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Li Hongqiang H School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, - - 2014
An arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) demodulation integration microsystem is investigated in this study. The system consists of a C-band on-chip LED, a 2 × 2 silicon nanowire-based coupler, a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) array, a 1 × 8 AWG, and a photoelectric detector array. The coupler and AWG are made ...
Khudiyev Tural T UNAM-National Nanotechnology Research Center, Bilkent University, 06800 Ankara, - - 2014
While nanowires and nanospheres have been utilized in the design of a diverse array of nanoscale devices, recent schemes frequently require nanoscale architectures of higher complexity. However, conventional techniques are largely unsatisfactory for the production of more intricate nanoscale shapes and patterns, and even successful fabrication methods are incompatible with ...
Ozer Sezin S Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Kurupelit, 55139 Samsun, - - 2014
Aim. This study aimed to compare the solubility of a universal restorative resin composite (Filtek Z250; FZ250) and a silorane-based resin composite (Filtek Silorane; FS) after immersion in alcohol-containing mouthrinse, alcohol-free mouthrinse, and artificial saliva. Methods. 30 discs (10 mm × 1 mm) were prepared from each material and desiccated until a constant mass ...
Hill Jeff W JW University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Department of Neurology, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of - - 2014
Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability and treatment options are limited. A promising approach to accelerate the development of new therapeutics is the use of high-throughput screening of chemical libraries. Using a cell-based high-throughput oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) model, we evaluated 1,200 small molecules for repurposed application in ...
Martinelli Anna A Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Kemivägen 4, 41296 Göteborg, Sweden. - - 2014
The reaction pathway during the formation of silica via a two-component "non-aqueou" sol-gel synthesis is studied by in situ time-resolved Raman spectroscopy. This synthetic route is followed with and without the addition of the protic ionic liquid 1-ethylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (C2HImTFSI) in order to investigate its effect on the reaction pathway. ...
Meretoja Ville V VV Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, University of Turku, Lemminkäisenkatu 2, 20520 Turku, Finland ; Turku Clinical Biomaterials Centre, University of Turku, Itäinen Pitkäkatu 4B, 20520 Turku, - - 2014
Purpose. This study aimed to explore if initiation of biomimetic apatite nucleation can be used to enhance osteoblast response to biodegradable tissue regeneration composite membranes. Materials and Methods. Bioactive thermoplastic composites consisting of poly( ε -caprolactone/DL-lactide) and bioactive glass (BAG) were prepared at different stages of biomimetic calcium phosphate deposition ...
Kadar Hanane H Centre de Recherche de Gif, Institut de Chimie des Substances Naturelles, CNRS, Avenue de la Terrasse, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex 91198, France. - - 2014
Despite advances in neonatal intensive care leading to an increased survival rate in preterm infants, brain lesions and subsequent neurological handicaps following preterm birth remain a critical issue. To prevent brain injury and/or enhance repair, one of the most promising therapies investigated in preclinical models is inhaled nitric oxide (iNO). ...
Weymann Alexander A Department of Cardiac Surgery, Heart and Marfan Center - University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Background Eprosartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist used as an antihypertensive. We sought to evaluate the regional effect of Eprosartan on postinfarct ventricular remodeling and myocardial function in an isolated swine working heart model of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Material and Methods 22 swine hearts were perfused with the Langendorff perfusion ...
Iba Yasuhiro Y Department of Natural History Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, - - 2014
Belemnites (Order Belemnitida), a very successful group of Mesozoic coleoid cephalopods, dominated the world's oceans throughout the Jurassic and Cretaceous. According to the current view, the phylogenetically earliest belemnites are known from the lowermost Jurassic (Hettangian, 201-199 Ma) of northern Europe. They are of low diversity and have small sized ...
Franca Juçara Ribeiro JR Department of Pharmaceutical Products, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to develop and assess a novel sustained-release drug delivery system of Bimatoprost (BIM). Chitosan polymeric inserts were prepared using the solvent casting method and characterized by swelling studies, infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, drug content, scanning electron microscopy and in vitro drug release. ...
