Search Results
Results 10551 - 10600 of 27154

Current sort is by publication date. Click to sort by relevancy

< 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 >
Meili E O - - 2004
This review focuses on symptoms, course and treatment of bleeding disorders due to hereditary coagulation factor deficiencies and acquired inhibitors, mentioning as well the pathophysiologic and molecular genetic aspects and diagnostic particularities. The review of haemophilia A and B deals with carrier problems, replacement therapy, additional haemostatic agents such as ...
Riess H - - 2004
Acquired coagulopathies regularly result from underlying diseases such as liver failure or sepsis. Optimal treatment of these underlying diseases defines longterm prognosis. In a few coagulopathies, such as immunocoagulopathies, in a relevant portion of patients an underlying disease cannot be identified. Therapeutic modulation of haemostasis aiming at the prevention of ...
Matthews David R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between tight blood pressure (BP) control and the different aspects of diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). SETTING: Nineteen hospital-based clinics in England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. DESIGN: Outcome of retinopathy status assessed by 4-field retinal photography related to allocation within ...
Wettstein Patrick - - 2004
To explore relevant changes in unexplained intraoperative bleeding, we evaluated elements of the final steps of the coagulation cascade in 226 consecutive patients undergoing elective surgery. Patients were stratified for the occurrence of unexplained intraoperative bleeding according to predefined criteria. Twenty patients (8.8%) developed unexplained bleeding. The median intraoperative blood ...
Lowe Gordon D O - - 2004
Fibrinogen is the major plasma protein coagulation factor. Low plasma fibrinogen concentrations are therefore associated with an increased risk of bleeding due to impaired primary and secondary haemostasis. Fibrinogen is a classical positive acute-phase reactant protein and is an independent predictor of coronary heart disease events. This review considers available ...
Favaloro Emmanuel J - - 2004
To assess the potential for misdiagnosis of von Willebrand disorder (vWD) and hemophilia A while following current National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) guidelines and consequent to a poorly recognized cold-activation phenomenon, we processed 39 normal citrate-anticoagulated samples by standard procedures (reference) or stored at low (approximately 4 degrees ...
Ireland Helen - - 2004
A previous study had shown a strong relationship between a variant in factor VII activating protease (FSAP G511E) and advanced carotid atheroma. In-vitro, the variant has reduced fibrinolytic but normal pro-coagulant activity, which may constitute a prothrombotic state. The current study has addressed risk for coronary heart disease in a ...
Eser B - - 2004
A 45-year-old woman presented with fever, generalized skin lesions and multiple lymphadenopathies. In her past history she had had six courses of cyclophosphamide and cisplatin combination chemotherapy 7 years ago because of an ovarian carcinoma. We found pancytopenia in the peripheral blood examination. Skin biopsy showed diffuse subcutaneous infiltration reminiscent ...
Lehrke Michael - - 2004
Obesity, the most common cause of insulin resistance, is increasingly recognized as a low-grade inflammatory state. Adipocyte-derived resistin is a circulating protein implicated in insulin resistance in rodents, but the role of human resistin is uncertain because it is produced largely by macrophages. The effect of endotoxin and cytokines on ...
Remacle C C Laboratory of Cell Biology, Institute of Life Science, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve B 1348, Belgium. - - 2004
There is evidence that malnutrition in early life induces a growth retardation leading, in adult life, to manifest components of the metabolic syndrome. However, the impact on obesity seems less clearly established. To review the effects of foetal and postnatal malnutrition on the programming of obesity in the context of ...
Tkaczyk Marcin - - 2005
The immunosuppressive agents administered to maintain the remission of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) may have a deleterious effect on several cell types. The aim of this study was to analyze platelet activation and reactivity in children with INS treated with cyclosporin A (CyA). The study groups comprised 16 children with ...
Yildirim Erkan - - 2005
This article describes the case of a 36-year-old woman who presented with a 2-day history of abdominal pain and nausea. Laboratory investigations revealed no abnormalities. Ovarian vein thrombosis was detected on ultrasound examination, and computed tomography of the pelvis and abdomen confirmed this finding. The patient was placed on anticoagulant ...
Hutton John J - - 2004
In this study we have built and mined a gene expression database composed of 65 diverse mouse tissues for genes preferentially expressed in immune tissues and cell types. Using expression pattern criteria, we identified 360 genes with preferential expression in thymus, spleen, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, lymph nodes (unstimulated or ...
Bravata Dawn M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Warfarin therapy is effective for the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. However, warfarin therapy is underutilized even among ideal anticoagulation candidates. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of warfarin in both inpatients and outpatients with atrial fibrillation within a Veterans Affairs (VA) ...
Huerta-Alardín Ana L - - 2005
Rhabdomyolysis ranges from an asymptomatic illness with elevation in the creatine kinase level to a life-threatening condition associated with extreme elevations in creatine kinase, electrolyte imbalances, acute renal failure and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Muscular trauma is the most common cause of rhabdomyolysis. Less common causes include muscle enzyme deficiencies, electrolyte ...
