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Praveen Alampath - - 2012
Thoracic duct embolization (TDE) is an established radiological interventional procedure for thoracic duct injuries. Traditionally, it is done under fluoroscopic guidance after opacifying the thoracic duct with bipedal lymphangiography. We describe our experience in usinga heavily T2W sequence for guiding thoracic duct puncture and direct injection of glue through the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 202
Suri Deepti - - 2009
We report on a 4-year-old girl with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome who presented with life-threatening chylopericardial tamponade with chylothorax secondary to superior vena cava thrombosis. This is the first case report of this complication in a child. We outline the treatment, which included emergency pericardiocentesis and thoracostomy, parentral anticoagulation and dietary ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 201
Negre E - - 1977
Over a 15 year period, the authors operated upon 650 patients suffering from carcinoma of the oesophagus. Amongst them, 185 underwent pre-operative irradiation. The latter appears to increase the percentage in whom excision was possible. By contrast, the occurence rate of postoperative complications is essentially the same in both groups ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 201
Lauridsen P - - 1979
An 11-year-old girl with anomalous pulmonary venous drainage from the left lung to the right atrium was corrected by anastomosing the anomalous trunk to the left auricular appendage. Postoperatively she developed a left-sided chylothorax which resolved on medical treatment. A postoperative angiocardiography one year after surgery showed a well-functioning anastomosis.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 201
Foresti V - - 1990
We report on a male patient with tuberous sclerosis (adenoma sebaceum and digital fibromas, renal angiomyolipomas and subependymal brain calcifications), who presented with chylothorax. Chest CT scan did not show pulmonary parenchymal alterations, but only a moderate enlargement of the paracaval mediastinal lymph nodes. Tuberous sclerosis with lung involvement presents ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 196
Brøyn T - - 1990
Recurrent pleural effusion is often a problem in metastases from breast cancer, and may be treated by instillation of irritating drugs combined with external drainage for some days. Less frequently chylothorax is a complication to malignant disease. Drainage of the pleural effusion to the peritoneum is possible, and this article ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 196
Tomić Ilija - - 2003
This paper presents 4 patients with chylothorax, and one patient with bilateral chylothorax and chyloperitoneum. The chylous effusions were of benign etiology, developed as a complication of miliary tuberculosis (1 patient), after L-2 vertebral body fracture (1 patient), and idiopathic (2 patients). The diagnosis was confirmed by the presence of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 196
Hughes E - - 1987
A 32-year-old primigravida presented with cough and dyspnea at 16 weeks' gestation. Chest roentgenogram revealed a large pleural effusion and diffuse interstitial infiltrates. Moderate arterial hypoxemia and a significant reduction in vital capacity were present. Thoracentesis revealed sterile chyle with no evidence of malignancy. Spontaneous delivery of a healthy infant ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 196
Farnsworth R - - 1996
A 3.5-year-old female German Shepherd Dog developed subcutaneous accumulation of chyle in a hind limb after ligation of the thoracic duct for treatment of chylothorax. Lymphangiography revealed severe lymphangiectasia in the abdomen and left inguinal region. Although the pleural effusion resolved, the subcutaneous accumulation of chyle continued even after medical ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 196
Chen Eric - - 2011
Chylous leaks, such as chylothorax and chylopericardium, are uncommon effusions resulting from the leakage of intestinal lymphatic fluid from the thoracic duct (TD) and its tributaries, or intestinal lymphatic ducts. The cause can be either traumatic (thoracic surgery) or nontraumatic (idiopathic, malignancy). Treatment has traditionally consisted of dietary modification (nonfat ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 196
Vinz H - - 1980
The different types of vagotomy are highly standardized, but show a typical spectrum of complications, injuries of spleen (1 to 4%) and liver, perforation of the oesophagus (0,5 to 1,0%) intraoperative bleeding, lesions of the pleura (0,5%), necrosis of the lesser curvature of the stomach, chylothorax and chyloperitoneum. The article ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 195
Bose Amal K - - 2010
We present a fascinating case of major penetrating trauma to the chest which resulted in a successful outcome. Often such trauma is associated with a poor outcome due to injury to the heart, lungs or major blood vessels with subsequent massive blood loss, pnuemothorax or haemo-pneumothorax. Late complications include infection ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 195
Favre R - - 1990
