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Matsumoto Tsutomu T Graduate School of Environment and Information Sciences, Yokohama National University, Hodogaya, Yokohama, Kanagawa 240-8501, - - 2014
Artifact metrics is an information security technology that uses the intrinsic characteristics of a physical object for authentication and clone resistance. Here, we demonstrate nano-artifact metrics based on silicon nanostructures formed via an array of resist pillars that randomly collapse when exposed to electron-beam lithography. The proposed technique uses conventional ...
Mineshita Masamichi M Division of Respiratory and Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, - - 2014
In patients with bronchial obstruction, pulmonary function tests may not change significantly after intervention. The airflow asynchrony in both lungs due to unilateral bronchial obstruction may be applicable as a physiological indicator. The airflow asynchrony is reflected by the difference in the left and right lung sound development at tidal ...
Wang Xingang X Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, - - 2014
This study investigated compressive strength, chloride penetration, and freeze-thaw resistance of multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWNT) concrete. More than 100 cylindrical specimens were used to assess test variables during sensitivity observations, including water-cement ratios (0.75, 0.5, and 0.4) and exposure to chemical agents (including gum arabic, propanol, ethanol, sodium polyacrylate, methylcellulose, ...
Zhang Bill G X BG Departments of Surgery, University of Melbourne, St Vincent's Hospital (Melbourne), Fitzroy, VIC 3065, Australia. - - 2014
Joint replacement is a major orthopaedic procedure used to treat joint osteoarthritis. Aseptic loosening and infection are the two most significant causes of prosthetic implant failure. The ideal implant should be able to promote osteointegration, deter bacterial adhesion and minimize prosthetic infection. Recent developments in material science and cell biology ...
Sauvage Eric E Centre d'Ingénierie des Protéines, Université de Liège, Institut de Physique B5a et Institut de Chimie B6a, Sart Tilman, Liège, - - 2014
In Escherichia coli, penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3), also known as FtsI, is a central component of the divisome, catalyzing cross-linking of the cell wall peptidoglycan during cell division. PBP3 is mainly periplasmic, with a 23 residues cytoplasmic tail and a single transmembrane helix. We have solved the crystal structure of ...
Wang Xin X Food Science College, Northeast Agricultural University, 59 GongBin Road, XiangFang District, Harbin 150030, China. - - 2014
We describe an innovative form of polymer micro-tubes with diverse functions including biodegradation, magnetic manipulation, and photothermal effect that employs and activates photothermal therapy to target cancer cells. The micro-tube comprised soybean protein isolate, poly-l-glutamic acid, magnetite nanoparticles, plus gold nanoparticles. Through electrostatic force, these components, with opposite charges, formed ...
Bernard-Gauthier Vadim V Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, McGill University, 1110 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A - - 2014
Background. Over the recent years, radiopharmaceutical chemistry has experienced a wide variety of innovative pushes towards finding both novel and unconventional radiochemical methods to introduce fluorine-18 into radiotracers for positron emission tomography (PET). These "nonclassical" labeling methodologies based on silicon-, boron-, and aluminium-(18)F chemistry deviate from commonplace bonding of an ...
Rogers L J LJ Institute for Quantum Optics and Center for Integrated Quantum Science and Technology (IQst), Ulm University, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, Ulm D-89081, - - 2014
Emitters of indistinguishable single photons are crucial for the growing field of quantum technologies. To realize scalability and increase the complexity of quantum optics technologies, multiple independent yet identical single-photon emitters are required. However, typical solid-state single-photon sources are inherently dissimilar, necessitating the use of electrical feedback or optical cavities ...
El-Ghussein Fadi F Dartmouth College, Thayer School of Engineering, Hanover, NH 03755, USA. - - 2014
A new optical parallel detection system of hybrid frequency and continuous-wave domains was developed to improve the data quality and accuracy in recovery of all breast optical properties. This new system was deployed in a previously existing system for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided spectroscopy, and allows incorporation of additional near-infrared ...
Ji Jianwei J State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, People's Republic of - - 2014
Silicon quantum dots (Si QDs) attract increasing interest nowadays due to their excellent optical and electronic properties. However, only a few optoelectronic organic molecules were reported as ligands of colloidal Si QDs. In this report, N-vinylcarbazole - a material widely used in the optoelectronics industry - was used for the ...
