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Martins Christine Baccarat de Godoy - - 2006
This study analyzes the characteristics of accidental poisoning among children and young adolescents (< 15 years) in Londrina, Paraná State, Brazil, in 2001. Data were obtained from patient records in general hospitals, the local Poison Control Center, and the municipal Mortality Information Center. There were 473 cases of poisoning, with ...
Bhat Yasser M - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of wireless pH monitoring has been touted as a significant advance in the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux and associated disorders. We prospectively enrolled patients in a research registry to assess the feasibility and safety in clinical use. METHODS: All patients undergoing endoscopy with wireless pH studies (Medtronic ...
Dudley Timothy J - - 2006
A parallel algorithm for solving the coupled-perturbed MCSCF (CPMCSCF) equations and analytic nuclear second derivatives of CASSCF wave functions is presented. A parallel scheme for evaluating derivative integrals and their subsequent use in constructing other derivative quantities is described. The task of solving the CPMCSCF equations is approached using a ...
Bergendahl H - - 2006
Children undergoing anaesthesia and surgery can experience significant anxiety and distress during the peri-operative period, but whether routine premedication is necessary is currently debated. Benzodiazepines are the most frequently used drugs as premedication in paediatric anaesthesia. In the US, 50% of young children undergoing surgery receive premedication and midazolam is ...
de Jong P A - - 2006
The aim of the current study was to use computed tomography (CT) to estimate airway wall and lumen, and arterial and parenchyma dimensions in children throughout the growth period, and to provide normative data to study alterations caused by pulmonary disease. Clinical CT scans reported as normal that were performed ...
McCollum A David - - 2006
With the increasing survival of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) there is a growing need for effective second- and third-line agents. We conducted a multicenter, phase II study to examine the combination of capecitabine and thalidomide (Cape/Thal) in patients with refractory metastatic CRC. Patients with previously treated stage IV ...
Dondi D - - 2006
Prostate cancer (PCa) growth initially depends on circulating androgens. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists are currently used for the treatment of PCa. However, after an initial responsiveness to hormonal deprivation, PCa progresses and metastasizes. Recently, also GnRH antagonists have been used for clinical trials in patients with PCa and the results ...
Nieto Yago - - 2006
We evaluated tacrolimus/mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis after a nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation (NST) from a matched sibling donor (MSD). Thirty-two patients (median age, 57 years) with advanced hematologic malignancies, who were poor candidates for a conventional myeloablative transplantation, received fludarabine (30 mg/m(2), day -4 to day ...
Read Thomas E - - 2006
The adoption of laparoscopic proctectomy for rectal cancer has been relatively slow, primarily because of the technical difficulty of the procedure. The wide surgeon-to-surgeon variability in disease-free survival and local pelvic recurrence noted after open proctectomy is probably due to differences in surgical technique, and these differences are likely to ...
Konarski Jakub Z - - 2006
Background: Practitioners are increasingly presented with data procured from studies employing advanced neuroimaging techniques. The central role that neuroimaging occupies in contemporary psychiatric research highlights the need for practitioner familiarity with the neuroimaging technology and its clinical translation.Methods: We conducted a PubMed search of all English-language articles published between January ...
Fisher Susan E - - 2006
We developed and evaluated an explicit procedure for obtaining self-report pain data from nursing home residents across a broad range of cognitive status, and we evaluated the consistency, stability, and concurrent validity of resident responses. Using a modification of the Geriatric Pain Measure (GPM-M2), we interviewed 61 residents from two ...
Zhang Li-ping - - 2006
To study the effect of resveratrol on L-type calcium current (I(Ca-L)) in isolated rat ventricular myocytes and the mechanisms underlying these effects. I(Ca-L) was examined in isolated single rat ventricular myocytes by using the whole cell patch-clamp recording technique. Resveratrol (10-40 micromol/L) reduced the peak amplitude of I(Ca-L) and shifted ...
