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Sudo N - - 1997
In this study, the effect of restraint stress on alterations in the immune cell distribution was examined in bone marrow, liver, thymus, and spleen. In bone marrow, stress induced a striking increase in both the proportion and number of CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD8+, B220brightIgM+, CD3-IL-2R beta + and CD3intIL-2R beta + cells. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Zhou Yongqiang - - 2011
Radix Salvia miltiorrhiza (RSM), a traditional Chinese medicinal herb, has been alleged to possess therapeutic effects against senile dementia, also known as Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the effects of the major components in RSM on cytotoxicity induced by amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) and on acetylcholinesterase activity have not been studied in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Classen H G - - 1976
In accordance with the results achieved in previous experiments the intestinal absorption of magnesium and its uptake into bone of rats were significantly improved when MgCl2 or mono-magnesium-mono-aspartate-hydrochloride (Mg asp. HCl) were used instead of mono-magnesium-di-l-aspartate (Mg asp.). Treatment with mono-magnesium-mono-aspartate-hydrobromide (Mg asp. HBr) resulted in remarkably elevated magnesium concentrations ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Munz K - - 1983
The light microscopic method for demonstration of choline acetyltransferase (CAT) activity based on the formation of a lead mercaptide of free SH-acetyl Coenzyme A was adapted for electron microscopy. In samples of electric organ of Torpedo marmorata CAT activity was found to be restricted to synaptic vesicles and cysternae. The ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Vincken Walter - - 2008
Bronchodilators are key drugs in symptomatic as well as maintenance treatment of obstructive lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. The short-acting anticholinergic ipratropium bromide and the short-acting beta(2)-adrenergic receptor agonist fenoterol hydrobromide have been available for combined use both as a pressurized metered-dose inhaler and as ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Berkov Strahil - - 2012
Galanthamine-type alkaloids produced by plants of the Amaryllidaceae family are potent acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. One of them, galanthamine, has been marketed as a hydrobromide salt for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. In the present work, gas chromatography with electron impact mass spectrometry (GC-EIMS) fragmentation of 12 reference compounds isolated from various ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Mimica Ninoslav - - 2009
Involuntary emotional expression disorder (IEED) is syndrome characterized with relatively stereotypical episodes of uncontrollable crying and/or laughing. Additionally, this syndrome can include irritability, anger and frustration. This syndrome is common among a number of neurologic diseases like patients with a stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI), patients with amyotrophic lateral ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Schuh F T - - 1976
In clinical anaesthesia, galanthamine hydrobromide (Nivalin), an alkaloid of galanthus nivalis (common snowdrop) is used to reverse the neuromuscular blocking effect of curare-type muscle relaxants. A comparative study of the inhibition by galanthamine of acetylcholinesterase (AChE; PH 7,2; substrate; acetylthiocholine) and of pseudocholinesterase (ChE; ph 7,7; substrate: butyrylthiocholine) was carried ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Bund S J - - 1989
1. Chemical renal medullectomy was performed in Wistar rats by intraperitoneal injection of 2-bromoethylamine hydrobromide (200 mg/kg body weight). The effect of this treatment upon blood pressure and mesenteric vascular reactivity and morphology was studied 3 weeks after treatment. 2. Blood pressure was significantly raised in medullectomized rats. The indirect ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Fujimura A - - 1990
Our previous indirect evidences suggested that the adrenergic nervous system is involved in the mechanisms responsible for the time-dependent changes in the effects of furosemide in Wistar rats. In the present study, the role of this system was examined more directly by means of 6-hydroxydopamine-induced sympathectomy. Thirty mg/kg of 6-hydroxydopamine ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Jones T R - - 1986
Five new analogues (1c-g) of the antifolate N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (1a) are described in which the benzoyl-L-glutamate moiety was replaced by benzoic acid (desglutamyl-N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid), benzoyl-L-aspartate, 4-phenylbutyrate, benzoylglycine, and benzoyl-L-alanine. The esters of the appropriate 4-aminophenyl (benzoyl) starting materials were sequentially alkylated upon nitrogen, first with a propargyl halide and then ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Wakusawa S - - 1982
The influence of two antidepressants, iproniazid and imipramine, was examined on the antileukemic combination effect of reserpine with 1-gamma-chloropropyl-2-chloromethylpiperidine hydrobromide (CAP-2), mitomycin C, or vinblastine on L1210. While reserpine synergistically increased the life span at the dose of 2.5 mg/kg in combination with these antitumor agents, the mice given reserpine ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Santi A - - 1991
