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Huntington Nicholas D - - 2009
The in vivo requirements for human natural killer (NK) cell development and differentiation into cytotoxic effectors expressing inhibitory receptors for self-major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I; killer Ig-like receptors [KIRs]) remain undefined. Here, we dissect the role of interleukin (IL)-15 in human NK cell development using Rag2(-/-)gamma c(-/-) mice transplanted ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 351
Kawabuchi B - - 1994
Frequent development of subcutaneous neurogenic sarcomas was observed in a hepatocellular carcinoma-producing transgenic mouse strain harboring an albumin-promoted simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen gene. Found unexpectedly in 19 out of 306 mice (6.2%) by 6 months of age, all the sarcomas were similar and were characterized as neurogenic ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 351
Koehler M - - 1991
A monoclonal antibody (MoAB) has been developed which reacts with a previously unidentified hematopoietic cell surface protein called MKW. This MoAB (anti-MKW) does not cluster with antibodies in any of the known cluster groups of differentiation. Blast cell expression of MKW was studied in 196 consecutively diagnosed children with acute ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 351
White Sarah L - - 2005
1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3) induces HL60 cells to acquire a monocyte-like phenotype, while cells treated with 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) resemble macrophages. Using a microarray of 82 CD antibodies, 24 cluster of differentiation (CD) antigens were detected on HL60 cells. 1,25D3 induced the following antigens in decreasing order of the change: CD14, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 351
Loeb M J - - 2001
Differentiated cells in the insect midgut depend on stem cells for renewal. We have immunologically identified Integrin beta1, a promotor of cell-cell adhesion that also induces signals mediating proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis on the surfaces of cultured Heliothis virescens midgut cells; clusters of immunostained integrin beta1-like material, indicative of activated ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 351
Sauvageau G - - 1994
Class I homeobox (Hox) genes encode a major group of transcription factors controlling embryonic development and have been implicated in the continuing process of hematopoietic cell differentiation. They are clustered on four chromosomes and, in early development, exhibit spatially restricted expression with respect to their 3'-->5' chromosomal position. By using ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 351
Rainer R O - - 1995
In this study we assess a flow cytometric gating method and its correlation with a concurrent manual bone marrow differential in abnormal marrows. Like normal bone marrow cells, leukemic blasts fall into discrete areas when a cytogram of CD 45 expression and Right Angle Light Scatter is plotted in Log ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 351
Currat Mathias - - 2010
The Strait of Gibraltar is a crucial area in the settlement history of modern humans because it represents a possible connection between Africa and Europe. So far, genetic data were inconclusive about the fact that this strait constitutes a barrier to gene flow, as previous results were highly variable depending ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 351
Chen Maxine M - - 2011
The neural cell adhesion molecule L1 has recently been shown to be expressed in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells. In this report, we demonstrate that L1 is expressed by moderately- to poorly-differentiated PDAC cells in situ, and that L1 expression is a predictor of poor patient survival. In vitro, reduced reactivity ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 351
Kelly Ben L - - 2003
The Leishmania major LACK antigen is a key target of the immune response in susceptible BALB/c mice and remains a viable vaccine candidate for human leishmaniasis. We describe the genomic organization of the four lack genes in the L. major diploid genome together with results of selected lack gene targeting. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 350
Mizutani Yukiko - - 2013
The lipid lamellae in the stratum corneum is important for the epidermal permeability barrier. The lipid lamellae component ceramide (CER), comprising an ultra long-chain (ULC) fatty acid (FA) of ≥26 carbons (ULC CER), plays an essential role in barrier formation. ULC acyl-CoAs, produced by the FA elongase ELOVL4, are converted ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 350
Tiefenthaler G - - 1987
T11 target structure (T11TS) and lymphocyte function-associated antigen (LFA) 3 are the cell-surface glycoproteins on sheep and human erythrocytes (E) binding to cluster differentiation 2 (the E-receptor) on T cells in E rosette formation. Here we show that this functional cross-reactivity is most likely due to a structural homology of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 350
Mittermeyer Gabriele - - 2013
Although the expression of cell signaling proteins is used as prognostic and predictive biomarker, variability of protein levels within tumors is not well studied. We assessed intratumoral heterogeneity of protein expression within primary ovarian cancer. Full-length proteins were extracted from 88 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue samples of 13 primary high-grade ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 350