Peters Walter W Division of Plastic Surgery, and the University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Late hematoma after breast augmentation is a rare phenomenon with unproven etiology. Five patients presented with a late unilateral hematoma after receiving bilateral, submuscular, smooth, round, silicone gel implants for cosmetic breast augmentation. All patients underwent explantation and capsulectomy. Extensive clinical and histological analysis of all capsules was performed. All ...
Mobasseri S A SA Materials Science Centre, School of Materials, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Blond McIndoe Laboratories, Centre for Tissue Injury and Repair, The University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
We have developed a biodegradable polymer scaffold made of a polycaprolactone/polylactic acid (PCL/PLA) film. Surface properties such as topography and chemistry have a vital influence on cell-material interactions. Surface modifications of PCL/PLA films were performed using topographical cues and UV-ozone treatment to improve Schwann cell organisation and behaviour. Schwann cell ...
De Leonardis Francesco F Photonics Research Group, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica e dell'Informazione, Politecnico di Bari, via E. Orabona n. 4, 70125 Bari, Italy. - - 2014
In this paper, a spectroscopic sensor formed by a silicon-on-insulator waveguiding Bragg grating ring resonator working in linear and non-linear regime is proposed. In linear regime, the device shows a spectral response characterized by a photonic band gap (PBG). Very close to the band gap edges, the resonant structure exhibits ...
Kadiri Hind H Laboratoire de Nanotechnologie et d'Instrumentation Optique, Institut Charles Delaunay, CNRS UMR 6279, Université de Technologie de Troyes, 12 rue Marie Curie, BP 2060, 10010 Troyes, Cedex, France ; SILSEF SAS, 382 Rue Louis Rustin, Archamps Technopole, 74160 Archamps, - - 2014
Our aim was to elaborate a novel method for fully controllable large-scale nanopatterning. We investigated the influence of the surface topology, i.e., a pre-pattern of hydrogen silsesquioxane (HSQ) posts, on the self-organization of polystyrene beads (PS) dispersed over a large surface. Depending on the post size and spacing, long-range ordering ...
Gotlib-Vainshtein Katya K Department of Chemistry and Institute of Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials, Bar Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, - - 2014
Scratch resistance and friction are core properties which define the tribological characteristics of materials. Attempts to optimize these quantities at solid surfaces are the subject of intense technological interest. The capability to modulate these surface properties while preserving both the bulk properties of the materials and a well-defined, constant chemical ...
Vollnhals Florian F Lehrstuhl für Physikalische Chemie II and Interdisciplinary Center for Molecular Materials (ICMM), Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Egerlandstr. 3, 91058 Erlangen, - - 2014
The autocatalytic growth of arbitrarily shaped nanostructures fabricated by electron beam-induced deposition (EBID) and electron beam-induced surface activation (EBISA) is studied for two precursors: iron pentacarbonyl, Fe(CO)5, and cobalt tricarbonyl nitrosyl, Co(CO)3NO. Different deposits are prepared on silicon nitride membranes and silicon wafers under ultrahigh vacuum conditions, and are studied ...
Roinila Tomi T Department of Automation Science and Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, - - 2014
Silicon nanowire-based field-effect transistors (SiNW FETs) have demonstrated the ability of ultrasensitive detection of a wide range of biological and chemical targets. The detection is based on the variation of the conductance of a nanowire channel, which is caused by the target substance. This is seen in the voltage-current behavior ...
Totan Yuksel Y Department of Ophthalmology, Fatih University School of Medicine, Emek, Ankara 06500, - - 2014
Cohen Celia C Department of Internal Medicine, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto14049-900, Brazil. - - 2014
This work investigated the effects of Vitamin E (VE) on aberrant crypt foci (ACF) incidence, oxidative stress parameters (serum and hepatic VE concentration, and homocysteine, glutathione (GSH), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels), and expression of both cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) and proliferating cellular nuclear antigen (PCNA) in experimental colorectal carcinogenesis. Male Wistar rats ...
