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Serot Jean-Marie - - 2011
The appearance of Aβ42 peptide deposits is admitted to be a key event in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, although amyloid deposits also occur in aged non-demented subjects. Aβ42 is a degradation product of the amyloid protein precursor (APP). It can be catabolized by several enzymes, reabsorbed by capillaries or ...
Wagenmann Martin - - 2011
The indications for endonasal endoscopic approaches to diseases of the skull base and its adjacent structures have expanded considerably during the last decades. This is not only due to improved technical possibilities such as intraoperative navigation, the development of specialized instruments, and the compilation of anatomical studies from the endoscopic ...
Kelly Kristen M - - 2011
Treatment of epilepsy often imposes an exposure to various antiepileptic drugs and requires long-term commitment and compliance from the patient. Although many new medications are now available for the treatment of epilepsy, approximately 30% of epilepsy patients still experience recurrent seizures and many experience undesirable side effects. Treatment of epilepsy ...
Ogiwara Hideki - - 2011
Spindle cell oncocytoma (SCO) and pituicytoma are rare nonfunctioning tumors of the pituitary. Both tumors are low grade and macroscopically indistinguishable from a nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma.We report one case of SCO and one case of pituicytoma and review the previous literature. One patient was a 39-year-old man who presented with ...
Kidd Desmond - - 2011
In the first part of this chapter the anatomy and vascular supply of the chiasm are recounted, and the visual symptoms that may arise in chiasmal disease are noted. The neuro-ophthalmic signs, including the pattern of visual field defects, appearance of the optic disc, and various uncommon clinical accompaniments, are ...
Bano Shahina - - 2011
Epilepsy is the most common neurological disease worldwide and is second only to stroke in causing neurological morbidity. Neuroimaging plays a very important role in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with epilepsy. This review article highlights the specific role of various imaging modalities in patients with epilepsy, and their ...
Alaraj Ali - - 2011
Over years, surgical training is changing and years of tradition are being challenged by legal and ethical concerns for patient safety, work hour restrictions, and the cost of operating room time. Surgical simulation and skill training offer an opportunity to teach and practice advanced techniques before attempting them on patients. ...
Alver Ilker - - 2011
Primary fourth ventricle meningiomas are extremely rare, and they are defined as meningiomas arising from the choroid plexus and lying strictly within the fourth ventricle. In this report we present a 61-year-old man with progressive worsening vertigo and gait disturbance, and new onset of diplopia. Neurological examination revealed bilateral abducens ...
Nagra Inderjeet - - 2011
To assess the usage of cranial computed tomography (CT) in patients admitted with meningitis. Retrospective study. Heart of England NHS foundation trust, a teaching hospital in the West Midlands. Two groups of adult patients admitted with meningitis between April 2001 and September 2004 and from September 2006 until September 2009. ...
Sundén Birgitta - - 2011
Infections of the central nervous system (CNS) with herpes- or enterovirus can be self-limiting and benign, but occasionally result in severe and fatal disease. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has revolutionized the diagnostics of viral pathogens, and by multiple displacement amplification (MDA) prior to real-time PCR the sensitivity might be ...
Awad Amer M - - 2011
We describe the case of a young woman who was referred to a tertiary care center with unexplained subacute progressive encephalopathy preceded by long-standing severe headaches. Her extensive workup was remarkable for abnormal intracranial angiography suggestive of small- and medium-vessel vasculitis, persistently elevated protein in the cerebrospinal fluid and persistently ...
Nanda Anil - - 2010
Object Petroclival meningiomas are notoriously difficult lesions to manage surgically, given the critical neurovascular structures that are intimately associated with the tumors. In this paper, the authors' aim was to review their series of patients with petroclival meningiomas who underwent surgical treatment; emphasis was placed on evaluating modes of presentation, ...
Yoshioka Shinji - - 2010
Erosion of spinal osseous structure, so-called scalloping, has been rarely reported associated with herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP). We report a rare case of HNP causing erosion of the spinal osseous structure (including lamina). The patient was an 81-year-old woman with 3-year history of low-back pain and left leg radiating pain. ...
