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Gaudet Mia M - - 2007
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is critical to regulation of inflammation. Genetic variation in the promoter region of TNF has been associated with expression differences, and a range of auto-immune, infectious, and oncologic diseases. We analyzed eight common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs746868, rs909253, rs1799964, rs1800630, rs1800750, rs1800629, rs361525, and rs1800610) ...
Orlow Irene - - 2007
Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor type 2A (CDKN2A) has been identified as a major melanoma susceptibility gene based on the presence of germline mutations in high-risk melanoma families. In this study, we sought to identify and characterize the spectrum of CDKN2A mutations affecting p16 inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase type 4 (INK4a) in ...
Walker S M - - 2007
The economic, veterinary, and medical impact of the parasite Fasciola hepatica, liver fluke, is difficult to alleviate due to increasing incidences of resistance to the principal anthelmintic drugs. These have occurred in widely separated regions. The rate of response to selection imposed by such drugs will be dependent on the ...
Jabbarzadeh Ehsan - - 2007
We discuss a generic computational model of eukariotic chemotaxis in 2D random porous domains. The model couples the fully time-dependent finite-difference solution of a reaction-diffusion equation for the concentration field of a chemoattractant to biased random walks representing individual chemotactic cells. We focus in particular on the influence of consumption ...
Behrmann Marlene - - 2007
Congenital prosopagnosia (CP) refers to the lifelong impairment in face recognition in individuals who have intact low-level visual processing, normal cognitive abilities, and no known neurological disorder. Although the face recognition impairment is profound and debilitating, its neural basis remains elusive. To investigate this, we conducted detailed morphometric and volumetric ...
Hargrove Diane M - - 2007
Exenatide, the active ingredient of BYETTA (exenatide injection), is an incretin mimetic that has been developed for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. Exenatide binds to and activates the known GLP-1 receptor with a potency comparable to that of the mammalian incretin GLP-1(7-36), thereby acting as a glucoregulatory ...
de Vrije T - - 2007
NMR analysis of (13)C-labelling patterns showed that the Embden-Meyerhof (EM) pathway is the main route for glycolysis in the extreme thermophile Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus. Glucose fermentation via the EM pathway to acetate results in a theoretical yield of 4 mol of hydrogen and 2 mol of acetate per mole of glucose. ...
Lima P D L - - 2007
Aluminum (Al) is the most abundant metal and the third common chemical element on earth. It is known that Al is toxic, especially its trivalent form (Al(3+)), that represents the its most soluble form. Al intoxication is related to some pathogenic disorders, principally neurodegeneratives ones as Parkinson and Alzheimer diseases. ...
Pizarro C - - 2007
A solid-phase microextraction (SPME) procedure for the determination of four haloanisoles (2,4,6-trichloroanisole, 2,3,4,6-tetrachloroanisole, pentachloroanisole and 2,4,6-tribromoanisole), as well as their precursor halophenols (2,4,6-trichlorophenol, 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol, pentachlorophenol and 2,4,6-tribromophenol), involved in the presence of cork taint in wine, was developed. Firstly, analytes were concentrated on a SPME fiber, and then halophenols were ...
Zeng Biao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It has been recognized that mandibular advancement splint (MAS) treatment is effective in some, but not all, patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Hence there is a need for a simple and reliable clinical tool to assist in the differentiation of treatment responses. We hypothesized that abnormalities of flow-volume ...
Stavenger Robert A - - 2007
The discovery, proposed binding mode, and optimization of a novel class of Rho-kinase inhibitors are presented. Appropriate substitution on the 6-position of the azabenzimidazole core provided subnanomolar enzyme potency in vitro while dramatically improving selectivity over a panel of other kinases. Pharmacokinetic data was obtained for the most potent and ...