Latini Alessandro A Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, - - 2014
The thermodynamic stability of onion-like carbon (OLC) nanostructures with respect to highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) was determined in the interval 765-1030 K by the electromotive force (emf) measurements of solid electrolyte galvanic cell: (Low) Pt|Cr3C2,CrF2,OLC|CaF2s.c.|Cr3C2,CrF2,HOPG|Pt (High). The free energy change of transformation HOPG = OLC was found positive below 920.6 K ...
Uphoff Stephan S Microbiology Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford; Biological Physics Research Group, Clarendon Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Oxford; - - 2014
Protein-DNA interactions are at the heart of many fundamental cellular processes. For example, DNA replication, transcription, repair, and chromosome organization are governed by DNA-binding proteins that recognize specific DNA structures or sequences. In vitro experiments have helped to generate detailed models for the function of many types of DNA-binding proteins, ...
Kaliteevski M A MA 1] St-Petersburg Academic University Khlopina 8/3, 194021, 194021, St-Petersburg, Russia [2] Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of Russian Academy of Science, Polytechnicheskaya 26, 194021, St-Petersburg, - - 2014
The influence of the surrounding cavity on the efficiency of different types of polaritonic emitters of THz radiation has been analysed. It is demonstrated that THz lasing threshold in realistic structures cannot be achieved without a THz cavity, due to destruction of polaritons via excitonic Mott transition. Even modest values ...
Chen Yuan Y Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, - - 2014
The growing field of silicon solar cells requires a substantial reduction in the cost of semiconductor grade silicon, which has been mainly produced by the rod-based Siemens method. Because silicon can react with almost all of the elements and form a number of alloys at high temperatures, it is highly ...
Gurnev Philip A PA Physics Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. - - 2014
To intoxicate cells, pore-forming bacterial toxins are evolved to allow for the transmembrane traffic of different substrates, ranging from small inorganic ions to cell-specific polypeptides. Recent developments in single-channel electrical recordings, X-ray crystallography, protein engineering, and computational methods have generated a large body of knowledge about the basic principles of ...
Pecsi Ildiko I University of Otago, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Succinate:quinone oxidoreductase (Sdh) is a membrane-bound complex that couples the oxidation of succinate to fumarate in the cytoplasm to the reduction of quinone to quinol in the membrane. Mycobacterial species harbor genes for two putative sdh operons, but the individual roles of these two operons are unknown. In this communication, ...
Liu Chien-Min CM Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu, 30010 Taiwan - - 2014
We investigate the growth of Cu films on two different Cu seed layers: one with regular <111>-oriented grains and the other with very strong <111>-preferred orientation. It is found that densely-packed nanotwinned Cu (nt-Cu) can be grown by pulsed electroplating on the strong <111>-oriented Cu seed layer without a randomly-oriented ...
Hughes Mark A MA Centre for Integrative Physiology, School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Edinburgh; - - 2014
Cell patterning platforms support broad research goals, such as construction of predefined in vitro neuronal networks and the exploration of certain central aspects of cellular physiology. To easily combine cell patterning with Multi-Electrode Arrays (MEAs) and silicon-based 'lab on a chip' technologies, a microfabrication-compatible protocol is required. We describe a ...
Angelini Angelo A 1] Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, Torino IT-10129, Italy [2] Nanofacility Piemonte, Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica, Strada delle Cacce 91, Torino IT-10135, - - 2014
The control of emission from localized light sources is an objective of outstanding relevance in nanophotonics. In a recent past, a large number of metallic nanostructures has been proposed to this end, wherein plasmonic modes are exploited as energy carriers on a subwavelength scale. As an interesting alternative, we present ...
Koenig Mary Dawn MD Department of Women, Children and Family Health Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago 845 S. Damen Ave., Room 814 (MC802), Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2014
Hepcidin is the master regulator of systemic iron bioavailability in humans. This review examines primary research articles that assessed hepcidin during pregnancy and postpartum and report its relationship to maternal and infant iron status and birth outcomes; areas for future research are also discussed. A systematic search of the databases ...
Tseng Peter P Department of Bioengineering, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of - - 2014
Micro-patterning tools adopted from the semiconductor industry have mostly been optimized to pattern features onto rigid silicon and glass substrates, however, recently the need to pattern on soft substrates has been identified in simulating cellular environments or developing flexible biosensors. We present a simple method of introducing a variety of ...