Pigeons were trained with a 0-s delayed symbolic matching-to-sample procedure to indicate whether a houselight sample stimulus was short (2 s) or long (8 s) by pecking a red or a green comparison stimulus. In Experiment 1, the pigeons received injections of scopolamine hydrobromide (0.015 mg/kg), or saline, and the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Kelly C A - - 2003
A 45-year-old man ingested 3000 mg of citalopram hydrobromide (2400 mg citalopram). He presented to the Emergency Department 2 hours post-ingestion with a pulse of 100 beats/min and blood pressure of 120/80 mmHg. His electrocardiogram (ECG) was normal. Chest X-ray showed bilateral shadowing, with no evidence of aspiration of gastric ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Abdouss Majid - - 2012
This paper describes a new method for the determination of citalopram in biological fluids using molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction as the sample cleanup technique combined with high performance liquid chromatography. The molecularly imprinted polymers were prepared using methacrylic acid as functional monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as crosslinker, chloroform as porogen ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Koshiura R - - 1980
Combined effect of twenty-one central nervous system depressants with several antitumor agents was studied in the in vitro and in vivo experimental systems, using rat ascites hepatoma call lines, AH13 and AH44, sensitive and insensitive to alkylating agents, respectively. Reserpine remarkably enhanced the cytotoxic effect of 1-(gamma-chloropropyl)-2-chloromethylpiperidine hydrobromide (CAP-2) both ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Andreani A - - 1995
The synthesis of 6-substituted 5-(thienylvinyl)imidazo[2,1-b]thiazoles and 6-thienylimidazo[2,1-b]thiazoles is reported. These compounds were tested as specific inhibitors of the NADH: ubiquinone (UBQ) reductase activity of NADH dehydrogenase in mitochondrial membranes. The 6-thienylimidazo[2,1-b]thiazoles were more potent in mammalian than in nematode mitochondria and had an average titer of 0.11 mM for 2-methyl-6-(2-thienyl)imidazo[2,1-b]thiazole ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Wood Tabitha E - - 2006
A variety of dipyrromethanes and dipyrromethenes have been prepared, and their 15N NMR chemical shifts have been measured by two-dimensional correlation to 1H NMR signals. The nitrogen atoms in five examples of dipyrromethanes consistently exhibit chemical shifts around -231 ppm, relative to nitromethane. Seven examples of hydrobromide salts of meso-unsubstituted ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Goldblum R - - 2000
More than 2200 subjects were enrolled in the MorphiDex (MS:DM) development program, with a 1:1 (weight:weight) ratio of morphine sulfate (MS) to dextromethorphan hydrobromide (DM). Of the 1400 subjects exposed to MorphiDex, more than 350 subjects were treated for at least 6 months, and over 200 subjects were treated for ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Jaffe Robert J - - 2013
The cholinergic-adrenergic hypothesis of mania and depression states that depression is characterized by an increase in central cholinergic activity relative to noradrenergic tone. Scopolamine is a centrally acting competitive inhibitor of the muscarinic cholinergic receptor site. This review seeks to find all available data investigating scopolamine as an antidepressant. A ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Rodgers R.J. - - 1995
Several lines of evidence suggest that muscarinic cholinergic receptors may play a role in fear/anxiety reactions in animals. In the present study, the behavioural effects of the muscarinic receptor antagonist scopolamine (0.125-1.0mg/kg) were examined in male mice exposed to the elevated plus-maze. In contrast to scopolamine methyl bromide, which was ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Ziola B - - 1985
Viral antigen-induced blastogenesis of lymphocytes from multiple sclerosis (MS) patients was investigated to determine if the responses were actively suppressed. We found that depletion of adherent cells increased measles and herpes simplex I virus antigen-induced transformation of MS lymphocytes. Addition of indomethacin to cultures of unfractionated MS lymphocytes also caused ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Tang A H - - 1988
Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to discriminate a subcutaneous injection of physostigmine (0.2 mg/kg) from a similar injection of saline in a two-lever, food-reinforced behavior paradigm. The training dose of physostigmine reduced the response rate to about 50% of that in saline sessions. The discriminative stimulus (DS) effect of physostigmine is ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Hawkes J J - - 1988
Dielectric measurements have been made on lysozyme-compressed powders as a function of hydration and of the pH at which the samples were lyophilised. A dielectric dispersion previously described in the literature and known as the alpha-dispersion is found to be strongly influenced by the lyophilisation pH, and reaches a maximum ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Lau S S - - 1981
