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Zhan Fenghuang - - 2003
To identify genes linked to normal plasma cell (PC) differentiation and to classify multiple myeloma (MM) with respect to the expression patterns of these genes, we analyzed global mRNA expression in CD19-enriched B cells (BCs) from 7 tonsils, CD138-enriched PCs from 11 tonsils, 31 normal bone marrow samples, and 74 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 357
Belyaev Nikolai N NN Division of Molecular Immunology, MRC National Institute for Medical Research, London, - - 2012
T cell development constitutes a multistage process allowing the dissection of events resulting in cellular commitment and functional specification in a specialized microenvironment. This process is guided by the appropriate expression of regulatory genetic factors like transcriptional activators or repressors which are, in part, dependent on instructive signals of the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 356
Addo Marylyn M - - 2007
CD8+ T cells impact control of viral infections by direct elimination of infected cells and secretion of a number of soluble factors. In HIV-1 infection, persistent HIV-1 specific IFN-gamma+ CD8+ T cell responses are detected in the setting of disease progression, consistent with functional impairment in vivo. Recent data suggest ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 356
Zhu Jinfang - - 2009
Growth factor independent 1 (Gfi-1), a transcriptional repressor, is transiently induced during T cell activation. Interleukin (IL) 4 further induces Gfi-1, resulting in optimal Th2 cell expansion. We report a second important function of Gfi-1 in CD4 T cells: prevention of alternative differentiation by Th2 cells, and inhibition of differentiation ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 356
Govoroun Marina - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Within the framework of a genomics project on livestock species (AGENAE), we initiated a high-throughput DNA sequencing program of Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. RESULTS: We constructed three cDNA libraries including one highly complex pooled-tissue library. These libraries were normalized and subtracted to reduce clone ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 356
Xueyong Li - - 2008
Pericytes play a crucial role in the homeostasis and maturation of newly formed vessels, but their precursor and the process of their differentiation remain unclear. In this study, we show that in vivo, pericytes in human granulation tissue taken from burn patients expressed CD13 and collagen I, which are cell ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 356
Schendel D J - - 1985
T cell lines and clones were analyzed for surface expression of Ia antigens using monoclonal antibodies (mAb) that detect monomorphic and polymorphic epitopes on Ia molecules encoded by the HLA-DR and HLA-DQ gene clusters. All mAb bound to B lymphocytes or lymphoblastoid cell lines of the same individuals from whom ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 356
Razak Siti Razila Abdul - - 2013
Using quantitative PCR-based miRNA arrays, we comprehensively analyzed the expression profiles of miRNAs in human and mouse embryonic stem (ES), induced pluripotent stem (iPS), and somatic cells. Immature pluripotent cells were purified using SSEA-1 or SSEA-4 and were used for miRNA profiling. Hierarchical clustering and consensus clustering by nonnegative matrix ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 356
Fooksman David R - - 2010
Like T cell activation, B cell activation is driven by aggregation of B cell receptors (BCRs) into microclusters. New work suggests that the early dynamics of BCR mobility and microcluster formation "translate" BCR affinity for antigen into B cell responsiveness.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 356
Kidd Brian A - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies have a diagnostic role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, little is known about their origins and contribution to pathogenesis. Citrullination is the post-translational conversion of arginine to citrulline by peptidyl arginine deiminase, and increased citrullination of proteins is observed in the joint tissue in RA and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 356
Delon J - - 1998
Dendritic cells (DCs) are much more potent antigen (Ag)-presenting cells than resting B cells for the activation of naive T cells. The mechanisms underlying this difference have been analyzed under conditions where ex vivo DCs or B cells presented known numbers of specific Ag-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) complexes to naive ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 356
Bird A Daniel - - 2011
The cAMP response element binding protein 1 (Creb1) transcription factor regulates cellular gene expression in response to elevated levels of intracellular cAMP. Creb1(-/-) fetal mice are phenotypically smaller than wildtype littermates, predominantly die in utero and do not survive after birth due to respiratory failure. We have further investigated the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 356
Akhmatova Nelli K NK Laboratory of Therapeutic Vaccines, I. I. Metchnikov Research Institute for Vaccines and Serum, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences , Moscow , - - 2014
Tγδ and B1 lymphocytes are essential components of the mucosal immune system, activated directly by different bacterial and viral ligands without additional costimulatory signals and preprocessing of other immune effectors. This ability enables the immune system to provide rapid protection against pathogens and contributes to the decoding mechanism of the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Xu Bo - - 2011