Barrett Louise L Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge Lethbridge, AB, - - 2014
Does evolutionary theorizing have a role in psychology? This is a more contentious issue than one might imagine, given that, as evolved creatures, the answer must surely be yes. The contested nature of evolutionary psychology lies not in our status as evolved beings, but in the extent to which evolutionary ...
Shin Yonghee Y 1] Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul, 121-742, Korea - - 2014
Two-dimensional (2D) gold nanoparticles can possess novel physical and chemical properties, which will greatly expand the utility of gold nanoparticles in a wide variety of applications ranging from catalysis to biomedicine. However, colloidal synthesis of such particles generally requires sophisticated synthetic techniques to carefully guide anisotropic growth. Here we report ...
Gatoo Manzoor Ahmad MA Department of Biochemistry, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202002, - - 2014
Nanotechnology has emerged as one of the leading fields of the science having tremendous application in diverse disciplines. As nanomaterials are increasingly becoming part of everyday consumer products, it is imperative to assess their impact on living organisms and on the environment. Physicochemical characteristics of nanoparticles and engineered nanomaterials including ...
Megat Hasnan Megat Muhammad Ikhsan MM Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
This paper presents the design and evaluation of a high force density fishbone shaped electrostatic comb drive actuator. This comb drive actuator has a branched structure similar to a fishbone, which is intended to increase the capacitance of the electrodes and hence increase the electrostatic actuation force. Two-dimensional finite element ...
Guiraldo Ricardo Danil RD Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University North of Parana (UNOPAR), Rua Marselha 183, 86041-140 Londrina, PR, - - 2014
Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy microanalysis (EDX), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Archimedes' Principle were used to determine the characteristics of inorganic filler particles in five dental alginates, including Cavex ColorChange (C), Hydrogum 5 (H5), Hydrogum (H), Orthoprint (O), and Jeltrate Plus (JP). The different alginate powders (0.5 mg) were fixed on ...
Yang Keun-Hyeok KH Department of Plant Architectural Engineering, Kyonggi University, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do 443-760, Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this study is to examine the compressive strength and durability of very high-volume SCM concrete. The prepared 36 concrete specimens were classified into two groups according to their designed 28-day compressive strength. For the high-volume SCM, the FA level was fixed at a weight ratio of 0.4 ...
Jia Bin B Key Laboratory for Space Bioscience and Biotechnology, Institute of Special Environmental Biophysics, School of Life Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, - - 2014
A hypomagnetic field is an extremely weak magnetic field-it is considerably weaker than the geomagnetic field. In deep-space exploration missions, such as those involving extended stays on the moon and interplanetary travel, astronauts will experience abnormal space environments involving hypomagnetic fields and microgravity. It is known that microgravity in space ...
Joshi Lovleen Tina LT Cardiff School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United - - 2014
Clostridium difficile is the primary cause of antibiotic associated diarrhea in humans and is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Thus the rapid and accurate identification of this pathogen in clinical samples, such as feces, is a key step in reducing the devastating impact of this disease. The bacterium ...
Hasan Anwarul A 0000-0001-8380-2233 Biomedical Engineering and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon ; Center for Biomedical Engineering, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA ; Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2014
Biosensors research is a fast growing field in which tens of thousands of papers have been published over the years, and the industry is now worth billions of dollars. The biosensor products have found their applications in numerous industries including food and beverages, agricultural, environmental, medical diagnostics, and pharmaceutical industries ...
Reitz Thomas T Helmholtz-Center Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Resource Ecology, Dresden, Germany; Helmholtz-Center for Environmental Research, Department of Soil Ecology, Halle, - - 2014
Interactions of a facultative anaerobic bacterial isolate named Paenibacillus sp. JG-TB8 with U(VI) were studied under oxic and anoxic conditions in order to assess the influence of the oxygen-dependent cell metabolism on microbial uranium mobilization and immobilization. We demonstrated that aerobically and anaerobically grown cells of Paenibacillus sp. JG-TB8 accumulate ...
Yu Qingxiong Q Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, P.R. - - 2014
The tissue expansion technique has been applied to obtain new skin tissue to repair large defects in clinical practice. The implantation of tissue expander could initiate a host response to foreign body (FBR), which leads to fibrotic encapsulation around the expander and prolongs the period of tissue expansion. Tanshinon IIA ...