Tang Patricia A - - 2006
Erlotinib is an orally available, reversible tyrosine kinase inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor. Encouraging activity as a single agent and in combination with other targeted agents has been demonstrated in Phase II trials in many tumour types. Erlotinib has an established role in the treatment of advanced, refractory ...
Jänne Pasi A - - 2006
Mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are associated with clinical and radiographic responses to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib. Currently available methods of EGFR mutation detection rely on direct DNA sequencing, which requires isolation of DNA from a relatively pure population of tumor cells, cannot be ...
Böttner M - - 2006
The lack of estrogen during menopause is associated with various symptoms including osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, and menopausal symptoms. For many years, conventional hormone replacement therapy has been successfully used to treat these conditions. However, in light of recent studies that draw attention to potential hazards of conventional HRT, various attempts ...
Metz D C - - 2006
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and idiopathic hypersecretion are gastrointestinal hypersecretory conditions requiring long-term maintenance. The safety and efficacy data for short-term (6-month) treatment of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and idiopathic hypersecretion with oral pantoprazole were previously published. This study extends the initial observations to 3 years. The primary efficacy end point for this report ...
Anderson Amy L - - 2006
Staphylococcal protein A (SpA) is representative of a new class of antigens, the B-cell superantigens (SAgs). These antigens bind to the Fab regions of immunoglobulin molecules outside their complementarity-determining regions. SpA, the best-studied B-cell SAg, reacts with the Fabs of most VH3+ immunoglobulins, which are expressed on 30 to 60% ...
Ford Anthony P D W - - 2006
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are present in many common urological syndromes. However, their current suboptimal management by muscarinic and alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists leaves a significant opportunity for the discovery and development of superior medicines. As potential targets for such therapeutics, purinoceptors have emerged over the last two decades from investigations ...
de Groat William C - - 2006
Storage and periodic expulsion of urine is regulated by a neural control system in the brain and spinal cord that coordinates the reciprocal activity of two functional units in the lower urinary tract (LUT): (a) a reservoir (the urinary bladder) and (b) an outlet (bladder neck, urethra and striated muscles ...
Maple P A C - - 2006
Highly sensitive and specific, quantitative assays are needed to detect varicella-zoster virus (VZV) immunoglobulin G in human sera, particularly for determining immune status and response following vaccination. A time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay (TRFIA) has been developed, and its performance was compared to that of two commercial enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) and Merck ...
Steffensen Lotte - - 2006
This paper describes the first physiological response at the translational level towards heterologous protein production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In yeast, the phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 2alpha (eIF-2alpha) by Gcn2p protein kinase mediates derepression of GCN4 mRNA translation. Gcn4p is a transcription factor initially found to be required for transcriptional ...
Kim Joon Sik - - 2006
The present study was done to determine whether endogenous nitric oxide (NO) plays a role in the regulation of sodium transporters in the kidney. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 100 mg/L drinking water) for 4 weeks. Control rats were supplied with tap water without drugs. ...
Shin Woo-Ram - - 2006
Chronic neck and arm pain or cervicobrachialgia commonly occurs with the degeneration of cervical spine. Authors investigated the usefulness of radiofrequency (RF) neurotomies of cervical medial branches in patients with cervicobrachialgia and analyzed the factors which can influence the treatment outcome. Demographic data, types of pain distribution, responses of double ...
Thorvaldsen Joanne L - - 2006
The differentially methylated domain (DMD) of the mouse H19 gene is a methylation-sensitive insulator that blocks access of the Igf2 gene to shared enhancers on the maternal allele and inactivates H19 expression on the methylated paternal allele. By analyzing H19 DMD deletion alleles H19DeltaDMD and H19Delta3.8kb-5'H19 in pre- and postimplantation ...
