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Lefebvre Romain R Centre de Génétique et de Physiologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, UMR CNRS 5534, Université Claude Bernard - Lyon 1, Bât. Raphael Dubois, 43 boulevard du 11 novembre 1918, Villeurbanne Cedex, 69622, - - 2014
Control of membrane voltage and membrane current measurements are of critical importance for the study of numerous aspects of skeletal muscle physiology and pathophysiology. The silicone-clamp technique makes use of a conventional patch-clamp apparatus to achieve whole-cell voltage clamp of a restricted portion of a fully differentiated adult skeletal muscle ...
Ren Yong Y College of Communication Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, - - 2014
We construct a medical X-ray direct digital radiography (DDR) system based on a CCD (charge-coupled devices) camera. For the original images captured from X-ray exposure, computer first executes image flat-field correction and image gamma correction, and then carries out image contrast enhancement. A hybrid image contrast enhancement algorithm which is ...
Boschker Henricus T S HT Department of Marine Microbiology, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Yerseke, The - - 2014
Chemoautotrophy has been little studied in typical coastal marine sediments, but may be an important component of carbon recycling as intense anaerobic mineralization processes in these sediments lead to accumulation of high amounts of reduced compounds, such as sulfides and ammonium. We studied chemoautotrophy by measuring dark-fixation of 13C-bicarbonate into ...
Deng B B State Key Laboratory of Transducer Technology, Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, - - 2014
Microfluidic cell-based arraying technology is widely used in the field of single-cell analysis. However, among developed devices, there is a compromise between cellular loading efficiencies and trapped cell densities, which deserves further analysis and optimization. To address this issue, the cell trapping efficiency of a microfluidic device with two parallel ...
Gilbert Aubrey L AL Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, 243 Charles Street, Boston 02114, MA, - - 2014
Silicone oil continues to be an important aid in retinal detachment surgery. We report a case in which disparate responses to silicone oil were noted in the conjunctiva and intraocularly. Intraocularly, the oil permeated a fibrous membrane that formed behind a keratoprosthesis, the first example of this phenomenon. We detail ...
Williams Ian I Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London London, - - 2014
Accurate models of proprioceptive neural patterns could 1 day play an important role in the creation of an intuitive proprioceptive neural prosthesis for amputees. This paper looks at combining efficient implementations of biomechanical and proprioceptor models in order to generate signals that mimic human muscular proprioceptive patterns for future experimental ...
Kendra Paul E PE United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Subtropical Horticulture Research Station, Miami, Florida, United States of - - 2014
The invasive redbay ambrosia beetle, Xyleborus glabratus, is the primary vector of Raffaelea lauricola, a symbiotic fungus and the etiologic agent of laurel wilt. This lethal disease has caused severe mortality of redbay (Persea borbonia) and swampbay (P. palustris) trees in the southeastern USA, threatens avocado (P. americana) production in ...
Chen Jin J 1] Okazaki Institute for Integrative Bioscience and Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, 5-1 Higashiyama, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444-8787, Japan - - 2014
Protein nanoassemblies possess unique advantage in biomedical applications such as drug delivery, biocatalysis and vaccine development. Despite recent accomplishment in atomic structure data, the underlying molecular mechanism of protein self-assembly remains elusive, where considerable heterogeneity is often involved. Here we use E. coli chaperonin GroEL, a tetradecameric protein with a ...
Sun Teng-Qian TQ Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics, Ministry of Education, School of physics and TEDA Applied Physics School, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, - - 2014
We present a novel scanning focused refractive-index microscopy (SFRIM) technique to obtain the refractive index (RI) profiles of objects. The method uses a focused laser as the light source, and combines the derivative total reflection method (DTRM), projection magnification, and scanning technique together. SFRIM is able to determine RIs with ...
Hilke Michael M Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A - - 2014
We provide a comprehensive picture of magnetotransport in graphene monolayers in the limit of nonquantizing magnetic fields. We discuss the effects of two-carrier transport, weak localization, weak antilocalization, and strong localization for graphene devices of various mobilities, through theory, experiments, and numerical simulations. In particular, we observe a minimum in ...
