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< 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 >
Akera T - - 1976
Relationships among positive inotropic responses, (Na+,K+)-ATPase inhibition, and sodium pump activities were studied using paced Langendorff preparations of guinea pig heart. (Na+,K+)-ATPase activity was estimated from the initial velocity of [3H] ouabain binding in ventricular homogenates, and sodium pump activity from ouabain-sensitive 86Rb uptake of ventricular slices. These parameters were ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Ehrenfeld J - - 1989
We have investigated the possibility that the mitochondria-rich (MR) cells participate in sodium and proton transport, when the frog skin epithelium is bathed on its apical side with solutions of low Na+ concentration, by comparing transport rates with morphological observations (MR cell number and MR cell pit surface area). Frogs ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Girardin E P - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to measure changes in serum atrial natriuretic factor concentrations immediately after heart operations in children under baseline conditions and in response to continuous infusion of dopamine (2.5 and 5.0 micrograms/kg/min). During control periods, levels of atrial natriuretic factor were elevated at 190 +/- 24 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Denry I L - - 1993
Previous studies on ion exchange of dental ceramics have shown that the biaxial flexural strength can be improved by exchanging potassium for sodium ions at temperatures below the strain point. The rubidium ion is bigger than the potassium ion and can also be considered as a candidate for replacing smaller ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
De Guchtenaere A - - 2007
PURPOSE: Monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis is frequently associated with nocturnal polyuria and low urinary osmolality during the night. Initial studies found decreased vasopressin levels associated with low urinary osmolality overnight. Together with the documented desmopressin response, this was suggestive of a primary role for vasopressin in the pathogenesis of enuresis in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Rossaint R - - 1992
Controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) with positive end-expiratory airway pressure decreases urine output and renal sodium excretion. This study investigates--independent of surgical stress, general anesthesia, and sedation--the influences of antidiuretic hormone, atrial natriuretic peptide, plasma renin activity, and aldosterone on decreased urine output and renal sodium excretion during CMV with positive ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Thornton Simon N - - 2010
The constant supply of oxygen and nutriments to cells (especially neurons) is the role of the cardiovascular system. The constant supply of water (and sodium) for cardiovascular function is the role of thirst and sodium appetite and kidney function. This physiological regulation ensures that plasma volume and osmolality are maintained ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Ayus J C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema is often associated with increased intracranial pressure and can be the initial manifestation of hyponatremic encephalopathy. Marathon runners tend to develop conditions that lead to hyponatremia. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and treatment of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema in marathon runners that was associated with hyponatremic encephalopathy. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Rannou Fabrice - - 2011
Muscle immobilization leads to modification in its fast/slow contractile phenotype. Since the properties of voltage-gated sodium channels (Na(v)) are different between "fast" and "slow" muscles, we studied the effects of immobilization on the contractile properties and the Na(v) of rat peroneus longus (PL). The distal tendon of PL was cut ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
González-Núñez Daniel - - 2004
The distal nephron plays a capital role in the fine regulation of sodium reabsorption. Compared with the cortical collecting duct, much less information is available on the hormonal regulation of sodium transporter genes in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT), where the thiazide-sensitive Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC) is the major entry pathway ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Besana Alessandra A Laboratory of Cardiovascular Genetics, IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Milan, - - 2012
Beta-adrenergic receptor antagonists (β-blockers) are the therapy of choice for the long QT syndrome but their efficacy is not homogeneous: propranolol and nadolol are the most effective, whereas metoprolol is associated with more treatment failures. Propranolol has a blocking effect on the sodium current ("membrane-stabilizing" effect), and it has been ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Huang Bing S - - 2006
