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Eftekhar Hasan H Department of Health Education and Promotion, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Gender role attitudes toward sexual matters may define suitable and appropriate roles for men and women during a sexual relationship. This study aimed to explore and assess gender-based sexual roles in Iranian families. This was an exploratory mixed methods study in which perceptions and experiences of 21 adult Iranian participants ...
Sahin Serap Baydur SB Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism Disease, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University Medical School, Rize, Turkey. - - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and early atherosclerosis. Epicardial adipose tissue thickness (EATT) is clinically related to subclinical atherosclerosis. In the present study, considering the major role of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) which is an acute phase protein rapidly releasing upon inflammation ...
Mendes Maia Teresa T Institut Curie, CNRS UMR144, 12 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, - - 2014
Cilia and flagella are organelles essential for motility and sensing of environmental stimuli. Depending on the cell type, cilia acquire a defined set of functions and, accordingly, are built with an appropriate length and molecular composition. Several ciliary proteins display a high degree of conservation throughout evolution and mutations in ...
Sengupta Pallav P Department of Physiology, Vidyasagar College for Women, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2014
Romero Roberto R Perinatology Research Branch, Program for Perinatal Research and Obstetrics, Division of Intramural Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, Bethesda, MD and, Detroit, MI, USA. - - 2014
This study was undertaken to characterize the vaginal microbiota throughout normal human pregnancy using sequence-based techniques. We compared the vaginal microbial composition of non-pregnant patients with a group of pregnant women who delivered at term. A retrospective case-control longitudinal study was designed and included non-pregnant women (n = 32) and pregnant women ...
Schrader Steven M SM Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Applied Research and Technology, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
The earliest report linking environmental (occupational) exposure to adverse human male reproductive effects dates back to1775 when an English physician, Percival Pott, reported a high incidence of scrotal cancer in chimney sweeps. This observation led to safety regulations in the form of bathing requirements for these workers. The fact that ...
Aitken Robert J RJ Priority Research Centre in Reproductive Science, Discipline of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and IT, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, - - 2014
One of the major causes of defective sperm function is oxidative stress, which not only disrupts the integrity of sperm DNA but also limits the fertilizing potential of these cells as a result of collateral damage to proteins and lipids in the sperm plasma membrane. The origins of such oxidative ...
Olsen Jørn - - 2014
Fertility is a couple concept that has been measured since the beginning of demography, and male fecundity (his biological capacity to reproduce) is a component of the fertility rate. Unfortunately, we have no way of measuring the male component directly, although several indirect markers can be used. Population registers can ...
Bonde Jens Peter JP Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Frederiksberg and Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
Brokken Leon J S LJ Department of Clinical Sciences, Molecular Genetic Reproductive Medicine, Lund University, Malmö, - - 2014
Over the last few decades, there have been numerous reports of adverse effects on the reproductive health of wildlife and laboratory animals caused by exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). The increasing trends in human male reproductive disorders and the mounting evidence for causative environmental factors have therefore sparked growing ...
Ping Ping - - 2014
Testicular cancer (TC) is the most curable type of cancer, with a survival rate of more than 95%. Oncologists are faced with the challenge that gonadotoxic cancer treatments can compromise future fertility, either temporarily or permanently. Our aim was to investigate the long-term effects of TC treatments on male fertility ...
Zhang Hao - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the intraoperative difference in anatomic details between loupe-assisted and microscopic varicocelectomy within the same spermatic cord. Between April 2011 and August 2011, 26 men with 33 sides containing grade 2-3 varicocele were enrolled in this study. First, one surgeon performed the open ...
Sha Yan-Wei - - 2014
Kartagener's syndrome (KS) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease accounting for approximately 50% of the cases of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). As it is accompanied by many complications, PCD/KS severely affects the patient's quality of life. Therapeutic approaches for PCD/KS aim to enhance prevention, facilitate rapid definitive diagnosis, avoid misdiagnosis, ...
Park I-Nae - - 2014
Sex and sex hormones play a major role in lung physiology. It has been proposed that the ratio of the second to fourth digits (digit ratio) is correlated with fetal sex hormones. We therefore hypothesized that digit ratio might help predict lung function. We investigated the relationship between digit ratio ...
Svechnikov Konstantin - - 2014
During the past few decades, scientific evidence has been accumulated concerning the possible adverse effects of the exposure to environmental chemicals on the well-being of wildlife and human populations. One large and growing group of such compounds of anthropogenic or natural origin is referred to as endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), due ...