Yang Ting T Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
Photonic integrated circuits for photonic computing open up the possibility for the realization of ultrahigh-speed and ultra wide-band signal processing with compact size and low power consumption. Differential equations model and govern fundamental physical phenomena and engineering systems in virtually any field of science and engineering, such as temperature diffusion ...
Hurtado-Gonzales Jorge L JL Department of Biology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, United States of - - 2014
The conspicuousness of animal signals is influenced by their contrast against the background. As such, signal conspicuousness will tend to vary in nature because habitats are composed of a mosaic of backgrounds. Variation in attractiveness could result in variation in conspecific mate choice and risk of predation, which, in turn, ...
Li Yan - - 2014
Lower motor neurons in the spinal cord lose supraspinal inputs after complete spinal cord injury, leading to a loss of volitional control below the injury site. Extensive locomotor training with spinal cord stimulation can restore locomotion function after spinal cord injury in humans and animals. However, this locomotion is non-voluntary, ...
Wang Chen C State Key Laboratory of Military Stomatology, Department of Prosthodontics, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, P. R. - - 2014
To investigate the effect of air-drying pressure during ceramic primer coating on zirconia/resin bonding and the surface characteristics of the primed zirconia. Two ceramic primers (Clearfil Ceramic Primer, CCP, Kuraray Medical Inc. and Z-Prime Plus, ZPP, Bisco Inc.) were applied on the surface of air-abraded zirconia (Katana zirconia, Noritake) and ...
Marshall Michael M MM Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina, United States of - - 2014
Among the different types of DNA damage that occur endogenously in the cell, depurination is especially prevalent. These lesions can initiate mutagenesis and have been implicated in a variety of diseases, including cancer. Here, we demonstrate a new approach for the detection of depurination at the single-molecule scale using solid-state ...
Vojvoda Valerija V Center for Research and Knowledge Transfer in Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Rockefellerova 10, 10000 Zagreb, - - 2014
Severe RSV infections and frequent recurrence could be related to the altered polarization of type-2/type-1 T cells. This increases the importance of determining distinctive chemokines and chemokine receptor profiles on memory T cells. We analyzed systemic adaptive T cell response in the acute (n = 17) and convalescent phase (n ...
Saxena Sumit S Nanostructures Engineering and Modeling Laboratory, Metallurgical Engineering & Materials Science, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, MH, India - - 2014
Extraordinary transmittance and focusing of light in quasi far field region using miniaturized optical devices is a daunting task. A polarization independent, broadband, planar metallic transmissive micro aperture capable of achromatically focusing visible light in quasi far field region is proposed. The calculated enhancement factor of transmission efficiency was about ...
Sepehr Shayesteh S Department of Biology, Alzahra University, Tehran, - - 2014
Biofilm formation by food-related bacteria and food-related pathogenesis are significant problems in the food industry. Even though much disinfection and mechanical procedure exist for removal of biofilms, they may fail to eliminate pre-established biofilms. cis-2 decenoic acid (CDA), an unsaturated fatty acid messenger produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, is reportedly capable ...
Seo Hyungtak H 1] Department of Energy Systems Research, Ajou University, Suwon 443-739, Republic of Korea [2] Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ajou University, Suwon 443-739, Republic of - - 2014
The extended application of graphene-based electronic devices requires a bandgap opening in order to realize the targeted device functionality. Since the bandgap tuning of pristine graphene is limited to 360 meV, the chemical modification of graphene is considered essential to achieve a large bandgap opening at the expense of electrical properties ...
Marcombe Sébastien S Center for Vector Biology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States of - - 2014
Aedes albopictus (Skuse) is an invasive mosquito that has become an important vector of chikungunya and dengue viruses. Immature Ae. albopictus thrive in backyard household containers that require treatment with larvicides and when adult populations reach pest levels or disease transmission is ongoing, adulticiding is often required. To assess the ...
Tallman Melissa M Department of Biomedical Sciences, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, Michigan, United States of America; New York Consortium of Evolutionary Primatology Morphometrics Group, New York Consortium of Evolutionary Primatology, New York, New York, United States of - - 2014
Diagenetic distortion can be a major obstacle to collecting quantitative shape data on paleontological specimens, especially for three-dimensional geometric morphometric analysis. Here we utilize the recently -published algorithmic symmetrization method of fossil reconstruction and compare it to the more traditional reflection & averaging approach. In order to have an objective ...