Two clinical cases of fetal hydrops are discussed: one of them was caused by diffuse lymphangiectasis and the other was idiopathic. A review of recent literature regarding the management of non-immunological hydrops is presented and gives hope for a new therapeutic approach to fetal hydrops especially in cases of chylothorax. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 195
Khelif K - - 2006
Thoracoscopy offers numerous diagnostic and therapeutic options in pediatric surgery. This paper reviews some of the principal thoracoscpic procedures performed in children. Thoracoscopy for empyema, pectus excavatum, chylothorax, etc., will be discussed. Thoracoscpy has been postulated to offer similar results as conventional surgery with lower morbidity and reduced hospital stay. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 195
Singleton R - - 1986
This is a report of the short- and long-term complications in a premature infant with tracheoesophageal fistula, including those related to central venous alimentation, seizures, chylothorax, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, dental erosions, gastroesophageal reflux, pulmonary problems, and gall stones. It offers analyses of possible alternate methods and treatments, which may have provided ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 195
Swelstad Matthew Reed - - 2003
Gorham's Syndrome, also known as massive osteolysis or "vanishing bone disease" results from lymphangiomatosis with adjacent bone resorption. Chylothorax is a common complication in cases of mediastinal involvement. We report a case of Gorham's Syndrome presenting as chylotamponade successfully treated with pericardial drainage, early parenteral nutritional support, bilateral pleurodesis for ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 195
Itkin Maxim - - 2011
Chylothorax is an uncommon complication of cardiothoracic surgery in children that is traditionally treated with either conservative (diet modification, octreotide administration, and percutaneous drainage) or surgical (thoracic duct ligation, pleurodesis, and pleuroperitoneal shunt) approaches. We report here the cases of 2 children (a 6-month-old and a 1-month-old) with postoperative chylous ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 195
Möllmann D - - 1990
Lymphangiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disease that occurs predominantly in women of reproductive age. We report on a 17-year old female patient with chylothorax and smooth muscle proliferation of lymphatic vessels in the retrocrural, retroperitoneal and mesenteric space. Radiological procedures and especially computerized tomography proved particularly suitable for detecting abdominal ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 195
Chakrabarti Nandini - - 2012
Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disorder presenting with remarkable features like recurrent pneumothorax or chylothorax, usually in young women. We report a case of sporadic LAM who presented with nothing but recent onset exertional dyspnoea and it was this unobtrusive presentation that led to delay in diagnosis.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 195
Shetty Sandeep Krishnanand - - 2011
A premature neonate who developed respiratory distress in the first few days of life was found to have a pleural effusion, which reaccumulated following drainage. The effusion was demonstrated to be a chylothorax. He required multiple chest drains and was started on a medium chain triglyceride formula feed. This brought ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 195
Arayici Sema - - 2013
Chemical pleurodesis with povidone-iodine has been used to treat congenital idiopathic chylothorax in neonates. We report successful use of povidone-iodine in an extremely premature infant to treat a pneumothorax that had persisted for more than one week despite high-frequency ventilation.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 195
Simón Adiego Carlos - - 2011
We review incidence, etiology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of the following complications of pulmonary resection: prolonged air leak, subcutaneous emphysema, residual pleural spaces, early bronchial stump dehiscence, bleeding, pleural empyema, bronchopleural fistula, esophagopleural fistula, chylothorax, cardiac herniation, pulmonary torsion, postpneumonectomy syndrome, nerve injuries and tumor embolism.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 195
Drewniak Michelle A - - 2013
Background: The purpose of this study was to compare 2 methods (syringe and spoon methods) of removing the fat from the low-fat milk portion and compare 3 methods (refrigerated centrifuge, nonrefrigerated centrifuge, and refrigeration method) of separating breast milk into the fat and low-fat milk components. Methods: Human milk was ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 194
Koide Y - - 1996
Indications of rethoracotomy after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer are reviewed in this paper. Hemothorax, pneumothorax, pyothorax and chylothorax are the main causes of rethoracotomy. Complications indicating rethoracotomy are summarized as follows: 1) Hemothorax; emergency rethoracotomy is indicated in cases of bleeding through the chest drain over 100ml/hr, which is continuing ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 194
