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McNemee Richard B RB - - 2003
In May 2000, a dead porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum Culiver) was found on an infrequently traveled dirt road at Camp Ripley, MN. The presence of late instar Calliphoridae suggested that the porcupine died within the past 4 to 7 d. Adult carrion (Silphidae) and rove (Staphylinidae) beetles were observed under the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Gadallah A I - - 1991
Protein and nucleic acid levels from the ovaries of Hyalomma dromedarii Koch were determined during different stages of oogenesis. The concentrations of total protein, DNA, and RNA increased during oogenesis, reflecting the rapid developmental changes taking place in this tissue. Peak protein and DNA levels were reached in the fully ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Mannelli A - - 1997
Infestation of small rodents by ixodid ticks and frequency of host-seeking ticks collected by dragging were studied at Orecchiella Natural Park (Northern Apennines) in 1994 and 1995. Levels of infestation of Apodemus spp. by immature Dermacentor marginatus were higher in beech wood (5.1 larvae and 1.3 nymphs per mouse) than ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Horak I G - - 2001
The collection of the immature stages of Dermacentor rhinocerinus from host animals is described for the first time. These are the bushveld gerbil (Tatera leucogaster, from which larvae and nymphs were collected, the red veld rat (Aethomys crysophilus), from which a larva was collected, and the Natal multimammate rat (Mastomys ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Foelix R F - - 1972
Ticks were submerged in silver-protein solution, prior to fixation for electron microscopy, in order to trace the pathway of molecules in supposed tarsal chemoreceptors. Sensilla with radially arranged cuticular canals (100-200 A in diameter) leading to the centrally located dendrites show silver granules inside the canals and in the central ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Hunt L M - - 1986
Cuticular lipids were extracted from three species of Amblyomma ticks in hexane: dichloromethane and analysed by gas-liquid chromatography using both packed and capillary columns. Unlike many of the reported insect hydrocarbons, those of the Amblyomma ticks consisted mostly of branched paraffins and olefins and all three species of ticks are ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Sanches Gustavo S - - 2012
Oocyte maturation in the thelytokous parthenogenetic tick Amblyomma rotundatum was examined for the first time using light and scanning electron microscopy. The panoistic ovary lacks nurse and follicular cells and is a single continuous tubular structure forming a lumen delimited by the ovarian wall. Oocytes of tick species are usually ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Zahler M - - 1995
International Journal for Parasitology 25: 1413-1419. Dermacentor reticulatus and D. marginatus exhibit overlapping phenotypes. The possibility of conspecificity was investigated on the nucleotide level by comparing DNA sequences of the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS 2) of the rDNA gene. The inter-specific polymorphism was more than 20-times greater than the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
L'Hostis M - - 1994
A sample of 110 lactating dairy cows was examined to describe the attachment sites of female Ixodes ricinus ticks and to assess whether counts on one or two body areas can predict infestation and its level. Seventy per cent of the cows were infested by I. ricinus and the average ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Wilson M L - - 1993
The survival of unfed adult Hyalomma truncatum Koch held under different regimes of constant temperature (5, 17, 24, and 30 degrees C) and relative humidity (10, 50, and 80%) was monitored during > 1 yr. Longevity of this medically important African tick was shortest at the highest temperature and lowest ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Keirans J E - - 1998
A dichotomous identification key, with important characters illustrated by scanning electron micrographs, is provided for nymphs of the 9 species of the genus Amblyomma occurring in the United States. Species included are A. americanum (L.), A. cajennense (F.), A. dissimile Koch, A. imitator Kohls, A. inornatum (Banks), A. longirostre (Koch), ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Mitina G V - - 2011
Polymorphism of 10 Beauveria bassiana strains, isolated from Ixodes ricinus in Moldova, was evaluated using traditional (morphological and cultural properties) and molecular (RAPD patterns and ITS sequences) methods. The isolates differed greatly in morphological and cultural features, such as color, consistence, and growth rate. Four RAPD-PCR markers were used to ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Wilson M L - - 1998
Conditions influencing the distribution and abundance of Ixodes scapularis Say in North America have been the object of considerable study during the past 2 decades, resulting in new information about its expanding range, population structure, host associations, and environmental constraints. Variation in the methods, timing, or extent of sampling, the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Barnard D R - - 1989