Cirloganu Claudiu M CM Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544, - - 2014
One process limiting the performance of solar cells is rapid cooling (thermalization) of hot carriers generated by higher-energy solar photons. In principle, the thermalization losses can be reduced by converting the kinetic energy of energetic carriers into additional electron-hole pairs via carrier multiplication (CM). While being inefficient in bulk semiconductors ...
Wang Yibo Y Laboratory of Marine Biodiversity and Global Change (MBiGC), College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, - - 2014
Ciliates (protozoa) are ubiquitous components of plankton community and play important roles in aquatic ecosystems in regards of their abundance, biomass, diversity and energy turnover. Based on the stratified samples collected from the northern Beibu Gulf in August 2011, species composition, abundance, biomass, diversity and spatial pattern of planktonic ciliates ...
Puhl Henry L HL 3rd Laboratory of Molecular Physiology, Section on Transmitter Signaling, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
RGK proteins, Gem, Rad, Rem1, and Rem2, are members of the Ras superfamily of small GTP-binding proteins that interact with Ca2+ channel β subunits to modify voltage-gated Ca2+ channel function. In addition, RGK proteins affect several cellular processes such as cytoskeletal rearrangement, neuronal dendritic complexity, and synapse formation. To probe ...
Evans Drew R DR 1] Department of Applied Mathematics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia [2] Thin Film Coatings Group, Mawson Institute, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, SA 5095, - - 2014
As nanoscale and molecular devices become reality, the ability to probe materials on these scales is increasing in importance. To address this, we have developed a dynamic force microscopy technique where the flexure of the microcantilever is excited using an intensity modulated laser beam to achieve modulation on the picoscale. ...
Shvyd'ko Yuri Y Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, - - 2014
Photon and neutron inelastic scattering spectrometers are microscopes for imaging condensed matter dynamics on very small length and time scales. Inelastic X-ray scattering permitted the first quantitative studies of picosecond nanoscale dynamics in disordered systems almost 20 years ago. However, the nature of the liquid-glass transition still remains one of ...
Yu Lili L The National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement (NFCRI), Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, MOA Key Laboratory of Soybean Biology (Beijing), Beijing, China; Institute of Life Sciences, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province, China; Research Center for Immunology, Department of Immunology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Xinxiang Medical College, Henan Province, Xinxiang, - - 2014
Seed storage oil, in the form of triacylglycerol (TAG), is degraded to provide carbon and energy during germination and early seedling growth by the fatty acid β-oxidation in the peroxisome. Although the pathways for lipid degradation have been uncovered, understanding of the exact involved enzymes in soybean is still limited. ...
Timurdogan Erman E Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, - - 2014
Silicon photonics has emerged as the leading candidate for implementing ultralow power wavelength-division-multiplexed communication networks in high-performance computers, yet current components (lasers, modulators, filters and detectors) consume too much power for the high-speed femtojoule-class links that ultimately will be required. Here we demonstrate and characterize the first modulator to achieve ...
Ha Su-Jin SJ Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742, South - - 2014
Dye-sensitised solar cells (DSCs) are a promising substitute for conventional silicon solar cells. A scattering layer of submicrometer pores or particles has been widely introduced to achieve a high light-harvesting efficiency. However, many such fabrication processes require high temperatures and multiple steps to prepare the scattering layer. Here, we have ...
Dong Jianjie J School of Optoelectronics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, - - 2014
A deep ultraviolet plasmonic structure is designed and a surface plasmon interference lithography method using the structure is proposed to generate large-area periodic nanopatterns. By exciting the anti-symmetric coupled surface plasmon polaritons in the structure, ultrahigh resolution periodic patterns can be formed in a photoresist. The resolution of the generated ...
