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Tsukamoto Tadashi - - 2004
We report two cases of benign biliary strictures managed by metallic stent placement because the patients refused surgical repair. One patient is a 67-year-old man who had a stricture of the right hepatic duct and a bile leak following a cholecystectomy. The second patient is a 50-year-old man who had ...
Muir Christine A - - 2004
Pancreatic cancer is a devastating disease often associated with other comorbid conditions that can complicate treatment and impact quality of life. Obstruction of the bile duct by pancreatic cancer can cause bile stasis and infection, a condition known as acute ascending cholangitis (AAC). Signs and symptoms include fever, pain, and ...
Portincasa Piero - - 2004
The gallbladder epithelium and smooth muscle layer are exposed to concentrated biliary solutes, including cholesterol and potentially toxic hydrophobic bile salts, which are able to influence muscle contraction. Physiologically, gallbladder tone is regulated by spontaneous muscle activity, hormones, and neurotransmitters released into the muscle from intrinsic neurons and extrinsic sympathetic ...
Li Melissa K - - 2004
Hepatic formation of bile is critical to survival and is one of the most easily disrupted liver functions. Liver biopsy is performed to obtain a definitive diagnosis of cause, to exclude potential etiologies, or simply to assist in development of a differential diagnosis. Parenchymal changes of cholestasis (feathery degeneration of ...
Gopal Deepak V. - - 2003
After orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), biliary duct complications can occur in as many as 10% to 35% of patients. In the early medical and surgical literature, surgical therapy was the primary mode of management of biliary tract complications and was the eventual course of operative intervention in up to 70% ...
Nightingale Jeremy Mark Darby - - 2003
Abnormal liver function tests in patients with intestinal failure (IF) may be due to the underlying disease, IF or the treatments given (including parenteral nutrition (PN)). PN-related liver disease in children usually relates to intrahepatic cholestasis and in adults to steatosis. Steatosis may be consequent upon an excess of carbohydrate, ...
Vyhnánek F - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: In the last 20 years the resection of liver metastases became the method of choice in the therapy of malignant tumors, particularly of colorectal cancer. The study was aimed at evaluating indication criteria and operation tactics in liver metastases resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed a group ...
Sano Tsuyoshi - - 2003
We report herein a case of distal bile duct carcinoma showing intestinal differentiation diagnosed 3 years after endoscopic sphincterotomy for choledocholithiasis. The diagnostic problem in this case was that the granular mucosa, which is a typical finding of superficial mucosal extension of bile duct carcinoma in general, was interpreted as ...
Chathadi Krishnavel V - - 2003
Muscle fibers in the biliary tree, and therefore the potential for dysmotility, are located in the gallbladder and the sphincter of Oddi. Dysmotility at either site is a potential cause of biliary pain in the absence of stones, although significant controversy persists. Diminished gallbladder emptying measured by biliary scintigraphy is ...
Maselli M A - - 2003
Cholecystokinin is the main hormonal regulator of gallbladder motility. Dexloxiglumide, the active enantiomer of loxiglumide, interacts competitively with CCK1 receptors as determined in preclinical studies, such as specific radioligand binding assays or functional studies on isolated guinea pig gallbladder, where it inhibited smooth muscle cell contractions induced by cholecystokinin-octapeptide (CCK-8), ...
Tran Khoi Q - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Human obesity is associated with leptin resistance, elevated serum glucose and lipids, hepatic steatosis, and cholesterol gallstone formation. These gallstones are thought to result from hypersecretion of biliary cholesterol as well as biliary stasis. Leptin-resistant Lep(db) obese mice, which are known to have elevated serum leptin, glucose, and lipids, ...
Masclee A A M - - 2003
In patients with Crohn's disease, the prevalence of gallstones is increased, especially in patients with ileal disease or after ileal resection. Recent studies point to alterations in enterohepatic bilirubin cycling, resulting in increased biliary bilirubin levels leading to pigment rather than cholesterol gallstones. Gallbladder (hypo)motility is another important factor in ...
