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Parasuraman Subramani S Unit of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, 08100 Bedong, Kedah, - - 2014
In general, organic solvents are inhibiting many physiological enzymes and alter the behavioural functions, but the available scientific knowledge on laboratory solvent induced organ specific toxins are very limited. Hence, the present study was planned to determine the sub-chronic toxic effects of petroleum ether (boiling point 40-60°C), a laboratory solvent ...
Kwak Moon-Hwa MH Department of Biomaterials Science, College of Natural Resources & Life Science/Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University, Miryang, - - 2014
Although formaldehyde (FA) is known to be a major allergen responsible for allergic contact dermatitis, there are conflicting reports regarding correlation between FA exposure and interleukin (IL-4) expression. To investigate whether allergic responses including IL-4 expression were induced by repeated dermal exposure to low dose FA, alterations in the luciferase ...
Stenberg Pauline - - 2014
Proper characterization of the clumped structure of forests is needed for calculation of the absorbed radiation and photosynthetic production by a canopy. This study examined the dependency of crown-level clumping on tree size and growth conditions in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), and determined the ability of statistical canopy radiation models ...
Langendorf Céline C Epicentre, Paris, - - 2014
Finding the most appropriate strategy for the prevention of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in young children is essential in countries like Niger with annual "hunger gaps." Options for large-scale prevention include distribution of supplementary foods, such as fortified-blended foods or lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) with ...
Han Young Woo YW College of Veterinary Medicine and Bio-Safety Research Institute, College of Natural Science, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Republic of - - 2014
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is major emerging neurologic disease caused by JE virus. To date, the impact of TLR molecules on JE progression has not been addressed. Here, we determined whether each TLR modulates JE, using several TLR-deficient mouse strains (TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR7, TLR9). Surprisingly, among the tested TLR-deficient mice ...
Wade Kristin R KR Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Oklahoma Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States of - - 2014
Streptococcus pneumoniae produces the pore-forming toxin pneumolysin (PLY), which is a member of the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (CDC) family of toxins. The CDCs recognize and bind the 3β-hydroxyl group of cholesterol at the cell surface, which initiates membrane pore formation. The cholesterol transport lipoproteins, which carry cholesterol in their outer monolayer, ...
Meyer Sam S Université de Lyon, INSA Lyon, INRIA, LIRIS, CNRS UMR5205, Lyon, - - 2014
DNA torsional stress is generated by virtually all biomolecular processes involving the double helix, in particular transcription where a significant level of stress propagates over several kilobases. If another promoter is located in this range, this stress may strongly modify its opening properties, and hence facilitate or hinder its transcription. ...
Song Suk-Heung - - 2014
This article presents free-floating three-dimensional (3D) microstructure fabrication in a microfluidic channel using direct fine-tuned grayscale image lithography. The image is designed as a freeform shape and is composed of gray shades as light-absorbing features. Gray shade levels are modulated through multiple reflections of light in a digital micromirror device ...
Shankar Vikas V Tennent Institute of Ophthalmology, Gartnavel General Hospital, 1053 Great Western Road, Glasgow, G12 0YN, - - 2014
The primary aim of this study is to report the outcome of patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) who underwent scleral buckling (SB) surgery. This is a retrospective noncomparative case series study of all patients who underwent RRD repair by primary SB between March 2008 and February 2009. Patient demographics, ...
Esfahanizade Katayoun K Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry, Islamic Azad University, Dental Branch, Tehran, - - 2014
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a group of rare inherited skin and mucous membrane disorders in which blister formation may arise spontaneously or following a minor friction. Various patterns of inheritance are explicated for the disease. The disease has a profound effect on oral mucosa and may result in high prevalence ...
Ramirez-Lopez Lina M LM Department of Animal Science and the Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center, Oklahoma State University Stillwater, Oklahoma, - - 2014
By-products obtained from winemaking processes still contain large amounts of phenolic compounds, especially phenolic acids, flavanols, flavonols, stilbenes, and flavonoids. Enzymatic hydrolysis was used for determination and characterization of phenolic acids, flavanols, flavonols, and stilbenes. Characterization of the flavonoids was achieved using acid hydrolysis with 0.1% hydrochloric acid. In addition, ...
Chen Lu-Ying - - 2014
To establish a method for determination of sucralose in foods and beverages using high performance liquid chromatography. Sucralose was extracted with water and centrifuged, and then derivatized with benzoyl chloride in alkaline medium. The ultraviolet absorbing derivatives were separated on a Hydro-RP 80 angstroms C18 column (250 mm x 4.6 ...
