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Danchaivijitr S - - 1989
The effects of alcohol, chlorhexidine cream and iodophor cream on the infectious complications associated with intravenous catheters were studied. One hundred and fifty patients were randomly allocated into each antiseptic group. Daily cleansing and disinfecting the cut down wounds were done with the above antiseptics. Minor surgical wound infections were ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 399
Suwanpimolkul Gompol - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Contaminated blood cultures have been recognized as a bothersome issue, and continue to cause frustration for clinicians. Skin antiseptics can prevent blood culture contamination. To our knowledge, there have been no randomized studies to compare 2% alcoholic chlorhexidine and 10% aqueous povidone-iodine for venipuncture site disinfection. OBJECTIVE: This study ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 399
Robins K - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The importance of skin preparation before regional nerve blockade to prevent infection remains unchallenged. A multi-use spray chlorhexidine may have benefits over single use sachets in terms of convenience and cost, but its efficacy is unknown. We conducted a prospective randomised trial to compare spray and sachet chlorhexidine. METHODS: ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 399
Cleghorn B - - 1989
The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity of a range of Lactobacillus species to chlorhexidine, Minocycline, and Spiramycin, at a range of pH from 5.0 to 7.4. Strains of Streptococcus were also tested for their sensitivity to chlorhexidine, as a comparison between the genera. There were both ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 399
Lowbury E J - - 1973
In a comparison of three antiseptic detergent preparations for hand washing, Hibiscrub, a 4% chlorhexidine detergent solution, caused a significantly greater estimated immediate reduction of skin flora (86.7% +/- 3.0) than was obtained with Dermofax, a 0.75% chlorhexidine detergent solution (55.5% +/- 5.1), or with Disadine scrub, a povidone iodine ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 399
Sheen S - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess the comparative activity of mouthrinses containing cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) and chlorhexidine using the propensity to cause extrinsic staining in vitro as the outcome variable. METHODS: Saliva-coated clear acrylic specimens were exposed to cyclical staining regimens of either CPC or chlorhexidine followed by tea. Water and 0.2% chlorhexidine ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
Addy M - - 1978
Clinical and laboratory studies were carried out to compare the antibacterial properties of two antiseptic mouthwashes, namely 1% povidone iodine and 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate. In a group of 10 subjects after a single rinse with povidone iodine, an immediate mean fall in total salivary aerobes and anaerobes occurred, followed by ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
Rechmann P - - 1989
In a randomised double-blind study the incidence of bacteremia after two minutes mouth rinsing with chlorhexidine 0.1% followed by tooth extractions was registered. A significant reduction of bacteremia could not be observed in comparison with mouth rinsing with physiological saline solution. Tooth extractions always require the preventive administration of antibiotics ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
Miles D A - - 1993
This study compared the efficacy of pain control of two medications, used to treat recurrent aphthous stomatitis, placed under a physical barrier of cyanoacrylate. Thirty patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis were selected from the records of the Diagnostic Referral Clinic at Indiana University School of Dentistry and randomly divided into ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
Nicoletti G - - 1993
Chlorehexidine, two 4% chlorhexidine antiseptic handwashes ('Bioprep' and 'Hibiclens'), cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) and isothiazolinones ('Kathon') were tested against Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus luteus, Escherichia coli, Serratia marcescens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris and Candida albicans. The activities measured were the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum microbicidal concentration (MMC), rate of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
Siqueira José F JF - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This clinical study was undertaken to compare the effectiveness of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and 0.12% chlorhexidine digluconate as irrigants in reducing the cultivable bacterial populations in infected root canals of teeth with apical periodontitis. STUDY DESIGN: According to stringent inclusion/exclusion criteria, 32 teeth with primary intraradicular infections and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
Ke Chun-Yen - - 2010
Peritoneal fibrosis (PF) is a recognized complication of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) and can lead to ultrafiltration failure. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effects of aliskiren on chlorhexidine digluconate-induced PF in rats. The PF was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by daily administration of 0.5 mL 0.1% ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
Wallman C - - 2002
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of two different chlorhexidine regimens, varnish and gel, on mutans streptococci (MS) in the margins of restorations and in saliva. Eighteen subjects (mean age 44 years) with >250,000 MS/ml saliva and with many restored teeth were assigned to three groups, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
Magariños M C - - 2001