Pandey Manoj - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer is a common neoplasm of biliary tract, with an unknown etiology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was carried out to evaluate the changes in the membrane fatty acid profile and saturation index in patients with gallbladder cancer. The study sample consisted of 50 newly diagnosed cases of ...
Chuah S Y - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Opium addicts (OA) with no biliary symptoms have been shown to have dilated common bile duct (CBD). Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) without biliary drainage in such asymptomatic OA is hazardous. Hence it is not indicated unless there are clear clinical and laboratory evidences of biliary stasis. AIMS: To show ...
Rhee James Y - - 2003
Bile duct crystals collected either from the duodenum after gallbladder contraction or directly from bile duct aspiration are surrogates for gallbladder stones and microlithiasis. Whether bile crystals also serve as surrogates for bile duct stones or microlithiasis that forms in the bile duct after cholecystectomy is not known based on ...
Byrne Michael F - - 2003
The development of total biliary casts is very unusual, especially in patients who have not undergone liver transplantation. The aetiology of these casts is uncertain but several factors are believed to play a role, including periods of fasting, haemolysis, cholangitis and recent surgery. Resultant bile stasis and/or gallbladder hypocontractility promote ...
Choi Jin Woo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the anatomical variation occurring in intrahepatic bile ducts (IHDs) in terms of their branching patterns, and to determine the frequency of each variation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 300 consecutive donors for liver transplantation who underwent intraoperative cholangiography. Anatomical variation in IHDs was classified ...
Pandey Manoj - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Carcinoma of the gallbladder is the commonest neoplasm of the biliary tract; however, the etiology of this tumor remains unclear. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out comprising 50 patients with gallbladder cancer and 50 patients with cholelithiasis. Cytochrome P-450 estimation was carried out in the gallbladder ...
Portincasa Piero - - 2003
The primum movens in cholesterol gallstone formation is hypersecretion of hepatic cholesterol, chronic surpersaturation of bile with cholesterol and rapid precipitation of cholesterol crystals in the gallbladder from cholesterol-enriched vesicles. Associated events include biochemical defects (increased biliary mucin, and increased proportions of hydrophobic bile salts in the intestine and gallbladder), ...
De Moor Véronique - - 2003
Biliary stones may occur after liver transplantation, mostly in relation with biliary strictures. We describe an unusual case of biliary stone developing 18 years after liver transplantation and biliary-enteric anastomosis for biliary atresia, responsible for an acute cholangitis caused by obstruction of the jejunal loop. Surgical exploration allowed the removal ...
Kitajima Tomoo - - 2003
Biliary carcinomas can occur as a delayed complication of bilioenterostomy. The aim of this study was to determine whether bilioenterostomy influences biliary carcinogenesis in hamsters. Syrian hamsters were subjected to three different surgical procedures: simple laparotomy (SL), choledochoduodenostomy (CD) and choledochojejunostomy (CJ). They were given no carcinogens, and five to ...
Benjamin Irving S - - 2003
Congenital choledochal cysts carry a risk of cancer, probably as a result of a sequence of pancreatobiliary reflux, inflammation, dysplasia with or without intestinal metaplasia, and invasive carcinoma. A combination of biliary stasis due to poor drainage of a stagnant pool of bile and increased mutagenicity of the bile acids ...
Maeda Atsuyuki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma in patients with choledochoenterostomy has been a rare condition with few cases reported in the literature written in English, and there have been few pathological descriptions of this disease. However, it has recently been documented as a late complication of choledochoenteric anastomosis, and has become a serious issue ...
Burattini M F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of biliary endoprostheses in some selected elderly patients affected by hepato-choledocolithiasis is described. METHODS: In the Department of Surgery, University of Perugia, 119 elderly patients were surgically treated for choledocholithiasis from January 1999 to December 2000. In 44 selected cases#151;oldest patients with thinner hypovascularized ectasic choledochal wall#151; ...