Devrim Burcu - - 2014
Diphenhydramine hydrochloride (DPH), a histamine H1-receptor antagonist, is widely used as antiallergic, antiemetic and antitussive drug found in many pharmaceutical preparations. In this study, a new reconstitutable syrup formulation of DPH was prepared because it is more stable in solid form than that in liquid form. The quantitative estimation of ...
Dias C S CS Departamento de Física, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, P-1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal and Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisboa, - - 2014
We investigate numerically the role of spatial arrangement of the patches on the irreversible adsorption of patchy colloids on a substrate. We consider spherical three-patch colloids and study the dependence of the kinetics on the opening angle between patches. We show that growth is suppressed below and above minimum and ...
Kim Joong-Keun JK Department of Hematology-Oncology, Pusan National University Hospital Medical Research Institute, Busan, - - 2014
Although adding rituximab to the chemotherapy regimen of cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and prednisone (R-CHOP) has improved clinical outcomes of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), several recent studies have shown that the effect of rituximab is dominantly in the non-germinal center (non-GC) subtype compared to the germinal center (GC) ...
Min Kyoung-Jin KJ Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Daegu, - - 2014
Carnosic acid, which is one of extract components of rosemary, has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-cancer effects. However, the anti-cancer effect of carnosic acid in human renal carcinoma cells is unknown. Flow cytometry analysis was used to examine the effects of carnosic acid on apoptosis, and Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-ase activity assay kit was ...
Koh Il Hyun IH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
This study was designed to measure time-dependent changes in muscle excursion and collagen content after tenotomy, and to analyze the correlation between muscle excursion and collagen content in a rabbit model. Twenty-four rabbits underwent tenotomy of the second extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles on the right legs and were randomly ...
Kidman Rachel R Global Health Systems and Development, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, - - 2014
The AIDS epidemic has created an unprecedented number of orphans. While largely absorbed by extended family, this additional responsibility can weigh heavily on their caregivers. The concept of caregiver burden captures multiple dimensions of well-being (e.g., physical, social and psychological). Measuring the extent and determinants of caregiving burden can inform ...
Kim Jee Hyun JH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea. ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The aim of this work was to evaluate nuclear histone acetylation level and total histone acetyltransferase (HAT) and deacetylase (HDAC) activity in ejaculated sperm and their relevance to conventional sperm parameters. Thirty-three normozoospermic men were included in this study. Semen samples were processed by swim-up and then immunostained by six ...
Kaalund Søren - - 2014
Background : Playing soccer on artificial turf can provoke pain in young players. Using shock-absorbing insoles (SAIs) can result in decreased pain perception. We sought to investigate the pain and comfort intensity experienced during the switch from natural grass to third-generation artificial turf and with the use of SAIs on ...
Kim Hyun-Jeong HJ Department of Applied Life Science, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea ; Department of Oral Biology, Oral Cancer Research Institute, BK21 PLUS project, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, - - 2014
Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum is an edible perennial herb and has been used as a vegetable or as a Korean traditional medicine. Allium species have received much attention owing to their diverse pharmacological properties, including antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities. However, A. victorialis var. platyphyllum needs more study. The chemopreventive ...
Jeong Min Ho MH Department of Microbiology, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, - - 2014
Resveratrol has received considerable attention as a polyphenol with various biological effects such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-mutagenic, anti-carcinogenic, and cardioprotective properties. As part of the overall safety assessment of HS-1793, a novel resveratrol analogue free from the restriction of metabolic instability and the high dose requirement of resveratrol, we assessed ...
Johansson Martin M MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University, Lund, - - 2014
The MAX IV 3 GeV storage ring, currently under construction, pursues the goal of low electron beam emittance by using a multi-bend achromat magnet lattice, which is realised by having several consecutive magnet elements precision-machined out of a common solid iron block, 2.3-3.4 m long. With this magnet design solution, instead of having ...
Lagerlöf Jakob H JH Department of Radiation Physics, Göteborg University, Göteborg 41345, - - 2014
To construct a Monte Carlo (MC)-based simulation model for analyzing the dependence of tumor oxygen distribution on different variables related to tumor vasculature [blood velocity, vessel-to-vessel proximity (vessel proximity), and inflowing oxygen partial pressure (pO2)]. A voxel-based tissue model containing parallel capillaries with square cross-sections (sides of 10 μm) was ...
Kataoka Simony H H SH Dr. Kataoka is an assistant professor and a doctoral candidate, Department of Esthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of São - - 2014
Mouth guards are used to reduce the risk of experiencing dental injuries. Various individual and commercial designs are available. The authors prepared 20 artificial maxillae from a polyether-resin to simulate teeth, jaw bone and gingiva. They customized two designs of mouth guards by using stone models from impressions of the ...
