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< 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 >
Roberts S B - - 1991
A new method for assessing the accuracy of dietary nutrient intakes in metabolic studies is described. The theoretical basis of the method is the comparison of measurements of the urine osmole excretion rate (OER, the product of urine osmolality and urine weight) with values for OER predicted from dietary nitrogen, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Drukker A - - 1986
The outcome of acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN) is still controversial. Whereas many studies show a good prognosis, particularly in children, late morphologic and functional renal abnormalities have been described. To verify this latter finding, we evaluated the sodium handling of the kidney several years after APSGN. Eleven subjects (9 children ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Teramoto Takahide - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is commonly caused by hemorrhagic colitis with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O-157. Central nervous system (CNS) involvements, including seizures, encephalopathy and brain infarction, are serious complications, but there are no useful scores for the prediction of CNS complications. METHODS: Routine laboratory data at onset of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Rijkenberg M J - - 2001
From cultures of the anoxygenic phototroph Halorhodospira halophila SL-1, an aerobic, gram-negative spirillum was isolated. This moderately halophilic, alkaliphilic bacterium was motile by means of a single polar flagellum. It is described here as Alkalispirillum mobile gen. nov., spec. nov. Phylogenetic analysis of the Alkalispirillum mobile 16S rRNA gene led ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Wilson G D - - 1977
Sodium, potassium, and chloride were determined in fetal and maternal plasma of six cows between 208 and 269 days of gestation. Blood pH and partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide also were measured in samples collected from the jugular vein of the cow and the caudal aorta and vena ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Vijverberg H P - - 1990
Neuroexcitatory symptoms of acute poisoning of vertebrates by pyrethroids are related to the ability of these insecticides to modify electrical activity in various parts of the nervous system. Repetitive nerve activity, particularly in the sensory nervous system, membrane depolarization, and enhanced neurotransmitter release, eventually followed by block of excitation, result ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Ren Jun-Li - - 2008
Wheat straw hemicelluloses were converted to novel bifunctional hemicellulosic derivatives by etherification using acrylamide as reactant and sodium hydroxide as catalyst. The degree of substitution can be monitored by altering the molar ratio of acrylamide to xylose unit in hemicelluloses in the range of 1.0-10.0 and the molar ratio of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Matthay M A - - 1998
New evidence indicates that alveolar fluid clearance is driven by active sodium transport across the alveolar epithelium. Several in vivo as well as some in vitro studies indicate that vectorial sodium transport drives fluid clearance across the alveolar epithelium. This transport process can be upregulated by both catecholamine-dependent and catecholamine-independent ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
- - 1982
Comparisons were made of the clinical effectiveness of two small groups of fluoride-containing toothpastes on the basis of published and unpublished information available to the group. One comparison showed that particular sodium fluoride/silica and stannous fluoride/calcium pyrophosphate formulations were effective in reducing the incidence of dental caries in schoolchildren and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Brosvic G M - - 1989
Taste detection thresholds for sodium chloride, sucrose, citric acid and quinine sulfate were determined with the Henkin three drop forced-choice method at stimulus volumes 0.05 ml, 0.50 ml, and 0.90 ml, with and without water rinses. Taste thresholds were inversely related to stimulus volume (median rs = -.68 and, within ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Leschinskiń≠ A F - - 1976
In experiments on rats the antiphlogistic action of sodium mephenaminate and salicylate was found to be more pronounced under conditions of ovalbumin than that of dextran inflammation. The antiphlogistic effect of sodium salicylate was greater than that of mephenaminate in ovalbumin inflammation; this correlated with a more marked drop in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Andrews N J - - 1989
A single-pass perfusion model was developed to measure net fluxes of glucose, water, sodium, and potassium across upper jejunal and duodenal mucosa in vivo in the anaesthetised rabbit. Irrigation of the gastric fundic mucosa with Michaelis' buffer (pH 8) reduced jejunal mean glucose absorption by 21.3% (P less than 0.04) ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Ghishan F K - - 1984