The location of Zebu, British, and Zebu x British cattle in tick-infested plots from March through September 1986 was compared with the location of Amblyomma americanum L. in the same plots. In April, May, and June, Zebu cattle spent less time (9.3-19.4%) in tick-infested quadrats than British (44.4-63.9%) or Zebu-British ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Gern L - - 1996
Feeding ticks are generally spatially distributed in clusters on vertebrate hosts. To test the effect of clustering on transmission of a tick-borne pathogen, Borrelia burgdorferi Johnson, Schmid, Hyde, Steigerwalt & Brenner-infected Ixodes ricinus L. nymphs and uninfected I. ricinus larvae were allowed to feed together in retaining chambers on uninfected ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Farid H A - - 1996
Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu stricto is the taxonomic baseline for the R. sanguineus group of ticks which consists of four species in Egypt. Because of the potential confusion in the differentiation of species within the group, particularly in the Middle East, there is an urgent need for the development of new ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Aguirre D H - - 2000
Two llamas (Lama glama) were infested with approximately 20,000 Boophilus microplus larvae each and maintained under controlled conditions to collect the detached adult ticks. A total of 72 engorged and semi-engorged females were recovered with a mean weight of 163.0 +/- 70.6 mg. Sixty-three (87.5%) of these ticks oviposited and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Chacon Samuel C - - 2004
The host relationships for most species of the genus Amblyomma are poorly known in Brazil. The ability of A. pseudoconcolor and A. cooperi to successfully feed on horses was investigated during ongoing research on the life cycle of these two species, which are primarily associated with wildlife. Results of these ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Solberg V B - - 1995
Repellent efficacy of deet (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide) and a piperidine, AI3-37220, was evaluated topically on human volunteers against lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.), nymphs and adults in the field. AI3-37220, at 0.5 mg/cm2, provided > 90% repellency against adult and nymphal ticks over a 6-h test period and showed significantly better ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Zhioua E - - 1996
Free-living nymphs and adults from Rambouillet and Fontainebleau, 2 major forests of Ile de France, were collected to determine the infection rates of Ixodes ricinus L. by Borrelia burgdorferi (Johnson, Schmid, Hyde, Steigerwalt & Brenner). Field-collected I. ricinus nymphs and adults were screened for the presence of B. burgdorferi using ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Davey R B - - 1989
Ovicidal activity of coumaphos, diazinon, dioxathion, chlorpyrifos, and crotoxyphos applied topically at 0.125, 0.25, and 0.5% (AI) to 1-d-old, 10-d-old, and 20-d-old eggs of southern cattle tick, Boophilus microplus (Canestrini), was determined. All acaricides produced some disruption of hatching of eggs in all age classes. Coumaphos, diazinon, dioxathion, and chlorpyrifos ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Schulze T L - - 1994
To determine the feasibility of suppressing Ixodes scapularis Say populations in a large, hyperendemic residential community, several rates of granular carbaryl were applied by ground and air to the shrub layer and wooded buffers of a forested residential community during the peak activity period of nymphs. Granular carbaryl significantly reduced ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Kubasu S S - - 2007
Differences in biological parameters of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Neumann, the brown ear tick, were investigated. They included engorgement weight of larvae, nymphs and females, fecundity, size of unfed females and mean larval and nymphal duration post-repletion on rabbits to completion of the moult. Ticks were collected from four geographically isolated zones ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Ginsberg H S - - 1991
Lone star ticks, Amblyomma americanum comprised a significantly greater proportion of total ticks flagged on eastern Long Island and Fire Island, New York, in 1986 and 1990 than in samples reported by other authors from the 1940s (when A. americanum was not collected by flagging or from hosts) and the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Wüest J - - 1978
Spermatids and spermatozoa of Amblyomma hebraeum were examined by scanning and transmission electron microscopy as well as by freeze-etch and freeze-fracture techniques. The external surface of the spermatid is smooth except for a rim of two parallel grooves near the anterior apex. This rim probably marks the level at which ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Dillinger S C G - - 2002
