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Kudo Y Y - - 1990
The diseases known as the Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Syndrome include hepatic angiosarcoma, acroosteolysis and Raynaud's phenomenon. These, however, are known to be clinically recognizable from several to over 10 years after the actual exposure to VCM. By fluorescence microscopy the authors examined smeared samples of peripheral blood obtained from ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 512
Schröter C - - 1991
A 59-year-old potter presented with lead polyneuropathy after 37 years of occupational exposure. There was a 25-year history of normochromic normocytic anaemia with moderate basophilic stippling, mild renal failure, hyperuricaemia and abnormal porphyrins. Since 1964 three short psychotic episodes were noted. Cranial computed tomography showed extensive bilateral symmetrical calcification in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 512
Verheij Joanne - - 2009
We describe the case of a 40-year old Iranian man who was admitted to our hospital with severe abdominal pain, abnormal liver function tests and normocytic anemia. Suffering from multiple sclerosis, he was a regular user of opium for pain relief. Basophilic stippling of erythrocytes pointed towards the diagnosis of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 512
Hermann J - - 1984
We have studied the diagnostic efficiency of some biological tests in 59 consecutive patients whom we suspected to be poisoned by lead from drinking water. This diagnosis was confirmed in 30 patients in whom EDTA-promoted urinary excretion of lead was greater than 800 micrograms/24 hr. The measurement of delta-ALA (delta-aminolevulinic ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 512
Kasili E G - - 1977
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 504
Vander Meeren Sam S Department of Laboratory Hematology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium, - - 2014
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 500
Valentine W N - - 1985
The human erythrocyte generates high-energy adenosine triphosphate by anaerobic glycolysis and cycles oxidized and reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate by the aerobic pentose phosphate shunt pathway. Certain enzymopathies of the pentose phosphate shunt are associated with hemolysis resulting from oxidative denaturation of hemoglobin. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, an X-chromosome-linked disorder, is ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 497
Cooper P H - - 1986
The microscopic appearance of eruptive xanthoma (EX) presents the potential for misinterpretation as granuloma annulare (GA). Both exhibit one or multiple lesions in the superficial reticular dermis. Both have a perivascular and interstitial inflammatory cell infiltrate. Extracellular lipid in EX separates and disrupts the reticular dermis, simulating necrobiosis. There are ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 482
Paglia D E - - 1975
Similarities between lead-induced anemia and a new hereditary erythorenzymopathy involving pyrimidine-specific 5'-nucleotidase prompted studies of the effects of lead on this and other erythrocyte enzymes. In vitro incubations of normal mature erythrocytes demonstrated that significant inhibition of pyrimidine 5'-nucleotidase occurred in the presence of lead at concentrations that had minimal ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 477
Yeruham I - - 2003
Infection with Babesia bovis was diagnosed in a 2-day-old female calf apparently transmitted in utero. The calf was born as the second calving to a cross-bred beef cow permanently on pasture. Diagnosis was based upon identification of B. bovis in peripheral blood smears and clinical signs which included fever, jaundice, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Hochholzer Karina K MBBS, Emergency Medicine Registrar, Emergency Department, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, - - 2014
Case study A woman aged 34 years presented to hospital with a history of progressive shortness of breath, palpitations, decreased exercise tolerance and generalised arthralgia over the previous month. A full blood count revealed normochromic normocytic anaemia and a haemoglobin level of 66 g/L. The blood film showed basophilic stippling ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Johnson James G JG 3rd Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, - - 2014
A 2.5-year-old intact male Roborovski hamster (Phodopus roborovskii) was presented with a large subcutaneous mass overlying the abdomen, affecting the animal's ambulation and access to different compartments of the cage through narrow tubing. Ultrasound examination delineated a well-circumscribed mass in the subcutis of the caudoventral abdominal region. The mass was ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Egger M - - 2008
A 33-year-old previously healthy man was admitted to the hospital with a 6-day history of diffuse abdominal pain and constipation. He was afebrile, looked unwell with a pale skin and displayed an elevated blood pressure. He had no peritoneal sign, and bowel sounds were normal. Blood tests were remarkable for ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Mount M E - - 1984
Strychnine toxicosis is characterized by inducible tetanic seizures and metaldehyde poisoning by fine fasciculations progressing to generalized tremors and seizures. Intoxication with 1080 causes seizures, random running movements, vomiting, defecation, urination, acidosis and hyperglycemia. Intoxication with rodenticides causing coagulopathy is characterized by hemorrhage into body cavities but not necessarily external ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Huang Jin-Bo - - 2012
To explore the clinical significance of genetic detection and changes of red cell enzyme activities of pyrimidine 5' nucleotidase (P5'N), pyruvate kinase (PK) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) in patients with α-thalassaemia (α-thal). Three α-thal patients were further processed to gene detection by PCR-trans-dot blot and gap-PCR, and red cell enzymes ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Christopher M M - - 1992
In conclusion, many specialized tests for the evaluation of anemia and RBC abnormalities can readily be performed in-house or by commercial laboratories. Tests include RBC indices, examination of blood smears (for morphological changes, infectious agents, basophilic stippling, and polychromasia), reticulocyte counts, iron stains, serum iron determinations, Heinz body counts, and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Dunbabin D W - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of lead poisoning following ingestion of Indian herbal medicine. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 37-year-old man presented with a history of abdominal pain, anorexia and malaise. He had recently returned from a trip to India where he had been taking two different herbal tonics. Investigation revealed low-grade ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Polizopoulou Z S - - 1994