Antiseptic agents are widely used in hospitals, being essential when prevention and control of nosocomial infections are required. It is necessary to consider several aspects that affect the biocide activity, since they have direct incidence in hospital hygiene, health and also in the nosocomial infection rate. Organisms belonging to Staphylococcus ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
Singh A - - 2012
To cite this article: Int J Dent Hygiene DOI: 10.1111/j.1601-5037.2012.00556.x Singh A, Daing A, Dixit J. The effect of herbal, essential oil and chlorhexidine mouthrinse on de novo plaque formation. Abstract:  Background:  Brushing and flossing are the most widely accepted procedures, the 'gold standard', for controlling bacterial plaque, but these ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Monteiro A-S - - 2011
Objective: This study aimed evaluating histologically and histomorphometrically the response of the conjunctive tissue face to the implant of chlorhexidine chips in the subcutaneous tissues of rats. Study Design: In this research 35 male rats Wistar were used to analyze the biocompatibility and the degradation process of chlorhexidine chip. In ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Mullany Luke C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:Cord cleansing with chlorhexidine reduces neonatal mortality. We aimed to quantify the impact of this intervention on cord separation time and the implications of such an increase on maternal and other caretaker's acceptance of chlorhexidine in future scaled up programs.METHODS:Between June 2007 and September 2009, 29 760 newborns were randomly assigned ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Safdar Nasia N 1William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI. 2Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI. 3Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. 4Biostatistical Consulting Unit, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, - - 2014
To assess the efficacy of a chlorhexidine-impregnated dressing for prevention of central venous catheter-related colonization and catheter-related bloodstream infection using meta-analysis. Multiple computerized database searches supplemented by manual searches including relevant conference proceedings. Randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of a chlorhexidine-impregnated dressing compared with conventional dressings for prevention of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
McClure E M - - 2007
Of the 4 million neonatal deaths and 500,000 maternal deaths that occur annually worldwide, almost 99% are in developing countries and one-third are associated with infections. Implementation of proven interventions and targeted research on a select number of promising high-impact preventative and curative interventions are essential to achieve Millennium Development ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Hiraishi N - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pre-treatment by chlorhexidine on the microtensile bond strength (mTBS) of resin cements and nanoleakage at the resin-dentine interfaces. Cylindrical composite blocks were luted to human dentine using resin cements (RelyX ARC, 3M ESPE: ARC; Panavia F, Kuraray Medical Inc.: ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Ljunggren B - - 1972
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Neering H - - 1972
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Dolby J - - 1972
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
SHARVILL D - - 1965
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Gjermo P - - 1972
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
RESTELL M - - 1965
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
BIRDWOOD B - - 1965
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
BEEUWKES H - - 1957
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Frank R M - - 1973
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Wahlberg J E - - 1971
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Emilson C G - - 1973
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Hennessey T S - - 1973
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Aydin Cemalettin C Inonu University, Turgut Ozal Medical Center, Department of General Surgery, Malatya, - - 2014
The liver is the most frequent organ for placement of hydatid cyst disease. All known protoscolicidals that are used for echinococcus degeneration have a risk of caustic secondary sclerosing cholangitis. The cetrimide-chlorhexidine combination is an effective protoscolicidal agent for treatment of hydatid liver cysts. The aim of this experimental study was ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Gupta Hitesh - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the precipitate formed by using sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine as a root canal irrigant on the sealing ability of different root canal sealers, using a push-out bond strength test. Twenty single rooted premolars were used for this study. The ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Klimm W - - 1989
The plaque inhibitor chlorhexidine digluconate was used for intra- and transcanal irrigation in the endodontic treatment triad for periapical lesions (circumscribed, diffuse, fistulating, cystic, suspected cystic lesions). 50 patients were followed up by clinical and standardized radiologic studies. In another 18 patients microbiologic criteria were also used. 16 root canals ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Menderes Gulden - - 2012