Female Ixodes ricinus (ticks) are able to consume several times as much as their own weight in food. The body volume increases without the animal moulting. Special structural and material characteristics of the cuticular exoskeleton render this phenomenon possible. Only the alloscutum, which has a very pronounced lamellar structure, extends. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Carroll J F - - 1996
Silt fence barriers were set along pasture fencelines and evaluated as a method of restricting the dispersal of blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say, adults and nymphs from woodlands into adjacent horse pastures. The barriers received no acaricidal treatment for the 1st cohort of adults. Thereafter the woods side of the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Norval R A - - 1988
Adult Amblyomma hebraeum ticks were exposed at 14-day intervals on five sheep on 46 occasions and on three cattle on 15 occasions to determine the effects of repeated feeding. The engorged weight and percentage of ticks which fed successfully on sheep declined significantly at first but subsequently they increased. On ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Norval R A - - 1975
In the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, larvae and nymphs of Ablyomma marmoreum Koch occur in habitats in which there is tree cover and herbaceous ground cover. Immatures of A. marmoreum are parasitic on reptiles, birds, and mammals. Adults occur only on reptiles. The major host for all stages ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Carroll J F - - 2001
Host-seeking male and female blacklegged ticks, Ixodes scapularis Say, exhibited an arrestant response when contacting substances from front and rear interdigital glands of male and female white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmermann). Female I. scapularis responded positively to substances from interdigital glands on the fore legs and hind legs of female ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
De Meneghi D - - 1993
During the period 1988-1991, reptiles (23 snakes, 36 tortoises, 25 chameleons and 2 monitor lizards) from Central, Lusaka and Southern Provinces of Zambia were caught and checked for ticks. Only 2 snakes, respectively one Python sebae (Gmelin, 1789) and one Bitis arietans (Merrem, 1820), 8 tortoises, respectively seven Geochelone pardalis ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Walker A R - - 1996
The opisthosomal integument and sensilla auriformia of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Neumann larvae, nymphs, females and males, both unfed, fed, and during molt, were examined by light and electron microscopy in relation to semiochemical production. The integument consists of epidermis, endocuticle, exocuticle, epicuticle, a superficial wax layer and a variable additional deposit. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Zhu K - - 1997
Hemolytic activity was identified in the saliva of Amblyomma americanum (L.) when red blood cells from sheep were incubated with tick saliva in the presence of phosphatidylcholine and sodium deoxycholate. The hemolytic activity was destroyed by boiling or treating with trypsin. The hemolytic activity in tick saliva was calcium-dependent, and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Allan S A - - 1998
The tortoise tick Amblyomma marmoreum Koch was found to be established on a reptile facility in central Florida. Over a 5-mo period, 443 ticks were collected from tortoises, dogs, and vegetation. Collections from hosts were primarily from 3 species of exotic tortoises, including leopard tortoises, Aldabra tortoises, and yellow-footed tortoises. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Giménez-Pardo C - - 2008
In this work has been made a detection and preliminary characterization of some hydrolases in whole extracts from unfed adult males and females of Hyalomma lusitanicum, one of the vectors for Theileria annulata that causes Mediterranean theileriosis in cattle. We have elected as targets, proteases as enzymes implicated in the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Horak I G - - 1987
A variety of mammal and bird species in the Mountain Zebra National Park, eastern Cape Province, were examined for Ixodes rubicundus. In addition, caracal (Felis caracal) from the park and its vicinity as well as from the Graaff-Reinet region of the Karoo were examined. Amongst the animals collected, the red ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Nava S - - 2009
The seasonality of immature stages of Amblyomma tigrinum was studied in an area of the Chaco phytogeographical province in Córdoba, Argentina by monthly collection of larvae from ground feeding birds and Sigmodontinae rodents, and nymphs from Caviidae rodents from May 2005 to April 2007. An apparent peak of abundance was ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
De Boer R - - 1993
Chemical and mechanical methods of removing Ixodes ricinus (L.) attached to the skin of pigs and sheep were tested experimentally. Three frequently advocated chemical treatments (gasoline, fingernail polish, and methylated spirit) failed to induce self-detachment of the ticks within 30 min. Also, the success of the subsequent mechanical removal was ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Samish M - - 1999