Khoddami Maliheh - - 2010
The cerebellopontine angle is an extremely rare site for the growth of a choroid plexus papilloma. The clinicoradiological diagnosis of this tumor in the cerebellopontine angle is difficult because of its rarity in addition to a nonspecific clinical presentation and radiological features. Herein, we report the case of a 49-year-old ...
El-Bilbeisi Hazem - - 2010
We present the first reported case of a craniopharyngioma as a second primary tumor in a patient with acromegaly due to a growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenoma. The patient was lost for follow-up for 18 years after trans-sphenoidal pituitary surgery for a GH-secreting pituitary adenoma. She presented with headaches and ...
Solis Orestes E - - 2011
Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor (RGNT) of the fourth ventricle is a mixed glio-neuronal neoplasm recently codified by the World Health Organization WHO Classification of Central Nervous System (CNS) Tumors (2007). To date, 43 cases have been described in the literature; most occurring in the fourth ventricle region. We report the fourth ...
Diluna Michael L - - 2010
Skull base surgery has evolved to a point that its focus is now shifting to outcome analysis. To do so for petroclival meningiomas is difficult. The rarity of the tumor, different treatment philosophies, and variations in reporting complicate the outcome analysis. With this limitation in mind, we analyzed the literature ...
Takei Hidehiro - - 2010
An atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a highly malignant embryonal tumor most often occurring in the posterior fossa in children younger than 3 years of age. Adult cases of AT/RT are very rare, and 27 cases with a diagnosis of either AT/RT or (malignant) rhabdoid tumor have been reported to ...
Cleary C - - 2010
Giant atypical intraventricular meningioma is very rare in childhood. Atypical meningiomas are characterised by an increased mitotic ratio and MIB-1 expression, and demonstrate more aggressive tumour behaviour compared with typical meningiomas. We present the case of an 11-year-old girl who presented to the eye clinic complaining of reduced vision, and ...
Agrawal Amit - - 2010
Remote supratentorial hematoma soon after posterior fossa surgery for the removal of a space-occupying lesion is a rare but dramatic and dreaded complication, carrying significant morbidity and mortality. A 47-year-old woman presented with headache of 1-year duration that worsened over last 2 months, progressive ataxia of 2 months' duration, blurring ...
Brandt Michael G - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed the experience and outcomes of 1 surgical team (L.S.P., S.P.L.) using the transcrusal approach. METHODS:Ten-year retrospective review of 17 consecutive patients requiring transcrusal exposure of the petrous apex and upper brainstem was performed. The main outcome measures included hearing and facial nerve preservation as measured by ...
Curry William T WT - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Racial disparities in American health care outcomes are well documented. We investigated racial disparities in hospital mortality and adverse discharge disposition after brain tumor craniotomies performed in the United States from 1988 to 2004. We explored potential explanations for the disparities. METHODS: The data source was the Nationwide Inpatient ...
Finsterer Josef J Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Vienna, Austria, Europe. - - 2010
Pneumosinus dilatans (PSD) is a rare condition characterized by abnormally enlarged aerated sinuses, but normal thickness and preserved integrity of the sinus walls. PSD occurs most commonly in young men. Its etiology remains elusive but has been associated with various conditions, such as hydrocephalus, trauma, Dyke-Davidoff syndrome, meningocele, arachnoidal cyst, ...
Cardoen Stefanie - - 2010
"Pusher syndrome" is classically described as a disorder of body orientation in the coronal plane. Although it mainly occurs in stroke patients, non-stroke causes have been described. Pusher behaviour is characterized by a tilt towards the contralesional paretic side and a resistance to external attempts to rectify. It may occur ...
Guruprasad Yadavalli - - 2010
Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, also known as nevoid basal cell carcicoma syndrome, is caused due to a genetic alteration produced by a mutation in the "Patched" tumor suppressor gene, and it is inherited in a dominant autosomal way, though sporadic cases have been found. This syndrome shows a high penetrance and variable ...
