebig Klaus H KH Technische Universität Berlin, Department of Applied Geosciences, Hydrogeology Research Group, BH 3-2, Ernst-Reuter-Platz 1, D-10587 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Organic micropollutants are frequently detected in the aquatic environment. Therefore, a large number of field and laboratory studies have been conducted in order to study their fate in the environment. Due to the diversity of chemical properties among these compounds some of them may interact with materials commonly used in ...
Jarvis Samuel Paul SP School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United - - 2013
In this paper we examine the stability of silicon tip apices by using density functional theory (DFT) calculations. We find that some tip structures - modelled as small, simple clusters - show variations in stability during manipulation dependent on their orientation with respect to the sample surface. Moreover, we observe ...
Datta R - - 2013
The increasing scale of cryogenic detector arrays for submillimeter and millimeter wavelength astrophysics has led to the need for large aperture, high index of refraction, low loss, cryogenic refracting optics. Silicon with n=3.4, low loss, and high thermal conductivity is a nearly optimal material for these purposes but requires an ...
Xia Jinan - - 2013
Surface-relief diffraction gratings and planar diffraction gratings directly written on nanoporous silicon layers using 514 nm continuous-wave lasers at very low power (less than 20 mW) were demonstrated. Diffraction-based biosensing application to detect arachidonic acid was experimentally demonstrated at incident light wavelength of 632.8 nm. A comparison in sensing applications was made between ...
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