Ma Lin - - 2010
A 26-year-old Asian male was found to have chyle leakage from the port incision after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for excision of pulmonary bullae. The diagnosis was confirmed by oral intake of Sudan black and by lymphoscintigraphy. The leakage resolved after 5 days of restricted oral intake and total parenteral ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 193
Gupta Ruchi - - 2009
Ovarian neoplasms account for only 1% of all tumors in girls below the age of 17 years, and among these, malignant epithelial ovarian tumors are even more uncommon. We would like to report a case of ovarian epithelial malignancy presenting at 11 years of age with extensive peritoneal dissemination. The ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 189
Johnson Thomas J - - 2010
Extravasation of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) delivered via central lines is a known potential complication, but significant extravasations of infusate into the pleural space when using peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) have not been reported in adults. We report 2 cases ofpleural cavity extravasation ofTPN delivered via a PICC. Measurement ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 189
Deist T J - - 2001
Chylothorax and chylascites are rare complications of neoplasm or surgical, but also non-surgical trauma. Extremely rare causes are a subclavian i.v. line, a mesenterical hamartoma, retrosternal goiter, liver cirrhosis, portal vein thrombosis, filariasis, tuberculosis, ruptured aortic aneurysm and radiotherapy. We report on a 60-year-old male with bilateral chylothorax and chylascites ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 188
Kandakure Pramod Reddy - - 2010
We describe the technique of Kawashima repair without using cardiopulmonary bypass in 6 consecutive patients of single ventricle morphology with interrupted inferior vena cava and pulmonary stenosis. No patient had central nervous system disorder or chylothorax. The off-pump technique is feasible in Kawashima repair. This technique avoids use of cardiopulmonary ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 185
Saidi F - - 1991
Many thoracic surgeons have expressed concern about the complications inherent in transhiatal esophagectomy without thoracotomy. The technique of endothoracic endoesophageal pull-through uses a mucosal coring of normal esophagus beyond the tumor and leaves a muscular tube through which the substitute organ is passed. Mediastinal hemorrhage, tracheal injury, and chylothorax are ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 185
Staiger Benjamin A - - 2011
To-determine the feasibility of a single paracostal abdominal approach for thoracic duct ligation (TDL) and cisterna chyli ablation (CCA) in dogs with chylothorax. Observational study and prospective case series. Normal dogs (n = 5) and dogs with chylothorax (n = 8). A single paracostal approach with transdiaphragmatic extension for TDL ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 185
Watanabe Kanako - - 2005
We report successful anesthetic management of a 1.7-kg premature infant who underwent thoracoscopic thoracic duct ligation under general anesthesia. She was born at 30 weeks gestation with birth weight of 1,546 g and was suffering from respiratory distress due to persistent right chylothorax for two months after birth. Chest tube ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 185
Picone Olivier - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate perinatal outcome after thoracoamniotic shunting for fetal pleural effusions with hydrops. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. RESULTS: Shunting was performed immediately after diagnosis and was successful in all 54 of the cases that were attempted. There were 7 pregnancy ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 185
Girotra Mohit - - 2013
Abstract Background and Study Aims: The study of lymph as a biofluid is lacking because of absence of a safe site and technique for lymph acquisition. Injury to the thoracic duct during surgery is known to cause chylothorax. The aim of this interventional study was to puncture the thoracic duct ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 185
Bellini C - - 2012
This retrospective study was carried out at eight Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) Centers worldwide on 33 newborns presenting at birth with pleural, pericardial, or abdominal chylous effusions. Diagnosis of chylous effusion is based on findings of fluid with a milk-like appearance, a concentration of triglycerides in pleural effusion >1.1 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 185
Ohno K - - 1989
Of the patients who underwent surgical treatment for the respiratory system at our hospital over the past 9 years, 6 were postoperatively complicated with chylothorax, 1 with liquorrhea and the other one with paraplegia. Chylothorax occurred after mediastinal lymph node dissection which was carried out for the treatment of malignant ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 184
