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< 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 >
Walker Jay - - 2007
A best evidence topic in cardiothoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether restricting dietary salt intake would provide protection from adverse cardiovascular events or mortality. Using the reported search, 462 papers were identified of which 14 papers represented the best evidence on the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Stamler R - - 1985
Ability to safely withdraw well-controlled mild hypertensives from drugs is being tested in a three-group randomized trial. Group I (intervention) was removed from drugs after the first 2 months of nutrition counseling. Counseling is continuing through the remaining years of the trial to achieve a minimum weight loss of 10 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Damarjian Tina G - - 2004
Recent studies have indicated that, in addition to demyelination and axonal degeneration, a third factor, dysregulated ion channel expression, contributes to the pathophysiology of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and multiple sclerosis (MS). Consistent with this suggestion, upregulated expression of sodium channel Na(v)1.8 is observed in Purkinje neurons in EAE and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Takeda Y - - 1996
11 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD) modulates the access of corticosteroids to their receptors and is important in blood pressure control. The excretion of renal 11 beta-HSD (ie, NAD(+)-dependent isoform) is thought to protect renal mineralocorticoid receptors from cortisol. To examine whether endogenous renal 11 beta-HSD inhibitory factor(s) may be involved ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Ceccato A - - 1998
Liquid chromatography was employed for the determination of pirlindole enantiomers and its oxidation product dehydropirlindole (DHP). The direct separation of pirlindole enantiomers and DHP was achieved on a cellulose tris-(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate) chiral stationary phase (Chiralcel OD-R). Acetonitrile was used as the organic modifier and sodium perchlorate was used as an ionic ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Zhang Xinxin - - 2006
Large areas of northern China have alkaline soil due to the accumulation of sodium carbonates (NaHCO3, Na2CO3). To understand better how plants can tolerate alkaline soil, a cDNA library was prepared from rice (Oryza sativa L.) roots grown in the presence of NaHCO3 stress. A cDNA clone isolated from this ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Douglas R M - - 2003
Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is a component of several disease states, including obstructive sleep apnea, which results in neurocognitive and cardiovascular morbidity. Because chronic hypoxia can induce changes in metabolism and pH homeostasis, we hypothesized that CIH induces changes in the expression of acid-base transporters. Two- to three-day-old mice, exposed ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Kawano Miyuki - - 2002
The 76-kDa NtpI subunit constitutes the membrane-embedded V(0) moiety of Enterococcus hirae vacuolar type Na+-ATPase with a 16-kDa NtpK hexamer containing Na+ binding sites. In this study, we investigated the role of an arginine residue, which is highly conserved among the corresponding subunits of bacterial vacuolar-type ATPases, at position 573 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Craner Matthew J - - 2003
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is recognized to involve demyelination and axonal atrophy but accumulating evidence suggests that dysregulated sodium channel expression may also contribute to its pathophysiology. Recent studies have demonstrated that the expression of Na(v)1.8 voltage-gated sodium channels, which are normally undetectable within the CNS, is upregulated in cerebellar Purkinje ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Bolder Ulrich - - 2002
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Endotoxemia leads to reduction of bile acid transporters in the hepatocyte membrane and impaired bile acid transport. Because heat stress ameliorates other sequelae of endotoxemia, studies were performed to determine whether heat stress would correct deficient bile acid transport caused by endotoxin. METHODS: Body temperature of rats ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Gauthier A - - 1986
To compare the effect of diet, cirrhotic patients with ascites were randomised into two treatment groups: (1) a low sodium diet (21 mmol) per day or (2) an unrestricted sodium intake. Both groups received effective doses of diuretics (spironolactone or, if necessary, spironolactone and furosemide. One hundred and forty patients ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Lee T C - - 1994
We have established arsenic-resistant cells (CL3R) and their subclones from a human lung adenocarcinoma cell line (CL3). CL3R cells and their subclones were maintained in the presence of 4 microM sodium arsenite. They were 6-fold more resistant than CL3 cells to arsenite. Heme oxygenase was expressed in CL3R cells and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Voyer Janine - - 2008
In this study, we compared the effect of KNK437 (N-formyl-3, 4-methylenedioxy-benzylidene-gamma-butyrolactam), a benzylidene lactam compound, on heat shock and chemical stressor-induced hsp30 gene expression in Xenopus laevis A6 kidney epithelial cells. Previously, KNK437 was shown to inhibit HSE-HSF1 binding activity and heat-induced hsp gene expression. In the present study, Northern ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Del Castillo J R - - 1985
