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Matthay Michael A - - 2004
In several clinical disorders, there are interactions between inflammation-dependent tissue injury and thrombin formation, fibrin deposition, and impaired fibrinolysis. New evidence generated from a mouse model of allergic airway hyperreactivity suggests that disordered coagulation and fibrinolysis may contribute to the pathogenesis of asthma. The inflammatory mechanisms that lead to airway ...
Junge Candice E - - 2004
Protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR1) is a G-protein coupled receptor that is proteolytically activated by blood-derived serine proteases. Although PAR1 is best known for its role in coagulation and hemostasis, recent findings demonstrate that PAR1 activation has actions in the central nervous system (CNS) apart from its role in the vasculature. Rodent ...
Repine Thomas - - 2004
A case is presented of a 26-year-old woman who was referred to the hematology clinic because of her report of a family history of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) deficiency. Since menarche, she had suffered from severe menorrhagia, but she had assumed that this was unrelated to her mother's history of ...
Schenone Monica - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The biochemistry of blood coagulation has been well defined over the past 50 years. Although much is known about the sequence of the proteolytic cascade and its regulation in the pathway to fibrin generation, many important questions remain unsolved about the mechanism of initiation and the structure ...
Sase Tomohiro - - 2004
We compared the levels of tissue factor (TF) mRNA in leukocytes with plasma TF antigens of patients in hypercoagulable state caused by various diseases. Flow cytometric analysis showed absence of TF antigen expression on neutrophils and monocytes in healthy subjects but strong expression in both cell types of patients with ...
Greaves M - - 2004
Jasiek MaƂgorzata - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively 10 women with the syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (HELLP)--age of patients, quality of antepartum medical care, clinical, biochemical parameters, treatment, course and duration of pregnancies, way of delivery, and puerperium. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Women in the ...
Koscielny Juergen - - 2004
The findings of a large prospective study designed to identify primary and/or secondary hemostatic disorders before surgical interventions are presented. A total of 5649 unselected adult patients were enrolled to identify impaired hemostasis before surgical interventions. Each patient was asked to answer a standardized questionnaire concerning bleeding history. Activated partial ...
Fotiadis R J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The ideal perioperative analgesia should provide effective pain relief, avoid the detrimental effects of the stress response, be simple to administer without the need for intensive monitoring, and have a low risk of complications. METHODS: This review defines the physiological effects of epidural analgesia and assesses whether the available ...
Colvin B T - - 2004
Holub Zdenek - - 2004
To assess the results and contributions of laparoscopy in the management of postoperative bleeding following laparoscopic (LH) or vaginal hysterectomy (VH). A retrospective study of a 5-year period was carried out on 1167 women who underwent laparoscopic or vaginal hysterectomy. Ten women with postoperative bleeding following laparoscopic or vaginal hysterectomy ...
Grigoryev Dmitry N - - 2004
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a complex and devastating illness, often occurring within the setting of sepsis, and carries an annual mortality rate of 30-50%. Although the genetic basis of ALI has not been fully established, an increasing body of evidence suggests that genetic predisposition contributes to disease susceptibility and ...
Boukes F S - - 2004
When choosing a method of contraception, a woman must consider the pros and cons of various methods together with her family physician. In this process, the doctor provides information on the advantages and disadvantages, while the woman decides. A sub-50 pill of the second-generation preparation is the oral contraceptive of ...
Hedner Ewa - - 2004
Few studies have evaluated patient-reported outcomes in connection with a primary event of deep venous thrombosis, partly due to a lack of disease-specific measures. The aim here was to develop a disease-specific health-related quality of life (HRQL) measure, the deep venous thrombosis quality of life questionnaire (DVTQOL), for patients with ...
Gollackner Bernd - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hyperacute rejection of vascularized discordant xenografts can now be effectively managed. However, acute vascular rejection (AVR) then ensues, resulting in graft destruction, coagulopathy, or both within weeks. The aim of this study was to determine associations between humoral responses to the xenograft and the induction of AVR, coagulopathy, or ...
Hirsh Jack - - 2005
Anticoagulants are pivotal agents for prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders. Limitations of existing anticoagulants, vitamin K antagonist and heparins, have led to the development of newer anticoagulant therapies. These anticoagulants have been designed to target specific coagulation enzymes or steps in the coagulation pathway. New anticoagulants that are under ...
Colomina Maria J MJ Department of Anaesthesiology, Hospital Universitario Vall d'Hebron, Area de Traumatología, Passeig Vall d'Hebron, 119-129, 08035 Barcelona, Spain, - - 2004
Spine surgery may be associated with profuse intraoperative bleeding that often requires blood transfusions. In recent years several techniques have been developed to avoid allogenic transfusions and their potential complications to surgical patients. In this study we review and analyse the role of preoperative recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) administration in ...
Gurfinkel Enrique P - - 2004
In the general population, mild renal impairment is associated with increases risk for coronary artery disease and stroke, suggesting that cardiovascular disease begins to develop early in the natural history of renal dysfunction. Patients with renal failure are known to be at increased risk of death following acute myocardial infarction ...