Smeak D D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe complications and outcome associated with chronic nonseptic pleural effusion treated with pleuroperitoneal shunts in dogs. DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: 14 dogs. PROCEDURE: Medical records at 4 veterinary schools were examined to identify dogs with chronic nonseptic pleural effusion that were treated by use of a pleuroperitoneal shunt ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 184
Ryu Jay H - - 2011
Although infections, malignancies and heart failure are responsible for the majority of pleural effusions, there are many other causes and several uncommon but distinctive types of pleural fluid. For this update we have chosen several uncommon forms of pleural effusions or disorders in which there have been recent advances in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 184
DeHart M M - - 1994
Lymphatic complications are uncommon after spinal surgery. Postsurgical collections of lymph may result in chyloma, chylothorax, chylous ascites, or chyloretroperitoneum. Recommended treatment of chylothorax or chylous ascites includes drainage, and a low-fat diet using medium-chain triglyceride or total parenteral nutrition. The only reported case of chyloretroperitoneum concluded with a recommendation ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 184
Allison Stephen - - 2013
Lymphangiography and percutaneous embolization has been described for the treatment of thoracic duct injury, usually occurring in the postsurgical period. We report a case of a traumatic gunshot-induced massive chylothorax. Inguinal lymphangiogram was performed demonstrating the site of injury at the cisterna chyli. The cisterna chyli was successfully accessed via ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 184
Liu Y Y - - 1999
We report a case of pulmonary alveolar-septal amyloidosis associated with chylothorax and paraproteinemia initially presenting as congestive heart failure with unilateral pleural effusion. A 72-year-old man was initially diagnosed with congestive heart failure based on the correlation of clinical manifestation and chest radiography. Concentric left ventricular hypertrophy with mild hypokinesis ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 184
Berner A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis is a rare condition in women of childbearing age that affects the lymphatic system, giving rise to blockage of the thoracic duct with chylothorax and chyloascites. The diagnosis is often delayed because the characteristic muscular proliferation may be missed by the pathologist. CASE: A 29-year-old female presented with ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 184
Kamiya Kinji - - 2009
Intraoperative indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography was performed on a 62-year-old man, who was diagnosed to have chylothorax after an esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. After exploration of the thorax, a slowly increasing effusion was identified in the mediastinal space above the diaphragm, but the exact site of the lymph fistula could ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 184
Miyazaki Tatsuya - - 2013
We reviewed the indications for re-thoracotomy after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Hemothorax, chylothorax, tracheobronchial injury (fistula), pneumothorax, and pyothorax were the main causes of re-thoracotomy. Indications for emergency thoracotomy were as follows. 1)Hemothorax:bleeding through the chest drain continuing at >100 ml/hour for ≥5 hour, or in cases when normal blood ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 184
Ruehm S G - - 2001
Magnetic resonance (MR) lymphography was performed in five healthy volunteers and three patients (two adults and one infant). Subcutaneous administration of gadoterate meglumine in the foot allowed visualization of draining lymph vessels and nodes. In one patient, an inguinal fluid collection could be characterized as a lymphocele. In the infant, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 182
Jacquemard F - - 1991
We report a case of abdomino-thoracic oesophageal duplication revealed by prenatal ultrasonography as a liquid mass in the posterior mediastinum, responsible for a major chylothorax. Tow our knowledge, this is the first thoroughly documented case occurring in the prenatal period. The various possible ultrasonographic diagnoses and the possibility of therapeutic ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 182
Fernandez Felix G - - 2009
Mediastinal granulomatous disease with resulting fibrosis is known to cause several serious complications, including pulmonary artery occlusion, bronchial stenosis, superior vena cava syndrome, and constrictive pericarditis. This process is typically the result of an excessive fibrogenic response to the antigen of the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. We present a case of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 182
González R - - 1994
A chyliform (pseudochylous) effusion is an uncommon disease entity which develops after an exudative effusion is in situ for a long time. It is commonly initiated by a tuberculous pleurisy and it is important to exclude the presence of active tuberculosis. We present a case with the characteristic features. Chylothorax ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 182
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