Rassekh S R - - 2010
Background. The International Classification of Disease, ninth revision (ICD-9) is designed to code disease into categories which are placed into administrative databases. These databases have been used for epidemiological studies. However, the categories used in the ICD9-codes are not always the most effective for evaluating specific diseases or their outcomes, ...
Mahdavi Ali - - 2010
To the best of our knowledge, the association between air travel and intra-tumoral hemorrhage in pediatric populations has never been described previously. We report the case of a two-and-a-half-year-old Caucasian, Iranian boy with a hemorrhaging brain tumor. He had a posterior fossa midline mass and severe hydrocephalus. He had been ...
Stark Andreas M - - 2010
Breast cancer metastases to the neurocranium might involve the bone, the dura, or the brain parenchyma. The latter location is the far most common. The annual incidence of brain metastases in patients with breast cancer is in the range of 4-11 per 100.000 persons per year. Symptoms and findings mainly ...
Kasper Ekkehard M - - 2010
Non-obstetric surgery for intracranial meningioma is uncommon during pregnancy and poses significant risks to both the mother and the fetus. We present a case of a parturient that presented with acute mental status changes and we illustrate the decision making process that resulted in a best-possible outcome. A woman at ...
Levidou Georgia - - 2010
Gliomas are a very rare subtype of pineal region tumours, whereas oligodendrogliomas of the pineal region are exceedingly rare, since there have been only 3 cases of anaplastic oligodedrogliomas reported this far. We present a case of a low-grade oligodendroglioma arising in the pineal gland of a 37 year-old woman. ...
Sahu Sandeep - - 2010
Intracranial meningioma during pregnancy challenges the skill of obstetricians, neurosurgeons and neuroanesthesiologists in resection of the tumor and to secure delivery of the baby. Advances in fetal and maternal monitoring, neuroanesthesia, and microsurgical techniques allow safe neurosurgical management of these patients. Urgent neurosurgical intervention is reserved for the management of ...
Zencirci Beyazit - - 2010
Neurofibromatosis is a syndrome caused by the abnormal deposition of neural tissues of the nervous system, endocrine system, visceral structures, and skin. On the other hand, pectus carinatum and temporomandibular joint dysfunction are illnesses that adversly affect the respiratory system and cause additional problems in airway management. Fifty-eight-year-old Turkish male ...
Bursell Benjamin - - 2009
For more than 50 years lidocaine has been used to treat ventricular arrhythmias. Neurologic dysfunction, manifested as a stroke, occurred acutely in an 87-year-old woman after she had been administered repeated doses of lidocaine, a lidocaine infusion, then an intravenous amiodarone infusion for ventricular tachycardia. This was ultimately diagnosed as ...
Ono Kenichiro - - 2009
Two patients underwent uneventful total removal of convexity or trigone meningioma, but subsequently edema enlarged causing symptoms 3-4 weeks later. Gradual improvement was obtained by steroid administration in 1 patient and re-craniotomy in 1 patient. The histological findings in Case 1 were not confirmed, but inflammatory reaction against residual microfibrillar ...
Iacob Gabriel - - 2009
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) or astrocytoma grade IV on WHO classification is the most aggressive and the most frequent of all primary brain tumors. Glioblastoma is multiforme, resistant to therapeutic interventions illustrating the heterogeneity exhibited by this tumor in its every aspect, including clinical presentation, pathology, genetic signature. Current data and ...
Ito Masaki - - 2009
A 47-year-old man presented with a rare case of dural cavernous hemangioma of the cerebellar falx incidentally detected as a mass lesion in the posterior cranial fossa. Neurological examination revealed no deficits or physical symptoms. Computed tomography demonstrated a well-demarcated hyperdense mass, with no calcification, in the cerebellar vallecula. Magnetic ...
Geng Su-min - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There are few reports of microsurgical treatment of dorsum sellae meningiomas-which, because of location, size, and differences in growth direction, clinical presentations, degree of surgical difficulty, have varied posttreatment sequelae. In pursuit of an optimal microsurgical treatment option for dorsum sellae meningioma patients, we performed a retrospective analysis of ...