Bromobenzene is metabolized via the hepatic mixed-function oxygenase system to reactive intermediates; i.e., 2,3- and 3,4-bromobenzene epoxides. These metabolites presumably bind to tissue macromolecules evoking cytotoxicity. However, the specific sites of macromolecular proteins are not known and this was investigated using microsomal protein and hemoglobin. The results indicate that 2,3- ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Bayés M - - 2003
Gateways to Clinical Trials is a guide to the most recent clinical trials in current literature and congresses. The data in the following tables has been retrieved from the Clinical Studies Knowledge Area of Prous Science Integrity, the drug discovery and development portal, http://integrity.prous.com. This issue focuses on the following ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Heckmann U - - 1988
An antihypertensive function in systemic blood pressure control has been attributed to the renal medulla. In order to examine this hypothesis normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats of the Münster strain (SHR) were chemically renomedullectomized by 2-bromoethylamine hydrobromide (BEA), injected intraperitoneally in a single dose of 200 mg/kg body weight. Within ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Albukhaty Salim - - 2013
Background: The magnetic nanoparticle-based transfection method is a relatively new technique for delivery of functional genes to target tissues. We aimed to evaluate the transfection efficiency of rat neural stem cell (NSC) using poly-L-lysine hydrobromide (PLL)-coated super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION). Methods: The SPION was prepared and coated with ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Blozovski D - - 1977
The maturation of cholinergic inhibitory mechanisms that may be involved in passive-avoidance learning was studied in rats 14, 17, 21, 25, 28, and 34 days of age. Acquisition and extinction of the conditioned response were examined under saline and atropine sulfate (5 mg/kg). Learning was also tested following scopolamine hydrobromide ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Ottani Alessandra - - 2002
(1) The present study was performed to assess the effects exerted by the cannabinoid (CB) agonist, (-)11-hydroxy-delta8-tetrahydrocannabinol-dymethylheptyl (HU 210; 12.5-50 microg/kg ip), on rodent behavioural tests involving dopamine (DA) transmission; in comparison, the DA D2 antagonist, S(-)-3-chloro-5-ethyl-N-[(1-ethyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl]-6-hydroxy-2-methoxy-benzamide hydrochloride ((-)eticlopride; 50 microg/kg sc), was used. (2) In rats, HU 210, at ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Bennett Mike - - 2002
The management of 'death rattle' was reviewed by a task group on behalf of the Association for Palliative Medicine's Science Committee. Evidence was searched for the effectiveness of various anti-muscarinic drugs in drying oropharyngeal and bronchial secretions in dying patients. Clinical guidelines were constructed based on evidence from volunteer and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Doguc Duygu K - - 2012
Scopolamine has been used in neuropsychopharmacology as a standard drug that leads to symptoms mimicking cognitive deficits seen during the aging process in healthy humans and animals. Scopolamine is known to be a nonselective muscarinic receptor blocker, but its chronic effect on the expression of certain hippocampal receptors is not ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Ledzion Ewa - - 2011
Herbs and herbal products are commonly used in food and pharmaceutical industries. The aim of this study was to test herbal plants for contamination with aflatoxins (AF), genotoxic, cancerogenic and hepatotoxic compounds which can cause immunotoxic and allergic effects as well as growth disorders. Aflatoxins were determined by high performance ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Samprasit Wipada - - 2010
This study was aimed at preparing and evaluating oral disintegrating tablets (ODTs) using a strongly cationic resin, Amberlite(®) IRP-69, to mask the bitter taste of a delivered drug, i..e. dextromethorphan hydrobromide. The drug was loaded into the resin (referred to as resinate) or physically mixed with the resin (referred to ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Taverner D - - 1984
The rat renal papilla was selectively destroyed by 2-bromoethylamine hydrobromide; increasing doses produced a graded severity of histological damage, polyuria and a reduction in urinary prostaglandin E2 excretion. Destruction of at least half of the papilla caused significant hypertension, but plasma renin concentration and plasma creatinine did not change. After ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Alimohammadi H - - 2000
The peripheral chemoreceptors of the trigeminal system in the nasal cavity are presumed to be free nerve endings arising from Adelta and C fibers. These fibers appear to be scattered throughout the nasal epithelium, and arise from the nasopalatine and ethmoid branches of the trigeminal nerve. In the present study, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Namkung-Matthai H - - 2000
Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesised by a group of enzymes called nitric oxide synthases (NOS) and oxidizes to its stable end-products nitrite (NO2-) and nitrate (NO3-) We have previously reported in an in vivo rat model that NO is an important regulator for rat bone fracture healing. This study examines ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Niggemann J - - 1993