The biocidal efficacy of entompathogenic nematodes against engorged females of Boophilus annulatus (Say) was evaluated in soil-filled buckets in a greenhouse, where conditions resemble nature. The 9 tested nematode strains differed markedly in their effect upon tick mortality. The Mexican strain of Steinernema carpocapsae was most efficient, inducing 100% tick ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Chemini C - - 1997
The most important tick-deer system potentially supporting the epidemiology of Lyme disease in the Italian Alps is that regarding Ixodes ricinus (L.) and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus L.). In this study, the pattern of tick infestation on 562 male roe deer harvested in September 1994 in 56 game districts of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Sutáková G - - 1989
Rickettsiella phytoseiuli naturally occurring in Phytoseiulus persimilis mites was cultivated in adult female Dermacentor reticulatus ticks. It demonstrates all six known developmental stages: dense, intermediate, bacterial, giant, crystal-forming and small dark particles. These stages of rickettsiae were found in salivary glands, Malpighian tubules, synganglion, ovaries, tracheal complex, haemolymph, fat body ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Gomes A F - - 1991
Rhipicephalus duttoni Neumann is a common tick species in Angola, where its distribution is sympatric with that of R. zambeziensis Walker. Evidence is presented supporting R. duttoni as a distinct species of the R. appendiculatus group. R. duttoni showed a species-specific glucose phosphate isomerase isoenzyme pattern. The ticks, which are ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Hilburn L R - - 1987
Starch gel electrophoresis was used to examine the inheritance, expression, and linkage relationships among eight enzyme genes in the winter tick, Dermacentor albipictus. A fructose-specific hexokinase (FHK), adenylate kinase (ADK), and two forms of aconitase (ACON-A, ACON-C) appeared to have monomeric quaternary structures. A glycylleucine peptidase (PEP), isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH), ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Alekseev A N - - 1996
Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato infection rate in Ixodes persulcatus Schulze maintained at different relative humidity gradients in male and females pairs, separated by sex, and in ticks of both sexes having either normal or abnormal exoskeleton were compared. Ticks were collected in the St. Petersburg Region of Russia during 1992 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Piesman J - - 1993
A standard system for infecting ticks with the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi Johnson, Schmid, Hyde, Steigerwalt & Brenner is defined. Rodents infected via tick feeding or inoculation of tick homogenates were more infectious to ticks than rodents infected with culture-derived spirochetes. White laboratory mice were more infectious than hamsters. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Dergousoff Shaun J - - 2013
Distributional ranges of the ticks Dermacentor andersoni Stiles and Dermacentor variabilis (Say) in the Canadian Prairies were determined by passive surveillance and active collection. These findings were compared with historical records of both species, particularly in the province of Saskatchewan, where the northern distributional limits of both tick species occur. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Bona Martin - - 2013
Ixodes frontalis (Panzer, 1975) is a three-host tick usually considered strictly specific to birds. The first evidence of I. frontalis from Slovakia is presented in this paper. One male and 4 nymphs were collected using the flagging method in 2 different geomorphological units, the Slovak Karst and the Zvolen basin, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Ghosh Himadri Sikhar - - 2012
The scanning electron microscope (SEM) studies on both male and female tick, Amblyomma gervaisi (Lucas 1847) inhabiting the snake Naja naja were made. Detail of the surface structures as seen under SEM exhibit sexual dimorphism and were compared with other tick species as reported. SEM observations show characteristic alloscutal ornamentation, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Onofrio Valeria Castilho - - 2013
Ixodes schulzei Aragão & Fonseca is an endemic tick to Brazil and has already been reported in the northern (State of Rondonia), southeastern (States of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo) and southern (State of Santa Catarina) regions, always found in association with the water rat Nectomys squamipes ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
Luz Hermes Ribeiro - - 2013
The aim of this paper is to record new hosts for Ixodes luciae Sénevet in the State of Para, Brazil, and present a case of malformation (teratogeny) in a nymph of this species. The new host records are Marmosa murina (parasitized by females) and Philander opossum (parasitized by nymphs). One ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 368
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