Two ATPase activities, a Na+-ATPase and a (Na+ + K+)-ATPase, have been found associated with sheets of basolateral plasma membranes from guinea-pig small intestinal epithelial cells. The specific activity of the former is 10-15% of the latter. The two ATPase activities differ in their affinity for Na+, their optimal pH, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Law M R - - 1991
We have previously shown that the association between salt intake and blood pressure is large and of substantial public health importance. Analysis of the average blood pressure and average sodium intake in different communities yielded estimates of the decrease in blood pressure for a given reduction in dietary sodium according ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Shirao Y - - 1998
To establish the normal waveform of the electrical responses from canine eyes, electroretinograms and the light peak were recorded in hybrid and beagle dogs under general anesthesia and artificial ventilation. The neural retinal and retinal pigment epithelial components were pharmacologically isolated by intravitreal glutamate injection and systemic sodium iodate administration, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Popova Larissa G - - 2005
The hypothesis that the primary Na+-pump, Na+-ATPase, functions in the plasma membrane (PM) of halotolerant microalga Dunaliella maritima was tested using membrane preparations from this organism enriched with the PM vesicles. The pH profile of ATP hydrolysis catalyzed by the PM fractions exhibited a broad optimum between pH 6 and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Black J A - - 1997
Following sciatic nerve transection, the expression of sodium channel III (alpha-III) transcripts increases and SNS (alpha-SNS) transcripts decreases in small (< 25 microns diameter) dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, which may reflect an interruption of retrograde transport of peripherally derived factor(s) involved in the regulation of these channels. To test ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Peterson D P - - 1992
Renal medullary cells contain high levels of (glycine) betaine, glycerophosphorylcholine (GPC), myo-inositol, and sorbitol. Two functions of these have been proposed: 1) that they are compatible osmolytes which regulate cell volume (against high external NaCl) without inhibiting proteins and 2) that methylamines (GPC and betaine) are counteracting osmolytes which stabilize ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Möller Clemens - - 2006
Steroids are known to exert direct and indirect effects on cardiovascular functions, and women have been found to be more susceptible to QT prolongation than men. Although many clinical studies have been performed, the effects of steroids on cardiac repolarization are not yet fully understood. We examined the effects of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Kirchner K A - - 1995
L-Arginine normalizes pressure natriuresis in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats. The nephron segments responsible for improvement in sodium chloride handling during L-arginine administration are unknown. Micropuncture techniques were used to examine fluid and chloride transport along superficial nephron segments in DS rats maintained on an 8% sodium diet and given L-arginine ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Cai Beibei - - 2006
The stress-activated c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase (p38) regulate apoptosis induced by several forms of cellular insults. Potential targets for these kinases include members of the Bcl-2 family proteins, which mediate apoptosis generated through the mitochondria-initiated, intrinsic cell death pathway. Indeed, the activities of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Yang Hai-Tao - - 2003
The characteristics of transepithelial transport and uptake of CPU-86017 [[7-(4-chlorbenzyl)-7,8,13,13alpha-tetrahydroberberine chloride, CTHB]], a new antiarrhythmia agent and a new derivative of berberine, were investigated on epithelial cell line (Caco-2) to further understand the absorption mechanism of berberine and its derivatives. Caco-2 cell was used. 1) The permeability coefficient from the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Rohani Seyed Salman Razavi SS Student Research Committee, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to produce microparticles with optimal aerodynamic diameter for deep lung delivery (i.e., 1-3μm) of a protein drug intended for systemic absorption, using a combination of generally regarded as safe (GRAS) excipients. Based on the preliminary experiments, mannitol, l-alanine, sodium alginate, chitosan and dipalmitoylphosphatidilcholine (DPPC) ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Baba K - - 1986
We previously showed that adrenal renin is highest in the rat zona glomerulosa (ZG) and that low sodium or high potassium and nephrectomy increase adrenal ZG renin and aldosterone. Dahl salt-sensitive rats (S) have been shown to have lower plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone and higher plasma 18-hydroxy-11-deoxycorticosterone than ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Kendall P E - - 1996