Fénéant Lucie L Center for Infection and Immunity of Lille, CNRS-UMR8204, Inserm-U1019, Institut Pasteur de Lille, Université Lille Nord de France, Institut de Biologie de Lille, 1 rue du Pr Calmette, CS50447, 59021 Lille Cedex, France. - - 2014
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection is a global public health problem affecting over 160 million individuals worldwide. Its symptoms include chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV is an enveloped RNA virus mainly targeting liver cells and for which the initiation of infection occurs through a complex multistep process ...
Anderson Diana D Division of Medical Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford West Yorkshire, BD, United - - 2014
Male-mediated developmental toxicity has been of concern for many years. The public became aware of male-mediated developmental toxicity in the early 1990s when it was reported that men working at Sellafield might be causing leukemia in their children. Human and animal studies have contributed to our current understanding of male-mediated ...
Dong Wan-Wei - - 2014
Fank1 is exclusively expressed in the testis from the meiosis phase to the haploid phase of spermatogenesis. In this study, we examined the function of Fank1 by establishing a Fank1-knockdown transgenic mouse model. The apoptotic statuses of the testes of the transgenic mice were tested using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase ...
Håkonsen Linn Berger LB Department of Public Health, Section for Epidemiology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, - - 2014
Maternal cigarette smoking may affect the intrauterine hormonal environment during pregnancy and this early fetal exposure may have detrimental effects on the future trajectory of reproductive health. In this review, we discuss the epidemiological literature on the association between prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking and several aspects of reproductive ...
Vested Anne A Department of Occupational Medicine, Danish Ramazzini Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
Environmental contaminants such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are man-made bioaccumulative compounds with long half-lives that are found throughout the world as a result of heavy use in a variety of consumer products during the twentieth century. Wildlife and animal studies have long suggested adverse effects of exposure to these ...
Ten Hoor Gill G Maastricht University, Department of Work & Social Psychology, Maastricht, Netherlands. - - 2014
In the Netherlands, screening for chlamydia (the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection worldwide) is a relatively simple and free procedure. Via an invitation letter sent by the public health services (PHS), people are asked to visit a website to request a test kit. They can then do a chlamydia test ...
La Fianza Alfredo A 0000-0002-7812-0243 Department of Radiology, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Viale Golgi 19, 27100 Pavia, - - 2014
Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is generally considered a stressful and painful procedure; we aimed to evaluate whether a single education and counseling intervention could reduce women's distress and pain after undergoing HSG for infertility. Patients were randomized into control group (n = 108) and intervention group (n = 109). All patients filled ...
Záková Jana J Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University and Faculty Hospital Brno, Obilní trh 11, 602 00 Brno, Czech - - 2014
Aims. In this study we report our results with storage of cryopreserved semen intended for preservation and subsequent infertility treatment in men with testicular cancer during the last 18 years. Methods. Cryopreserved semen of 523 men with testicular cancer was collected between October 1995 and the end of December 2012. ...
Hong Jin-Bon JB Graduate Institute of Medical Genomics and Proteomics, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan ; Department of Dermatology, National Taiwan University Hospital and College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
PiggyBac is a prevalent transposon system used to deliver transgenes and functionally explore the mammalian untouched genomic territory. The important features of piggyBac transposon are the relatively low insertion site preference and the ability of seamless removal from genome, which allow its potential uses in functional genomics and regenerative medicine. ...
Shi Wei W Center for Reproductive Medicine, Anhui Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, Hefei, - - 2014
The morphological assessment of oocytes is important for embryologists to identify and select MII oocytes in IVF/ICSI cycles. Dysmorphism of oocytes decreases viability and the developmental potential of oocytes as well as the clinical pregnancy rate. Several reports have suggested that oocytes with a dark zona pellucida (DZP) correlate with ...
Kumar Rajesh R Mucosal Immunity Laboratory, Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Medical Genetics, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland ; Transplantation Centre and Transplantation Immunopathology Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2014
Endometriosis, a leading cause of pelvic pain and infertility, is characterized by ectopic growth of endometrial-like tissue and affects approximately 176 million women worldwide. The pathophysiology involves inflammatory and angiogenic mediators as well as estrogen-mediated signaling and novel, improved therapeutics targeting these pathways are necessary. The aim of this study ...