Primordial follicles, providing all the oocytes available to a female throughout her reproductive life, assemble in perinatal ovaries with individual oocytes surrounded by granulosa cells. In mammals including the mouse, most oocytes die by apoptosis during primordial follicle assembly, but factors that regulate oocyte death remain largely unknown. Proliferating cell ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Wegner Florian - - 2012
Human fetal midbrain-derived neural progenitor cells (NPCs) may deliver a tissue source for drug screening and regenerative cell therapy to treat Parkinson's disease. While glutamate and GABA(A) receptors play an important role in neurogenesis, the involvement of glycine receptors during human neurogenesis and dopaminergic differentiation as well as their molecular ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Monier Anne - - 2006
We describe the topographical distribution of microglial subpopulations during development of the human diencephalon and telencephalon. Brains from embryos and fetuses age 5-23.5 gestational weeks (gw) were subjected to single- and double-immunolabeling for lectin RCA-1 (Ricinus Communis Agglutinin 1), Iba1 (a microglial marker), CD68 (specific of macrophages), CD45 (marker for ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Saeki Yuko - - 2009
Sharing a common ErbB/HER receptor signaling pathway, heregulin (HRG) induces differentiation of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells while epidermal growth factor (EGF) elicits proliferation. Although cell fates resulting from action of the aforementioned ligands completely different, the respective gene expression profiles in early transcription are qualitatively similar, suggesting that gene ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Sikand Kavleen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent data show aberrant and altered expression of regulatory noncoding micro (mi) RNAs in prostate cancer (PCa). A large number of miRNAs are encoded in organized intronic clusters within many protein coding genes. While expression profiling studies of miRNAs are common place, little is known about the host gene ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Vascotto Fulvia - - 2007
Antigen (Ag) capture and presentation onto major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules by B lymphocytes is mediated by their surface Ag receptor (B cell receptor [BCR]). Therefore, the transport of vesicles that carry MHC class II and BCR-Ag complexes must be coordinated for them to converge for processing. In ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Soen Yoav - - 2006
Cells of a developing embryo integrate a complex array of local and long-range signals that act in concert with cell-intrinsic determinants to influence developmental decisions. To systematically investigate the effects of molecular microenvironments on cell fate decisions, we developed an experimental method based on parallel exposure of cells to diverse ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Pratt Craig H - - 2008
PURPOSE: Phenotypic transformation of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells contributes to the onset and progression of ocular proliferative disorders such as proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). The formation of epiretinal membranes in PVR may involve an epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) of RPE cells as part of an aberrant wound healing response. While the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Hua Rong-Hong - - 2013
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) non-structural protein 1 (NS1) contributes to virus replication and elicits protective immune responses during infection. JEV NS1-specific antibody responses could be a target in the differential diagnosis of different flavivirus infections. However, the epitopes on JEV NS1 are poorly characterized. The present study describes the full ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Sutton Patrick L - - 2011
The aim of this study was to consider the impact that multi-clone, complex infections have on a parasite population structure in a low transmission setting. In general, complexity of infection (minimum number of clones within an infection) and the overall population level diversity is expected to be minimal in low ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Crill Wayne D - - 2009
Dengue virus (DENV) is a serious mosquito-borne pathogen causing significant global disease burden, either as classic dengue fever (DF) or in its most severe manifestation dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). Nearly half of the world's population is at risk of dengue disease and there are estimated to be millions of infections ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Abeyweera Thushara P - - 2011
Natural killer (NK) lymphocytes use a variety of activating receptors to recognize and kill infected or tumorigenic cells during an innate immune response. To prevent targeting healthy tissue, NK cells also express numerous inhibitory receptors that signal through immunotyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs). Precisely how signals from competing activating and inhibitory ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Boyd Ashleigh S - - 2009