To integrate recent studies showing that abnormal Na transport in the central nervous system plays a pivotal role in genetic models of salt-sensitive hypertension. Na transport-regulating mechanisms classically considered to reflect renal control of the blood pressure, i.e. aldosterone-mineralocorticoid receptors-epithelial sodium channels-Na/K-ATPase, have now been demonstrated to be present in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Chantler E - - 1992
The in vitro spermicidal activity of the commonly used surfactant spermicides and the antiseptic chlorhexidine, were quantified in a statistically reproducible manner, using donor semen and image capture analysis. The spermicidal activity was expressed as the ED50 under defined assay conditions. Using these parameters, the order of spermicidal activity was: ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
O'Kell Allison L - - 2010
A 3-year-old Labrador retriever was presented to the Western College of Veterinary Medicine for a tibial plateau levelling osteotomy. While performing a pre-operative epidural, thiopental was inadvertently administered into the epidural space. Treatment included epidural saline flushing and intravenous methylprednisolone sodium succinate. No neurologic deficits were detected.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Darnell M B - - 1972
Infectious lactic dehydrogenase-elevating virus propagated in primary cultures of mouse peritoneal macrophages in the presence of (3)H-uridine and isolated by isopycnic centrifugation was found to have a density of 1.12 g/cm(3). Ribonucleic acid extracted from the virus by treatment with sodium dodecyl sulfate was single stranded with a sedimentation coefficient ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Sarker R I - - 2001
Staphylococcus lugdunensis and Corynebacterium amycolatum each have a Na(+)/glutamine cotransporter that displays an ordered reaction sequence at the extracellular surface, with sodium binding (K(m) of 6.5 mM) before glutamine (K(m) of 50 microM). Asparagine is low-affinity substrate (K(m) approximately 1 mM) for each system.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Rees W D - - 1977
The net ionic fluxes of H+ and Na+ were examined in Heidenhain pouches during damage with sodium taurocholate solution. The increase in ionic flux which occurred with taurocholate could be prevented in animals given H1 and H2 histamine antagonists in combination. The results suggest that histamine mediates changes in the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Yoshida Naoto - - 2010
The thermophilic Geobacillus bacterium catalyzed the formation of 100-μm hexagonal crystals at 60°C in a hydrogel containing sodium acetate, calcium chloride, and magnesium sulfate. Under fluorescence microscopy, crystals fluoresced upon excitation at 365 ± 5, 480 ± 20, or 545 ± 15 nm. X-ray diffraction indicated that the crystals were ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Verma Sumit S Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53201-1997, - - 2013
Hydrogen sulfide is an environmental toxicant and gaseous neurotransmitter. It is produced enterically by sulfur-reducing bacteria and invasive pathogens including Streptococcus anginosus group, Salmonella and Citrobacter. We describe putative focal hydrogen sulfide neurotoxicity after Streptococcus constellatus meningitis, treated with adjunctive sodium nitrite and hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Brugmann William Benjamin - - 2005
Susceptibilities of 12 clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates to acidified sodium nitrite (ASN) were compared. The results demonstrate that 8 of the 12 isolates exhibited enhanced survival levels in 1.5 mM ASN compared to levels in medium alone, suggesting that low concentrations of reactive nitrogen intermediates have a hormetic effect on ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Wang W - - 2001
Nifedipine, a calcium antagonist, has diuretic and natriuretic properties. However, the molecular mechanisms by which these effects are produced are poorly understood. We examined kidney abundance of aquaporins (AQP1, AQP2, and AQP3) and major sodium transporters [type 3 Na/H exchanger (NHE-3); type 2 Na-Pi cotransporter (NaPi-2); Na-K-ATPase; type 1 bumetanide-sensitive ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Ooi Beng Guat - - 2011
This study evaluates the pre-treatment of cellulose from kenaf plant to yield sugar precursors for the production of ethanol or butanol for use as biofuel additives. In order to convert the crystalline cellulosic form to the amorphous form that can undergo enzymatic hydrolysis of the glycosidic bond to yield sugars, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Choi Jae-Suk JS RIS Center, IACF, Silla University, Sasang-gu, Busan 617-736, Republic of Korea ; Department of Bio-Food Materials, Silla University, Sasang-gu, Busan 617-736, Republic of - - 2014