In a total number of 275 dogs of various ages, sex and breed, blood lead concentrations (BLC) and erythrocyte ALAD activity were measured. Sixty-six of the dogs were living in lead mining areas (Group A), 157 in urban areas (Group B) and 52 in rural areas (Group C) of Greece. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Papanikolaou Nikolas C - - 2005
Lead is a metal which has been associated with human activities for the last 6000 years. In ancient civilizations, uses of lead included the manufacture of kitchen utensils, trays, and other decorative articles. However, lead is also toxic to humans, with the most deleterious effects on the hemopoietic, nervous, reproductive ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Hershko C - - 1984
Eleven patients from the West Bank village of Es-Sawiyeh were admitted with lead poisoning to two Jerusalem hospitals between November 1982 and January 1983. They all belonged to several households of a single large family. Colicky abdominal pains were present in five patients, weakness in four, behavioral changes ranging from ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
López López R M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A decrease in hemoglobin production is probably the main cause of anemia observed in patients poisoned by lead although hemolysis caused by the effects on membrane or by inhibition of other enzymes such as 5'-pyrimidine nucleotidase may also play a key role. The main lead exposure source comes from ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
LeBlanc Casey J - - 2004
A 9-year-old intact male Miniature Schnauzer presented laterally recumbent, cachexic, and dehydrated with multiple firm bone masses and a bilaterally enlarged prostate. Fine-needle aspiration of a rib mass revealed numerous basophilic polygonal to fusiform cells predominantly found in small to large clusters. The cells exhibited cytologic criteria of malignancy and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Akiyama M - - 1989
The morphology of mast cells in the skin lesion from a case of urticaria pigmentosa was observed using light and electron microscopy. Furthermore, the IgE deposition on mast cells in the lesion was studied with immunoelectron microscopy. Diaminobenzidine reaction and 4-chloro-naphthol reaction were used to detect endogenous peroxidase activity in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Vayá A - - 1983
A total of 200 cases of thalassaemia trait, 102 of F thalassaemia and 98 of A2 thalassaemia were studied, evaluating haematometric, and morphological aspects of both groups. Significantly higher values were found in F thalassaemia for PCV, MCV and MCH, with 33.5% of women and 52% of men being found ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Aksu Tekin T Department of Hematology, Ankara Children's Hematology and Oncology Research Hospital , Ankara , - - 2014
Abstract Hb Adana (HBA1: c.179G > A) is a very rare, unstable form of α-globin variant that results from deficient synthesis of functional α chains. We present a 2-month-old boy with hypochromic microcytic anemia, and remarkable anisocytosis, target cells and basophilic stippling on his peripheral blood smear. α-Globin gene analysis of the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Lorenzo A V - - 1978
An animal model for asymptomatic and overt lead toxicity is presented in which rabbit pups, 1 to 30 days of age, were fed a milk supplement containing Pb(NO3)2. Reduced body growth, increased mortality, hematologic abnormalities, kidney and liver histopathology, as well as encephalopathy, were observed in rabbits 2 to 30 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Boes Katie - - 2009
An adult castrated male Golden Retriever of unknown age was presented with a history of weight loss and progressive left thoracic limb lameness. On physical examination, a solid mass was palpated on the left scapula that had areas of lysis on radiographs and an area of cortical bone loss on ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 471
Seip M - - 1999
The disease is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme pyrimidine-5'-nucleotidase in the erythrocytes. About 50 cases have been published. We have diagnosed the disease in a pair of siblings from Numedal, Norway. Although this is a rare disorder it has a world-wide distribution. It is inherited as an autosomal ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 462
Lukaszewska Janina - - 2008
An 11-year-old female Dachshund was presented with depression, diarrhea, weight loss, and radiographic evidence of masses involving the liver, spleen, and cranial lobe of the right lung. Results of a CBC included severe nonregenerative anemia (HCT 14.2%, hemoglobin, 4.3 g/dL, reticulocytes 66,000/microL) with marked metarubricytosis (nucleated RBCs 6.39 x 10(3)/microL). ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 456
Magni Giulio - - 2013
In mammals, cellular 5'-nucleotidase (5'-NT) activity (EC 3.1.3.5) encompasses a number of genetically and structurally distinct enzyme forms, either membrane-bound or soluble, mainly cytosolic, that are characterized by broad specificity towards nucleoside 5'-monophosphate substrates differing in base (purine/pyrimidine) and/or sugar (oxy/deoxy-ribose) moieties. In particular, among the cytosolic 5'-NTs active towards ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 456
Pranjić Nurka - - 2002
The aim of this study was to made assessment of health effects in 37 workers exposed to gasoline, and its constituents at gasoline stations between 1985 and 1996. Thirty-seven persons who had been exposed to gasoline for more than five years were examined. The evaluation included a medical / occupational ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 456
Mihalache Cornelia - - 2004
The objective of this article is to present a series of 12 cases with the chronic lead poisoning produced after a short but intensive professional exposure (in average 12-14 hours per day, 41.6 days) at mineral dust and oxides containing lead (technical revision of a oven and of a furnace ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 456
Kojima S S Institute of Environmental Toxicology, Ibaraki, - - 1999
In order to clarify age-related changes in hematological values of normal rats after birth, blood samples from neonatal F344 rats of both sexes were examined periodically during the period from 0 to 40 days postpartum. The erythrocyte count (RBC) increased with time after birth as a function of age. In ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 456
Bianchi Paola - - 2003
Pyrimidine 5'-nucleotidase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by haemolytic anaemia, marked basophilic stippling and accumulation of pyrimidine nucleotides within the erythrocytes. The gene encoding for this enzyme (P5'N-1) has been cloned recently, and seven mutations have so far been identified in 11 unrelated families. We describe the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 456
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