The effects of 1 to 100 mM volatile fatty acids (VFA) on the cranial dorsal rumen musculature of sheep were examined in vitro. Sodium acetate, sodium propionate and sodium butyrate, either singly or as a mixture, stimulated marked dose-dependent contractions of longitudinal muscle (LM) and internal oblique muscle (IOM). The ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Takahashi Yoshiko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether dietary intervention in free-living healthy subjects is effective in improving blood pressure levels. DESIGN: Open randomised, controlled trial. SETTING: Free-living healthy subjects in two rural villages in north-eastern Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred and fifty healthy volunteers aged 40-69 years. INTERVENTIONS: Tailored dietary education to encourage a ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
de Sá Pinheiro Ana Acacia - - 2007
In this work, an ecto-phosphatase activity of Entamoeba histolytica was characterized using intact cells. This activity presented the following biochemical characteristics: (i) it hydrolyzes p-NPP with V(max) of 8.00+/-0.22 nmol p-NP x h(-1) x 10(-5) cells and K(m) of 2.68+/-0.25 mM; (ii) it is inhibited by acid phosphatase inhibitors, such ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Wieraszko A - - 1986
The hippocampal slices were incubated with compounds which hydrolyze, modify or bind with sialic acid containing molecules. The efficiency of synaptic transmission was tested in the presence of these compounds. The size of the evoked extracellularly recorded potential following Schaffer collateral stimulation was used as an indicator of synaptic transmission ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Rajendran V M - - 2000
Na,K-ATPase activity has been identified in the apical membrane of rat distal colon, whereas ouabain-sensitive and ouabain-insensitive H,K-ATPase activities are localized solely to apical membranes. This study was designed to determine whether apical membrane Na,K-ATPase represented contamination of basolateral membranes or an alternate mode of H,K-ATPase expression. An antibody directed ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Dumaine R - - 1999
The Brugada syndrome is a major cause of sudden death, particularly among young men of Southeast Asian and Japanese origin. The syndrome is characterized electrocardiographically by an ST-segment elevation in V1 through V3 and a rapid polymorphic ventricular tachycardia that can degenerate into ventricular fibrillation. Our group recently linked the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Bevan C - - 1989
Using isolated brush border membrane vesicles from the kidney of the winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus), we have studied the effect of cadmium on L-alanine transport. Pretreatment of vesicles with 0.1 mM Cd2+ resulted in inhibition of L-alanine uptake in the presence of a NaCl (but not KCl) gradient. Inhibition was ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Shin Dong-Jik - - 2007
Brugada syndrome (BS) is an inherited cardiac disorder associated with a high risk of sudden cardiac death and is caused by mutations in the SCN5A gene encoding the cardiac sodium channel alpha-subunit (Na(v)1.5). The aim of this study was to identify the genetic cause of familial BS and characterize the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Stelzner Matthias - - 2003
Ileal mucosal stem cells expressing the sodium-dependent ileal bile acid transporter (IBAT) have been successfully transplanted into the jejunum of rodents in projects aimed at creating a "neoileum" to treat bile acid malabsorption. To find optimal harvest sites for a dog model of stem cell transplantation, the exact location of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Michimata Mari - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A close association between the expression of the sodium transporter, rat bumetanide sensitive cotransporter (rBSC), in thick ascending limb of Henle and urinary concentration has been reported. However, direct evidence for this association and the mechanism of rBSC1 expression are still to be elucidated. METHODS: Brattleboro (BB) rats weighing ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Zhou Xiaomian - - 2011
Our objective was to develop an effective method to prevent the fall in platelet count for patients with anticoagulant-dependent (AD) pseudothrombocytopenia, a spurious phenomenon due to anticoagulant-induced aggregation of platelets. We report a case of insidious multianticoagulant-dependent pseudothrombocytopenia in which AD pseudothrombocytopenia may be caused by 4 anticoagulants, eg, EDTA, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Yan Yanling Y From the Department of Pharmacology, Physiology and Toxicology, JCE School of Medicine at Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia - - 2013
Cardiotonic steroids (such as ouabain) signaling through Na/K-ATPase regulate sodium reabsorption in the renal proximal tubule. We report here that reactive oxygen species are required to initiate ouabain-stimulated Na/K-ATPase·c-Src signaling. Pretreatment with the antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine prevented ouabain-stimulated Na/K-ATPase·c-Src signaling, protein carbonylation, redistribution of Na/K-ATPase and sodium/proton exchanger isoform 3, and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Benhorin J - - 2000
Mutations in the cardiac sodium channel gene (SCN5A) can cause one variant of the congenital long-QT syndrome. The effects of some of these mutations on the alpha-subunit channel properties can be blocked by type Ib antiarrhythmic drugs. Recently, we have described a new SCN5A mutation (D1790G) that affects the channel ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Guo Xiaolu - - 2010