Mácsai Emília E Csolnoky Ferenc Oktatókórház Diabetológiai Szakambulancia Veszprém Kórház u. 1. 8200 BBRAUN 3 Dialíziscentrum - - 2014
According to latest guidelines hemoglobin A1C plays a central role in the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. It is well-known from epidemiologic studies that a high rate of diabetic patients enters into dialysis programs and these patients have an unfavourable mortality outcome. Based on surveys conducted in recent years in this ...
Sun Fangyuan F Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, 46556, USA; Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, - - 2014
On page 6093, T. Luo and co-workers demonstrate that molecular bridges consisting of small molecules chemically absorbed on solid surfaces can bring about a seven-fold increase in the thermal transport across hard-soft material interfaces, despite a significant decrease in the interfacial energy. This work provides an unconventional strategy to improve ...
Matsumoto Yoshitsugu Y Division of Radiology, Department of Medical Technology, Kyushu University - - 2014
In postoperative radiotherapy for seminoma, control of the testicular absorbed dose is important, since exposure of the testis can lead to temporary or permanent infertility. In this case, instead of using a dog-leg-shaped field, treatment using a field focused near the aorta was provided in several disease stages of seminoma. ...
Chimabucuro Wilson Kohama WK Departamento Clínico, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Surajudeen Yaqub A YA Department of Chemical Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, - - 2014
Reports have clearly indicated the role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of organophosphate pesticides (Op) toxicity. However, there is dearth of information on which group of the farm workers is more at risk of Op-induced oxidative stress. This study determined serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase ...
Nabavizadeh Mohammadreza M Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Persistent infections of human root canals play a fundamental role in the failure of endodontic treatment. The purpose of this study is to determine the chemical composition of Myrtus communis (M. communis) essential oil and to assess its antimicrobial activity against Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans compared to ...
de Oliveira Marcelo Martins MM Departamento de Física e Matemática, CAP, Universidade Federal de São João del Rei, 36420-000 Ouro Branco, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
We study the two-species symbiotic contact process, recently proposed by de Oliveira, Santos, and Dickman [Phys. Rev. E 86, 011121 (2012)]. In this model, each site of a lattice may be vacant or host single individuals of species A and/or B. Individuals at sites with both species present interact in ...
Li Hongwei H School of Mathematical Sciences, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, 250014 People's Republic of - - 2014
In this paper, we generalize the unified approach proposed in Zhang et al. [J. Zhang, Z. Xu, and X. Wu, Phys. Rev. E 78, 026709 (2008)] to design the nonlinear local absorbing boundary conditions (LABCs) for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with wave operator on unbounded domains. In fact, based on the ...
Thi Nhuan Do ND Department of Nutrition and Culinary Science, Hankyong National University, Gyeonggi 456-749, - - 2014
The bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of aronia leaves at different stages of maturity were identified and evaluated. Young and old leaves were approximately 2 months of age and 4 months of age, respectively. The young leaves contained more polyphenols and flavonoids than the old leaves. Three phenolic compounds (i.e., ...
Mihara Motoyuki M Mihara Dermatology Clinic, Tottori University, 1933-1 Takao, Niimi 718-0003, - - 2014
Although the histopathologic umbrella-like appearance of the epidermis in actinic keratosis (AK) is well known, its histopathogenesis has remained unknown. The author suggests that the penetration depth of ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation can account for such a histopathologic feature by affecting specific epidermal stem cell pools, as the stem cells ...
Schoenardie Elizandra Roselaine ER Post-Graduate Program in Parasitology, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Universidade Federal de Pelotas ? UFPEL, Capão do Leão, RS, - - 2014
Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease in that IgM titers can remain high for long periods making difficult to determine the stage of the disease. The aim of this study is to investigate the applicability of indirect ELISA, associated with urea, to discriminate between the acute and chronic toxocariasis. IgG avidity ...
Chung Jin-Yong JY Heavy Metal Exposure Environmental Health Center, Dong-A University, Busan, - - 2014
Arsenic is a ubiquitous, naturally occurring metalloid that may be a significant risk factor for cancer after exposure to contaminated drinking water, cigarettes, foods, industry, occupational environment, and air. Among the various routes of arsenic exposure, drinking water is the largest source of arsenic poisoning worldwide. Arsenic exposure from ingested ...