Auffan Mélanie M 1] CNRS, Aix-Marseille Université, CEREGE UM34, UMR 7330, 13545 Aix en Provence, France [2] International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, CNRS-Duke University, Aix en Provence, France [3] Center for the Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology CEINT, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27707, - - 2014
Physical-chemists, (micro)biologists, and ecologists need to conduct meaningful experiments to study the environmental risk of engineered nanomaterials with access to relevant mechanistic data across several spatial and temporal scales. Indoor aquatic mesocosms (60L) that can be tailored to virtually mimic any ecosystem appear as a particularly well-suited device. Here, this ...
Orikasa Yuki Y Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Yoshida-nihonmatsu-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, - - 2014
Rechargeable magnesium batteries are poised to be viable candidates for large-scale energy storage devices in smart grid communities and electric vehicles. However, the energy density of previously proposed rechargeable magnesium batteries is low, limited mainly by the cathode materials. Here, we present new design approaches for the cathode in order ...
Mathur Raj Kumar RK Department of Surgery, MGM Medical College & MY Hospital, Indore 452001, - - 2014
Objective. To evaluate the long-term results of transpubic urethroplasty for pelvic fracture urethral distraction defects. Patients and Methods. Sixteen patients who had undergone transpubic urethroplasty for posttraumatic complex posterior urethral disruptions between 2007 and 2013 were analyzed retrospectively and prospectively. Patients were followed up for a mean (range) of 24 ...
Määttänen Anni A Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, Center of Excellence for Functional Materials, Abo Akademi University, Turku, - - 2014
The suitability of paper-based arrays for biofilm formation studies by Staphylococcus aureus is demonstrated. Laboratory-coated papers with different physicochemical properties were used as substrates. The array platform was fabricated by patterning the coated papers with vinyl-substituted polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) -based ink. The affinity of bacteria onto the flexographically printed hydrophobic and ...
Gokhale Vikrant J VJ Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, - - 2014
This work presents the first comprehensive investigation of phonon-electron interactions in bulk acoustic standing wave (BAW) resonators made from piezoelectric semiconductor (PS) materials. We show that these interactions constitute a significant energy loss mechanism and can set practical loss limits lower than anharmonic phonon scattering limits or thermoelastic damping limits. ...
Chatterjee Sudipta S University of Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille, France. - - 2014
The present study describes the development of multilayer microcapsules by 11 alternate additions of chitosan (Chi) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in a combined emulsification and phase coacervation method based on ionic interactions. After an alkali treatment, microcapsules are applied on polyester (PET) fabric by a padding process to investigate ...
Kraus H H Experimental Physics VI, Julius-Maximilian University of Würzburg, 97074 Würzburg, - - 2014
Quantum systems can provide outstanding performance in various sensing applications, ranging from bioscience to nanotechnology. Atomic-scale defects in silicon carbide are very attractive in this respect because of the technological advantages of this material and favorable optical and radio frequency spectral ranges to control these defects. We identified several, separately ...
Jump Robin L P RL Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America; Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine, Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of - - 2014
The intestinal microbiota protect the host against enteric pathogens through a defense mechanism termed colonization resistance. Antibiotics excreted into the intestinal tract may disrupt colonization resistance and alter normal metabolic functions of the microbiota. We used a mouse model to test the hypothesis that alterations in levels of bacterial metabolites ...
Okaba Shoichi S 1] Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan [2] Innovative Space-Time Project, ERATO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 7-3-1 Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, - - 2014
Unlike photons, which are conveniently handled by mirrors and optical fibres without loss of coherence, atoms lose their coherence via atom-atom and atom-wall interactions. This decoherence of atoms deteriorates the performance of atomic clocks and magnetometers, and also hinders their miniaturization. Here we report a novel platform for precision spectroscopy. ...
Zhang Xueyan X Department of Experimental Pathology, Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Beijing, People's Republic of China; Department of Pharmacy, 66400 People's Liberation Army Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
The prevention and treatment of Microwave-caused cardiovascular injury remains elusive. This study investigated the cardiovascular protective effects of compound Chinese medicine "Kang Fu Ling" (KFL) against high power microwave (HPM)-induced myocardial injury and the role of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening in KFL protection. Male Wistar rats (100) ...