Baughman Thomas A - - 2006
Sources of elemental mercury (Hg0) include old natural gas regulators, manometers, sphygmomanometers, thermometers, and thermostats. Causes of Hg0 spills include improper storage, container breakage, children playing with Hg0, the breakage of devices containing Hg0, and ritualistic use of Hg0. Inhalation is the primary exposure route for Hg0. Mercury released into ...
Lynge Elsebeth - - 2006
U.S. studies have reported an increased risk of esophageal and some other cancers in dry cleaners exposed to tetrachloroethylene. We investigated whether the U.S. findings could be reproduced in the Nordic countries using a series of case-control studies nested in cohorts of laundry and dry-cleaning workers identified from the 1970 ...
Lu Chensheng - - 2006
We used a novel study design to measure dietary organophosphorus pesticide exposure in a group of 23 elementary school-age children through urinary biomonitoring. We substituted most of children's conventional diets with organic food items for 5 consecutive days and collected two spot daily urine samples, first-morning and before-bedtime voids, throughout ...
Tanaka Daigo - - 2006
Cryosurgery is the destruction of undesired tissues by freezing, as in prostate cryosurgery, for example. Minimally invasive cryosurgery is currently performed by means of an array of cryoprobes, each in the shape of a long hypodermic needle. The optimal arrangement of the cryoprobes, which is known to have a dramatic ...
Bull Rowena A - - 2006
Norovirus (NoV) is highly infectious and is the major cause of outbreak gastroenteritis in adults, with pandemic spread of the virus being reported in 1995 and 2002. The NoV genome is genetically diverse, which has hampered development of sensitive molecular biology-based methods. In this study we report on a nested ...
Birmaher Boris - - 2006
Despite the high morbidity associated with bipolar disorder (BP), few studies have prospectively studied the course of this illness in youth. To assess the longitudinal course of BP spectrum disorders (BP-I, BP-II, and not otherwise specified [BP-NOS]) in children and adolescents. Subjects were interviewed, on average, every 9 months for ...
Yu Guoying - - 2006
Prostate cancer is frequent among men over 45 years of age, but it generally only becomes lethal with metastasis. In this study, we identified a gene called cellular stress response 1 (CSR1) that was frequently down-regulated and methylated in prostate cancer samples. Survival analysis indicated that methylation of the CSR1 ...
Frid Maria G - - 2006
Vascular remodeling in chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension includes marked fibroproliferative changes in the pulmonary artery (PA) adventitia. Although resident PA fibroblasts have long been considered the primary contributors to these processes, we tested the hypothesis that hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling requires recruitment of circulating mesenchymal precursors of a monocyte/macrophage lineage, ...
Jones C Hal - - 2006
Diagnostic PCR assays were developed to track common genetic determinants of oxacillin resistance as well as resistance to classical tetracyclines in Staphylococcus aureus isolates from the recently completed worldwide phase 3 clinical trials of tigecycline. A total of 503 unique S. aureus strains isolated from complicated skin and skin structure ...
Kosowska-Shick Klaudia - - 2006
Retapamulin had the lowest rate of spontaneous mutations by single-step passaging and the lowest parent and selected mutant MICs by multistep passaging among all drugs tested for all Staphylococcus aureus strains and three Streptococcus pyogenes strains which yielded resistant clones. Retapamulin has a low potential for resistance selection in S. ...
Wickman Paul A - - 2006
The in vitro activities of DX-619 and four other quinolones were compared against Streptococcus pneumoniae mutants that contained a variety of alterations within the quinolone resistance-determining regions. DX-619 was the most potent quinolone and was least affected by the mutations.
Marzorati Massimo - - 2006
Flavescence dorée (FD) is a grapevine disease that afflicts several wine production areas in Europe, from Portugal to Serbia. FD is caused by a bacterium, "Candidatus Phytoplasma vitis," which is spread throughout the vineyards by a leafhopper, Scaphoideus titanus (Cicadellidae). After collection of S. titanus specimens from FD-contaminated vineyards in ...