Keren Hanna H Network Biology Research Laboratory, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology Haifa, Israel ; Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology Haifa, - - 2014
In recent years much effort is invested in means to control neural population responses at the whole brain level, within the context of developing advanced medical applications. The tradeoffs and constraints involved, however, remain elusive due to obvious complications entailed by studying whole brain dynamics. Here, we present effective control ...
Jarray Abdennaceur A Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Unité de recherche: Optimisation Appliquée, Campus Universitaire, 1060 Tunis, - - 2014
Starting from an electrical dissipative illuminated one-diode solar cell with a given model data at room temperature (I sc , V oc , R s0 , R sh0 , I max ); we present under physical considerations a specific mathematical method (using the Lambert function) for unique determination of the intrinsic electrical parameters (n, I ...
Fernandes M R V MR Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirão Preto, Laboratory of R&D on Pharmaceutical Processes-LAPROFAR, University of São Paulo, Avenue do Café S/N, BL. Q, 14040-903 Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
This work evaluated the physicochemical properties and antioxidant activity of spray dried extracts (SDE) from Psidium guajava L. leaves. Different drying carriers, namely, maltodextrin, colloidal silicon dioxide, Arabic gum, and β -cyclodextrin at concentrations of 40 and 80% relative to solids content, were added to drying composition. SDE were characterized ...
Lee Jin Cheol JC Department of Ophthalmology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Dongsan Medical Center, Daegu, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical outcomes of ambulatory buckling surgery, comparing outpatient- with inpatient-based surgery. The authors performed a retrospective study of 80 consecutive cases of rhegmato genous retinal detachment from January 2009 to December 2011 treated by scleral buckling surgery. Two groups of patients were defined according to inpatient (group ...
Nonomura Sakiko S Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, - - 2014
To compare the effect of posterior sub-Tenon's capsule triamcinolone acetonide (STTA) injection to that of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for diabetic macular edema (DME). The medical records of 50 patients (52 eyes) with DME were reviewed. Twenty-six eyes underwent STTA (20 mg) and the other 26 eyes underwent vitrectomy combined ...
Wang Chi C Department of Gastroenterology, Peking University First Hospital, 8 Xishiku Street, Beijing 100034, - - 2014
Aim. To investigate the mechanisms of gastrointestinal side effects of tacrine, and find treatment methods with electroacupuncture (EA). Methods. Twenty-five healthy cats were randomly divided into 5 groups: gastric-distention group (model group), tacrine group (cholinesterase inhibitor), tacrine + sham acupoint group (control group), tacrine + PC6 (neiguan) group, and tacrine ...
Arnold Gail L GL Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, 28359 Bremen, Germany ; Center for Geomicrobiology, Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark ; Department of Geological Sciences, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX, - - 2014
The use of a boiling mixture of hydriodic acid, hypophosphorous acid, and hydrochloric acid to reduce any variety of sulfur compounds has been in use in various applications since the first appearance of this method in the literature in the 1920's. In the realm of sulfur geochemistry, this method remains ...
Basu Tanmoy T Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar 751005, - - 2014
Photon harvesting by reducing reflection loss is the basis of photovoltaic devices. Here, we show the efficacy of Al-doped ZnO (AZO) overlayer on ion beam-synthesized nanofaceted silicon for suppressing reflection loss. In particular, we demonstrate thickness-dependent tunable antireflection (AR) from conformally grown AZO layer, showing a systematic shift in the ...
Alkin Zeynep Z Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Bereketzade Cami Sokak, No. 2, Beyoglu, 34421 Istanbul, - - 2014
Background. To investigate the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) for lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open angle glaucoma (OAG) secondary to emulsified silicone oil (SO). Methodology/Principal Findings. Prospective, interventional, consecutive case series of 11 eyes with sustained elevation of IOP after SO removal. The mean IOP at ...
Momma Haruki - - 2014
Although several studies showed that decreased soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), inflammation level has not been considered, even though ligand-RAGE interaction induces inflammation. The objective of the study was to determine the association between sRAGE and MetS among Japanese adult in ...
