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< 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 >
Goncharevskaia O A - - 1985
The effect of cobalt on renal tubular electrolyte and water handling was studied in the newt using the method of stationary microperfusion of the proximal and early distal tubules. Na, K, Ca, Mg and Cl concentrations were measured by electron probe analysis in tubule samples. 3H inulin was used to ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Goy-Thollot I - - 2002
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of aldosterone as an initiating and/or perpetuating factor in hypertension associated with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH) in dogs. Thirteen dogs with PDH and 11 healthy control dogs were used. In all dogs, arterial blood pressure and plasma sodium, potassium, basal aldosterone, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Wu A J - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Salivary gland dysfunction has traditionally been associated with old age, and complaints of xerostomia are common in an elderly population. Measurement of certain salivary constituents can provide information about the functional ability of discrete areas of the salivary gland. To our knowledge, this is the first longitudinal study to ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Montagnani M - - 1998
Intestinal bile acid absorption is a fundamental step in the enterohepatic circulation and metabolism of these endogenous compounds. The physiology of the active, sodium coupled transport system for bile acids in the terminal ileum has been extensively studied and characterized. Structure-activity studies have elucidated the requirements for the ileal transport ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Izawa S - - 2000
Patch-clamp recordings were used to examine the osmosensitivity and mechanosensitivity of neurons in the caudal part of the nucleus tractus solitarius in coronal slices from rat brain. Firing rates and membrane potentials were measured as slices were exposed to perfusate which varied in its osmolality and/or sodium concentration. In all ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Söderberg P G - - 1989
A new procedure is described for determination of sodium and potassium in rat lenses with atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Samples were prepared by soaking of the ground or the intact lens in deionized water. For potassium determinations HNO3 dissolution was also tried. Deionized water or CsCl aqueous solution was adopted for ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Huetz Philippe - - 2006
Potassium channels are membrane proteins known to select potassium over sodium ions at a high diffusion rate. We conducted ab initio calculations on a filter model of KcsA of about 300 atoms at the Hartree-Fock level of theory. Partial charges were derived from the quantum mechanically determined electrostatic potential either ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Sasaki J - - 1981
The effect of cytochalasin B (CB) on the surface structure of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells was investigated using the scanning electron microscope. The effect occurs in two steps: formation of zeiotic knobs on the cell surface and subsequent grouping of the knobs at one pole of the cell. The early ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Sassone Luciana Moura - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to analyze the in vitro antimicrobial activity of sodium hypochlorite (1% and 5%) and chlorhexidine (0.12%, 0.5% and 1%). Bacterial samples (ATCC) of Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum were submitted to a contact test. Solutions were evaluated at ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Keyhani Jacqueline - - 2006
This research reports the sensitivity of a clinical isolate of Enterococcus faecalis to sodium N-lauroylsarcosinate (sarkosyl) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), as well as the efficiency of these detergents in curing the strain. Compared to Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis was very sensitive to both detergents, with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Lolkema Juke S - - 2008
The sodium solute symporters (SSS) and neurotransmitter sodium symporters (NSS) are two families of secondary transporters that are not related in amino acid sequence. Nonetheless, recent crystal structures showed that the Na(+)/galactose (SSS) and Na(+)/leucine (NSS) transporters have similar core structures. The structural relatedness highlights the need for classification methods ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Stevens J C - - 1997
Detection thresholds for sodium chloride were compared in aqueous solution, in mixture with a sucrose masker, in mixture with a citric acid masker, and in mixture with both of these maskers together. Separately the two maskers raised the threshold of sodium chloride by three to four times, and together by ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Seeger R - - 1975
The molecular weight of phallolysin, the toxic haemolysin from Amanita phalloides, was established by gel chromatography to be 30000 daltons. The isoelectric point (I.P.) was found in Ampholine pH 7-10 at 8.34. In Ampholine pH 7-9 the gel chromatographically homogeneous phallolysin was separated into phallolysin A (I.P. 8.06) and phallolysin ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Holladay L A - - 1980