Bobak L - - 2014
Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine to what degree antisperm allo-antibodies (ASA), anti-ovarian antibodies (AOA), anti-zona pellucida antibodies (AZPA) and seven anti-phospholipid antibodies (APLA) can explain the failure of assisted reproduction technology (ART) in women.Background: Among the causes of reproductive failure are allo- and autoimmune reactions of ...
Suba Zsuzsanna Z National Institute of Oncology, Surgical and Molecular Tumor Pathology Centre, Budapest, - - 2014
Epidemiologic studies strongly support that triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) may be distinct entities as compared with estrogen receptor (ER)+ tumors, suggesting that the etiologic factors, clinical characteristics, and therapeutic possibilities may vary by molecular subtypes. Many investigations propose that reproductive factors and exogenous hormone use differently or even quite inversely ...
Mueller Christine M - - 2014
Testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) is the most common malignancy in young men. Familial clustering, epidemiologic evidence of increased risk with family or personal history, and the association of TGCT with genitourinary (GU) tract anomalies have suggested an underlying genetic predisposition. Linkage data have not identified a rare, highly-penetrant, single ...
Meccariello Rosaria R 0000-0003-2174-1118 Dipartimento di Scienze Motorie e del Benessere, Università di Napoli Parthenope, 80133 Naples, - - 2014
Protopapas Athanasios A 0000-0001-9395-9162 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens, "Alexandra" Hospital, 3 Aisopou Street, Marousi, 15122 Athens, - - 2014
We conducted this prospective cohort study to standardize our laparoscopic technique of excision of posterior deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) nodules, according to their size, location, and geometry, including 36 patients who were grouped, according to principal pelvic expansion of the nodule, into groups with central (group 1) and lateral (group ...
Mshelia Gideon Dauda GD Department of Veterinary Surgery and Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1069 Maiduguri, - - 2014
A total of 160 genitalia of Camels and cows were investigated in Maiduguri, north-eastern Nigeria to compare bacterial isolates and the antibacterial susceptibilities of some of the isolates. Streptococcus (Str.) pyogenes (31%), Escherichia (E.) coli (24%) and Staphylococcus (S.) aureus (20%) were the most common vaginal bacterial isolates in camels; ...
Zhang Yuehui Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, First Affiliated Hospital, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150040, China ; Center for Post-Doctoral Studies, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150040, - - 2014
About 10-15% of couples have difficulty conceiving at some point in their reproductive lives and thus have to seek specialist fertility care. One of the most commonly used treatment options is in vitro fertilization (IVF) and its related expansions. Despite many recent technological advances, the average IVF live birth rate ...
Anuja G I GI Ethnomedicine and Ethnopharmacology Division, Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Palode, Thiruvananthapuram 695562, - - 2014
Inflammation is a complex biological response of tissue cells to harmful stimuli including trauma, tissue necrosis, and infections which plays a key role in the pathophysiology of many deadly diseases. In ethnomedicine Drynaria quercifolia fronds are used to treat inflammation as poultice on swellings and as antibacterial, hepatoprotective, and antipyretic ...
Deshpande Sharmishtha S SS Department of Psychiatry, Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College and General Hospital, Narhe, Pune, Maharashtra 411041, - - 2014
Depression, though generally episodic, results in lasting disability, distress, and burden. Rising prevalence of depression and suicide in the context of epidemiological transition demands more attention to social dimensions like gender related stresses, dysfunction, and their role in outcome of depression. Cross-sectional and follow-up assessment of men and women with ...
Biglia Nicoletta N Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mauriziano "Umberto I" Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, - - 2014
Uterine fibroids are the most common benign tumors of the female genital tract. The management of symptomatic fibroids has traditionally been surgical; however, alternative pharmacological approaches have been proposed to control symptoms. To date, gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs are the only available drugs for the preoperative treatment of fibroids. However, the ...
Kim Chung-Hoon CH Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of combined administration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)for final oocyte maturation in GnRH antagonist cycles for in vitro fertilization (IVF). A total of 120 infertile women undergoing GnRH antagonist multiple-dose protocol for controlled ovarian stimulation were recruited and randomized into 2 ...
Ollivierre Beth Ann BA Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of danazol on endometrioma cells in culture, in relation to cell proliferation. Danazol has been shown to be effective in treating endometriosis, leading to remission. The mode of action is through suppression of gonadotropins. A direct effect on endometriosis implants has been suggested. This study was ...