Shekhah Osama O 1] Functional Materials Design, Discovery and development (FMD3), Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials (AMPM); Physical Sciences and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - - 2014
Direct air capture is regarded as a plausible alternate approach that, if economically practical, can mitigate the increasing carbon dioxide emissions associated with two of the main carbon polluting sources, namely stationary power plants and transportation. Here we show that metal-organic framework crystal chemistry permits the construction of an isostructural ...
Kim Sora S University of Science and Technology (UST), Daejeon, Republic of - - 2014
Genetic engineering in microalgae is gaining attraction but nuclear transformation methods available so far are either inefficient or require special equipment. In this study, we employ positively charged nanoparticles, 3-aminopropyl-functionalized magnesium phyllosilicate (aminoclay, approximate unit cell composition of [H2N(CH2)3]8Si8Mg6O12(OH)4), for nuclear transformation into eukaryotic microalgae. TEM and EDX analysis of ...
Wang Cong-Zhi CZ Paul C. Lauterbur Research Center for Biomedical Imaging, Institute of Biomedical and Health Engineering, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen, China; Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China; Beijing Center for Mathematics and Information Interdisciplinary Sciences, Beijing, - - 2014
Elderly people often suffer from sarcopenia in their lower extremities, which gives rise to the increased susceptibility of fall. Comparing the mechanical properties of the knee extensor/flexors on elderly and young subjects is helpful in understanding the underlying mechanisms of the muscle aging process. However, although the stiffness of skeletal ...
Piotrowiak Ilona I Department of Ophthalmology, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz, - - 2014
Background This study aimed to evaluate anterior segment spectral optical coherence tomography (AS SOCT) for assessing the lens-to-cornea fit of rigid gas-permeable (RGP) lenses. The results were verified with the fluorescein pattern method, considered the criterion standard for RGP lens alignment evaluations. Material and Methods Twenty-six eyes of 14 patients ...
Hsu Anne A School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science, Queen Mary, University of London, London, United Kingdom . - - 2014
Knowledge of the psychological constructs that underlie behavior offers valuable design opportunities for persuasive systems. We use the decision theory, which describes how behavior is underpinned by reward-cost valuations, as a framework for investigating such psychological constructs to deliver design objectives for weight management technologies. We applied a decision theory-based ...
Yang Shufeng - - 2014
Many bacteria modulate and evade the immune defenses of their hosts through peptidoglycan (PG) deacetylation. The PG deacetylases from Streptococcus pneumonia, Listeria monocytogenes and Lactococcus lactis have been characterized. However, thus far, the PG deacetylase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has not been identified. In this study, we cloned the Rv1096 gene ...
Miranda Jason A JA Department of Biology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America; Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of - - 2014
Subcortical auditory nuclei were traditionally viewed as non-plastic in adulthood so that acoustic information could be stably conveyed to higher auditory areas. Studies in a variety of species, including humans, now suggest that prolonged acoustic training can drive long-lasting brainstem plasticity. The neurobiological mechanisms for such changes are not well ...
Barca Francesco F U.O. Chirurgia Oftalmica, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Pisana (AOUP), Via Paradisa 2, 56124 Pisa, - - 2014
Silicone oils are important tools in vitreoretinal surgery because they have the ability to displace aqueous humor from the retinal surface, maintaining the adhesion between retina and retinal pigment epithelium. To understand this capability, it is important to know the silicone oil characteristics. Herein, we report first on the main ...
Hui Yuen Yung YY 1] Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 106, Taiwan - - 2014
Nanodiamonds containing high density ensembles of negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV(-)) centers are promising fluorescent biomarkers due to their excellent photostability and biocompatibility. The NV(-) centers in the particles have a fluorescence lifetime of up to 20 ns, which distinctly differs from those (<10 ns) of cell and tissue autofluorescence, making it possible ...
Parikh Ankit A Biopharmaceutics and Drug Delivery Lab, College of Pharmacy, 5968 College Street, P.O. Box 15000, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada. - - 2014
Chronic inflammation and infection of the nasal sinuses, also referred to as Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS), severely affects patients' quality of life. Adhesions, ostial stenosis, infection and inflammation relapses complicate chronic sinusitis treatment strategies. Drug-eluting stents, packings or implants have been suggested as reasonable alternatives for addressing these concerns. This article ...
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