Zen Yoh - - 2002
Bacterial infection, bile stasis, mucin hypersecretion, and an alteration of the mucin profile such as an aberrant expression of gel-forming apomucin (MUC2 and MUC5AC) in the intrahepatic biliary tree are thought to be important in the lithogenesis of hepatolithiasis. So far, there have been no detailed studies linking bacterial infection ...
Omata Takayuki - - 2002
PURPOSE: Dynamic MR cholangiography was conducted on patients with cholelithiasis or choledocholithiasis who had consumed a fatty test meal (Molyork) and the cystic contractility and dynamics of biliary stasis was evaluated. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: The subjects were 25 with intracystic cholelithiasis, 10 with choledocholithiasis and 10 normal controls. For an ...
Colagrande S - - 2002
PURPOSE: To report our experience with helical CT evaluation of transient hepatic attenuation differences (THAD), and in particular of those not associated with focal lesions, in an attempt to provide an aetiopathogenetic picture that accounts for the morphology, evolution and density of THAD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1998 and ...
Corsale I - - 2002
Consensus doesn't exist about the intraoperative cholangiography specially if is need in every one laparoscopic cholecystectomy either exclusively in case of anatomical doubts or suspect of injures or stones of the common duct. We have considered 450 patient subjected to laparoscopic cholecystectomy during 1992-2000. Patients suspicious to be affected by ...
Hamba Hiroyuki - - 2002
Patients with hepatolithiasis are known to be complicated with bile stasis and bacterial infections in the stone-containing ducts. It has been suspected that a decrease in portal venous flow is important in the progression of hepatolithiasis. This study was done to find if the affected liver in hepatolithiasis is inflamed ...
Maetani I - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The outcome of stenting gastric outlet stricture is favorable compared with a bypass operation which has significant morbidity and mortality. In Japan, this procedure is particularly complicated by a lack of enteral stents. We report some technical stratagems for stent placement for gastric outlet strictures. PATIENTS ...
Zagar Ivana - - 2002
PURPOSE: To describe and analyze the appearances of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) on Tc-99m DMSA and Tc-99m HIDA scintigraphy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors evaluated scintigraphic findings for 13 boys and 9 girls (age range, 2 months to 22.75 years; mean, 7.5 years) with ARPKD. Fourteen children underwent ...
Chetta Giuseppe - - 2002
Mirizzi syndrome is a rare biliary disease caused by compression on the common bile duct by a stone located in the gallbladder or cystic duct. In rare cases an association with gallbladder carcinoma has been described. The pathogenesis seems ascribable to long-term stasis of stones that causes worsening compression on ...
Kusano Toshiomi - - 2002
A pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PB-MJ) without bile duct dilatation is relatively rare. The standard treatment for these patients remains controversial. In this study, we followed up the patients with PB-MJ without bile duct dilatation who mainly underwent a cholecystectomy alone. Eighteen adult patients with PB-MJ without bile duct dilatation (8 males ...
Buser Kerrey B - - 2002
The laparoscopic treatment of urgent surgical conditions that develop in pregnant patients has not been extensively addressed in the current literature. It is a potential issue to which surgeons, especially rural surgeons, should give careful consideration, prior to being faced with an urgent situation during the delivery process. This report ...
Guarraci Fay A - - 2002
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Opiates administered therapeutically could have an inhibitory effect on the neuromuscular axis of the gallbladder, and thus contribute to biliary stasis and acalculous cholecystitis. METHODS: Intracellular recordings were made from gallbladder neurons and smooth muscle, and tension measurements were made from muscle strips. Opioid receptor-specific agonists tested: ...
Gioffrè L - - 2002
The external biliary drainage in severe jaundice secondary to pancreatic carcinoma acts differently in pre, intra, and postoperative period. In the preoperative period the drainage enables to lower the direct bilirubinemia and the intrahepatic biliary stasis and consequently the complications linked to the impaired hepatic and renal function. During the ...