Maschauer Simone S Department of Nuclear Medicine, Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Radiochemistry, Friedrich Alexander University, Schwabachanlage 6, 91054 Erlangen, Germany. - - 2014
The neurotensin receptor (NTS1) has emerged as an interesting target for molecular imaging and radiotherapy of NTS-positive tumors due to the overexpression in a range of tumors. The aim of this study was to develop a 177Lu-labeled NTS1 radioligand, its application for radiotherapy in a preclinical model and the imaging ...
Agrawal Nikita N Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, People's College of Dental Science and Research Center, Bhanpur, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, - - 2014
Demineralization of tooth by erosion is caused by frequent contact between the tooth surface and acids present in soft drinks. The present study objective was to evaluate the remineralization potential of casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) paste, 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel and iron supplement on dental erosion by soft ...
Stockhofe Katharina K Institute of Nuclear Chemistry, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Fritz-Strassmann-Weg 2, 55128 Mainz, Germany. - - 2014
Nanomedicine has become an emerging field in imaging and therapy of malignancies. Nanodimensional drug delivery systems have already been used in the clinic, as carriers for sensitive chemotherapeutics or highly toxic substances. In addition, those nanodimensional structures are further able to carry and deliver radionuclides. In the development process, non-invasive ...
Gordts Stephanie C SC Molecular and Vascular Biology, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Campus Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, bus 911, Leuven 3000, Belgium. - - 2014
Chronic non-healing wounds lead to considerable morbidity and mortality. Pleiotropic effects of high density lipoproteins (HDL) may beneficially affect wound healing. The objectives of this murine study were: (1) to investigate the hypothesis that hypercholesterolemia induces impaired wound healing and (2) to study the effect of topical HDL administration in ...
Patel Mitesh M Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Missouri-Kansas City, 2464 Charlotte Street, Kansas City, MO 64108, - - 2014
Poor systemic concentrations of lopinavir (LPV) following oral administration occur due to high cellular efflux by P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) and extensive metabolism by CYP3A4 enzymes. In this study, amino acid prodrugs of LPV were designed and investigated for their potential to circumvent efflux processes and first ...
Kazemipoor Maryam M Department of Endodontics, Shahid Sadooghi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare microbial penetration method and electrochemical technique for evaluation of the apical seal. A total of 28 teeth were prepared using the step-back technique to ISO size 40 master apical files. The specimens were randomly divided into an experimental group, two positive and ...
Mundhe Kailas K Department of Prosthodontics, Centre for Dental Education and Research, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Marginal mandibular resection to treat neoplasms leads to loss of alveolar bone and teeth at the affected side. Consequently patient suffers with poor masticatory performance and esthetic disfigurement, which we need to restore with the help of prosthodontic rehabilitation. The success of rehabilitation of these patients depends on strategic treatment ...
Gundawar Sham S Department of Prosthodontics, V. S. P. M.'s Dental College and Research Center, Digdoh Hills, Nagpur, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Retention, stability and support are the basic principles on which the success of a complete denture relies. The severely resorbed maxillary and mandibular edentulous arches that are narrow and constricted with increased interarch space provide decreased support, retention and stability. To decrease the leverage, reduction in the weight of the ...
Zhao Xing X State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, School of Renewable Energy, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China ; School of Energy Power and Mechanical Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, - - 2014
A novel hierarchical Pt- and FTO-free counter electrode (CE) for the dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was prepared by spin coating the mixture of TiO2 nanoparticles and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxy-thiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) solution onto the glass substrate. Compared with traditional Pt/FTO CE, the cost of the new CE is dramatically reduced by the application ...
Prazeres Juliana J Vitreoretinal Diseases Unit, Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of São Paulo, Botucatu Street 816, 04023-062 São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
We retrospectively evaluated a heavy silicone oil (HSO) as a long-term intraocular endotamponade agent to treat complicated RD by inferior PVR in 25 eyes of 25 patients. Patients underwent PPV and injection of Oxane HD as an internal tamponade agent. A comparison of preoperative and postoperative BCVA at month 1, ...