Zinc deficiency in humans and animals results in failure to thrive, skin lesions, loss of hair, and diarrhea. The mechanism underlying the diarrhea seen in zinc deficiency is not known. Therefore, the current study was designed to investigate net transport of water, electrolytes, and glucose from segments of small and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Serur J R - - 1982
The comparative effects of meglumine sodium diatrizoate (MSD), sodium meglumine calcium metrizoate (SMCM), and metrizamide (M) were studied in an isolated canine heart preparation. The parameters observed were coronary blood flow (CBF), myocardial contractile force (MCF), positive and negative dF/dt, and perfusion pressure during normal and ischemic perfusion conditions. MSD ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Bergen G - - 1990
We incubated ten different hydrogel lens materials in nine different artificial tear preparations and in cromolyn sodium (Opticrom) 4% at 35 degrees C for a period of 6 months. The subsequent ability of these hydrogel materials to transmit visible light was analyzed spectrophotometrically as a measure of each solution's compatibility ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Guo S B - - 1989
A single subcutaneous injection of sodium selenite at the dose of 20 mumol/kg body weight induced bilateral nuclear cataracts in suckling rats. This selenite-induced cataract incidence can be increased by pretreating animals with a glutathione synthesis inhibitor. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide electrophoresis of urea-soluble proteins from selenite-induced cataractous lenses showed ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Naylor G J - - 1976
Biochemical studies of manic-depressive psychosis usually correlates biochemical findings with current affective state and hence any significant findings could be secondary to mood change. The present study attempts to correlate measures of the erythrocyte membrane cation carrier with clinical events, remote in time from the biochemical assay. Eprythrocyte sodium concentration, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Gebauer Ruth - - 2004
The mesophilic anaerobic treatment of sludge from saline fish farm effluents (total solids (TS): 8.2-10.2 wt%, chemical oxygen demand (COD): 60-74 g/l, sodium (Na): 10-10.5 g/l) was carried out in continuously stirred tank reactors (CSTRs) at 35 degrees C. COD stabilization between 36% and 55% and methane yields between 0.114 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Vilhelmsson Oddur - - 2002
The effects of different humectants (sodium chloride, sucrose, and glycerol) on the growth of and compatible solute (glycine betaine, proline, and carnitine) uptake by the osmotolerant foodborne pathogen Staphylococcus aureus were investigated. While growth in the presence of the impermeant humectants sodium chloride and sucrose induced the accumulation of proline ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
López-Barneo J - - 1988
The ionic currents of carotid body type I cells and their possible involvement in the detection of oxygen tension (Po2) in arterial blood are unknown. The electrical properties of these cells were studied with the whole-cell patch clamp technique, and the hypothesis that ionic conductances can be altered by changes ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Scheitza E - - 1977
The effect of the novel diuretic ethyl (Z)-(3-methyl-4-oxo-5-piperidino-thiazolidin-2-ylidene) acetate (etozolin, Gö 687, Elkapin) on renal function and especially on the elimination of solutes has been investigated under clearance conditions on 25 hydrated patients with different glomerular filtration rates (GFR). On normal persons the compound caused a decrease of GFR and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Nain C K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Acetylsalicyclic acid (ASA) causes gastric mucosal damage which diminishes with continued use due to adaptation. METHODS: To determine the net effect of these processes on the gastric juice, we estimated acid, osmolality, bicarbonate concentration in nonparietal gastric juice, calcium, potassium and sodium in 18 patients (9 men; mean age ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Moe A J - - 1994
The substrate selectivity of the neutral amino acid transport systems of the b30 clone of the choriocarcinoma cell line (BeWo) were characterized. Three transport systems were identified in undifferentiated (without forskolin) and two transport systems in differentiated syncytial cells (with forskolin). In the undifferentiated b30 cells were two sodium-dependent systems ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Sassone Luciana Moura - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to analyze the in vitro antimicrobial activity of sodium hypochlorite (1% and 5%) and chlorhexidine (0.12%, 0.5% and 1%). Bacterial samples (ATCC) of Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum were submitted to a contact test. Solutions were evaluated at ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Joubert P H - - 1990
Angiotensin I was infused into 16 healthy volunteers, 8 blacks and 8 whites with diastolic blood pressures below 75 mm Hg and the infusion rate increased at 3 min intervals until a diastolic blood pressure of equal to or greater than 95 mm Hg was achieved. Blacks exhibited a significantly ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Maru G B - - 1980