The progeny of embryonic stem (ES) cells may eventually be used to replace damaged tissues in transplantation, yet their immunogenicity remains ill-defined. The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is a determinant of immunogenicity in transplantation. Herein, we show differences in MHC expression between mouse ES cells and ES cell derived insulin ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Avellar Maria Christina W - - 2007
Beta-defensins are small cationic peptides exhibiting broad spectrum antimicrobial properties. In humans, many beta-defensin genes are located within a cluster on chromosome 8p23. The sperm associated antigen 11 (SPAG11) gene is contained in this cluster and is unusual among the human beta-defensins due to its complex genomic structure and mRNA ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Chen Shaohua S Department of General Surgery, The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410013, P.R. - - 2014
Previously, microRNA-449a (miR-449a) has been shown to be involved in various types of cancer. However, its role in colorectal carcinoma remains unknown. The present study found that miR-449a expression was significantly increased in cultured colorectal carcinoma cells and cancer tissues obtained from 24 patients diagnosed with colorectal carcinoma, compared with ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Montalvo-Alvarez Ana M - - 2008
Protozoa of the genus Leishmania are causative agents of leishmaniasis, an important health problem in both human and veterinary medicine. Here, we describe a new heat shock protein (HSP) in Leishmania, belonging to the small HSP (sHSP) family in kinetoplastids. The protein is highly conserved in different Leishmania species, showing ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 355
Perveen Shadab - - 2012
In spite of a high occurrence of Hepatitis Delta in the province of Sindh in Pakistan, no genetic study of Hepatitis Delta virus (HDV) isolates from this region was carried out. The aim of this study is to analyze the genetic proximity within local HDV strains, and relationship with other ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 354
Zilversmit Martine M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The var genes of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum are highly polymorphic loci coding for the erythrocyte membrane proteins 1 (PfEMP1), which are responsible for the cytoaherence of P. falciparum infected red blood cells to the human vasculature. Cytoadhesion, coupled with differential expression of var genes, contributes to ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 354
Martino Davide - - 2012
A growing number of progressive heredodegenerative conditions mimic the presentation of Huntington's disease (HD). Differentiating among these HD-like syndromes is necessary when a patient with a combination of movement disorders, cognitive decline, behavioural abnormalities and progressive disease course proves negative to the genetic testing for HD causative mutations, that is, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 354
Nagel J E - - 2004
Chemokines are involved in many biological activities ranging from leukocyte differentiation to neuronal morphogenesis. Despite numerous reports describing chemokine function, little is known about the molecular changes induced by cytokines. We have isolated and identified by differential display analysis 182 differentially expressed cDNAs from CXCR3-transfected Jurkat T cells following treatment ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 354
Philipot Didier - - 2014
Recent evidence suggests that tissue accumulation of senescent p16INK4a positive cells during lifespan would be deleterious for tissue functions and could be the consequence of the inherent age-associated disorders. Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by the accumulation of chondrocytes expressing p16INK4a and markers of the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) including the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 354
Li Peng - - 2013
Generation of germ cells from pluripotent stem cells in vitro could have great application for treating infertility and provides an excellent model for uncovering molecular mechanisms controlling gametogenesis. In this study, we explored the differentiation potential of mouse induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells towards male germ cells. Embryoid body formation ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 354
Rognoni J B - - 1998
The aim of this work was to show in serum-free medium a convergent effect of physiological factors and extracellular matrix proteins on the differentiation process of enterocytes by taking as a model the HT29-D4 clone that has the feature of differentiating when subcultured in fetal bovine serum glucose-free medium. We ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 354
Wamstad Joseph Alan JA Molecular, Cellular, Developmental Biology and Genetics Graduate Program, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2008
Bcor (BCL6 corepressor) is a widely expressed gene that is mutated in patients with X-linked Oculofaciocardiodental (OFCD) syndrome. BCOR regulates gene expression in association with a complex of proteins capable of epigenetic modification of chromatin. These include Polycomb group (PcG) proteins, Skp-Cullin-F-box (SCF) ubiquitin ligase components and a Jumonji C ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 354
Tudor C S - - 2012
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) up-regulates the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I antigen presentation machinery (APM). This appears counterintuitive with immune evasion in EBV-associated tumours like nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Latent membrane protein 1-transfected epithelial cell lines were used as a model system to study the impact ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 354