Anmol Cherry C Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, D.J. College of Dental Sciences and Research, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
The objective of present study was to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate and compare the effect of two ceramic finishing systems and diamond polishing paste on surface texture of two ceramic materials. The 40 test specimens were randomly divided into two main groups (Group I and Group II). Which were subsequently ...
Hao Xiaojie X 1] Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California at Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA - - 2014
Silicon quantum dots are a leading approach for solid-state quantum bits. However, developing this technology is complicated by the multi-valley nature of silicon. Here we observe transport of individual electrons in a silicon CMOS-based double quantum dot under electron spin resonance. An anticrossing of the driven dot energy levels is ...
Cooper Edwin L EL Laboratory of Comparative Neuroimmunology, Department of Neurobiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1763, - - 2014
Over the last few years, we have pursued the use and exploitation of invertebrate immune systems, most notably their humoral products, to determine what effects their complex molecules might exert on humans, specifically their potential for therapeutic applications. This endeavor, called "bioprospecting," is an emerging necessity for biomedical research. In ...
Xiang Du D Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, 2 Science Drive 3, Singapore, - - 2014
Molybdenum oxides have been widely investigated for their broad applications ranging from electronics to energy storage. Photodetectors based on molybdenum trioxide (MoO3), however, were seldom reported owing to their low conductivity and weak photoresponse. Herein we report a photodetector based on single MoO3 nanobelt with wide visible spectrum response by ...
Erfurt-Berge Cornelia C Hautklinik Erlangen, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, Ulmenweg 18, 91054 Erlangen, - - 2014
Wound therapy improves every year by developing new wound treatment options or by advancing already existing wound materials, for example, adding self-releasing analgesic drugs or growth factors to wound dressings, or by binding and inactivating excessive proteases. Also new dressing materials based on silk fibers and enhanced methods to reduce ...
Maresca David D Department of Biomedical Engineering, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Intravascular ultrasound is a catheter-based imaging modality that was developed to investigate the condition of coronary arteries and assess the vulnerability of coronary atherosclerotic plaques in particular. Since its introduction in the clinic 20 years ago, use of intravascular ultrasound innovation has been relatively limited. Intravascular ultrasound remains a niche ...
Li Yi Y 1] Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO), Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), Wuhan 430074, China [2] School of Optical and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China - - 2014
Nanoscale inorganic electronic synapses or synaptic devices, which are capable of emulating the functions of biological synapses of brain neuronal systems, are regarded as the basic building blocks for beyond-Von Neumann computing architecture, combining information storage and processing. Here, we demonstrate a Ag/AgInSbTe/Ag structure for chalcogenide memristor-based electronic synapses. The ...
Schwarzer Hendrik H 0000-0003-3021-5769 Department of Ophthalmology, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstraße 30, 52074 Aachen, - - 2014
Purpose. To demonstrate development and complications in heavy silicone oil (HSO) surgery in 100 eyes following primary vitreoretinal surgery. Methods. 100 eyes were included in this retrospective study that underwent vitreoretinal surgery using HSO as endotamponade. Indication diagnoses were retinal detachments (n = 76), complicated macular holes (MH) (n = ...
Omichi Masaaki M 1] Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan [2] Center for Collaborative Research, Anan National College of Technology, 265 Aoki Minobayashi, Anan, Tokushima 774-0017, - - 2014
Protein nanowires exhibiting specific biological activities hold promise for interacting with living cells and controlling and predicting biological responses such as apoptosis, endocytosis and cell adhesion. Here we report the result of the interaction of a single high-energy charged particle with protein molecules, giving size-controlled protein nanowires with an ultra-high ...
Vinnakota Raj K RK College of Engineering and Science, Louisiana Tech - - 2014
The field of plasmonics has experience a renaissance in recent years by providing a large variety of new physical effects and applications. Surface plasmon polaritons, i.e. the collective electron oscillations at the interface of a metal/semiconductor and a dielectric, may bridge the gap between electronic and photonic devices, provided a ...
