Search Results
Results 316201 - 316250 of 589449

Current sort is by publication date. Click to sort by relevancy

< 6320 6321 6322 6323 6324 6325 6326 6327 6328 6329 6330 >
Rodriguez Daniel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Peer and family smoking are key predictors of adolescent smoking. Yet, it is unclear whether the effect of these variables is direct or indirect through the effects of mediating mechanisms. One possible mechanism is smoking risk beliefs. We hypothesized an indirect effect such that exposure to peer and family ...
de la Cruz-Hernández Erick - - 2007
The methylation status at the human papilloma virus (HPV) genome found in pre-invasive and invasive cervical lesions suggests that neoplastic transformation can be suppressed by gene hypermethylation, whereas hypomethylation accompanies or causes cancer progression; hence, epigenetic therapy aimed at reactivating cellular suppressor-gene expression has the potential to act as a ...
Simionato Elena - - 2007
Molecular and genetic analyses conducted in model organisms such as Drosophila and vertebrates, have provided a wealth of information about how networks of transcription factors control the proper development of these species. Much less is known, however, about the evolutionary origin of these elaborated networks and their large-scale evolution. Here ...
Macedo Patricia - - 2007
Benchmarking is the comparison of a process to the work or results of others. We conducted a national benchmarking exercise to determine how UK pulmonologists manage common clinical scenarios in diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD), and to determine current use and availability of investigative resources. We compared management decisions to ...
Gu Xiao Xiao Jenny - - 2007
HIV specific T cells are putatively anergic in vivo. IL-2, a member of a class of cytokines that binds to receptors containing the common gamma chain (gammac) has been shown to reverse anergy. We examined the role of gammac cytokines in reversing HIV specific T cell anergy. PBMC from untreated ...
George Jyothis T JT Dept, of Diabetes, York Hospital, York, UK. - - 2007
Self management is the cornerstone of effective preventive care in diabetes. Educational interventions that provide self-management skills for people with diabetes have been shown to reduce blood glucose concentrations. This in turn has the potential to reduce rates of complications. However, evidence to support type, quantity, setting and mode of ...
Schuster T - - 2007
The cone beam transform of a tensor field of order m in n >/= 2 dimensions is considered. We prove that the image of a tensor field under this transform is related to a derivative of the n-dimensional Radon transform applied to a projection of the tensor field. Actually the ...
Shinohara Eric T - - 2007
Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus has increased dramatically within the United States and continues to have a poor prognosis despite aggressive treatment. Identifying potential risk factors is critical for the early detection and treatment of this disease. The present case report describes a very young woman who developed adenocarcinoma of the ...
Olivares-Illana Vanesa - - 2007
Chagas disease affects around 18 million people in the American continent. Unfortunately, there is no satisfactory treatment for the disease. The drugs currently used are not specific and exert serious toxic effects. Thus, there is an urgent need for drugs that are effective. Looking for molecules to eliminate the parasite, ...
Wang Yuanyuan - - 2007
The aim of the present study is to examine the effect of dietary antioxidants on knee structure in a cohort of healthy, middle-aged subjects with no clinical knee osteoarthritis. Two hundred and ninety-three healthy adults (mean age = 58.0 years, standard deviation = 5.5) without knee pain or knee injury ...
Erol Adnan - - 2007
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are key regulators in various age-associated pathophysiological processes related to energy metabolism and oxidative stress. A progressive rise of oxidative stress and related inflammatory reaction appears the hallmarks of the aging process and many age-related diseases. PPARs are important redox-sensitive transcription factors and their dyregulated activations ...
Venancio Thiago M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Schistosoma mansoni is a blood helminth parasite that causes schistosomiasis, a disease that affects 200 million people in the world. Many orthologs of known mammalian genes have been discovered in this parasite and evidence is accumulating that some of these genes encode proteins linked to signaling pathways in the ...
Kreider Richard B - - 2007
Ingestion of carbohydrate (CHO) and protein (PRO) following intense exercise has been reported to increase insulin levels, optimize glycogen resynthesis, enhance PRO synthesis, and lessen the immuno-suppressive effects of intense exercise. Since different forms of CHO have varying glycemic effects, the purpose of this study was to determine whether the ...
Purton Louise E - - 2007
Multipotent hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) sustain blood cell production throughout an individual's lifespan through complex processes ultimately leading to fates of self-renewal, differentiation or cell death decisions. A fine balance between these decisions in vivo allows for the size of the HSC pool to be maintained. While many key factors ...
Agaugué Sophie - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) can be purified from serum of chronically-infected patients in the form of Lipo-Viro-Particles (LVP), which are triglycerid-rich lipoprotein-like particles containing viral RNA and proteins. Since LVP is a constant feature of chronically infected patients, we asked whether purified LVP could interfere with the immune response ...
Costanzo Giovanna - - 2007
The simplest molecules grouping the four most common elements of the universe H,C,O and N (with the exception of the biologically inert He) are isocyanate HNCO and formamide H2NCOH. Reasons for the availability of formamide on prebiotic Earth are presented. We review evidence showing that formamide in the presence of ...