Scheinecker Clemens - - 2005
The initiation of an immune response requires that professional antigen-presenting cells, such as dendritic cells, physically interact with antigen-specific T cells within the complex environment of the lymph node. Although the way in which antigen is presented to T cells and in particular the cellular associations involved in antigen-specific stimulation ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 350
Tavis J E - - 1989
The complete DNA sequence of the human polyomavirus AS virus (ASV) is presented. Although ASV can be differentiated antigenically from the other human polyomaviruses (BK and JC viruses), it shares 94.9% homology at the nucleotide level with the Dunlop strain of BK virus. Differences found in ASV relative to BK ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 350
Li Haiyan - - 2011
Therapeutic cancer vaccination is an attractive strategy because it induces T cells of the immune system to recognize and kill tumour cells in cancer patients. However, it remains difficult to generate large numbers of T cells that can recognize the antigens on cancer cells using conventional vaccine carrier systems. Here ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 350
Xu Jing - - 2011
In our previous study, endometrium side population cells (SP cells) were isolated from postpartum murine uterus, and characterized by a heterogeneous population of stem/progenitor cells. In this study, we investigated the effect of estrogen on the proliferation and differentiation of SP cells. SP and non-SP cells of postpartum murine endometrium ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 350
Choi Dongseok - - 2008
Cultured endothelial cells of the human retina and choroid demonstrate distinct patterns of gene expression. We hypothesized that differential gene expression reflected differences in the interactions of transcription factors and respective cis-regulatory motifs(s) in these two emdothelial cell subpopulations, recognizing that motifs often exist as modules. We tested this hypothesis ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 350
Chu Y - - 2001
The presence of astrocyte precursor cells (APCs) and time course and topography of astrocyte differentiation during development were investigated by triple-label immunohistochemistry with intact fetal and adult human retinas. Throughout retinal development and adulthood, expression of Pax2 was restricted to cells of the astrocytic lineage. Three distinct stages of astrocytic ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 350
Deloron Philippe - - 2013
We studied all consensus sequences within the four least 'variable blocks' (VB) present in the DBL6ε domain of VAR2CSA, the protein involved in the adhesion of infected red blood cells by Plasmodium falciparum that causes the Pregnancy-Associated Malaria (PAM). Characterising consensus sequences with respect to recognition of antibodies and percentage ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 350
Poljak Zvonimir - - 2010
The systemic form of porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD), also known as postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) was initially detected in the early 1990s. Starting in 2004, the Canadian swine industry experienced considerable losses due to PCVAD, concurrent with a shift in genotype of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2). Objectives ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 350
Hogenbirk Marc A - - 2013
The Aicda locus encodes the activation induced cytidine deaminase (AID) and is highly expressed in germinal center (GC) B cells to initiate somatic hypermutation (SHM) and class switch recombination (CSR) of immunoglobulin (Ig) genes. Besides these Ig specific activities in B cells, AID has been implicated in active DNA demethylation ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 349
Yenugu Suresh - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sperm binding proteins and their C-terminal peptides of the Sperm Associated Antigen 11 (SPAG11) family were found to play an important role in epididymal innate immunity in addition to their role in sperm maturation. However, the expression of Spag11 transcripts in rodents is not well documented. METHODS: Computational analysis ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 349
Park S K - - 2001
Development of oligodendrocytes and the generation of myelin internodes within the spinal cord depends on regional signals derived from the notochord and axonally derived signals. Neuregulin 1 (NRG)-1, localized in the floor plate as well as in motor and sensory neurons, is necessary for normal oligodendrocyte development. Oligodendrocytes respond to ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 349
Rochereau Nicolas - - 2013
Intestinal microfold (M) cells possess a high transcytosis capacity and are able to transport a broad range of materials including particulate antigens, soluble macromolecules, and pathogens from the intestinal lumen to inductive sites of the mucosal immune system. M cells are also the primary pathway for delivery of secretory IgA ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 349
Rubin Carl-Johan - - 2007
Osteoporosis is frequently observed among aging hens from egg-producing strains (layers) of domestic chicken. White Leghorn (WL) has been intensively selected for egg production and it manifests striking phenotypic differences for a number of traits including several bone phenotypes in comparison with the wild ancestor of chicken, the red junglefowl ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 349