Zhang Yinan Y Centre for Micro-Photonics, Faculty of Science, Engineering and Technology, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria 3122, - - 2014
The cost-effectiveness of market-dominating silicon wafer solar cells plays a key role in determining the competiveness of solar energy with other exhaustible energy sources. Reducing the silicon wafer thickness at a minimized efficiency loss represents a mainstream trend in increasing the cost-effectiveness of wafer-based solar cells. In this paper we ...
Gradwohl Gideon G Sleep-Wake Disorders Unit, Soroka University Medical Center and Department of Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel; Unit of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Physics, Jerusalem College of Technology, Jerusalem, - - 2014
Conventional scoring of sleep provides little information about the process of transitioning between vigilance-states. We used the state space technique to explore whether rats with chronic upper airway obstruction (UAO) have abnormal sleep/wake states, faster movements between states, or abnormal transitions between states. The tracheae of 22-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats were ...
Zhang Pengfei P 1] Optical Bioimaging Lab, Department of Bioengineering, National University of Singapore, 7 Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117576 - - 2014
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a widely used structural imaging method. However, it has limited use in molecular imaging due to the lack of an effective contrast mechanism. Gold nanoparticles have been widely used as molecular probes for optical microcopy based on Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR). Unfortunately, the SPR enhanced ...
Devarapalli Rami Reddy RR 1] Physical and Materials Chemistry Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory (CSIR-NCL), Pune- 411 008, MH, India [2] Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Anusandhan Bhawan, 2 Rafi Marg, New Delhi-110 001, - - 2014
One-dimensional heterostructure nanoarrays are efficiently promising as high performance electrodes for photo electrochemical (PEC) water splitting applications, wherein it is highly desirable for the electrode to have a broad light absorption, efficient charge separation and redox properties as well as defect free surface with high area suitable for fast interfacial ...
Bencivenga F F Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., S.S. 14 km 163, 5 in AREA Science Park, I-34149 Basovizza, - - 2014
The study of highly photo-excited matter at solid state density is an emerging field of research, which is benefitting the development of free-electron-laser (FEL) technology. We report an extreme ultraviolet (XUV) reflectivity experiment from a titanium (Ti) sample irradiated with ultrafast seeded FEL pulses at variable incident photon fluence and ...
Hyland Callen C Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT - - 2014
Growth cones of elongating neurites exert force against the external environment, but little is known about the role of force in outgrowth or its relationship to the mechanical organization of neurons. We used traction force microscopy to examine patterns of force in growth cones of regenerating Aplysia bag cell neurons. ...
Yen Wen-Chun WC Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 30013, - - 2014
A directly self-crystallized graphene layer with transfer-free process on arbitrary insulator by Ni vapor-assisted growth at growth temperatures between 950 to 1100°C via conventional chemical vapor deposition (CVD) system was developed and demonstrated. Domain sizes of graphene were confirmed by Raman spectra from ~12 nm at growth temperature of 1000°C to ...
Vora Ankit A Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, - - 2014
Using metamaterial absorbers, we have shown that metallic layers in the absorbers do not necessarily constitute undesired resistive heating problem for photovoltaics. Tailoring the geometric skin depth of metals and employing the natural bulk absorbance characteristics of the semiconductors in those absorbers can enable the exchange of undesired resistive losses ...
Zhang Yun Y National Laboratory for Infrared Physics, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200083, - - 2014
Spatial order or periodicity is usually required and constructed with tens of nanometers in the feature size, which makes it difficult to process the near-perfect metamaterial absorbers (PMAs) working in the visible range in large-area and mass-production scale. Although many established technologies and theoretical modeling methods used for order-based metamaterials, ...
Zhang Yunlu Y Key Laboratory of Bio-inspired Smart Interfacial Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, Beijing Key Laboratory of Bio-inspired Energy Materials and Devices, School of Chemistry and Environment, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, P. R. - - 2014
Metal organic framework (MOF) materials have attracted great attention due to their well-ordered and controllable pores possessing of prominent potentials for gas molecule sorption and separation performances. Organizing the MOF crystals to a continuous membrane with a certain scale will better exhibit their prominent potentials. Reports in recent years concentrate ...
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