Kourti Panagiota - - 2007
The mesothelium is part of the peritoneal barrier that manages the water and ion transport essential for peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment. In addition, it has a central role in the pathogenesis of peritoneal fibrosis and the resulting ultrafiltration failure observed in many PD patients. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoactive ...
Doriot Pierre-André - - 2007
A recent model describing the mechanical interaction between a stenosis and the vessel wall has shown that axial wall stress can considerably increase in the region immediately proximal to the stenosis during the (forward) flow phases, so that abnormal biological processes and wall damages are likely to be induced in ...
Li Qintong - - 2007
P-TEFb regulates eukaryotic gene expression at the level of transcription elongation, and is itself controlled by the reversible association of 7SK RNA and an RNA-binding protein HEXIM1 or HEXIM2. In an effort to determine the minimal region of 7SK needed to interact with HEXIM1 in vitro, we found that an ...
Krasilnikova Maria M - - 2007
Expansions of (GAA)n repeats within the first intron of the frataxin gene reduce its expression, resulting in a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder, Friedreich's ataxia. While it is generally believed that expanded (GAA)n repeats block transcription elongation, fine mechanisms responsible for gene repression are not fully understood. To follow the effects of ...
Demarre Gaëlle - - 2007
The integron platform codes for an integrase (IntI) from the tyrosine family of recombinases that mediates recombination between a proximal double-strand recombination site, attI and a single-strand target recombination site, attC. The attI site is only recognized by its cognate integrase, while the various tested attCs sites are recombined by ...
Carmeli Cristian - - 2007
The cortical representation of the visual field is split along the vertical midline, with the left and the right hemi-fields projecting to separate hemispheres. Connections between the visual areas of the two hemispheres are abundant near the representation of the visual midline. It was suggested that they re-establish the functional ...
Chang Wei Chun - - 2007
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) signal through a limited number of G-protein pathways and play crucial roles in many biological processes. Studies of their in vivo functions have been hampered by the molecular and functional diversity of GPCRs and the paucity of ligands with specific signaling effects. To better compare the ...
Ganguly Manjori - - 2007
The incorporation of 7-deazaguanine modifications into DNA is frequently used to probe protein recognition of H-bonding information in the major groove of DNA. While it is generally assumed that 7-deazaguanine forms a normal Watson-Crick base pair with cytosine, detailed thermodynamic and structural analyses of this modification have not been reported. ...
Birkaya Barbara - - 2007
BACKGROUND: p63 is a transcription factor that plays an important role in skin epidermal development and differentiation. The p63 gene encodes for two major protein isoforms, those containing an amino-terminal trans-activation domain (TAp63) and those lacking this domain (DeltaNp63). Both the TA and DeltaN transcripts are also alternatively spliced at ...
Li Jing - - 2007
The basic/helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins are important components of the transcriptional regulatory network, controlling a variety of biological processes, especially the development of the central nervous system. Until now, reports describing the regulatory network of the bHLH transcription factor (TF) family have been scarce. In order to understand the regulatory mechanisms ...
Hölter Katja - - 2007
The suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-3 is a negative feedback regulator of cytokine signaling and also influences leptin signaling. We investigated association of variations in the coding sequence and promoter region of SOCS3 with extreme obesity in German children and adolescents. An initial screen for sequence variations in 181 extremely ...
Anderson Paul A - - 2007
Cervical disk arthroplasty, one of the emerging motion-sparing technologies, is currently undergoing evaluation in the United States as an alternative to arthrodesis for the treatment of cervical radiculopathy and myelopathy. With both arthrodesis and arthroplasty, the primary surgical goal is thorough decompression of neurocompressive pathology--directly by removal of osteophyte and ...
Schuster Andrè - - 2007
In fungi, light is primarily known to influence general morphogenesis and both sexual and asexual sporulation. In order to expand the knowledge on the effect of light in fungi and to determine the role of the light regulatory protein ENVOY in the implementation of this effect, we performed a global ...
Shiba Yoshinobu - - 2007
A long RNA oligomer, a 110mer with the sequence of a precursor-microRNA candidate, has been chemically synthesized in a single synthesizer run by means of standard automated phosphoramidite chemistry. The synthetic method involved the use of 2-cyanoethoxymethyl (CEM), a 2'-hydroxyl protecting group recently developed in our laboratory. We improved the ...
Moye Jennifer - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study investigates the impact of statutory reform in adult guardianship on court practice. METHODS: Case files for 298 cases of adult guardianship were reviewed in three states with varying degrees of statutory reform: MA (no reform), PA (major amendments in 1992), and CO (full re-enactment of statute per ...
Lunsford L Dade - - 2007
Stereotactic radiosurgery has become an integral part of conventional and advanced skull base surgery. Despite the advances in skull base techniques, the goal of total resection of such tumors is often problematic and associated with significant risk to critical structures of the skull base, including those within the cavernous sinus, ...
Suzuki Hidekazu - - 2007
The discovery of Helicobacter pylori has already changed the natural history of peptic ulcer disease, with most patients being cured at their first presentation. Similarly, the incidence of gastric cancer and other diseases related to H. pylori are likely to be greatly reduced in the near future. Isolation of the ...