Myong Na-Hye - - 2009
We describe herein a malignant glioma arising at the site of the resected hemangioblastoma after irradiation in a patient with von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL). The patient was a 25 year-old male with multiple hemangioblastomas at the cerebellum and spinal cord, multiple pancreatic cysts and a renal cell carcinoma; he was ...
Menon G - - 2009
Lateral ventricular meningiomas are rare tumours that pose considerable surgical challenge. This study attempts to analyse some of the important clinical features of these tumours and review technical considerations in surgery for lateral ventricular meningiomas. A retrospective analysis of the case records of patients with lateral ventricular meningiomas operated in ...
Kim Eun Young - - 2009
PURPOSE: To characterize the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings and clinical features of intraventricular (IV) meningiomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT (n=8) and MR (n=12) images and medical records of 12 patients (five men and seven women; mean age, 36 years; range, 14-68 years) with pathologically proven ...
Isaacs Hart - - 2009
The purpose of this literature review is to describe the various types of brain tumors that occur in the fetus, their locations, initial findings, pathology, and outcome. Data are presented that show which patients are likely to survive or benefit from treatment compared with those who are unlikely to respond. ...
Sullivan L A LA James L Voss Veterinary Medical Center, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA. - - 2009
The importance of blood lactate concentrations in dogs with intracranial disease has not been established, despite frequently observed hyperlactatemia in dogs undergoing general anesthesia for advanced imaging, surgery, or both. Blood lactate concentrations are elevated in anesthetized dogs with intracranial disease, compared with dogs with intervertebral disc disease (IVDD). Eighty-five ...
Kim In-Young - - 2009
PURPOSE: Intraventricular meningiomas are relatively rare tumors that may benefit from stereotactic radiosurgery as a minimally invasive treatment strategy. We report our experience using gamma knife radiosurgery (GKR) for intraventricular meningiomas. METHODS: Over a 16-year period, we identified 9 patients with intraventricular meningiomas who were eligible for GKR out of ...
Tahara Adriana - - 2009
Petroclival meningiomas are technically challenging lesions. They have a tendency to grow slowly, involve cranial nerves and compress the brainstem and basilar artery, pushing them to the opposite side. Their natural history is marked by clinical deterioration and fatal outcome. They were once considered inoperable lesions; decades ago, mortality rates ...
Vesper Jan - - 2009
Stereotactic radiosurgery is related to the history of "radiotherapy" and "stereotactic neurosurgery". The concepts for neurosurgeons and radiooncologists have been changed during the last decade and have also transformed neurosurgery. The gamma knife and the stereotactically modified linear accelerator (LINAC) are radiosurgical equipments to treat predetermined intracranial targets through the ...
Denayer Ellen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ring chromosome 22 is a rare human constitutional cytogenetic abnormality. Clinical features of neurofibromatosis type 1 and 2 as well as different tumour types have been reported in patients with ring chromosome 22. The pathogenesis of these tumours is not always clear yet. METHODS: We report on a female ...
Morris Zoe Z Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Western General Hospital, - - 2009
To quantify the prevalence of incidental findings on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Ovid Medline (1950 to May 2008), Embase (1980 to May 2008), and bibliographies of relevant articles. Review methods Two reviewers sought and assessed studies of people without neurological ...
Mahendru G - - 2009
Primary malignant tumours arising from the meninges are distinctly uncommon, and when they occur, they are usually sarcomas. In contrast, metastatic meningeal involvement is increasingly seen as advances in cancer therapy have changed the natural history of malignant disease and prolonged the life span of cancer patients. The meninges can ...
He Chunjiang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Alternative pre-mRNA splicing (AS) plays a central role in generating complex proteomes and influences development and disease. However, the regulation and etiology of AS in human tumorigenesis is not well understood. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A Basic Local Alignment Search Tool database was constructed for the expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from ...
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