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Oner B B - - 2014
We propose broadband one-dimensional optical cloaking design based on isotropic and purely dielectric non-absorbent materials. The photonic structures are formed by utilizing graded index (GRIN) concept in stacked form. All simulations are performed by finite-difference time-domain and plane wave basis frequency domain numerical methods. Indications in ray optics are also ...
Aernouts Ben - - 2014
In this study, a flexible tool to simulate the bulk optical properties of polydisperse spherical particles in an absorbing host medium is described. The generalized Mie solution for Maxwell's equations is consulted to simulate the optical properties for a spherical particle in an absorbing host, while polydispersity of the particle ...
Sen Murat M Hacettepe University, Department of Chemistry Beytepe, 06800, Ankara, - - 2014
Better understanding of the chemistry of radiation-induced degradation is becoming of increasing importance on account of the utilization of polymeric materials in a variety of radiation environments as well as beneficial uses of degraded polymers. In this report the importance of environmental humidity on the degrading effect of radiation has ...
Yin Xinyou X Centre for Crop Systems Analysis, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 430, 6700 AK, Wageningen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Maximum quantum yield for leaf CO2 assimilation under limiting light conditions (Φ CO2LL) is commonly estimated as the slope of the linear regression of net photosynthetic rate against absorbed irradiance over a range of low-irradiance conditions. Methodological errors associated with this estimation have often been attributed either to light absorptance ...
Zhang Shihan S Key Laboratory of Biomass Chemical Engineering of Ministry of Education, Institute of Industrial Ecology and Environment, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Zhejiang University, Yuquan Campus, Hangzhou, 310027, China, - - 2014
Anthropogenic nitrogen oxides (NO x ) emitted from the fossil-fuel-fired power plants cause adverse environmental issues such as acid rain, urban ozone smoke, and photochemical smog. A novel chemical absorption-biological reduction (CABR) integrated process under development is regarded as a promising alternative to the conventional selective catalytic reduction processes for ...
Hino Yasumichi Y Construction Safety Research Group, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, - - 2014
Many fatal accidents due to falls from heights have occurred at construction sites not only in Japan but also in other countries. This study aims to determine the fall prevention performance of two types of safety belts: a body belt(1)), which has been used for more than 40 yr in the ...
Watanabe Jun J the Natl. Food Research Inst, Natl. Agriculture and Food Research Organization, 2-1-12 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8642, - - 2014
The efficient extraction of antioxidants from food samples is necessary in order to accurately measure their antioxidant capacities. α-Tocopherol and gallic acid were spiked into samples of 5 lyophilized and pulverized vegetables and fruits (onion, cabbage, Satsuma mandarin orange, pumpkin, and spinach). The lipophilic and hydrophilic antioxidants in the samples ...
Sonmez Ertan E aDepartment of Emergency Medicine, Bezmialem Vakif University bDepartment of Pathology, Istanbul, - - 2014
Wound healing represents an ancient problem for humans, and various materials and methods have been tried for wound dressing. A dressing should protect against infection and shorten healing; moreover, it should not cause tissue damage and should be nonallergenic, cost effective and easy to apply. These are characteristics that may ...
Celle Sébastien - - 2014
Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBDs) provoke cognitive and structural brain disorders. Because these disorders have been associated with unsafe gait characterized by an increase in stride-to-stride variability of stride time (STV), we hypothesised that SRBDs could be associated with an increased STV. The aim of this study was to examine the ...
Bansal Shruti - - 2014
Presence of capsule enhances the virulence of bacteria that cause pneumonia, meningitis, cystic fibrosis, dental caries, periodontitis. Capsule is an important virulence factor for Klebsiella pneumoniae and infections due to this pathogen have been associated with high mortality rates. In the present study, use of an Aeromonas punctata derived capsule ...
Cortese Bernardo B Interventional Cardiology, A.O. Fatebenefratelli, Milano, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prins Marloes - - 2014
A remarkable pathological difference between grey matter lesions (GML) and white matter lesions (WML) in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients is the paucity of infiltrating leukocytes in GML. To better understand these pathological differences, we hypothesize that the chemokine monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1 or CCL2), of importance for leukocyte migration, and ...
Shi Shou-Guo - - 2014
Magnolia sprengeri Pamp is one of the most highly valuable medicinal and ornamental plants of the Magnolia Family. The natural color of M. sprengeri is variable. The complete genome sequence of M. sprengeri is not available; therefore we sequenced the transcriptome of white and red petals of M. sprengeri using ...
Mohamad Najwa N Centre for Drug Delivery Research, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Natural polymer-based hydrogels are of interest to health care professionals as wound dressings owing to their ability to absorb exudates and provide hydration for healing. The aims of this study were to develop and characterize bacterial cellulose/acrylic acid (BC/AA) hydrogels synthesized by electron beam irradiation and investigate its wound healing ...