By the use of the N-iodosuccinimide (NIS)-procedure, various glycals could be converted into 2-deoxy-2-iodoglycosyl phosphates. Treatment of glycals 1 and 7 with NIS and dibenzyl phosphate gave the corresponding alpha-1,2-trans-diaxial 2-deoxy-2-iodoglycosyl phosphates 2 and 8 as the main products. The beta-1,2-trans-diequatorial compounds 3 and 9 were isolated as by-products. Analogous ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Miczek K A - - 1975
It has been postulated that behavioral inhibition due to punishment or extinction may be mediated by brain acetylcholine, and drugs which have disinhibitory action are thought to interact with this system. This notion was tested by comparing the effects of scopolamine, physostigmine and chlordiazepoxide on punished and extinguished water consumption. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Skorzewska A - - 1993
The effect of scopolamine hydrobromide (0.4 mg s.c.) on spontaneous yawning was studied in 16 male volunteers in a double-blind study. Scopolamine (or placebo) was given 60 min before (-60 min) placebo (physiological saline s.c.) (time 0 min) and yawning monitored from -15 to +60 min by recording displacement of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Luo Rongcong - - 2011
This work reports the fabrication of layer-by-layer (LbL) polyelectrolyte coated erythrocyte carriers that provide a simple means for controlling the burst and subsequent release of lysozyme. Erythrocytes were loaded with RITC-lysozyme as model compound via the hypotonic dialysis method. An encapsulation efficiency of 41.6% and a loading amount of 12.7 pg/cell ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Folwarczna Joanna - - 2011
Glucocorticoids and β(2)-adrenergic receptor agonists are the most commonly used drugs in the treatment of asthma. Both therapies are potentially dangerous to the skeletal system. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of fenoterol, a β(2)-receptor agonist, on the development of bone changes induced by glucocorticoid ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Adler M - - 1976
The effects of atropine sulfate and scopolamine hydrobromide were investigated on the end-plate current (EPC) of frog sartorius muscle by standard voltage-clamp techniques. Both atropine and scopolamine reduced the peak EPC amplitude although scopolamine was only one-third as potent as atropine. The reduction of amplitude became more pronounced with increasing ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Ryan T J - - 1976
The lysyl ester analogue p-nitrophenyl alpha-amino-p-toluate hydrobromide was synthesized, and its reactions with thrombin, trypsin, and plasmin were studied by stopped-flow and conventional methods. Kinetic parameters were compared with those determined for the arginyl ester analogue, p-nitrophenyl p-guanidinobenzoate hydrochloride, with these enzymes. By following nitrophenol release or proflavin absorption changes ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Hildebrandt D A - - 1987
The current study was designed to evaluate whether the renal papilla participates in the natriuretic and diuretic response to atrial natriuretic factor (ANF). Papillary necrosis was induced in female rats by intravenous infusion of 2-bromoethylamine hydrobromide (BEA) 48 h prior to clearance experiments; untreated (UNT) animals served as controls. Rats ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Pilcher J J - - 1997
The effects of scopolamine hydrobromide on performance in uninterrupted and delayed radial maze trials were studied in the rat. In addition to defining errors as incorrect arm entries, errors were defined by incorrect nose pokes in a food trough and were summed across the number of correct choices remaining. The ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Keeler R - - 1989
Experiments were performed to study the effect of chemical medullectomy on the renal retention of sodium in rats with an experimental nephrotic syndrome. Nephrosis was induced in rats by a single injection of puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) and the renal excretion of water and electrolytes was monitored for 11 days. Sodium ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Flood J F - - 1984
Mice consumed solutions containing 0, 0.025, 0.050 or 0.075 mg/ml of arecoline hydrobromide (ARE) one week prior to training (T-maze, footshock, active avoidance) and a total of two weeks prior to testing memory retention. The mean daily doses of ARE were estimated to be 0, 157, 302, or 500 micrograms ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Krantic S - - 1991
Germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) is the first visible response of the oocyte of Spisula solidissima to the neurohormone serotonin. Pharmacological characterization of this response was performed by using 24 serotonin-related compounds. Dose-response curves were assessed by quantification of GVBD. Rank orders of potency obtained were among agonists: serotonin greater than ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
Bayés M - - 2004
Gateways to Clinical Trials is a guide to the most recent clinical trials in current literature and congresses. The data in the following tables has been retrieved from the Clinical Trials Knowledge Area of Prous Science Integrity(R), the drug discovery and development portal, http://integrity.prous.com. This issue focuses on the following ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 159
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