Kaplan Lewis J - - 2005
Acid-base abnormalities are common in the critically ill. The traditional classification of acid-base abnormalities and a modern physico-chemical method of categorizing them will be explored. Specific disorders relating to mortality prediction in the intensive care unit are examined in detail. Lactic acidosis, base excess, and a strong ion gap are ...
Pehlivanov B - - 2004
The authors present two cases of pregnant women with coagulation disorders--one with inherited deficiency of factor VII and the second with chronic hepatitis. Both cases were successfully treated with recombinant activated factor VII of coagulation (NovoSeven) in delivery. The advantages of using this product are discussed.
Gander Marie-Louise - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and of C-reactive protein (CRP) are elevated in smokers. Previous studies failed to show an association between the G-308A polymorphism in the promoter region of the TNF-alpha gene and coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated whether smoking would interact with the TNF-alpha ...
Chan Carusone Soo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation appears to play a role in the pathogenesis of vascular dementia. Given the association between Chlamydia pneumoniae and stroke, the possibility exists that previous exposure to C. pneumoniae may play a role in vascular dementia. The objective of this study was to determine if there was an ...
Chen Chun - - 2004
The integrin alpha9beta1 is expressed on migrating cells, such as leukocytes, and binds to multiple ligands that are present at sites of tissue injury and inflammation. alpha9beta1, like the structurally related integrin alpha4beta1, mediates accelerated cell migration, an effect that depends on the alpha9 cytoplasmic domain. alpha4beta1 enhances migration through ...
Rox Jutta Maria - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Genetic analysis of platelet mRNA may facilitate the diagnosis of disorders affecting the megakaryocytic-platelet lineage. Its use, however, is limited by the exceptionally small yield of platelet mRNA and the risk of leukocyte contamination during platelet preparation. METHODS: We depleted platelet suspensions of leukocytes by filtration and used a ...
Spiegel P Clint - - 2004
Factor VIII (fVIII) is a plasma glycoprotein that functions as an essential cofactor in blood coagulation. Its carboxyl-terminal "C2" domain is responsible for binding to both activated platelet surfaces and von Willebrand factor. We characterized the effect of 20 hemophilia-associated missense mutations across this domain (that all occur in patients ...
Suskind David L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Disorders of coagulation have long been associated with inflammatory bowel disease. Children, as well as adults, with both active and inactive ulcerative colitis have been found to have abnormal coagulation and fibrinolysis. Disseminated intravascular coagulation arises from an overwhelming of the haemostatic regulatory mechanisms leading to an excessive generation ...
Bösiger J - - 2004
As there is no single, simple and reliable laboratory method to test the entire hemostasis the evaluation of patients with hemorrhagic complications remains a multistep process. A detailed history and clinical examination is central in the planning and interpretation of laboratory tests. The present work emphasizes on history taking and ...
Delgado Anita V - - 2004
Epistaxis and airway trauma are often associated with nasotracheal intubation. We describe a patient with Factor IX deficiency who required nasotracheal intubation. An inexpensive, nonproprietary, rapid technique was used to reduce the trauma of intubation.
Lee Kyung N - - 2004
Alpha2-antiplasmin (alpha2AP) is the primary inhibitor of plasmin, a proteinase that digests fibrin, the main component of blood clots. Two forms of alpha2AP circulate in human plasma: a 464-residue protein with methionine as the amino-terminus (Met-alpha2AP) and an N-terminally-shortened 452-residue form with asparagine as the amino-terminus (Asn-alpha2AP). Human plasma alpha2AP ...
Linden Matthew D - - 2004
Flow cytometry is a powerful and versatile tool that can be used to yield definitive information regarding the phenotypic status of platelets. The method provides a quantitative assessment of the physical and antigenic properties of platelets (e.g., surface expression of receptors, bound ligands, components of granules, or interactions of platelets ...
Isarangkura P - - 2004
Several acquired bleeding disorders in the developing world have impacts on health, including late vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) in infants, dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF), and malaria. This paper describes their clinical manifestations, mechanisms involved, and treatment.
Tsui S L - - 2004
A retrospective analysis of 413 patients who received postoperative epidural analgesia under a standardized protocol found that 84 (20%) had a duration of epidural catheterization of greater than four days. The most common reasons were significant pain (n=64, 15%) and coagulopathy (n=26, 6%). Risk factor analysis for coagulopathy showed an ...
Tramoni G - - 2004
Amniotic fluid embolism occurs rarely but is a leading cause of maternal mortality. A high index of clinical suspicion is necessary to make an early diagnosis to reduce morbidity and mortality. We report a non-fatal case of amniotic fluid embolism occurring during a caesarean section, with special emphasis on the ...
Robinson R F - - 2004
Venom from an African bush viper is primarily hemotoxic and potentially life threatening. Existing, commercialy available antivenoms may not neutralize venom of this genus. A 25-y-old male was brought to the emergency room diaphoretic and hypotensive (70/40 mmHg) after a bite from a pet African bush viper. A puncture wound ...