Kosińska-Cagnazzo Agnieszka A Institute of Life Technologies, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland, Route du Rawyl 47, CH-1950 Sion, Switzerland; Division of Food Sciences, Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of The Polish Academy of Sciences, Tuwima 10, 10-748 Olsztyn, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2015
Strawberry fruits are highly valued for their taste and nutritional value. However, results describing the bioaccessibility and intestinal absorption of phenolic compounds from strawberries are still scarce. In our study, a combined in vitro digestion/Caco-2 absorption model was used to mimic physiological conditions in the gastrointestinal track and identify compounds ...
Hino Yasumichi Y Construction Safety Research Group, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, - - 2014
Many fatal accidents due to falls from heights have occurred at construction sites not only in Japan but also in other countries. This study aims to determine the fall prevention performance of two types of safety belts: a body belt(1)), which has been used for more than 40 yr in the ...
Mashouf S S Medical Biophysics Department, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, ON M4N3M5, - - 2014
Permanent seed implant brachytherapy is currently used for adjuvant radiotherapy of early stage prostate and breast cancer patients. The current standard for calculation of dose around brachytherapy sources is based on the AAPM TG-43 formalism, which generates the dose in a homogeneous water medium. Recently, AAPM TG-186 emphasized the importance ...
Chen Ke K Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Speciality Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden,, Chinese Academy of Science, Wuhan City, 430074, Hubei, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Heat stress affects a broad spectrum of cellular components and metabolism. The objectives of this study were to investigate the behavior of Photosystem II (PSII) in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb) with various thermotolerance capacities and to broaden our comprehension about the relationship between thermotolerance and PSII function. Heat-tolerant and ...
Huang Shih-Ying SY Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94143-0946, USA, - - 2014
Iodine-131-m-iodobenzylguanidine ([(131)I]mIBG)-targeted radionuclide therapy (TRT) is a standard treatment for recurrent or refractory neuroblastoma with response rates of 30-40 %. The aim of this study is to demonstrate patient-specific dosimetry using quantitative [(124)I]mIBG positron emission tomography/X-ray computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging with a GEometry ANd Tracking 4 (Geant4)-based Monte Carlo method ...
Cooley Kayla - - 2014
Chemical warfare agents (CWA) can be absorbed by variety of materials including polymeric coatings like paints through bulk liquid contact thus presenting touch and vapor hazards to interacting personnel. In order for accurate hazard assessments and subsequent decontamination approaches to be designed, it is necessary to characterize the absorption and ...
Butler D J DJ Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency, 619 Lower Plenty Road, Yallambie, VIC, 3085, Australia, - - 2014
The Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) maintains the Australian primary standard of absorbed dose. Until recently, the standard was used to calibrate ionisation chambers only in (60)Co gamma rays. These chambers are then used by radiotherapy clinics to determine linac output, using a correction factor (k Q ...
Suemizu Hiroshi H Central Institute for Experimental Animals, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki 210-0821, - - 2014
Organophosphorus pesticides acephate and chlorpyrifos in foods have potential to impact human health. The aim of the current study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of acephate and chlorpyrifos orally administered at lowest-observed-adverse-effect-level doses in chimeric mice transplanted with human hepatocytes. Absorbed acephate and its metabolite methamidophos were detected in serum ...
Lea William B WB Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Indiana University, 550 N. University Boulevard, Room 0663, Indianapolis, IN - - 2014
To characterize the distribution of absorbed radiation dose after glass microsphere radioembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using yttrium-90 ((90)Y) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). In this retrospective study, 64 (90)Y PET/CT scans performed after treatment were evaluated following (90)Y glass-bead radioembolization in patients with advanced HCC. The intended dose to ...
Nasti Tahseen H TH The Department of Dermatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2014
Skin pigmentation is due to the accumulation of two types of melanin granules in the keratinocytes. Besides being the most potent blocker of ultraviolet radiation (UVR), the role of melanin in photo-protection is complex. This is because one type of melanin called eumelanin is UV absorbent whereas the other, pheomelanin, ...
Chen-Roetling Jing - - 2014
The toxicity of heme breakdown products may contribute to the pathogenesis of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Heme catabolism is catalyzed by the heme oxygenase enzymes. We have previously reported that heme oxygenase-2 (HO-2), the constitutive isoform, protects neurons from hemin in vitro and reduces oxidative stress after striatal blood injection. In ...
David Luminita L Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Babes-Bolyai University, 11 Arany Janos Street, RO 400028, Cluj-Napoca, - - 2014
This research aimed at reporting the synthesis, characterization and evaluation of the anti-inflammatory effects of some new biomaterials based on silver nanoparticles and polyphenols rich natural extracts. A fast and eco-friendly extracellular biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), using European black elderberry (Sambucus nigra - SN, Adoxaceae family) fruit extracts was ...