Processes that maximize utilization of industrial solid wastes are greatly needed. Sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate solution were used to create alkali-activated complex binders (AACBs) from class C fly ash (CFA) and other Ca-containing admixtures including Portland cement (PC), flue gas desulfurization gypsum (FGDG), and water treatment residual (WTR). Specimens ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Farquhar W B - - 1999
Exercise, salt restriction, and/or dehydration causes transient reductions in renal function that may be buffered by vasodilatory prostaglandins (PGs). Over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics have the potential to alter renal hemodynamics by inhibiting renal PGs. Therefore, we tested the renal effects of the maximal recommended dose of acetaminophen (Acet, 4 g/day) and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Soljour Gaudy - - 2004
Salmonella Enteritidis infections of egg contents can be related to external contamination of the shell. In this study, the efficacy of three commercial cleaning and/or sanitizing compounds (sodium carbonate, sodium hypochlorite, and potassium hydroxide) was evaluated for bactericidal activity at pH values of 10, 11, and 12 against various concentrations ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Wernersson Erik - - 2012
We investigated the effect of the background electrolyte (BGE) anions on the electrophoretic mobilities of the cationic amino acids arginine and lysine and the polycationic peptides tetraarginine, tetralysine, nonaarginine, and nonalysine. BGEs composed of sodium chloride, sodium propane-1,3-disulfonate, and sodium sulfate were used. For the amino acids, determination of the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Hooper S M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: There has been a monumental increase in the consumption of soft drinks, fruit juices and sport drinks in the UK, the US, and many other countries. Previous investigations have demonstrated the erosive nature of these acidic soft drinks. The aim of this investigation was to determine the protective effects ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Leite Fábio Renato Manzolli - - 2010
To compare the adhesion and maturation of blood components on chemically conditioned root surfaces. Clinical root samples of human teeth were obtained (n = 150) and manually scaled. Five groups of 30 samples were treated as follows: (1) saline solution irrigation (control); (2) 24% EDTA gel; (3) 25% citric acid ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Wright S F - - 2006
Glomalin, a glycoprotein produced by arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, is a major component of the humus fraction of soil organic matter. Glomalin is extracted from soil and hyphae of AM fungi by using sodium citrate at 121 degrees C in multiple 1-h cycles, but extensive extraction does not solubilize all ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Chattopadhyay Sandip - - 2010
This study evaluated the involvement of hypophyseal-gonadal and hypophyseal-adrenal axes as a possible mechanism of sodium arsenite toxicity in ovary and uterus by the coadministration of hCG. Subchronic treatment of 0.4 ppm of sodium arsenite/(100 g body weight day) via drinking water for seven estrous cycles significantly suppressed the plasma ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Swift Pauline A - - 2005
High blood pressure and proteinuria are the major risk factors for cardiovascular and renal disease. In black individuals, there is an increased risk of hypertension, stroke, heart failure, and kidney disease. There are no controlled studies of the effects of reducing salt intake on blood pressure and urine protein excretion ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Hurt Richard A RA Jr Biosciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States of - - 2014
Despite over three decades of progress, extraction of high molecular weight (HMW) DNA from high clay soils or iron oxide cemented clay has remained challenging. HMW DNA is desirable for next generation sequencing as it yields the most comprehensive coverage. Several DNA extraction procedures were compared from samples that exhibit ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Xu Yuanyuan - - 2013
The subcellular localization of a wheat NHX antiporter, TaNHX2, was studied in Arabidopsis protoplasts, and its function was evaluated using Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a heterologous expression system. Fluorescence patterns of TaNHX2-GFP fusion protein in Arabidopsis cells indicated that TaNHX2 localized at endomembranes. TaNHX2 has significant sequence homology to NHX sodium ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Adwan Hussamuddin H University Department of Surgery, University College London, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK. - - 2013
Although hepatocytes have a remarkable regenerative power, the rapidity of acute liver failure makes liver transplantation the only definitive treatment. Attempts to incorporate engineered three-dimensional liver tissue in bioartificial liver devices or in implantable tissue constructs, to treat or bridge patients to self-recovery, were met with many challenges, amongst which ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
< 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 >