King David R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that a new dressing, the Modified Rapid Deployment Hemostat (MRDH) controlled bleeding in hypothermic coagulopathic swine after traumatic liver avulsion. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the MRDH in coagulopathic trauma patients undergoing abbreviated laparotomy. METHODS: A prospective, observational clinical trial of the MRDH ...
Bueno J - - 2004
In pigs, orthotopic liver-intestine transplantation (LITX) has high per operative morbidity and mortality. It is due to hemodynamic, coagulation and metabolism disorders during native liver hepatectomy (total hepatic vascular exclusion) and the postoperative diarrhea secondary to initial dysfunction of the graft and enterectomy of native intestine. To avoid those disturbances ...
Chan P N - - 2004
A case of severe lumbar artery bleeding as a complication of percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) is presented. A 70-year-old man with coagulation disorder (factor VIII deficiency) underwent left PCN because of left hydronephrosis and abnormal renal function. The procedure was complicated by a major haemorrhage from the left first lumbar artery ...
Glueck Charles J - - 2004
A kindred was examined in which the 48-year-old white female proband with three deep venous thrombosis-pulmonary emboli events had four thrombophilic and one hypofibrinolytic mutations, and in which her 14-year-old asymptomatic daughter had four thrombophilic mutations. The proband was heterozygous for the G1691A factor V Leiden, G20210A prothrombin, and platelet ...
Rath W - - 2004
Severe preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome are still one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The current definitions of the diseases should be considered before treatment. The timely allocation to a perinatal center and an intensive monitoring of mother and child after admission are mandatory for ...
Mathew Prasad - - 2004
From its original envisioned use in patients with hemophilia and inhibitors, recombinant factor VIIa has been increasingly used in a variety of non-hemophilia bleeding/hemorrhagic situations with great efficacy. Most of the reported work has been in adult patients. This paper sets out to review its use in the pediatric non-hemophilia ...
Ray Kausik K - - 2004
Considerable progress has been made in our understanding of the pathophysiology of coronary artery disease (CAD), their acute presentations as acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and the role of LDL cholesterol. In particular there is clear evidence that atherosclerosis is far from being a process that leads to an amorphous flow ...
Gurgey Aytemiz - - 2004
A total of 360 pediatric patients aged 1 month to 18 years were diagnosed as having thrombosis between January 1998 and April 2003. Of these patients, those aged 11-18 years (n=131) were regarded as adolescents and the rest as children. The proportion of adolescents in the whole group excluding the ...
Short Mary A - - 2004
Sepsis continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized newborns and premature infants. The pathophysiology and disease state of sepsis appear to be similar between adults and children. Both groups display symptoms that indicate a systemic inflammatory response leading to coagulopathy, hypotension, inadequate perfusion of peripheral ...
Glueck Charles J - - 2004
Thrombophilia, hypofibrinolysis, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are associated with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) and spontaneous abortion (SAB) alone and concurrently. The efficacy and safety of combined enoxaparin-metformin was prospectively assessed in women with PCOS with one or more previous SAB, thrombophilia, and/or hypofibrinolysis. Twenty-four white women with PCOS were ...
Noguchi M - - 2004
The coexistence of horseshoe kidney and aortic aneurysm poses a technical challenge to the vascular surgeon during aneurysm repair. Whether to divide the renal isthmus and how to approach the aneurysm are still matters of controversy, and coagulopathy sometimes occurs in patients with nontreated abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We describe ...
Chuansumrit A - - 2004
Apart from history-taking and physical examination, laboratory investigation is one of the essential issues for the definite diagnosis of haemophilia and bleeding disorders. The limited resources of medical personnel, equipment and reagents should be shared among several departments in the hospital, especially for serving patients with common genetic diseases such ...
Dutton Richard P - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Activated factor VIIa (FVIIa) was developed to treat hemophiliacs with high-titer antibodies to factor VIII. FVIIa initiates thrombin formation by binding with exposed tissue factor. Anecdotal reports have described the utility of FVIIa in correcting coagulopathy from trauma, but no large series exists. We present our experience with 81 ...
Seelig Mildred S - - 2004
Because cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is far less common in young women than in men, but increases in prevalence in the postmenopausal years to that of men, estrogen repletion therapy (ERT) or combined hormone replacement therapy (HRT), has been widely used to protect against development of both CVD and osteoporosis, ...
Heusser Peter - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Potentized antimony is traditionally used in anthroposophic medicine to enhance hemostasis in bleeding disorders, but evidence of its effectiveness is scarce. On the other hand, non-toxic and economic additional therapeutic options for hemostatic disorders are desirable. OBJECTIVES: We examined all available literature on the subject and performed a controlled ...
Windyga Jerzy - - 2004
The aim of the study was to analyze the data on 3224 patients with inherited blood coagulation disorders registered in Poland till December 1st, 2003. In 2269 registered hemophilia patients, 1953 were hemophilia A, and 316 were hemophilia B. Hemophilia A occurs in 1512 families, and hemophilia B in 240 ...
< 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 >
Recent Searches

Search Terms in Title