Scheepstra Cornelis - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The role of CD20+ B cells in renal allograft rejection has been reappreciated. Importantly, recent studies suggest a relation between CD20+ B cell aggregates and poorer clinical outcome. In the present study, we attempted to confirm these early reports in a tightly controlled patient population and to differentiate between ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 349
Hou Wanqiu - - 2007
Although persistent viral diseases are a global health concern, the mechanisms of differential susceptibility to such infections among individuals are unknown. Here, we report that differential interactions between dendritic cells (DCs) and virus are critical in determining resistance versus susceptibility in the Theiler murine encephalomyelitis virus-induced demyelinating disease model of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 349
Schnitt S J - - 1986
Meningiomas are composed of cells which display both mesenchymal and epithelial features. To investigate the epithelial nature of these cells, we studied the distribution of epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) in 22 meningiomas; for comparison, we also studied eight central schwannomas, neoplasms with which meningiomas sometimes may be confused histologically. All ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 349
Selleri Silvia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Upon Ag-activation cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) produce IFN-gamma GM-CSF and TNF-alpha, which deliver simultaneously pro-apoptotic and pro-inflammatory signals to the surrounding microenvironment. Whether this secretion affects in an autocrine loop the CTLs themselves is unknown. METHODS: Here, we compared the transcriptional profile of Ag-activated, Flu-specific CTL stimulated with the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 349
Claessens Antoine A Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Rd, Edinburgh, EH9 3JT, - - 2011
The cytoadherence of Plasmodium falciparum is thought to be mediated by variant surface antigens (VSA), encoded by var, rif, stevor and pfmc-2tm genes. The last three families have rarely been studied in the context of cytoadherence. As most VSA genes are unique, the variability among sequences has impeded the functional ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 349
Pinto Sheena S Division of Developmental Immunology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), 69120 Heidelberg, - - 2013
Promiscuous expression of numerous tissue-restricted self-antigens (TRAs) in medullary thymic epithelial cells (mTECs) is essential to safeguard self-tolerance. A distinct feature of promiscuous gene expression is its mosaic pattern (i.e., at a given time, each self-antigen is expressed only in 1-3% of mTECs). How this mosaic pattern is generated at ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 349
Niwa Rinpei - - 2005
PURPOSE: Recent studies have revealed that fucose removal from the oligosaccharides of human IgG1 antibodies results in a significant enhancement of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) via improved IgG1 binding to FcgammaRIIIa. In this report, we investigated the relationship between enhanced ADCC and antigen density on target cells using IgG1 antibodies ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 349
Pravenec M - - 1999
Disorders of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism have been reported to cluster in patients with essential hypertension and in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). A deletion in the Cd36 gene on chromosome 4 has recently been implicated in defective carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in isolated adipocytes from SHRs. However, the role of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Prinzen Claudia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In a transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer disease (AD), cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by the alpha-secretase ADAM10 prevented amyloid plaque formation, and alleviated cognitive deficits. Furthermore, ADAM10 overexpression increased the cortical synaptogenesis. These results suggest that upregulation of ADAM10 in the brain has beneficial effects on ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Khan Mohammad Adil - - 2013
Legionella pneumophila is the primary etiologic agent of legionellosis, a potentially fatal respiratory illness. Amongst the sixteen described L. pneumophila serogroups, a majority of the clinical infections diagnosed using standard methods are serogroup 1 (Sg1). This high clinical prevalence of Sg1 is hypothesized to be linked to environmental specific advantages ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Meade Kieran G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bovine tuberculosis is an enduring disease of cattle that has significant repercussions for human health. The advent of high-throughput functional genomics technologies has facilitated large-scale analyses of the immune response to this disease that may ultimately lead to novel diagnostics and therapeutic targets. Analysis of mRNA abundance in peripheral ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Keijzer Chantal C Immunology, Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty Veterinary Medicine, University Utrecht , Utrecht , - - 2013
