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Singh A - - 2012
To cite this article: Int J Dent Hygiene DOI: 10.1111/j.1601-5037.2012.00556.x Singh A, Daing A, Dixit J. The effect of herbal, essential oil and chlorhexidine mouthrinse on de novo plaque formation. Abstract:  Background:  Brushing and flossing are the most widely accepted procedures, the 'gold standard', for controlling bacterial plaque, but these ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
Monteiro A-S - - 2011
Objective: This study aimed evaluating histologically and histomorphometrically the response of the conjunctive tissue face to the implant of chlorhexidine chips in the subcutaneous tissues of rats. Study Design: In this research 35 male rats Wistar were used to analyze the biocompatibility and the degradation process of chlorhexidine chip. In ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
Mullany Luke C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:Cord cleansing with chlorhexidine reduces neonatal mortality. We aimed to quantify the impact of this intervention on cord separation time and the implications of such an increase on maternal and other caretaker's acceptance of chlorhexidine in future scaled up programs.METHODS:Between June 2007 and September 2009, 29 760 newborns were randomly assigned ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
Safdar Nasia N 1William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI. 2Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI. 3Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. 4Biostatistical Consulting Unit, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, - - 2014
To assess the efficacy of a chlorhexidine-impregnated dressing for prevention of central venous catheter-related colonization and catheter-related bloodstream infection using meta-analysis. Multiple computerized database searches supplemented by manual searches including relevant conference proceedings. Randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of a chlorhexidine-impregnated dressing compared with conventional dressings for prevention of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 398
McClure E M - - 2007
Of the 4 million neonatal deaths and 500,000 maternal deaths that occur annually worldwide, almost 99% are in developing countries and one-third are associated with infections. Implementation of proven interventions and targeted research on a select number of promising high-impact preventative and curative interventions are essential to achieve Millennium Development ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Hiraishi N - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pre-treatment by chlorhexidine on the microtensile bond strength (mTBS) of resin cements and nanoleakage at the resin-dentine interfaces. Cylindrical composite blocks were luted to human dentine using resin cements (RelyX ARC, 3M ESPE: ARC; Panavia F, Kuraray Medical Inc.: ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Navarro-Escobar Esther E Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry. University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja, Colegio Máximo s/n, Granada, - - 2013
To assess the influence of final irrigation protocols with chlorhexidine in the coronal leakage of Enterococcus faecalis in filled root canals. Seventy single-root canals from extracted teeth were prepared using ProTaper instruments. The irrigation protocol accomplished an alternating irrigation with 5 mL of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCI) and 17% EDTA ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Maharaj Breminand - - 2012
We evaluated some of the regimens recommended for the antimicrobial prophylaxis of infective endocarditis prior to dental extraction in 160 patients. Group A patients served as the control group, group B subjects rinsed their mouths with chlorhexidene, group C subjects took 3 g amoxicillin orally and group D patients took ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Aydin Cemalettin C Inonu University, Turgut Ozal Medical Center, Department of General Surgery, Malatya, - - 2014
The liver is the most frequent organ for placement of hydatid cyst disease. All known protoscolicidals that are used for echinococcus degeneration have a risk of caustic secondary sclerosing cholangitis. The cetrimide-chlorhexidine combination is an effective protoscolicidal agent for treatment of hydatid liver cysts. The aim of this experimental study was ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 397
Ljunggren B - - 1972
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Neering H - - 1972
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Dolby J - - 1972
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
SHARVILL D - - 1965
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Gjermo P - - 1972
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
RESTELL M - - 1965
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
BIRDWOOD B - - 1965
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
BEEUWKES H - - 1957
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Frank R M - - 1973
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Wahlberg J E - - 1971
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Emilson C G - - 1973
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Hennessey T S - - 1973
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Klimm W - - 1989
The plaque inhibitor chlorhexidine digluconate was used for intra- and transcanal irrigation in the endodontic treatment triad for periapical lesions (circumscribed, diffuse, fistulating, cystic, suspected cystic lesions). 50 patients were followed up by clinical and standardized radiologic studies. In another 18 patients microbiologic criteria were also used. 16 root canals ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Soma Vijaya L - - 2012
Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) is a topical antiseptic used in a myriad of clinical settings. Recently, CHG baths have been shown to decrease multidrug-resistant organism acquisition and infections and catheter-associated bloodstream infections. The present study examined the effects of daily bathing with CHG on the recovery and antimicrobial susceptibility of cultivable ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Menderes Gulden - - 2012
: To estimate the incidence of surgical-site infection with use of chlorhexidine-alcohol compared with povidone-iodine among women undergoing cesarean deliveries. : This was a retrospective cohort review of 1,000 consecutive cases in women who underwent cesarean delivery over a 1-year interval. The primary outcome was any surgical-site infection within 30 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Han Yung - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Accidental graft contamination is a likely complication to occur in an orthopaedic sports medicine surgeon's career. There are no clinical outcome studies to direct management, and a recent survey showed that preferred management varied. Three liters of 2% chlorhexidine power irrigation has been shown to be an efficient and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Kalaga A - - 1989
Chlorhexidine has been used as an aid to or replacement for oral hygiene measures in special needs groups such as the handicapped. Previous studies have indicated that spray delivery of chlorhexidine is both effective and acceptable. This study evaluated twice daily use of a 0.2% chlorhexidine spray as an adjunct ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
Engelmann U - - 1981
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 396
De Siena F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the use of two chlorhexidine-based antimicrobial agents as an adjunct to mechanical therapy for the treatment of peri-implant mucositis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with peri-implant mucositis were included in the study and randomized in two groups. In addition to mechanical ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 395
Bhat Nagesh - - 2014
Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy, safety, antiplaque and antigingivitis properties of a herbal mouthwash with chlorhexidine mouthwash. Methods: A double-blinded randomized clinical trial was conducted among 72 undergraduate students with age group 18-24 years. They were randomly divided into three mouthwash group with ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 395
Shafiei Fereshteh F Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2013
Considering the possibility of remaining bacteria in the cavity or invading via microgaps, the use of antibacterial agents in adhesive restoration may be beneficial. This study evaluated the effect of chlorhexidine on immediate and long-term shear bond strength of adhesives with and without antibacterial agent to dentin. In this in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 395
Plaut B S - - 1980
The commercially available salts of chlorhexidine were found to interact with the hydrogel poly (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) to different extents, the affinity for the polymer decreasing in the order acetate, gluconate, chloride. The uptakes of the acetate and gluconate salts were almost entirely irreversible over the concentration range studied. The influence ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 395
Musial Witold - - 2009
The aim of this work was the evaluation of conductivity assessments for the monitoring and controlling the release study process of chlorhexidine and lidocaine hydrochloride from the ionic polyacrylic gel, applying different temperatures. According to performed measurements of release, the chlorhexidine, characterized by very low water solubility, is observed in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 395
Sanderson P J - - 1985
Seven babies born to 28 mothers who were vaginal carriers of group B streptococci and who bathed or showered with chlorhexidine during the last 2 weeks of pregnancy were colonized with an organism of the same phage type as their mothers. In contrast, nine babies of 14 carrier mothers who ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 395
Rahman M R - - 1998
The management of suppurative keratitis due to filamentous fungi presents severe problems in tropical countries. The aim was to demonstrate the efficacy of chlorhexidine 0.2% drops as an inexpensive antimicrobial agent, which could be widely distributed for fungal keratitis. Successive patients presenting to the Chittagong Eye Institute and Training Complex ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 395
Yusof Z A - - 1988
Chlorhexidine, an antiseptic with a wide antimicrobial spectrum, was first introduced as a general disinfectant in medical use. In dentistry, it was first used for disinfecting surgical sites and in endodontics. Its anti-plaque effect was later discovered and this lead to its widespread use as a plaque control agent available ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 394
Juliano Claudia - - 2008
The aim of this work was to investigate the suitability of some polymeric films as buccal systems for the delivery of the antiseptic drug chlorhexidine diacetate, considered as a valid adjunct in the treatment of oral candidiasis. Six different film formulations, mono- or double-layered, containing 5 or 10 mg of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 394
Shipskiń≠ A V - - 2007
Sensitivity of microflora representatives isolated from inflammatory foci from 40 patients with suppurative-inflammatory diseases of maxillo-facial region and neck to different concentrations of antiseptic preparations of polyhexametylenguanide hydrochloride (Biopag) and chlorhexidine bigluconate was tested. It was determined that 0.05-0.1% solutions of these antiseptics were optimal for these diseases treatment. Biopag ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 394