Kumar Sanjiv - - 2014
Phytochemicals like carotenoids, tocopherols, ascorbates and phenols present in the plants are strong antioxidants and have an important role in the health care system. There is growing interest in correlating the phytochemical constituents of a plant with its pharmacological activity. Therefore, the present study investigates the content of total phenolics, ...
Azeredo Camila Maria - - 2014
Essential oils (EOs) are complex mixtures of secondary metabolites from various plants. It has been shown that several EOs, or their constituents, have inhibitory activity against trypanosomatid protozoa. Thus, we analyzed the biological activity of different EOs on Trypanosoma cruzi, as well as their cytotoxicity on Vero cells. The following ...
Chen Shu-Peng - - 2014
Transducin beta-like 1 X-linked receptor 1 (TBL1XR1) is an important transcriptional cofactor involved in the regulation of many signaling pathways, and is associated with carcinogenesis and tumor progression. However, the precise role of TBL1XR1 in these processes is not well understood. We detected the expression of TBL1XR1 protein and mRNA ...
Mauch Renan - - 2014
BackgroundThe usefulness of serologic tests for detection of P. aeruginosa pulmonary infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) is controversial. Here, we assessed the value of detecting anti-P. aeruginosa IgG by a quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for identification of P. aeruginosa infection in patients with cystic fibrosis.MethodsSerum concentrations of anti-P. aeruginosa ...
Baureder Michael M Lund University, - - 2014
Most aerobic organisms contain catalase which functions to decompose hydrogen peroxide. Typical catalases are structurally complex homo-tetrameric enzymes with one heme prosthetic group buried in each subunit. It is not known how catalase in the cell is assembled from its constituents. The bacterium Enterococcus faecalis cannot synthesize heme but can ...
Yabusaki Mina M Central Research Laboratories, Sysmex Corporation, Kobe, Hyogo, - - 2014
We developed a detection method for circulating tumor cells (CTCs) using the telomerase-specific adenovirus OBP-401. This recombinant virus has a telomerase promoter at the 5'-end of the viral genome and GFP at the 3'-end. To date, CTC enumeration using OBP-401 has shown prognostic impact for gastric and small cell lung ...
Torii Ikuko I Department of Molecular Pathology, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1-1 Mukogawa-cho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 663-8501, - - 2014
Food allergies are driven by aberrant T helper (Th) 2 cells. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) influences the development of Th2-mediated diseases, but its role in food allergy and tolerance remains unclear. To address this issue, we established mouse models presenting allergic or tolerant responses to ovalbumin (OVA). Mice sensitized with crude OVA ...
Losfeld Guillaume G FRE 3673-Bioinspired chemistry and ecological innovation-CNRS, University of Montpellier 2, Stratoz-Cap Alpha, Avenue de l'Europe, 34830, Clapiers, - - 2014
Relationships between the trace-elements (TE) content of plants and associated soil have been widely investigated especially to understand the ecology of TE hyperaccumulating species to develop applications using TE phytoextraction. Many studies have focused on the possibility of quantifying the soil TE fraction available to plants, and used bioconcentration (BC) ...
Fink Mathias M Institut Langevin at the Ecole Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie de la Ville de Paris, Paris 75005, - - 2014
Paraiso L F LF Institute of Genetics and Biochemisty, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, MG, - - 2014
This study evaluated the effects of 2 different types of acute aerobic exercise on the osmotic stability of human erythrocyte membrane and on different hematological and biochemical variables that are associated with this membrane property. The study population consisted of 20 healthy and active men. Participants performed single sessions of ...
Iglesias Tamara T Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Oviedo, C/ Julián Clavería 8, 33006, Oviedo, - - 2014
Epigenetic alterations are increasingly implicated in the initiation and progression of cancer. Genome-wide (global) hypomethylation seems to occur in early neoplasia and is a feature of genomic DNA derived from solid tumour tissues like ovarian cancer. Thus, analytical methods that provide sensitive and quantitative information about cytosine methylation in DNA ...
Shen Zuguang - - 2014
This study reported the rapid preparation of Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) from Tollens reagent under microwave irradiation. In the synthesis, lignin with reducing groups and spatial three-dimensional structure was used as reducing and stabilizing agents without other chemical reagents, the effect of the ratio of lignin to Ag+, reaction temperature and ...