Murshed Monzur - - 2004
Extracellular matrix mineralization (ECMM) is a physiologic process in the skeleton and in teeth and a pathologic one in other organs. The molecular mechanisms controlling ECMM are poorly understood. Inactivation of Matrix gla protein (Mgp) revealed that MGP is an inhibitor of ECMM. The fact that MGP is present in ...
Conway Dwayne S G - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to test the hypothesis that there is a relationship between inflammation and the prothrombotic state in atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is associated with a prothrombotic or hypercoagulable state, which may contribute to an increased risk of stroke and thromboembolism. Inflammation may be involved in the ...
Adrie Christophe - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite advances in cardiac arrest resuscitation, neurologic impairments and other organ dysfunctions cause considerable mortality and morbidity after restoration of spontaneous cardiac activity. The mechanisms underlying this postresuscitation disease probably involve a whole-body ischemia and reperfusion syndrome that triggers a systemic inflammatory response. RECENT FINDINGS: Postresuscitation disease ...
Tarantino Michael D - - 2004
During the last 50 years, clotting factor replacement has evolved from the use of frozen plasma in the 1950s, through the serendipitous discovery of cryoprecipitate in the 1960s and the development of purified clotting factors in the 1970s and 1980s, to the era of recombinant clotting factors beginning in the ...
Chuansumrit Ampaiwan - - 2004
A national survey of patients with hemophilia and other congenital bleeding disorders in Thailand was conducted in the years 2000 to 2002. Questionnaires were sent to physicians working at hospitals throughout the country. Although the overall response rate to the questionnaires was 19%, the two highest rates of 80% and ...
Ha Sang-Yoon - - 2004
Severe chronic active Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is a rare and life-threatening illness. Although the criteria for diagnosis include chronic or recurrent infectious mononucleosis-like symptoms lasting more than 6 months and high titers of anti-EBV antibodies, clinical and laboratory findings may be heterogeneous and flexible application of those criteria is ...
Solovieva S - - 2004
The aim of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the SF-36 questionnaire among the patients with hereditary blood coagulation disorders, to compare their quality of life (QoL) to that of healthy controls, and to identify the dimensions of life the patients consider most important. Results showed ...
Marchi Rita - - 2004
Fibrinogen Caracas I is a dysfibrinogenemia with a mild bleeding tendency; a novel nonsense mutation, in the gene coding the Aalpha-chain, identified in this study as G4731T, giving rise to a new stop codon at Aalpha-Glu 467. Fibrinogen from two family members, the mother and sister of the propositus, both ...
Smith Lindsay - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of patients use herbal remedies with a potential to interact with prescribed drugs. Such interactions can be dangerous, particularly if the therapeutic window of the prescribed drug is small, as with warfarin. AIMS: Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of the use of herbal medicines ...
Kazory A - - 2004
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is reported to be capable of modifying endothelial surface with subsequent increased risk of thromboembolic complications. Nevertheless, there are only sparse reports on its role in the development of bleeding diathesis. Here we report two renal transplant recipients who manifested severe coagulation disorders associated with acute CMV ...
Hakobyan Narine - - 2004
Hemophilia is a genetic disease caused by a deficiency of blood coagulation factor VIII or IX. Bleeding into joints is the most frequent manifestation of hemophilia. Hemarthrosis results in an inflammatory and proliferative disorder termed hemophilic synovitis (HS). In time, a debilitating, crippling arthritis, hemophilic arthropathy, develops. Although the clinical ...
Rüchel R - - 2004
Invasive zygomycoses (syn. mucormycoses) are rather rare but life-threatening diseases which often take a peracute course. Particularly endangered are diabetics and patients suffering from siderophilia. Zygomycosis is regularly complicated by thrombosis and subsequent necrosis. Usually it evolves from sinusitis in a rhinocerebral form. With the use of a clinical isolate ...
Devaraj Sridevi - - 2004
Inflammation and hypercoagulability predispose to atherothrombosis and seem to be important features of the metabolic syndrome. The most convincing evidence is the association with increased levels of C-reactive protein. The hemostatic abnormality that has been most consistently associated with insulin resistance is an elevated plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 level. In contrast, ...
Giansily-Blaizot Muriel - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Inherited factor VII (FVII) deficiency is a rare bleeding disorder characterized by a poor relationship between reported FVII clotting activity (FVII:C) and bleeding tendency. Our study was aimed at defining biological parameters that are possibly predictive for bleeding risk in this condition. DESIGN AND METHODS: Forty-two FVII-deficient ...
Tallman Martin S - - 2004
The association between thrombosis, bleeding and neoplastic disease is well recognized. There are distinctive features of the thrombotic and bleeding complications associated with specific hematologic malignancies. A number of procoagulants can initiate intravascular clotting including tissue factor, cancer procoagulant and interleukin-1. The hematologic malignancy most often associated with intravascular clotting ...