Kleber Herbert D - - 2007
While opioid dependence has more treatment agents available than other abused drugs, none are curative. They can, however, markedly diminish withdrawal symptoms and craving, and block opioid effects due to lapses. The most effective withdrawal method is substituting and tapering methadone or buprenorphine. alpha-2 Adrenergic agents can ameliorate untreated symptoms ...
Wong Patrick S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Exposure to beta-Hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH), a contaminant of the hexachlorohexane pesticide lindane, has been implicated as a risk factor in the development of breast cancers in epidemiological studies. Previous studies in our laboratory have demonstrated the ability of beta-HCH to elicit its actions via a ligand-independent activation of the estrogen ...
Chu Michelle W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cell division occurs during normal human development and aging. Despite the likely importance of cell division to human pathology, it has been difficult to infer somatic cell mitotic ages (total numbers of divisions since the zygote) because direct counting of lifetime numbers of divisions is currently impractical. Here we ...
Bennett Julia S - - 2007
Various typing methods have been developed for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, but none provide the combination of discrimination, reproducibility, portability, and genetic inference that allows the analysis of all aspects of the epidemiology of this pathogen from a single data set. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) has been used successfully to characterize the ...
Montiani-Ferreira Fabiano - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to characterize the electroretinographic features of the autosomal recessive retinopathy, globe enlarged (rge) phenotype, in chickens (Gallus gallus). METHODS: Dark-adapted, light-adapted intensity series and light-adapted 30 Hz flicker responses were recorded from rge and age matched normal control chicks from one to 270 ...
Koletsis Efstratios N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the ability of 3D-CT and virtual bronchoscopy to estimate trachea stenosis in comparison to conventional axial CT and fiberoptic bronchoscopy, with a view to assist thoracic surgeons in depicting the anatomical characteristics of tracheal strictures. METHODS: Spiral CT was performed in 16 patients with suspected tracheal stenoses ...
Suliman Sharain - - 2007
The weight of evidence suggests that women who freely choose to terminate a pregnancy are unlikely to experience significant mental health risks, however some studies have documented psychological distress in the form of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in the aftermath of termination. Choice of anaesthetic has been suggested as ...
Everts P A - - 2007
The therapeutic use of autologously prepared platelet-leukocyte gel (PLG) is a relatively new technology which might stimulate and accelerate soft-tissue and bone healing. The effectiveness of this procedure lies in the exogenous delivery of a wide range of platelet growth factors, intentionally released from autologously prepared PLG. The rationale to ...
Saïdi Hela - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Plant lectins such as Galanthus nivalis agglutinin (GNA) and Hippeastrum hybrid agglutinin (HHA) are natural proteins able to link mannose residues, and therefore inhibit HIV-target cell interactions. Plant lectins are candidate for microbicide development. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the activity against HIV of the mannose-specific plant lectins HHA and GNA ...
Paliwal Preeti - - 2007
p73, a p53 family member is a transcription factor that plays a role in cell cycle, differentiation and apoptosis. p73 is regulated through post translational modifications and protein interactions. c-Abl is the only known tyrosine kinase that phosphorylates and activates p73. Here we have analyzed the role of Src family ...
Kjer Karl M - - 2007
Traditionally, most studies employing data from whole mitochondrial genomes to diagnose relationships among the major lineages of mammals have attempted to exclude regions that potentially complicate phylogenetic analysis. Components generally excluded are 3rd codon positions of protein-encoding genes, the control region, rRNAs, tRNAs, and the ND6 gene (encoded on the ...
Debnath Debasish - - 2007
Intravenous cannulation is a very common procedure. Venous aneurysm secondary to peripheral intravenous cannulation is extremely rare. Moreover, venous aneurysm can mimic other conditions and may confuse the issue. We describe a case of a 45-year-old woman who was referred with the diagnosis of varicose vein of right arm. A ...
Ingalls B P - - 2007
Proteins involved in the regulation of the cell cycle are highly conserved across all eukaryotes, and so a relatively simple eukaryote such as yeast can provide insight into a variety of cell cycle perturbations including those that occur in human cancer. To date, the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has provided ...
Emmersen Jeppe - - 2007
BACKGROUND: During gene expression analysis by Serial Analysis of Gene Expression (SAGE), duplicate ditags are routinely removed from the data analysis, because they are suspected to stem from artifacts during SAGE library construction. As a consequence, naturally occurring duplicate ditags are also removed from the analysis leading to an error ...
Bhattacharjee Reshma - - 2007
We tested the hypothesis that maternal interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) pretreatment and induction of fetal cortisol synthesis activates MAP kinases and thereby affects lung fluid absorption in preterm guinea pigs. IL-1beta was administered subcutaneously daily to timed-pregnant guinea pigs for three days. Fetuses were obtained by abdominal hysterotomy and instilled with isosmolar ...
< 6320 6321 6322 6323 6324 6325 6326 6327 6328 6329 6330 >
Recent Searches

Search Terms in Title