The effect of cationic, anionic and nonionic detergents on the EPR spectrum of spin-labeled somatostatin has been studied. At detergent concentrations well above the critical micelle concentration, nonionic detergents do not alter the EPR spectrum. Sodium dodecyl sulfate markedly alters both the line height ratio and the hyperfine splitting constant, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Patel K P - - 1991
To determine whether central alpha-2 adrenergic mechanisms are involved in the renal nerve mediated natriuresis and diuresis produced by acute volume expansion, urine flow and sodium excretion from innervated and denervated kidneys were measured before and after acute volume expansion (1 ml/min for 20 min) in the presence or absence ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Vislobokov A I - - 2006
Changes of the transmembrane potassium, calcium, and sodium ion currents in isolated neurons of Lymnaea stagnalis snail under the action of ecdysteroid fraction (serpisten) from Serratula coronata L. applied from outside in 0.01 -1000 microg/ml concentrations have been studied using the voltage-clamp technique. It is established for the first time ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Zafra F - - 1989
The high-affinity transport system for glycine in plasma membrane vesicles from C6 glioma cells is dependent on Na+ and also on the presence of Cl- in the incubation medium. This anion requirement is relatively specific for Cl-, since other anions are also capable of stimulating the glycine transport in the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Richard R E - - 1989
DNA topoisomerase I has been purified from homogenates of mature Xenopus laevis ovaries. The initial stages in purification of the native enzyme employed a rapid series of three chromatographic steps, followed by gel filtration performed in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. Polypeptides that might represent topoisomerase I were identified ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Wang Q - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of chitosan in the prevention of fibrous scar formation in the epidural space after laminectomy. METHOD: Fourty-eight SD rats were used as the animal model. Laminectomy was performed in lumber 1, and the exposed dura was covered with hyaluronate (group A), free fat (group B), ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Hunder G - - 1993
The effects of organic (oxophenylarsine, PhAsO 2.5-50 mumol/l) and inorganic arsenicals (As2O3 2.5-250 mumol/l; As2O5 2.5-2500 mumol/l) on intestinal transfer of water, sodium, glucose and leucine was investigated in vitro using isolated jejunal segments of male Sprague Dawley rats. All three arsenicals decreased in a dose-dependent manner the transfer of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Hohl T H - - 1981
Six Macaca nemestrina were used for induction of ankylosis by different methods. One TMJ capsule was either (a) mechanically damaged, (b) injected with sodium morrhuate, or (c) injected with a strain of Staphylococcus aureus. The other capsule served as a control. Facial asymmetry of varying degrees was evident from dry-skull ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Dichter M A - - 1983
Rat cortical neurons in 4- to 7-week-old dissociated cell cultures have action potentials (APs) which are tetrodotoxin-sensitive and appear to be generated by conventional sodium mechanisms. Approximately 10% of neurons can also generate APs when sodium channels are blocked. These latter APs are smaller, slower and sensitive to cobalt. When ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Beauwens R - - 1986
Several polycations added to the luminal solution were found to inhibit the vasopressin (ADH)-induced water flow in toad urinary bladder but not the ADH-induced increase in sodium transport or in urea permeability. Ultrastructural studies were conducted to evaluate the uptake of cationized ferritin. It was found that endocytosis of cationized ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Marks Joanne - - 2010
Transport of phosphate across intestinal and renal epithelia is essential for normal phosphate balance, yet we know less about the mechanisms and regulation of intestinal phosphate absorption than we do about phosphate handling by the kidney. Recent studies have provided strong evidence that the sodium-phosphate cotransporter NaPi-IIb is responsible for ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Vadgama J V - - 1992
The amino acid L-citrulline is an important intermediate of urea cycle and a key precursor for arginine biosynthesis. We have examined the characteristics of citrulline transport across the everted sacs of the rat small intestine. Our studies suggest that the optimal site of citrulline absorption is middle to lower ileum. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Oxford G S - - 1977
Squid giant axons were photosensitized by dyes applied internally or externally in air saturated solutions and photochemically modified by visible light. For most dyes the modifications included an irreversible block of sodium channels, a destruction of inactivation in some of the unblocked channels, and a slowing of inactivation. Internal application ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Chow L C - - 2002