Brown A E - - 2006
Primary and secondary prevention are essential components of the response to HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We present findings from nationally implemented HIV/STI prevention interventions. In 2003, of those attending STI clinics at least 64% of men who have sex with men (MSM) and 55% of heterosexuals accepted a ...
Kim Ai-Rhan Ellen - - 2006
This study investigated the incidence of acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) given CMV seropositive blood, and sought to determine whether filtering and irradiation of blood products could help prevent CMV infection and the time required to clear passively-derived anti-CMV IgG among 80 VLBWI transfused ...
Kwak Jin-Oh - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the cellular localization of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and caveolin-3 (Cav-3) in primarily cultured rat chondrocytes. In normal rat chondrocytes, we observed relatively high levels of Cav-3 and a very low level of COX-2 mRNA and protein. Upon treating the chondrocytes with 5 microM ...
Min Seog Ki - - 2006
Although laparoscopic surgery has become more popular, its technical difficulties have limited the applications of this technique to liver surgery. We report here on our experience with liver resection with using the laparoscopy-assisted (Lap-Assist) and total laparoscopic (Total-Lap) methods. From April 2001 to June 2003, a total of 20 laparoscopic ...
Kaul Rajeev - - 2006
Previous studies have demonstrated the interaction between the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen 3C (EBNA3C) and the metastatic suppressor Nm23-H1 both in vitro and in vivo (C. Subramanian, M. A. Cotter II, and E. S. Robertson, Nat. Med. 7:350-355, 2001). EBNA3C can reverse the ability of Nm23-H1 to suppress migration ...
Fan Eddy - - 2006
We aimed to determine the adverse events and important prognostic factors associated with interfacility transport of intubated and mechanically ventilated adult patients. We performed a systematic review of MEDLINE, CENTRAL, EMBASE, CINAHL, HEALTHSTAR, and Web of Science (from inception until 10 January 2005) for all clinical studies describing the incidence ...
Mattox Kenneth L - - 2006
The medical support for the coordinated effort for Harris County Texas (Houston) to rescue evacuees from New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina was part of an integrated collaborative network. Both public health and operational health care was structured to custom meet the needs of the evacuees and to create an exit ...
Quiros P A - - 2006
To determine if asymptomatic carriers from a previously identified large pedigree of the Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) 11778 mtDNA mutation have colour vision deficits. As part of a comprehensive analysis of over 200 members of a large Brazilian LHON pedigree spanning seven generations, colour vision tests were obtained from ...
Maroof Asher - - 2006
The presence of interleukin-4 (IL-4) during the generation of dendritic cells (DC) from precursor cells results in measurable increases of IL-12 in supernatants but IL-4 secretion has not been reported. However, DC have IL-4 receptors and are able to make IL-4. We therefore sought evidence for autocrine effects of IL-4 ...
Beal Richard K - - 2006
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium colonizes the gut of chickens and is cleared from the intestine within about 3 weeks. Infection induces high levels of specific antibody, but B cells do not play an essential role in clearance of primary infection or in the enhanced clearance after secondary challenge.
Yang Chengfeng - - 2006
Heregulins are a family of ligands for the ErbB3/ErbB4 receptors that play important roles in breast cancer cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. Limited information is available on the contribution of Rho GTPases to heregulin-mediated signaling. In breast cancer cells, heregulin beta1 (HRG) causes a strong activation of Rac; however, it does ...
Nonno Romolo - - 2006
Transmission of prions between species is limited by the "species barrier," which hampers a full characterization of human prion strains in the mouse model. We report that the efficiency of primary transmission of prions from Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease patients to a wild rodent species, the bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus), is comparable ...
Maharaj Arindel S R - - 2006
Although vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been well studied in both developmental and pathological angiogenesis, its role in mature blood vessels is poorly understood. A growing body of observations, including the side effects of anti-VEGF therapies as well as the role of soluble VEGFR1 in preeclampsia, points to an ...
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