Yazici Gurkan G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey. - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of luteal phase progesterone support on pregnancy rates in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who were treated for clomiphene citrate-resistant anovulatory infertility with ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (OI/ IUI). This randomized study included 110 clomiphene citrate-resistant PCOS patients. All patients underwent ovulation induction with ...
Köşüş Nermin N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turgut Ozal University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
To determine whether assisted reproductive technologies (ART) alone or an underlying cause of infertility has any effect on second trimester serum screening results. Second trimester serum screening results of ART pregnancies of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (IVF-P group) were compared with those of women who underwent ART due to ...
Roth Lauren W LW Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado 80045, USA. - - 2014
Blepharophimosis, ptosis, epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) type I is a rare disorder that causes a recognizable pattern of eye abnormalities and is associated with premature ovarian insufficiency. There is no data to guide the treatment of these patients when presenting with infertility. A 30-year-old, nulligravid woman with premature ovarian insufficiency ...
Lukasiewicz Aleksander A Department of Vascular Surgery, Regional Specialist Hospital in Grudziądz, - - 2014
Abdominal wall hernia correction is one of the most common surgical procedures. 85,000 hernia operations are performed in Poland each year. Modern techniques of abdominal wall reconstruction utilize surgical implants for fascial defect closure. In the 70s and the 80s of the last century, these techniques gained widespread acceptance among ...
Amjadi Fatemehsadat F Applied Physiology Research Center and Department of Physiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran ; Department of Anatomy, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, - - 2014
The mucosal immune system in the female reproductive tract (FRT) is well equipped to meet the sexually transmitted pathogens, allogeneic sperm, and the immunologically distinct fetus. Analysis of the FRT indicates that epithelial cells provide a physical barrier against pathogens and microbial infections as well as secretions containing anti-microbial peptides, ...
Karimi N - - 2014
Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the abnormalities in sperm after exposure to hydrostatic pressure.Background: Hydrostatic pressure acting on the cells is one of the fundamental environmental mechanical forces. Disorders of relationship between the cells and this mechanical force, such as when pressure varies beyond physiological limits, ...
Naimer Sody A SA Division of Health in the Community, Department of Family Medicine, Siaal Research Center for Family Medicine and Primary Care-Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. - - 2014
We would Like to present a rare case of multiple gestation following a severe event of spinal cord morbidity during a previous singleton gestation. The medical literature carries a paucity of evidence regarding the future fate of pregnancies following gestational induced intervertebral disc prolapse. A 21 year old mother delivered ...
Hollerer Ina I Department of Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Immunology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Recent advances reveal mRNA 3'end processing as a highly regulated process that fine-tunes posttranscriptional gene expression. This process can affect the site and/or the efficiency of 3'end processing, controlling the quality and the quantity of substrate mRNAs. The regulation of 3'end processing plays a central role in fundamental physiology such ...
Lamacchia Carmela C Department of Food Science, University of Foggia, Via Napoli 25, 71100 - Foggia, Italy. - - 2014
The gluten-free diet is, to date, the only efficacious treatment for patients with Celiac Disease. In recent years, the impressive rise of Celiac Disease incidence, dramatically prompted changes in the dietary habit of an increasingly large population, with a rise in demand of gluten-free products. The formulation of gluten-free bakery ...
Hwang Sunyoung S Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, and Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
Two-component signal transduction systems are commonly composed of a sensor histidine kinase and a cognate response regulator, modulating gene expression in response to environmental changes through a phosphorylation-dependent process. CosR is an OmpR-type response regulator essential for the viability of Campylobacter jejuni, a major foodborne pathogenic species causing human gastroenteritis. ...
Balcı Şengül Melike Ceyhan MC Department of Psychiatry, Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Denizli, - - 2014
Background The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between suicidal behavior and associated factors such as depression, anxiety, and perceived social support level in cancer patients. Material and Methods The study group included 102 patients who were under treatment in the oncology department and the control group ...
Subramani Elavarasan E 0000-0003-2610-744X School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal 721 302, - - 2014
Introduction. Optical trapping is a laser-based method for probing the physiological and mechanical properties of cells in a noninvasive manner. As sperm motility is an important criterion for assessing the male fertility potential, this technique is used to study sperm cell motility behavior and rotational dynamics. Methods and Patients. An ...
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