A previous study showed that a sodium hexafluorosilicate-calcium chloride-based two-solution fluoride (F) rinse containing 6 mmol/l of F was more effective than a 12 mmol/l F sodium fluoride rinse in depositing F on tooth surfaces and increasing oral F levels. The present study compared the remineralization effects of these two ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Ahlgren Joakim - - 2007
The influence of pre-extractant, extractant, and post-extractant on total extracted amounts of P and organic P compound groups measured with 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (31P-NMR) in lacustrine sediment was examined. The main extractants investigated were sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and sodium hydroxide ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (NaOH-EDTA) with bicarbonate buffered dithionite (BD) or ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Gross P - - 1998
Severe hyponatremia may be chronic (days) or acute (hours), symptomatic or asymptomatic. Severe chronic symptomatic hyponatremia (serum sodium concentration < 110 to 115 mM/liter) occurs most commonly in the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). The treatment of this hyponatremia is a challenge to practicing physicians, in part because ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Osinchak J E - - 1992
Sodium chloride stimulated catalysis of oxidation of phosphatidylcholine liposomes by the soluble fraction of mackerel muscle. Chloride was determined to be the active component of the salt in this system. Sulfate also stimulated lipid oxidation. No difference was observed with either anion among sodium, potassium, or lithium cations. Redox iron ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Berndt U - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Since identification of subjects with high eczema risk by screening tests is desirable, different skin bioengineering methods were studied for their validity as predictive measures for the development of hand eczema. METHODS: 205 metalworker trainees were followed up over 2.5 years from the beginning of their apprenticeship to observe ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
James C E - - 1997
Conflicting data exist in the literature regarding the maturity of the human sense of taste during childhood and if gender influences gustatory development. To investigate these 2 questions, taste detection thresholds for the 4 common tastants sucrose, sodium chloride, citric acid, and caffeine were established for 61 young adults and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Zolla L - - 1996
The electrophoretic migration behavior of three closely related hydrophobic intrinsic membrane proteins of the photosystem II light-harvesting complex (LHC II) was investigated in free solution capillary electrophoresis at pH 8.0-10 with running electrolyte solutions containing either anionic, zwitter-ionic or nonionic detergents. The complete and repeatable separation of these proteins was ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Mebrahtu Y - - 1989
We report the characterization of 6 Leishmania tropica isolates from 2 patients with visceral leishmaniasis who were unresponsive to treatment with sodium stibogluconate. The Leishmania isolates, MHOM/KE/81/NLB-029A, -029XIB, and -029XIC and MHOM/KE/81/NLB-030I, -030B, and -030XXA, all from splenic aspirates, were characterized by cellulose acetate electrophoresis using 11 enzymes: malate dehydrogenase, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Skok V I - - 1978
Ionic mechanisms of EPSP and depolarization evoked by iontophoretically applied acetylcholine (Ach) and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) in the neurons of the rabbit isolated superior cervical ganglion (ACh-potential and 5-HT-potential, respectively) were studied using intracellular electrodes. Reversal potentials of EPSP (EEPSP) and Ach-potential (EACh) were -14.4 +/- 1.6 mV and -16.5 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Prabhananda B S - - 1996
The relaxation times associated with the delta pH decay by the combined action of valinomycin and substituted phenols have been measured with potassium ions (tau K) and sodium ions (tau Na) in soyabean phospholipid vesicle suspensions (delta pH = pH difference across vesicular membrane). In these experiments the compensating charge ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Lovisolo D - - 1977
The occurrence, in the myocardial fibers of several vertebrates, of two components, a fast and a slow one, in the depolarizing phase of the action potential, as shown by several workers, has been tested on freshwater turtle myocardium. In order to test the dependence of the fast component on external ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Löffler H - - 2001
A considerable number of people complain about enhanced skin sensitivity. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of subjective statements and objective measurable parameters in subjects with self-estimated enhanced skin susceptibility. Four-hundred-and-twenty volunteers completed a questionnaire form with a self-estimation of skin susceptibility, possible triggering factors and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Botelho M G - - 2000