: To estimate the incidence of surgical-site infection with use of chlorhexidine-alcohol compared with povidone-iodine among women undergoing cesarean deliveries. : This was a retrospective cohort review of 1,000 consecutive cases in women who underwent cesarean delivery over a 1-year interval. The primary outcome was any surgical-site infection within 30 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Han Yung - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Accidental graft contamination is a likely complication to occur in an orthopaedic sports medicine surgeon's career. There are no clinical outcome studies to direct management, and a recent survey showed that preferred management varied. Three liters of 2% chlorhexidine power irrigation has been shown to be an efficient and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Navarro-Escobar Esther E Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry. University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja, Colegio Máximo s/n, Granada, - - 2013
To assess the influence of final irrigation protocols with chlorhexidine in the coronal leakage of Enterococcus faecalis in filled root canals. Seventy single-root canals from extracted teeth were prepared using ProTaper instruments. The irrigation protocol accomplished an alternating irrigation with 5 mL of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCI) and 17% EDTA ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Kalaga A - - 1989
Chlorhexidine has been used as an aid to or replacement for oral hygiene measures in special needs groups such as the handicapped. Previous studies have indicated that spray delivery of chlorhexidine is both effective and acceptable. This study evaluated twice daily use of a 0.2% chlorhexidine spray as an adjunct ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Engelmann U - - 1981
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Maharaj Breminand - - 2012
We evaluated some of the regimens recommended for the antimicrobial prophylaxis of infective endocarditis prior to dental extraction in 160 patients. Group A patients served as the control group, group B subjects rinsed their mouths with chlorhexidene, group C subjects took 3 g amoxicillin orally and group D patients took ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Soma Vijaya L - - 2012
Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) is a topical antiseptic used in a myriad of clinical settings. Recently, CHG baths have been shown to decrease multidrug-resistant organism acquisition and infections and catheter-associated bloodstream infections. The present study examined the effects of daily bathing with CHG on the recovery and antimicrobial susceptibility of cultivable ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 395
De Siena F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the use of two chlorhexidine-based antimicrobial agents as an adjunct to mechanical therapy for the treatment of peri-implant mucositis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with peri-implant mucositis were included in the study and randomized in two groups. In addition to mechanical ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 395
Bhat Nagesh - - 2014
Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy, safety, antiplaque and antigingivitis properties of a herbal mouthwash with chlorhexidine mouthwash. Methods: A double-blinded randomized clinical trial was conducted among 72 undergraduate students with age group 18-24 years. They were randomly divided into three mouthwash group with ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 395
Shafiei Fereshteh F Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2013
Considering the possibility of remaining bacteria in the cavity or invading via microgaps, the use of antibacterial agents in adhesive restoration may be beneficial. This study evaluated the effect of chlorhexidine on immediate and long-term shear bond strength of adhesives with and without antibacterial agent to dentin. In this in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 395
Condell Orla O UCD Centre for Food Safety, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin Belfield, Dublin, Ireland ; European Program for Public Health Microbiology Training, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control Stockholm, - - 2014
Chlorhexidine is one of the most widely used biocides in health and agricultural settings as well as in the modern food industry. It is a cationic biocide of the biguanide class. Details of its mechanism of action are largely unknown. The frequent use of chlorhexidine has been questioned recently, amidst ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 395
Plaut B S - - 1980
The commercially available salts of chlorhexidine were found to interact with the hydrogel poly (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) to different extents, the affinity for the polymer decreasing in the order acetate, gluconate, chloride. The uptakes of the acetate and gluconate salts were almost entirely irreversible over the concentration range studied. The influence ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 394
Musial Witold - - 2009
The aim of this work was the evaluation of conductivity assessments for the monitoring and controlling the release study process of chlorhexidine and lidocaine hydrochloride from the ionic polyacrylic gel, applying different temperatures. According to performed measurements of release, the chlorhexidine, characterized by very low water solubility, is observed in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 394
Sanderson P J - - 1985
Seven babies born to 28 mothers who were vaginal carriers of group B streptococci and who bathed or showered with chlorhexidine during the last 2 weeks of pregnancy were colonized with an organism of the same phage type as their mothers. In contrast, nine babies of 14 carrier mothers who ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 394
Rahman M R - - 1998
The management of suppurative keratitis due to filamentous fungi presents severe problems in tropical countries. The aim was to demonstrate the efficacy of chlorhexidine 0.2% drops as an inexpensive antimicrobial agent, which could be widely distributed for fungal keratitis. Successive patients presenting to the Chittagong Eye Institute and Training Complex ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 394
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