Constipation is a common problem in males and females. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the laxative effects of fermented rice extract (FRe) on rats with loperamide-induced constipation. FRe (100, 200 and 300 mg/kg) was administered orally once per day for six days following 1 h loperamide ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Chandel Anuj K AK Department of Biotechnology, School of Engineering of Lorena, Estrada Municipal do Campinho, University of São Paulo, Caixa Postal 116 12.602.810, Lorena, São Paulo, - - 2014
Heavy usage of gasoline, burgeoning fuel prices, and environmental issues have paved the way for the exploration of cellulosic ethanol. Cellulosic ethanol production technologies are emerging and require continued technological advancements. One of the most challenging issues is the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for the desired sugars yields after enzymatic ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Yaghoubi Gholamhossein - - 2011
A 27-year-old man with a complaint of headache, tinnitus, and visual obscuration presented to a neurologist. Neurologic evaluations, including MRI and CT scan, were within normal limit. The prescribed medicines were propranolol, sumatriptin, valproate sodium, and dexamethasone. Ophthalmic examination was associated with reduction of visual acuity of eyes, bilateral uveitis, ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Alwaal Amjad - - 2012
Introduction. Calyceal diverticular stones are uncommon findings that represent a challenge in their treatment, due to the technical difficulty in accessing the diverticulum, and the high risk of their recurrence. Current percutaneous technique for calyceal diverticular stones involves establishing a renal access, clearing the stone, and fulguration of the diverticular ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Thorn J A - - 1996
1. In mammals, nucleoside transport is an important determinant of the pharmacokinetics, plasma and tissue concentration, disposition and in vivo biological activity of adenosine as well as nucleoside analogues used in antiviral and anticancer therapies. 2. Two broad types of adenosine transporter exist, facilitated-diffusion carriers and active processes driven by ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Wanka F - - 1977
In vitro cultured bovine liver cells were labelled with radioactive thymidine and dissolved in 0.5% sodium dodecyl sulphate. Centrifugation of the lysate through sucrose gradients in a zonal rotor revealed a slowly sedimenting fraction of preferentially pulse labelled DNA. The DNA of this zone was further analysed by chromatography on ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Aley S B - - 1980
Axenically propagated Entamoeba histolytica (HK9:NIH strain) were employed as starting material for the isoation of plasma membrane by a novel procedure. In the absence of known enzymatic markers, the externally disposed polypeptides of intact amoebae were iodinated and the incorporated label used to monitor membrane separation and recovery. 12 major ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Tsacopoulos M - - 1981
Double-barreled O2 microelectrodes were used to study O2 diffusion and consumption in the superfused drone (Apis mellifera) retina in darkness at 22 degrees C. Po2 was measured at different sites in the bath and retinas. It was found that diffusion was essentially in one dimension and that the rate of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Bartholomew R M - - 1978
Moloney leukemia virus activated both the classical and alternative pathways of human complement. About 500,000 virions were required to detect activation of the classical pathway whereas 5,000 times as many virions were necessary to initiate the alternative pathway, indicating that in this system only the former is of biological significance. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Risau W - - 1986
Embryonic mouse kidneys induce angiogenesis when transplanted on the quail chorioallantoic membrane (Ekblom, P., H. Sariola, M. Karkinen, and L. Saxén, 1982, Cell Differ., 11:35-39). In these experiments all blood vessels were derived from the quail host, suggesting that kidney endothelium is derived from outside blood vessels. We have now ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Matthews N - - 1978
Sera from rabbits injected with BCG and then with endotoxin contain a factor (tumour-necrosis factor TNF) which, even at high dilutions, is cytotoxic in vitro for mouse L cells and some other cell lines. Using a 51Cr-release assay, cytotoxicity was detected as early as 7-8 h after addition of TNF ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Inoue I - - 1981
A spike that is the result of calcium permeability through potassium channels was separated from the action potential is squid giant axons internally perfused with a 30 mM NaF solution and bathed in a 100 mM CaCl2 solution by blocking sodium channels with tetrodotoxin. Currents through potassium channels were studied ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Lee S C - - 1981