The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of eight common dental antibacterial agents against three genera of bacteria which have been implicated in dentine caries, namely streptococci, lactobacilli and actinomycetes were investigated. The ultimate aim was to determine the most appropriate antibacterial agent which could be added to dental restorative materials for ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Michaelis M L - - 1981
Isolated synaptic plasma membrane vesicles developed an internal negative membrane potential (delta psi) following loading with potassium succinate and incubation in NaCl, sodium succinate, or Tris succinate media. Membrane delta psi was monitored by measuring triphenyl[3H]methylphosphonium ion ([3H]TPMP+) accumulation by these vesicles. Estimates of delta psi ranged from --6.9 mV ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Soares C R - - 2001
Several instruments and materials frequently used in prosthodontics--such as stone casts, dental impressions, interocclusal records--are classified, by the dental literature, as vehicles of transmission of infectious diseases to those who handle them. The present study aims at comparing dimensional alteration, superficial texture and compression resistance of stone dies submitted to ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Yamada K - - 1988
A sodium-dependent high-affinity [3H]-hemicholinium-3 ([3H]HCh-3) binding site was solubilized from rat striatal synaptic plasma membranes by 0.2% deoxycholate. Deoxycholate solubilization of the [3H]HCh-3 binding site was dependent upon both detergent concentration and ionic strength of the solubilization medium. Specific [3H]HCh-3 binding to the solubilized preparation was both sodium- and chloride-dependent ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
ten Cate J M - - 2008
Caries prevention might benefit from the use of toothpastes containing over 1500 ppm F. With few clinical studies available, the aim of this pH-cycling study was to investigate the dose response between 0 and 5000 ppm F of de- and remineralization of advanced (> 150 microm) enamel lesions. Treatments included ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Heidbreder E - - 1990
Recently, it has been reported that atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) reverses or prevents acute renal failure induced by norepinephrine in rats. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that vasoconstrictor doses of arginine vasopressin (VP) can induce renal ischemia and that consequent renal dysfunction is reversed by ANP infusion or bolus injections ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Oh M S - - 1989
Isotonic saline is the fluid most commonly used for treatment of asymptomatic hypotonic dehydration, but as shown in the case presented in this article, rapid increase in serum sodium may follow administration of isotonic saline, leading to the development of central pontine myelinolysis (CPM). Because the necessity of rapid correction ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
van Beers-Schreurs H M - - 1998
The effect of weaning on the absorptive capacity of the large intestine (LI) of weaned and unweaned pigs for short chain fatty acids (SCFA), sodium, potassium, and water has been determined by perfusion studies. Ligated loops were formed at four sites in the LI. In both groups the rate of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Rong Li - - 2004
An ion chromatography method for rapid and direct determination of iodide in seawater and edible salt is reported. Separation was achieved using a laboratory-made C30 packed column (100 mm x 0.32 mm i.d.) modified with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). Effects of eluent composition on retention behavior of inorganic anions have been ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Hietaranta A J - - 1990
Morphological and biochemical changes were observed in the pancreas and serum of rats after the intraperitoneal administration of selenomethionine, sodium selenite and methionine. Selenomethionine caused rapidly developing acinar cell necrosis. The first pathological changes were mitochondrial swelling and flocculent densities, and dilatation of cisternae of the endoplasmic reticulum. Zymogen granules ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Peng F - - 2009
A fibrous precursor for bone repair composites was made by coating poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) fibers with hydroxyapatite (HA) using a biomimetic method. To enhance the bonding between the HA coating and the PLLA fiber, PLLA fibers were etched with either sodium hydroxide or sodium hypochlorite to generate carboxyl groups on fiber ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Carey H V - - 1989
The influence of tonically active submucosal neurons on basal ion transport was studied using sheets of guinea pig ileum set up in flux chambers. Tetrodotoxin evoked an immediate and sustained decrease in short-circuit current that was sustained for 60 minutes compared with control tissues in which basal currents gradually decreased ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
< 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 >