Twetman S - - 1997
The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of a chlorhexidine/thymol-containing (CHX) and a chlorhexidine/thymol/fluoride-containing (CHX + F) varnish to decrease interdental levels of mutans streptococci (MS). Eighty-two healthy schoolchildren (11-13 years) with high scores of salivary MS were selected by a screening procedure and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 394
Herrera David - - 2013
Data sourcesMedline, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases were searched along with the reference lists of all selected studies. Only English language studies were included.Study selectionRandomised controlled clinical trials comparing chlorhexidine (CHX) to placebo/control mouthrinses for oral hygiene in studies of at least four weeks duration ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 393
Ohta S - - 1990
The mechanisms of resistance of Serratia marcescens and Pseudomonas cepacia to chlorhexidine were studied. Leakage of the cellular component such as protein was observed in a chlorhexidine sensitive strain (S1) of S. marcescens when S1 was treated with chlorhexidine at 40 micrograms/ml concentration, while this phenomenon was not observed in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 393
Piovano Susana - - 2005
The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of a thymol/chlorhexidine varnish at 1% on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) in saliva applied after teaching and evaluating an oral hygiene technique and dressing the cavities to reduce the bacterial load. Streptococcus mutans levels in saliva samples and dental ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 393
Lin Shaul - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the antibacterial effect of chlorhexidine and calcium hydroxide slow-release devices on oral bacteria. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The agar diffusion test was used to evaluate the antibacterial effect of the slow-release devices Activ Point (chlorhexidine; Roeko) and Calcium Hydroxide Plus ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 393
Johnson Aaron J - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate effectiveness of an advance, at-home chlorhexidine-impregnated skin preparation cloth in decreasing the incidence of deep periprosthetic hip arthroplasty infections. Arthroplasty surgeons at the senior author's institution provided their patients with chlorhexidine-impregnated single-use cloths for use at home the night before and the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 393
Roberts Nesta - - 2011
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common complication of mechanical ventilation after endotracheal intubation. The role of chlorhexidine and tooth-brushing has been considered as a clinical intervention to reduce infection rates, however, evidence to inform this needs appraising. This paper presents a critical review on the effect of chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 393
Owens J - - 1997
The removal of plaque by toothbrushing with toothpaste is the most common form of plaque control in the developed world. However, the use of chemical adjuncts such as mouthrinses is increasing. In practice mouthrinses and toothpaste are used together, however, in many clinical trials, employed to assess mouthrinse activity, toothpaste ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 393
Fisher R G - - 1975
The comparative ability of chlorhexidine diacetate and structurally related compounds to generate surface pressure at air-water and n-hexane-water interfaces, and to adsorb to hydroxyapatite, was determined. The order of effectiveness generally evident was 1-(p-chlorophenyl)-5-n-octylbiguanide acetate is greater than chlorhexidine diacetate 1-(p-chlorophenyl)-5-n-hexylbiguanide acetate is greater than 1-(p-chlorophenyl)-5-n-propylbiguanide acetate is greater than ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 392
Fischman S - - 1975
The end point methodology did not indicate a difference between the agents. The prophylaxis effect was only demonstrable through 8 weeks, although the analysis of variance indicated a prophylaxis effect on gingival index throughout the study. An agent effect was not demonstrable in the study. The "positive control," chlorhexidine, did ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 392
Vahdaty A - - 1993
Solutions of 0.2% and 2% chlorhexidine, 0.2% and 2% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and normal saline were tested for their efficacy in disinfecting dentinal tubules following root canal irrigation in vitro. Freshly extracted bovine incisor roots were prepared as cylindrical shapes, 4 mm high and 5 mm wide with a lumen ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 392
Hirata Kiyotaka - - 2002
As ingestion of chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) usually causes relatively mild symptoms, this chemical has been considered safe. An 80-y-old woman with dementia accidentally ingested approximately 200 ml of Maskin (5% CHG) in a nursing home and then presumably aspirated gastric contents. She was intubated for airway protection in the nearest ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 392
Oydna J - - 1982
Secretory IgA is usually found in high concentrations in the mucin layer of the oral mucosa. Chlorhexidine (CH) has been shown to precipitate mucin and may thus reduce the amount of IgA available in the oral cavity. Two human experiments were performed using single radial immunodiffusion (SRID) for quantitation of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 392
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