Many existing therapies in autoimmune diseases are based on systemic suppression of inflammation and the observed side effects of these therapies illustrate the pressing need for more specific interventions. Regulatory T-cells (Treg) are pivotal controllers of (auto-aggressive) immune responses and inflammation, and decreased Treg numbers and/or functioning have been associated ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Chiodoni C - - 1999
We transduced BALB/c-derived C-26 colon carcinoma cells with granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and CD40 ligand (CD40L) genes to favor interaction of these cells with host dendritic cells (DCs) and, therefore, cross-priming. Cotransduced cells showed reduced tumorigenicity, and tumor take was followed by regression in some mice. In vivo tumors were ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Kim Young Mi - - 2012
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) induces the differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASCs) into smooth muscle cells. Lipid rafts are cholesterol-rich microdomains in cell membranes that reportedly play a key role in receptor-mediated signal transduction and cellular responses. In order to clarify whether lipid rafts are involved in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Biade S - - 2006
There is currently a lack of reliable diagnostic and prognostic markers for ovarian cancer. We established gene expression profiles for 120 human ovarian tumours to identify determinants of histologic subtype, grade and degree of malignancy. Unsupervised cluster analysis of the most variable set of expression data resulted in three major ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Hoxie J A - - 1986
Phorbol esters are known to alter the expression of surface antigens and receptors on a variety of mammalian cell types. On T lymphoblastoid cell lines and peripheral blood T cells, phorbol esters have been shown to selectively reduce the expression of the T4 antigen. To more fully characterize this process, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Donadieu Emilie - - 2013
West Nile virus (WNV) is a neurotropic flavivirus that cycles between mosquitoes and birds but that can also infect humans, horses, and other vertebrate animals. In most humans, WNV infection remains subclinical. However, 20%-40% of those infected may develop WNV disease, with symptoms ranging from fever to meningoencephalitis. A large ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Hwang I - - 2000
At the site of contact between T cells and antigen-presenting cells (APCs), T cell receptor (TCR)-peptide-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) interaction is intensified by interactions between other molecules, notably by CD28 and lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) on T cells interacting with B7 (B7-1 and B7-2), and intracellular adhesion molecule 1 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Sautin Yuri Y - - 2002
Growth factor lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) regulates cell proliferation and differentiation and increases motility and survival in several cell types, mostly via G-protein-coupled receptors encoded by endothelial differentiation genes (EDG). We show herein that hepatic oval (stem) cell proliferation, induced by 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine (DDC) in a mouse model of chronic liver injury, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Sánchez-Jiménez Carmen - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: T-cell intracellular antigen (TIA) proteins function as regulators of cell homeostasis. These proteins control gene expression globally at multiple levels in response to dynamic regulatory changes and environmental stresses. Herein we identified a micro(mi)RNA signature associated to transiently TIA-depleted HeLa cells and analyzed the potential role of miRNAs ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Tan Niclas C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mass spectrometry-based biomarker discovery has long been hampered by the difficulty in reconciling lists of discriminatory peaks identified by different laboratories for the same diseases studied. We describe a multi-statistical analysis procedure that combines several independent computational methods. This approach capitalizes on the strengths of each to analyze the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Plougastel B - - 2001
The murine Nkrp1 gene family encodes three previously identified activation and inhibitory receptors expressed on natural killer (NK) cells. This family includes the gene for NKR-P1C (NK1.1), the most specific serologic marker on C57BL/6-derived NK cells and is localized in a gene cluster in the NK gene complex (NKC). To ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 348
Yang Guanghua G INSERM U 972, IFR 93, Bicêtre Hospital, and Paul Brousse Hospital, Villejuif F-94807, - - 2013
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) hold great promise for applications in regenerative medicine. However, the safety of cell therapy using differentiated hPSC derivatives must be improved through methods that will permit the transplantation of homogenous populations of a specific cell type. To date, purification of progenitors and mature cells generated ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 347
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