Petoussi-Henss Nina N Research Unit Medical Radiation Physics and Diagnostics, Helmholtz Zentrum München-German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Neuherberg, - - 2014
ICRP Publication 116 on 'Conversion coefficients for radiological protection quantities for external radiation exposures', provides fluence-to-dose conversion coefficients for organ-absorbed doses and effective dose for various types of external exposures (ICRP 2010 ICRP Publication 116). The publication supersedes the ICRP Publication 74 (ICRP 1996 ICRP Publication 74, ICRU 1998 ICRU ...
Petschow Bryon W BW Entera Health, Inc., 2000 Regency Parkway, Suite 255, Cary, NC, 27518, USA, - - 2014
A variety of human disease conditions are associated with chronic intestinal disorders or enteropathies that are characterized by intestinal inflammation, increased gut permeability, and reduced capacity to absorb nutrients. Such disruptions in the homeostasis of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract can lead to symptoms of abdominal pain and discomfort, bloating, abnormal ...
DalCorso Giovanni G Department of Biotechnology, University of Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, 37134 Verona, Italy. - - 2014
Plants need many different metal elements for growth, development and reproduction, which must be mobilized from the soil matrix and absorbed by the roots as metal ions. Once taken up by the roots, metal ions are allocated to different parts of the plant by the vascular tissues. Metals are naturally ...
Antol Ivana I Division of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ruđer Bošković Institute, P.O. Box 180, HR-10002 Zagreb, - - 2014
Diverse ab initio and density-functional-theory methods were used to investigate geometries, energies, and electronic absorption spectra of guanidine and its protonated form, as well as their photo-deactivation processes. It was shown that the guanidine is a weakly absorbing species with the excitation spectrum consisting mostly of transitions to the Rydberg ...
Sahoo Sanjubala S Department of Physics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284, - - 2014
Theoretical studies on the structure, stability, and magnetic properties of icosahedral TM13 (TM = Fe, Co, Ni) clusters, deposited on pristine (defect free) and defective graphene sheet as well as graphene flakes, have been carried out within a gradient corrected density functional framework. The defects considered in our study include ...
Park Young S YS Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 - - 2014
We report the synthesis of a tellurophene-containing low-bandgap polymer, PDPPTe2T, by microwave-assisted palladium-catalyzed ipso-arylative polymerization of 2,5-bis[(α-hydroxy-α,α-diphenyl)methyl]tellurophene with a diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) monomer. Compared with the corresponding thiophene analog, PDPPTe2T absorbs light of longer wavelengths and has a smaller bandgap. Bulk heterojunction solar cells prepared from PDPPTe2T and PC71 BM show ...
Martinez N E NE Department of Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences, Clemson University, 342 Computer Ct, Anderson, SC 29625, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study develops and compares different, increasingly detailed anatomical phantoms for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) for the purpose of estimating organ absorbed radiation dose and dose rates from (131)I uptake in multiple organs. The models considered are: a simplistic geometry considering a single organ, a more specific geometry employing additional ...
Saripella Kalyan K KK University of the Sciences, Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, 600 S. 43rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United - - 2014
Polyplasdone of different particle size was used to study the sorption, desorption, and distribution of water, and to seek evidence that larger particles can internalize water. The three samples were Polyplasdone® XL, XL-10, and INFrespectively. Moisture sorption and desorption isotherms at 25 oC at 5% intervals from 0 to 95%relative ...
Li Peng P College of Resource and Environment, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, - - 2014
Epiphytic Tillandsia (Bromeliaceae) species have been found to be efficient biomonitors of atmospheric heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants, but have not been used to monitor or remove the primary indoor atmospheric pollutant formaldehyde (FA). The absorptive capacity of Tillandsia trichomes is well-established, but potential secondary effects of foliar trichomes ...
Chen Jing J Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin, 300457, PR - - 2014
Accumulation of ice to surfaces brings dangerous and costly problems to our daily life. In this paper, an anti-ice coating inspired by ice skating is reported. Hyaluronic acid is used in the anti-ice coating to form aqueous lubricating layer benefitting from its high water absorbing property. Dopamine, the main component ...
Spence Graeme T GT Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, IN 46556 - - 2014
The photothermal effect is the generation of heat by molecules or particles upon high-energy laser irradiation, and near-infrared absorbers such as gold nanoparticles and organic dyes have a range of potential photothermal applications. The favourable photothermal properties of thiophene-functionalised croconaine dyes were recently discovered. The synthesis and properties of novel ...
Zalups Rudolfs K RK Division of Basic Medical Sciences, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia - - 2014
The role of the multi-resistance protein 2 (Mrp2) in the nephropathy induced by inorganic mercuric mercury (Hg(2+)) was studied in rats (TR(-)) and mice (Mrp2(-/-)), which lack functional Mrp2, and control animals. Animals were exposed to nephrotoxic doses of HgCl2. Forty-eight or 24 hours after exposure, tissues were harvested and ...
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