Effect of isoniazid on blood ammonia levels and protein biosynthesis in tissues of Swiss mice was studied. Isoniazid treatment resulted in an elevation of the blood ammonia. It inhibited the protein biosynthesis in lung and kidney tissues of Swiss mice after 24 h of treatment. Simultaneous administration of L-arginine or ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Vasilevskaia N E - - 1978
The unit activity in the vagal lobe of medulla oblongata in response to stimulation of the mouth cavity and gills chemoreceptors with solutions of hydrochloric acid and sodium chloride was studied in immobilized carps and compared with those in the facial lobe in response to skin chemoreceptors stimulation. The firing ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Kohno Emiko - - 2008
Prostaglandin E(1) (PGE(1); Alprostadil Alfadex) is a potent vasodilator and inhibitor of platelet aggregation used to treat patients with peripheral vascular disease. The main adverse effects of intravenous PGE(1) administration, phlebitis and venous pain, arise from the unphysiologically low pH of infusion solutions. When PGE(1) infusion solutions with a pH ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Weinstock M - - 2004
Three models are described in rats which attempt to mimic morphological and behavioural pathology of Alzheimer's dementia; intracerebroventricular injection of streptozotocin (STZ), permanent bilateral carotid artery occlusion (2VO) and brain mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase inhibition by sodium azide. Learning and memory are impaired within 4 weeks in all models. This probably ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Costantin L L - - 1968
1. The effect of extracellular calcium and magnesium on the contraction threshold and on the thresholds for an increase in sodium and potassium conductance with depolarization was studied in voltage-clamped frog muscle fibres.2. A larger depolarization was required to reach each of the three thresholds when the concentration of divalent ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Watson W E - - 1986
Previous studies have reported that rats drink more saline after area postrema has been removed. The results presented here indicate that prolonged administration of angiotensin II into area postrema of unrestrained rats at 4 pmol/h also caused them to drink more saline. They drank more when angiotensin was released in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Thibonnier M - - 1983
Plasma aldosterone levels were measured as part of two suppression tests in 31 hypertensive patients on normal sodium diet and without recent treatment. Thirteen patients had essential hypertension, 6 had probable bilateral adrenal hyperplasia and 12 had confirmed Conn's adenoma. In the first test, aldosterone levels were measured in the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Noireaud J - - 1989
The effects of the glycoside saponin on ferret ventricular muscle have been investigated. Saponin produced a positive inotropic effect, the extent of which was determined by the bathing calcium concentration. If the bathing calcium concentration is reduced to levels equivalent to those found intracellularly then similar saponin concentrations are able ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Fukuda N - - 1997
Dibutyryl cyclic AMP (DBcAMP) directly stimulates the release of renin from the juxtaglomerular (JG) cells in vitro. We investigated the effect of DBcAMP on plasma renin activity (PRA) in 6 normal men and in 8 patients with primary aldosteronism (PA). A 20-min infusion of 0.33 mg/kg/min of DBcAMP significantly increased ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Chow L C - - 2002
A previous study showed that a sodium hexafluorosilicate-calcium chloride-based two-solution fluoride (F) rinse containing 6 mmol/l of F was more effective than a 12 mmol/l F sodium fluoride rinse in depositing F on tooth surfaces and increasing oral F levels. The present study compared the remineralization effects of these two ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Ormerod A D - - 1999
A double-blind, group-sequential clinical trial of acidified nitrite was performed to demonstrate the efficacy of this nitric oxide donor in treating molluscum contagiosum. Subjects received either 5% sodium nitrite co-applied with 5% salicylic acid under occlusion, or identical cream with 5% salicylic acid, omitting sodium nitrite. Active and control treatment ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Newton P - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine whether or not dietary salt intake affects the relative bioavailability of oral quinine. Salt intake has been shown to alter quinidine bioavailability. METHODS: The pharmacokinetic properties of oral quinine sulphate (600 mg salt) were investigated in seven healthy Caucasian volunteers, in a randomised, crossover ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Goulding A - - 1988
High sodium chloride intakes are regarded as a risk factor for osteoporosis because they increase the obligatory urinary calcium loss and stimulate parathyroid activity. Sodium chloride loads induce osteopenia in the rat. The effect could be due to a decrease in bone formation or a rise in bone resorption. Two ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Reed C E - - 1988