McColl D J - - 1997
Merozoite surface protein-3 (MSP-3) is a secreted polymorphic antigen associated with erythrocytic schizonts and merozoites of Plasmodium falciparum asexual blood-stages. A prominent structural feature of MSP-3 is a domain composed of three blocks of tandemly-repeated heptads with the consensus sequence AXXAXXX. The three blocks of four alanine heptad-repeats are separated ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 354
Morceau Franck - - 2013
Genomic analyses estimated that the proportion of the genome encoding proteins corresponds to approximately 1.5%, while at least 66% are transcribed, suggesting that many non-coding DNA-regions generate non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). The relevance of these ncRNAs in biological, physiological as well as in pathological processes increased over the last two decades ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 354
Suess Thorsten - - 2012
Previous controlled studies on the effect of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI) - namely the use of facemasks and intensified hand hygiene - in preventing household transmission of influenza have not produced definitive results. We aimed to investigate efficacy, acceptability, and tolerability of NPI in households with influenza index patients. We conducted ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 354
Briggs R C - - 1994
We have previously shown that the human myeloid cell nuclear differentiation antigen (MNDA) is expressed at both the antigen and mRNA levels specifically in human monocytes and granulocytes and earlier stage cells in the myeloid lineage. A 200 amino acid region of the MNDA is strikingly similar to a region ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 353
Yilmaz Atilla - - 2006
Statins were shown to possess immunomodulating properties, but the mechanisms of statin effects on the immune system are poorly understood. We analyzed the influence of statins on professional antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DC). Immature DC were cultivated from monocytes of healthy donors. DC maturation was induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 1 microg/mL). ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 353
Haag Karen Luisa - - 2009
Echinococcosis is a worldwide zoonotic parasitic disease of humans and various herbivorous domestic animals (intermediate hosts) transmitted by the contact with wild and domestic carnivores (definitive hosts), mainly foxes and dogs. Recently, a vaccine was developed showing high levels of protection against one parasite haplotype (G1) of Echinococcus granulosus, and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 353
Liang Y - - 2000
The aim of this study was to investigate whether Tanshinone II A (Tan II A) can induce human acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells to differentiate or not in primary culture. The APL cells from 5 cases were cultured respectively with Tan II A at the concentration of 0.5 microgram/ml for ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 353
Lei Ping - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the anti-lymphoproliferative effect of the prepared recombinant chimeric human/murine anti-cluster of differentiation(CD) 71 monoclonal antibody (AbCD71), which is composed of mouse-derived, antigen-binding variable regions and human-derived constant regions. METHODS: After plasmids construction and transfection, the expression of AbCD71 in the transfectoma supernatant was determined by the sandwich ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 353
Huang Xiangyang - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Using oligonucleotide microarray, many IFN-inducible genes have been found to be highly expressed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from most patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Among these IFN-inducible genes, IFN-induced protein with tetratricopeptide repeats 4 (IFIT4) is a novel gene whose function is unknown. METHODS: In this ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 353
El Moussi Awatef A National Influenza Centre-Tunis, Unit Virology, Microbiology Laboratory, Charles Nicolle's Hospital, Tunis, Tunisia. - - 2013
We present major results concerning isolation and determination of the nucleotide sequence of hemagglutinin (HA1) of the pandemic (H1N1)pdm09 influenza viruses found in Tunisia. Amino acid analysis revealed minor amino acid changes in the antigenic or receptor-binding domains. We found mutations that were also present in 1918 pandemic virus, which ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 353
Gumprich T - - 2004
We report a rare case of a neuroendocrine carcinoma located in the esophagus of a 62-year-old male patient. The initial diagnosis of a "small-cell tumor" was based on biopsy. Our diagnosis was based on the histomorphological examination of the resected material. Diagnostic criteria were the characteristic solid or clustered growth ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 353
Lee Dong U - - 2004
The linked IL-4 and IL-13 cytokine genes, which are activated and silenced in T helper (Th) 2 and Th1 cells, respectively, are flanked by the equivalently expressed RAD50 and KIF3A genes. A scan of DNase I hypersensitivity and DNA methylation across approximately 100 kb of the KIF3A/IL-4/IL-13/RAD50 cluster revealed differences ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 353
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