Lee Won Jin - - 2007
Chlorpyrifos is one of the most widely used organophosphate insecticides in the United States. Although the toxicity of chlorpyrifos has been extensively studied in animals, the epidemiologic data are limited. To evaluate whether agricultural chlorpyrifos exposure was associated with mortality, we examined deaths among pesticide applicators in the Agricultural Health ...
Figueredo Joanita - - 2007
Different classes of mutations (class I-VI) of the cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene are responsible for lung/pancreatic disease. The most common mutation, DeltaF508, is characterized by expression of precursor forms of CFTR but no functional CFTR. Since only 5-10% of normal CFTR function is required to correct ...
Rosati Barbara - - 2007
This study examines the molecular basis for the T-type and L-type Ca(2+) currents in canine Purkinje cells. The I(CaT) in Purkinje cells was completely suppressed by 200 nM kurtoxin, a specific blocker of both Ca(v)3.1 and Ca(v)3.2 channels. Since only Ca(v)3.2 mRNA is expressed at high levels in Purkinje fibres, ...
Kenny Paraic A - - 2007
The ability to proliferate independently of signals from other cell types is a fundamental characteristic of tumor cells. Using a 3D culture model of human breast cancer progression, we have delineated a protease-dependent autocrine loop that provides an oncogenic stimulus in the absence of proto-oncogene mutation. Targeting this protease, TNF-alpha-converting ...
Aryan Henry E - - 2007
Circumferential cervical decompression and fusion (CCDF) is an important technique for treating patients with severe cervical myelopathy. While circumferential cervical decompression and fusion may provide improved spinal cord decompression and stability compared to unilateral techniques, it is commonly associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We performed a retrospective analysis of ...
Yang Yuqing - - 2007
Human hereditary tumor syndromes serve as an ideal model for studying molecular pathways regulating tumorigenesis. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), a human familial tumor syndrome, results from mutations in the Men1 gene. Men1 encodes a novel tumor suppressor, menin, of unknown biochemical function. Recently, significant progress has been made ...
Freiberg Matthew S MS Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2007
To examine the association between hepatitis C and prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD) among HIV-infected individuals. A cross-sectional analysis of data from the HIV-Longitudinal Interrelationships of Viruses and Ethanol (HIV-LIVE) cohort, a prospective cohort of HIV-infected individuals with current or past alcohol problems. We analysed health questionnaire and laboratory data from ...
Pu Yongbing Y Department of Urology, MC 955, University of Illinois at Chicago, 820 South Wood Street, Chicago, Illinois 60612, - - 2007
Androgens are essential and sufficient for prostate gland morphogenesis; however, the downstream gene targets that mediate this action are unclear. To identify androgen-regulated genes involved in prostate development, we used short-term organ culture and examined the effect of testosterone on the expression of several critical prostate morphoregulatory genes. Rat ventral ...
Skipper Jeremy I JI Department of Neurology, The University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2007
Observing a speaker's mouth profoundly influences speech perception. For example, listeners perceive an "illusory" "ta" when the video of a face producing /ka/ is dubbed onto an audio /pa/. Here, we show how cortical areas supporting speech production mediate this illusory percept and audiovisual (AV) speech perception more generally. Specifically, ...
Stefanizzi Ida - - 2007
The multifunctional proteins aldolase C and poly (A)-binding protein (PABP) undergo competitive interactions in cells coexpressing aldolase C and NF-L. A specific in vivo interaction between aldolase C and NF-L mRNA had been localized to a 68 nt segment of the transcript spanning the translation termination signal. It is shown ...
Haapala Kyllikki - - 2007
Mechanisms of prostate cancer progression during hormonal therapy and the pathobiologic consequences of androgen receptor (AR) gene amplification are inadequately known. To further investigate the hypothesis that AR gene amplification is associated with increased cell proliferation, we analyzed 123 paraffin-embedded prostate cancer specimens from men who experienced tumor relapse during ...