During the ragweed season of 1984 we studied 120 patients with hay fever; 58 had a history of asthma during the ragweed season the year before. They were divided into four treatment groups to receive nasal sprays of placebo, cromolyn sodium, flunisolide, or beclomethasone. In controlling hay fever symptoms all ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Thews O - - 1992
A decision support system has been developed that determines the optimal dialysate bicarbonate concentration in hemodialysis therapy for each patient individually. The knowledge about the behavior of the acid-base state during treatment has been provided by a mathematical model for the description of dynamic exchange processes during hemodialysis. This model ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Patak R V - - 1975
Furosemide and the prostaglandin synthetase inhibitor, indomethacin, were administered singly and in combination to four normal subjects and six patients with essential hypertension in order to determine whether the antihypertensive, natriuretic and other effects of furosemide could be altered by inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. In all subjects indomethacin treatment alone ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Dichter M A - - 1983
Rat cortical neurons in 4- to 7-week-old dissociated cell cultures have action potentials (APs) which are tetrodotoxin-sensitive and appear to be generated by conventional sodium mechanisms. Approximately 10% of neurons can also generate APs when sodium channels are blocked. These latter APs are smaller, slower and sensitive to cobalt. When ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Beauwens R - - 1986
Several polycations added to the luminal solution were found to inhibit the vasopressin (ADH)-induced water flow in toad urinary bladder but not the ADH-induced increase in sodium transport or in urea permeability. Ultrastructural studies were conducted to evaluate the uptake of cationized ferritin. It was found that endocytosis of cationized ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Sen B H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of titanium tetrafluoride solution on L929 fibroblasts by scanning electron microscopy. Titanium tetrafluoride was then compared with sodium fluoride and acidulated phosphate fluoride. STUDY DESIGN: Cells were treated with fluoride solutions for 1 minute either directly, through a filter ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Jakubovicz D E - - 1987
Two consequences of cerebral ischemia are cell acidification and cytotoxic edema. To test the possibility that Na+/H+ exchange mediates acid-induced edema, we measured cytoplasmic pH (pHi) and cell volume changes in C6 glioma cells that were artificially acid-loaded using weak electrolytes. pHi was monitored fluorimetrically with 2',7'-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5,6-carboxyfluorescein. Upon acidification with ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Garrett M - - 1984
Larvae of Culiseta inornata (Williston) can survive and complete development in dilutions of sea water ranging from 50-700 mosmol kg-1. The larvae hyperregulate with regard to haemolymph osmotic concentration in dilute media (50-400 mosmol kg-1) and osmoconform when external salinities exceed 400 mosmol kg-1. This pattern of osmoregulation is distinct ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Skok V I - - 1978
Ionic mechanisms of EPSP and depolarization evoked by iontophoretically applied acetylcholine (Ach) and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) in the neurons of the rabbit isolated superior cervical ganglion (ACh-potential and 5-HT-potential, respectively) were studied using intracellular electrodes. Reversal potentials of EPSP (EEPSP) and Ach-potential (EACh) were -14.4 +/- 1.6 mV and -16.5 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Danner I - - 1995
Phenotypical expression of cystic fibrosis (CF) includes decreased epithelial chloride secretion and increased sodium absorption. These anomalies produce increased water absorption and a dehydrated mucus responsible for decreased mucociliary clearance. Identification of the gene responsible for the genetic disease (CFTR for cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) together with a more ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Yanai M - - 1998
Continuous monitoring of serum solute concentrations throughout a dialysis session could be beneficial for the prevention of intradialytic morbidity such as hypotension and for the confirmation of dialysis adequacy. In this paper, we introduce a new on-line monitoring system for use during hemodialysis sessions, a system developed for the continuous ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
Ikonomidou-Turski C - - 1988
The muscarinic cholinergic agonist pilocarpine induces in rats seizures and status epilepticus followed by widespread damage to the forebrain. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of 5 non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, sodium salicylate, phenylbutazone, indomethacin, ibuprofen and mefenamic acid, on seizures produced by pilocarpine. Pretreatment of rats with ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 141
< 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 >