Clericò Vito V Institute of Life Sciences, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy; Center for Nanotechnology Innovation @NEST, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Pisa, - - 2014
Nanolithography techniques enable the fabrication of complex nanodevices that can be used for biosensing purposes. However, these devices are normally supported by a substrate and their use is limited to in vitro applications. Following a top-down procedure, we designed and fabricated composite inductance-capacitance (LC) nanoresonators that can be detached from ...
González-Ortiz Vanessa V Department of Biology, Faculty of Marine and Environmental Sciences of University of Cadiz, Puerto Real, Cadiz, - - 2014
Seagrass shoots interact with hydrodynamic forces and thereby a positively or negatively influence the survival of associated species. The modification of these forces indirectly alters the physical transport and flux of edible particles within seagrass meadows, which will influence the growth and survivorship of associated filter-feeding organisms. The present work ...
Kamalakar M Venkata MV Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-41296, Göteborg, - - 2014
The van der Waals heterostructures of two-dimensional (2D) atomic crystals constitute a new paradigm in nanoscience. Hybrid devices of graphene with insulating 2D hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) have emerged as promising nanoelectronic architectures through demonstrations of ultrahigh electron mobilities and charge-based tunnel transistors. Here, we expand the functional horizon of ...
Naberezhnov Alexander A St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University, Polytechnicheskaya 29, St. Petersburg 195251, Russia ; Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, Polytechnicheskaya 26, St. Petersburg 194021, - - 2014
This contribution is devoted to the study of morphology and magnetic properties of sodium borosilicate glasses with different concentrations (15, 20, and 25 wt.%) of α-Fe2O3 in an initial furnace charge. These glasses were prepared by a melt-quenching method. For all glasses a coexistence of drop-like and two-phase interpenetrative structures ...
Natalio Filipe F Institut für Chemie-Anorganische Chemie, Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät II-Chemie, Physik und Mathematik, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Kurt-Mothes-Straße 2, Halle 06120, Germany. - - 2014
Iron, as inorganic ion or as oxide, is widely used by biological systems in a myriad of biological functions (e.g., enzymatic, gene activation and/or regulation). In particular, marine organisms containing silica structures-diatoms and sponges-grow preferentially in the presence of iron. Using primary sponge cell culture from S. domuncula-primmorphs-as an in ...
Bagis Bora B 0000-0003-1974-9719 Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Izmir, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of nanofilled protective resin coating (RC) on the surface roughness (Ra) and color stability (ΔE) of resin-based restorative materials (RM) (compomer (C), nanofilled composite (NF), and microhybrid composite (MH)) after being submitted to the ultraviolet aging (UV) method. Thirty-six specimens ...
Hinojosa de la Garza Octavio R OR Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados S.C., Complejo Industrial Chihuahua, Avenida Miguel de Cervantes 120, 31109 Chihuahua, CHIH, Mexico ; Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Circuito Universitario Campus II, 31240 Chihuahua, CHIH, - - 2014
This study correlated lung cancer (LC) mortality with statistical data obtained from government public databases. In order to asses a relationship between LC deaths and radon accumulation in dwellings, indoor radon concentrations were measured with passive detectors randomly distributed in Chihuahua City. Kriging (K) and Inverse-Distance Weighting (IDW) spatial interpolations ...
Dehmel Susanne S Department of Systems Neuroscience, Bernstein Fokus Neurotechnologie, Johann-Friedrich-Blumbach-Institut für Zoologie und Anthropologie, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany; Sensory Collaborative Research Center 889, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
Electrophysiological studies have revealed that a large proportion of the mouse primary visual cortex (V1) receives input also from the ipsilateral eye. This is surprising as most optic nerve fibers cross at the optic chiasm in mice. Inactivating V1 of one hemisphere has recently demonstrated a strong contribution of one ...
Gong Hanmo H State Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Instrumentation, Department of Optical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, - - 2014
A non-complicated, controllable method of metallic nanoparticle fabrication at low operating light power is proposed. The method is based on laser-induced forward transfer, using a metamaterial absorber as the donor to significantly enhance the photothermal effect and reduce the operating light fluence to 35 mJ/cm(2), which is much lower than that ...
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