Fulmer Preston A - - 2007
Egress of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) from the nucleus of the infected cell to extracellular spaces involves a number of distinct steps, including primary envelopment by budding into the perinuclear space, de-envelopment into the cytoplasm, cytoplasmic reenvelopment, and translocation of enveloped virions to extracellular spaces. UL20/gK-null viruses are ...
Rocha E G - - 2007
The present report compares the morphology of callosal axon arbors projecting from and to the hind- or forelimb representations in the primary somatosensory cortex (SI) of the agouti (Dasyprocta primnolopha), a large, lisencephlic Brazilian rodent that uses forelimb coordination for feeding. Callosal axons were labeled after single pressure (n = ...
Aggarwal Sanjeev - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the outcome of stent placement (SP) for conduit discrete stenosis using predefined criteria. BACKGROUND: Right ventricle (RV) to pulmonary artery (PA) conduits are often associated with complications, such as stenosis, requiring multiple surgical replacements. METHODS: Patients who underwent primary or repeat SP were ...
So A - - 2007
Anti-TNF treatments have given patients with rheumatoid arthritis considerable hope and relief. However, 20-30% of patients do not respond sufficiently to a given anti-TNF drug. In this situation, current strategies include switching to an alternative agent, increasing the dose of the current agent or to return to conventional DMARDs. The ...
Thrall Melissa M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of co-registered PET/CT using F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) for surveillance and follow-up of ovarian cancer patients to detect recurrent disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 39 ovarian cancer patients who underwent a total of 59 ...
Kusari U - - 2007
The first use of diatom frustules as shape-dictating 3-D templates for the syntheses of nanostructured, nanocrystalline micro-particles of a non-oxide ceramic, boron nitride, is demonstrated.
Drasbek Kim Ryun - - 2007
THIP is a hypnotic drug, which displays a unique pharmacological profile, because it activates a subset of extrasynaptic gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptors containing delta-subunits. It is important to study the physiology and pharmacology of these extrasynaptic receptors and to determine how THIP interacts with other hypnotics and anesthetics. ...
Surís J-C - - 2007
The vast majority of Swiss adolescents see a physician at least once a year. However, a sizeable proportion of them indicate that they don't have the opportunity to address their own concerns and problems. While female adolescents have access to health care in the field of sexual and reproductive health ...
Karamouzis Michalis V - - 2007
The signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins are a family of latent cytoplasmic transcription factors, which form dimers when activated by cytokine receptors, tyrosine kinase growth factor receptors as well as non-receptor tyrosine kinases. Dimeric STATs translocate to the nucleus, where they bind to specific DNA-response elements in ...
Ferris Katheryn E - - 2007
Previous studies indicate that Long-Evans rats can be operantly trained to discriminate inspired CO(2) concentrations as low as 0.5%. This ability has been proposed to be due to the presence of CO(2)-sensitive olfactory receptors that contain the enzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA). The objectives of the present study were as follows: ...
Shepherd Neal - - 2007
It has been suggested that the sodium/calcium exchanger NCX1 may have a more important physiological role in embryonic and neonatal hearts than in adult hearts. However, in chick heart sarcolemmal vesicles, sodium-dependent calcium transport is reported to be small and, moreover, to be 3-12 times smaller in hearts at embryonic ...
Ganguly Kumkum - - 2007
Coupling tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) to carrier red blood cells (RBC) prolongs its intravascular life span and permits its use for thromboprophylaxis. Here, we studied the susceptibility of RBC/tPA to PA inhibitors including plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) that constrain its activity and may reduce the duration of its effect. Despite ...
Milios Constantinos J - - 2007
Grusenmeyer Patrick A - - 2007
New treatment options provide hope for patients with localized and advanced cancer. However, these advances are associated with cost, both in terms of treatment-related expenditures and effects on quality of life. It is important that patients, physicians, insurers, and policymakers understand the relationship between costs and outcomes of new cancer ...