Direct measurements of intracellular pH was made with recessed-tip pH microelectrodes in fertilized eggs of the frog, Xenopus laevis, from approximately 1 h after fertilization to mid-blastula. The intracellular pH just before first cleavage was 7.65 +/- 0.04 (SD; n = 9). By stage 5 to the middle of stage ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Takeda K - - 1980
Miniature endplate currents, recorded from voltage-clamped toad sartorius muscle fibers in solutions containing ammonium ions substituted for sodium ions, were increased in amplitude and decayed exponentially with a slower time constant than in control (Na) solution. The peak conductance of miniature endplate currents was also greater in ammonium solutions. The ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Plaetinck G - - 1990
The T cell product interleukin 5 (IL-5) has been shown to be a key factor in the development and the maturation of the eosinophilic cell lineage. We report here on the detection of human IL-5 receptors on eosinophilic sublines of the promyelocytic leukemia HL-60. Sodium butyrate, which initiates differentiation to ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Perrin L H - - 1976
Antibody-mediated C-dependent lysis of cell lines infected with herpes simplex type 1 virus, influenza A degrees virus, measles virus, and mumps virus occurred by the alternative C pathway with the participation of IgG antibodies. Lysis occurred only with immune human sera, Mg++ EGTA immune sera, and immune sera depleted of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Wilkins J A - - 1986
Vinculin prepared by published procedures (i.e., Feramisco, J. R., and K. Burridge, 1980, J. Biol. Chem., 255:1194-1199) contains contaminants that have been shown by Evans et al. (Evans, R. R., R. M. Robson, and M. H. Stromer, 1984, J. Biol. Chem., 259:3916-3924) to reduce the low-shear viscosity of F-actin solutions. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Durda P J - - 1976
Specific anti-Ly sera were employed to precipitate Ly antigens from Nonidet P-40 extracts of mouse thymocytes labeled with 125I using lactoperoxidase and with NaB3H4 using galactose oxidase. Thymocytes from mice of the congenic strains C57BL/6J (Ly-2.2, Ly-3.2 positive), C57BL/6Ly-2a, Ly-3a (Ly-2.1, Ly-3.1 positive) and C57BL/6-Ly-2a (Ly-2.1, Ly-3.2-positive) were used as ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Meruelo D - - 1978
Previous studies from this laboratory have mapped resistance and/or susceptibility to radiation-induced leukemia virus (RadLV)-induced neoplasia to the H-2D region. H-2 linked effects on virus replication can be detected subsequent to the initial virus infection, and clear-cut differences in numbers of virus infected thymus cells can be detected as early ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Langowski J - - 1978
The thermodynamic parameters of five different highly purified viroid "species" were determined by applying UV-absorption melting analysis and temperature jump methods. Their thermal denaturation proved to be a highly cooperative process with midpoint-temperatures (Tm) between 48.5 and 51 degrees C in 0.01 M sodium cacodylate, 1 mM EDTA, pH 6.8. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Upadhya K G - - 1986
A facile synthesis of 7-amino-5-chloro-3-beta-D-ribofuranosylpyrazolo [4,3-d]pyrimidine (5-chloroformycin A, 6), 7-amino-5-chloro-3-(2-deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl) pyrazolo [4,3-d]-pyrimidine (5-chloro-2'-deoxyformycin A, 13) and certain related 5,7-disubstituted pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidine ribonucleosides is described starting with formycin A. Thiation of tri-O-acetyloxoformycin B (4b) with phosphorus pentasulfide, followed 3-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-7-thioxopyrazolo[4,3-d] pyrimidin-5(1H,4H,6H)-one (3b) in excellent yield. Chlorination of 4b with either phosphorus oxychloride or ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Randles J W - - 1982
The conformational transitions of viroid-like RNAs associated with cadang-cadang disease, velvet tobacco mottle virus, and solanum nodiflorum mottle virus were studied by melting analysis and fast temperature jump technique in 1 mM sodium-cacodylate, 10 mM NaCl, 0.1 mM EDTA, pH 6.8. The 4 circular RNAs of cadang-cadang show a highly ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Friedman S - - 1992
The properties of the interaction of 5-fluorocytosine-containing DNA with the EcoRII methyltransferase were studied. The DNA used was either a polymer synthesized in vitro, or a 20-mer containing one CCA/TGG sequence. The DNA could be methylated by the enzyme. In the process the enzyme formed a tight binding adduct with ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
Kalderon D - - 1982
Deletion loop mutagenesis is a new, general method for site-directed mutagenesis that allows point mutations to the introduced within a sequence of DNA defined by a previously isolated deletion mutant. Wild type and deletion mutant DNA are cloned into a bacterial plasmid and each is cleaved with a different single ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 142
< 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 >