Szkutnik-Fiedler Danuta - - 2014
This study was aimed at a biopharmaceutical evaluation of a new oral dosage form of tramadol hydrochloride (TH)--slow release tablets obtained by hot tableting of coated pellets, 100 mg (TP), compared to the conventional slow release tablets, Tramal Retard, 100 mg (TR). Both TP and TR formulations showed a similar ...
Figueira Marcela S MS Oxidative Stress Research Laboratory - Institute of Biological Sciences - Federal University of - - 2014
The involvement of free radicals and oxidative stress in HIV infection has been extensively studied, and the benefits of antioxidant supplementation in animal studies have been demonstrated. However, few studies have demonstrated a benefit in clinical studies. To verify the effects of dietary supplementation with Agaricus sylvaticus, a mushroom rich ...
Yorifuji Takashi T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Juntendo University, Faculty of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the sustained effects of emergency cerclage using slowly absorbable monofilament sutures, changes in cervical length after cerclage were evaluated in six cases. A delayed absorbable monofilament suture (1 PDS-Plus; Ethicon, Inc., Somerville, NJ, USA) has been used for emergency cerclage after 20 weeks of gestation at Juntendo University ...
Park Jongmoo J Department of Radiation Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of total body irradiation (TBI), as a conditioning regimen prior to allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), in pediatric acute leukemia patients. From January 2001 to December 2011, 28 patients, aged less than 18 years, were treated with TBI-based conditioning for allo-SCT in our institution. Of the ...
Choi Jina J CHA Cancer Institute, CHA University, Seoul, - - 2014
NRP/B, a family member of the BTB/Kelch repeat proteins, is implicated in neuronal and cancer development, as well as the regulation of oxidative stress responses in breast and brain cancer. Our previous studies indicate that the NRP/B-BTB/POZ domain is involved in the dimerization of NRP/B and in a complex formation ...
Liu Ya-Pan - - 2014
To establish a method using precolumn ultraviolet derivatization coupled with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for simultaneous determination of erythritol, xylitol, galactitol, sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol, glucose and sucrose in functional foods. Target sugar alcohols and sugars in food samples were extracted in water by ultrasonic method and then reacted with ...
Longhi Stefano - - 2014
The lasing and coherent perfect absorption (CPA) properties of PT-symmetric microrings with mixed index and gain gratings, externally coupled to a bus waveguide, are theoretically investigated. For a complex grating at the PT-symmetry breaking point, perfect unidirectional (either clockwise or counterclockwise) laser emission can be realized, but the grating does ...
Qvarnström Anna - - 2014
Young adults are at risk for HIV/STIs because they generally have an active sex life with multiple sexual partners; moreover, they use condoms to a lesser extent. Travelling increases sexually risky behaviour, and among both women and men, sexual contacts abroad are common. Better knowledge of how young adults experience ...
Kang Sun Moon - - 2014
The effects of various packaging systems, vacuum packaging (VACP), medium oxygen-modified atmosphere packaging (50% O2/20% CO2/30% N2, MOMAP), MOMAP combined with vacuum skin packaging (VSP-MOMAP), high oxygen-MAP (80% O2/20% CO2/0% N2, HOMAP), and HOMAP combined with VSP (VSP-HOMAP), on the activity of antioxidant enzyme, and oxidation and color stabilities in ...
Zhang Xianqing X Department of Blood Transfusion, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710032, P.R. - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti‑tumor effect of apogossypolone (ApoG2) on human LNCaP cells in vitro and in vivo. Cell viability was evaluated using an MTT assay. Cell autophagy and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry and using a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay, ...
Bae Duk Seong DS Department of Biology Education, College of Education, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, - - 2014
Natural killer (NK) cells constantly survey surrounding tissues and remove newly generated cancer cells, independent of cancer antigen recognition. Although there have been a number of attempts to apply NK cells for cancer therapy, clinical application has been somewhat limited because of the difficulty in preparing a sufficient number of ...
Park Youmie Y College of Pharmacy, Inje University, Gimhae, - - 2014
This review covers general information regarding the green synthesis of antibacterial silver nanoparticles. Owing to their antibacterial properties, silver nanoparticles are widely used in many areas, especially biomedical applications. In green synthesis practices, the chemical reducing agents are eliminated, and biological entities are utilized to convert silver ions to silver ...
Lee Kyung Min KM Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The objective of this article is to evaluate clinical outcomes of combined orbital floor and medial wall fracture repair using a three-dimensional pre-bent titanium implant in an East Asian population. Clinical and radiologic data were analyzed for 11 patients with concomitant orbital floor and medial wall fractures. A combined transcaruncular ...
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