Takeda Kazuyoshi - - 2004
It is believed that tumor development, outgrowth and metastasis are under the surveillance of the immune system. Although both innate and acquired immune systems play roles, innate immunity is the spearhead against tumors. Recent studies have revealed the critical role of natural killer (NK) cells in immune surveillance and that ...
Ueda Joji - - 2004
Stagnation of peripheral blood flow is the cause of various diseases. Changes in peripheral blood flow after oral administration of Kampo medicines in mice with betamethasone-induced oketsu syndrome and normal mice were examined using a laser Doppler blood flow meter. The Kampo medicines used were: Toki-shakuyaku-san; Kami-shoyo-san; Keishi-bukuryo-gan; Daio-botanpi-to; Tokaku-joki-to; ...
Casbard A C - - 2004
Summary Fresh frozen plasma is commonly used in cardiac surgery in an attempt to replace clotting factors and to decrease bleeding. Despite this, there has been no previous review of the available literature to support this practice. The aim of this review was to study the effect of prophylactic peri-operative ...
Hudecek J - - 2004
Localised and following systemic inflammatory reaction accompanying progression of infection causes generation of anti-inflammatory cytokines. They activate leucocytes, endothelium, coagulation and fibrinolysis. Sepsis is usually accompanied by already decompensated disseminated intravascular coagulation which significantly affects mortality of patients with this disease. The main cause of hypercoagulation state during sepsis seems ...
Ramos A T - - 2004
Lines of mice genetically selected for high (H) or low (L) antibody response and for maximal (AIRMAX) or minimal (AIRMIN) acute inflammatory reaction, in which the opposite extreme potentialities have been clearly defined, offer an appropriate model for investigating the environmental and genetic factors acting on innate and adaptative immunobiological ...
Tenholder Mark - - 2004
Interest is growing in blood conservation and avoidance of transfusion in patients undergoing orthopedic surgery, especially in the field of joint replacement. Several methods have proven successful in reducing intraoperative blood loss, which can translate into lessened allogeneic and autologous transfusion requirements. Available techniques include acute normovolemic hemodilution, hypotensive anesthesia, ...
Quiroga T T Clinical Laboratory and Department of Hematology-Oncology, School of Medicine, P.Catholic University of Chile, Santiago, - - 2004
We compared the template bleeding time (BT) and closure time (CT) in the PFA-100 as screening tests in 148 consecutive patients with unequivocal mucocutaneous bleeding and positive family history. drug intake, concomitant diseases including minor infections, low platelet count, diseases of secondary hemostasis. Type 1 von Willebrand disease (VWD-1) was ...
Weiskopf Richard B - - 2004
This article focuses on our current understanding of the role of activated coagulation factor VII (FVIIa) in coagulation, the current evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of recombinant FVIIa (rFVIIa), and thoughts regarding the use of rFVIIa in spine surgery. rFVIIa is approved in many countries (including the European Union ...
Prigent Hélène - - 2004
This review describes current knowledge on the mechanisms that underlie glucocorticoid insufficiency in sepsis and the molecular action of glucocorticoids. In patients with severe sepsis, numerous factors predispose to glucocorticoid insufficiency, including drugs, coagulation disorders and inflammatory mediators. These factors may compromise the hypothalamic-pituitary axis (i.e. secondary adrenal insufficiency) or ...
Shi Lei - - 2004
Gram-positive organisms like Staphylococcus aureus are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Humoral response molecules together with phagocytes play a role in host responses to S. aureus. The mannose-binding lectin (MBL, also known as mannose-binding protein) is an oligomeric serum molecule that recognizes carbohydrates decorating a broad range ...
van Gestel Aukje - - 2004
Severe sepsis is a dreaded consequence of infection and necessitates intensive care treatment. Severe sepsis has a profound impact on mortality and on hospital costs, but recent incidence data from The Netherlands are not available. The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence and incidence of severe ...
Mannucci Pier Mannuccio - - 2004
Deficiencies of coagulation factors other than factor VIII and factor IX that cause bleeding disorders are inherited as autosomal recessive traits and are rare, with prevalences in the general population varying between 1 in 500 000 and 1 in 2 million for the homozygous forms. As a consequence of the ...
Muñoz M - - 2004
Increased awareness of the potential hazards of allogenic blood transfusion, such as incompatibility reactions, metabolic and immunologic disorders, or transmission of viral diseases, has led to an emphasis on allogeneic blood alternatives. For orthopaedic surgery, several autologous transfusion modalities have emerged as alternatives to allogeneic blood transfusion, avoiding its immunomodulatory ...
Wefel J S - - 2004
Neuropsychological dysfunction associated with cancer and cancer treatment is a growing concern. Methodological limitations permeate the corpus of research in this area and have limited our understanding of the multifactorial nature of this process. The following review provides a summary of the current state of knowledge and highlights future directions.
Watling Mark - - 2004
Acquired haemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder, occurring in approximately one person in every million. The mortality from bleeding is approximately 20%. The development of autoantibodies to factor VIII is commonly associated with the postpartum period, the presence of other autoimmune disorders, malignancy, lymphoproliferative disorders and previous multiple transfusions. Nevertheless, ...
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