Meropol Neal J - - 2007
Medical technology is increasingly costly in most fields of clinical medicine. Oncology has not been spared from issues related to cost, in part resulting from the tremendous scientific progress that has lead to new tools for diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of our patients. The increasing cost of health care in ...
Rhodes Karin V - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In several populations, maternal depression has been associated with reduced child safety. In an urban pediatric Emergency Department, we examined the relationship between parental depression, social support, and domestic conflict and child safety behaviors. METHODS: We studied consecutive patients in an Emergency Department. Trained interviewers used a structured instrument ...
Benz Robert - - 2007
There are limited data suggesting that initiation of epoetin alfa at extended dosing intervals of every 2, 3, or 4 wk may be efficacious for treating anemia in patients who have chronic kidney disease and are not on dialysis (CKD-NOD). This open-label, multicenter, single-arm study investigated the efficacy of administration ...
Chen Yi - - 2007
A recently developed multi-virulence-locus sequence typing (MVLST) method showed improved discriminatory power for subtyping genetically diverse Listeria monocytogenes isolates and identified epidemic clone II isolates associated with two recent U.S. multistate listeriosis outbreaks. To evaluate the ability of MVLST to distinguish other epidemic clones and outbreak strains of L. monocytogenes, ...
Fragiadaki Maria - - 2007
We report the solid-phase synthesis and some pharmacological properties of twenty oxytocin (OT) analogues. Basic modifications at position 7 (introduction of alpha-aminoisobutyric acid [Aib], L- or D-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid [L/D-Tic], L-alpha-t-butylglycine [Gly(Bu(t))] and pipecolic acid [Pip]) were combined with D-Tyr(Et)(2), L/D-(pEt)Phe(2), D-Tic(2), and Mpa(1) modifications and their various combinations in a ...
Wu George - - 2007
Lens development requires the precise coordination of cell division and differentiation. The mechanisms by which the differentiation program is initiated after cell cycle arrest remains not well understood. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs), such as p15 and p21, have been suggested to be critical components that inhibit G1 progression and therefore, ...
Wise Laura E - - 2007
The observations that the cannabinoid(1)(CB(1)) receptor antagonist/inverse agonist, rimonabant, and the selective noncompetitive inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), donepezil, improve performance in a variety of animal memory models, suggest that these neurochemical systems play integral roles in cognition. The present study tested whether each of these agents administered alone or in ...
Folger Suzanne G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To estimate breast cancer risk associated with short-term (<6 months) oral contraceptive use, and explore variation in estimates by use characteristics and medical, menstrual, and reproductive history. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Women's Contraceptive and Reproductive Experiences Study. Case subjects were white women and black women, 35-64 years ...
Bucki R - - 2007
Cationic antibacterial peptides (ABPs) are secreted in the airways and function in the first line of defence against infectious agents. They attack multiple molecular targets to cooperatively penetrate and disrupt microbial surfaces and membrane barriers. Antibacterial properties of ABPs, including cathelicidin LL-37, are reduced in cystic fibrosis (CF) airways as ...
Bensing Sophie - - 2007
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene. High titer autoantibodies (Aabs) toward intracellular enzymes are a hallmark for APS1 and serve as diagnostic markers and predictors for disease manifestations. In this study, we aimed to identify ...
Heipertz Richard A RA - - 2007
Understanding the consequences of mutation in the hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome on HBV replication is critical for treating chronic HBV infection. In this study, HBV replication in HepG2 cells initiated by transduction with precore (PC), rtM204I, and wild-type (wt) HBV recombinant baculoviruses was compared. The pattern and magnitude of ...
Champain Sabina - - 2007
The outcome assessment in instrumented lumbosacral fusion mostly focuses on clinical criteria, complications and scores, with a high variability of imaging means, methods of fusion grading and parameters describing degenerative changes, making comparisons between studies difficult. The aim of this retrospective evaluation was to evaluate the interest of quantified radiographic ...
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