Muminhodzic Kasim - - 2002
Obstructive jaundice is consequence of several diseases of biliary ducts which cause biliary stasis. Constant finding is jaundice on skin and visible mucosal areas, acholic stool and dark urine. Obstruction could be permanent or intermittent. It could have rapid course with severe symptoms: biliary colics, signs of acute biliary ducts ...
Le Blanc-Louvry Isabelle - - 2002
The aim of this study was to test the effect of different pulse frequencies and amplitudes during gastric stimulation (GS) on gastric emptying in the rat. GS was performed in 2 groups of laparotomized rats: healthy control animals, and rats with acute diabetes. The effects of four pulse frequencies (0.5, ...
Galandi D - - 2002
Malignant biliary obstruction, which requires endoscopic stenting as palliative therapy, is often complicated by clogging of the stent with subsequent jaundice and/or cholangitis. Stent clogging may be caused by microbiological adhesion and biliary stasis. Therefore, antibiotics and choleretic agents like ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) have been investigated to see whether they ...
Nightingale J M - - 2001
There are two common types of adult patient with a short bowel, those with jejunum in continuity with a functioning colon and those with a jejunostomy. Both groups have potential problems of undernutrition, but this is a greater problem in those without a colon, as they do not derive energy ...
Borgia M C - - 2001
Some clinical cases published in literature show that angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitor administration may cause acute pancreatitis. In this work, the authors report a case of a patient affected by hypertension. Upon admission, the authors started antihypertensive therapy using captopril, which caused an important amylase and lipase rise within 13 days. ...
Aldrighetti L - - 2001
Hepatic arterial infusion of floxuridine is an effective treatment for unresectable hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer. Despite its pharmacological advantage of higher tumor drug concentration with minimal systemic toxicity, hepatic arterial infusion of floxuridine is characterized by regional toxicity, including hepatobiliary damage resembling idiopathic sclerosing cholangitis (5-29% of treated cases). ...
Rodríguez Santiago J - - 2001
Gallbladder stasis and gallstone formation are well-known complications of both fasting-associated total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and long-term treatment with octreotide. Additive noxious effects to hepatobiliary function may develop when both therapies are given together as treatment of enteric fistulae. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of ...
Dhiman R K - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Biliary cholesterol supersaturation, gallbladder stasis and delayed intestinal transit are the key events in cholesterol gallstone formation. We studied the effect of cisapride, a prokinetic drug, on gallbladder emptying and bile composition in patients with gallstone disease undergoing cholecystectomy. METHODS: Gallbladder emptying, cholesterol saturation index (CSI) and ...
Blake A M - - 2001
Recent publications have discussed the risk of deep venous thrombosis during laparoscopic cholecystectomy and the need for routine deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of clinically detectable DVT in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy without a standard DVT prophylaxis regimen. We performed ...
Lancini G P - - 2001
The treatment of acute pancreatitis cannot be standardized in the absence of a prompt diagnosis and of an accurate severity and prognostic score. This study, based on 80 consecutively observed patients, compared the aetiological, clinical, diagnostic (laboratory and imaging) and prognostic data used to select the most appropriate therapy for ...
Croteau D - - 2001
The patient is a 2-year-old Caucasian boy with acute acalculous cholecystitis (AC) but none of the predisposing factors that are typically found in patients with this disease. The presentation and clinical course of the disease was typical of AC. Nonsurgical intervention resulted in resolution of the child's initial symptoms. After ...
Aoki T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: No consensus has been reached on whether preventive resection of the extrahepatic bile duct is necessary in cases of pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) without dilatation of the extrahepatic bile duct (undilated type). METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with PBM underwent corrective surgery and several clinical characteristics and pathological findings including K-ras point ...
Cicala M - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Even if the motor activity of the gall bladder and sphincter of Oddi (SO) are integrated, it is not known if the presence of stones in the gall bladder affects SO function. The aim of the study was to compare SO motor activity in patients with and ...
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