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Gimeno Argente V - - 2006
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 524
Ibáñez Godoy I - - 2004
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 524
Vahlensieck Winfried - - 2010
Trauma, inflammation, or necrosis in the scrotal cavity may lead to depositing of organic material in hydrocele fluid with consecutive calcification if the fluid is oversaturated. During a period of 25 years, 2 scrotal calculi (calculous material in hydrocele fluid) in 2 of 42 patients (4.8%) were found during surgery ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 523
Gomes Johnny S - - 2009
Trauma to the male urethra must be efficiently diagnosed in the emergency department setting. Many patients will need to undergo immediate surgical reconstruction. Traumatic urethral injuries are rarely life-threatening; however, they can lead to sexual dysfunction and psychological stress for the patient. For example, patients who develop urethral stricture disease ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Banno Haruhiko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is a hereditary motor neuron disease caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract in the androgen receptor (AR). The nuclear accumulation of mutant AR is central to the pathogenesis of SBMA. Androgen deprivation with leuprorelin inhibits mutant AR accumulation, resulting in rescue ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Jung A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Testicular temperature correlates highly with scrotal temperature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the type of undertrousers on scrotal temperature during standardized periods of sitting and walking. METHODS: Fifty volunteers without a history of infertility and normal andrological examination were included for scrotal temperature ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Ficarra V - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the results of our experience in correcting primary varicocele using a modified technique of antegrade scrotal sclerotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From December 1997 to February 2000, 201 patients with primary varicocele underwent antegrade scrotal sclerotherapy. Before treatment all patients were evaluated by a physical examination, colour Doppler ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Mhiri M N - - 1988
The authors report a new case of accessory spleno-testicular fusion with scrotal pain. They point out the main features of this rare congenital anomaly and review data from the literature.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Fahal A H - - 1993
Acute idiopathic scrotal oedema was observed in three adult diabetic patients with septic foot following life saving above knee guillotine amputation. This is a previously unreported association as far as we know and no clue to the pathogenesis could be obtained.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Peiró F - - 2001
Bladder hernia is very uncommon. It tends to affect patients over the age of 50 and is predisposed by cervico-urethral obstruction. The condition is often diagnosed during inguinal hernia surgery. The authors report a case of massive inguino-scrotal bladder herniation. The different types of bladder hernia are described, and the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Koyanagi T - - 1984
Our experience with one-stage repair of severe perineal hypospadias and scrotal transposition is described. In essence the urethra is formed by our (extended parameatal) wing flap-flipping method, while the scrotum is normally repositioned with skin closure. Comparison is made with other repairs, while the safety of the extended parameatal pedicle ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Meizner I - - 1992
Fetal scrotal inguinal hernia was diagnosed at 33 weeks of pregnancy by ultrasonographic examination. Moving, echo-free, cystlike structures representing peristalsis within trapped loops of bowel in an abnormally enlarged scrotum were the main ultrasonographic finding. The diagnosis was confirmed post partum, and surgery was successfully carried out 4 days after ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Koshariya M - - 2006
We report a case of neglected, strangulated, inguinal hernia in a middle-aged male, which presented as a scrotal fecal fistula. This is the first such case reported in an adult. The patient was treated by resection and anastamosis of the ileum, local debridement of the scrotum and Shouldice repair for ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Manni J J - - 1983
A case of idiopathic or Fournier's gangrene of the scrotum is described with unusual extension to the perineum. The clinical features of this disease are summarized. The literature is reviewed for extra genital extension of this gangrene of unknown aetiology. Coincidental association between infections with Onchocerca volvulus and scrotal gangrene ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Small M P - - 1987
A technique of penile and scrotal inversion vaginoplasty for the male to female transsexual has been used successfully in 11 gender-dysphoric patients. The depth of the neovagina is approximately 11 cm--a cosmetic and physiologic result that adds greatly to the patient's satisfaction with the operation. There were no complications of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Palmer S E - - 1987
Thirty-nine unilateral cryptorchid horses were castrated, using a midline scrotal ablation technique. This approach was satisfactory to access both inguinal rings, to eliminate the need for 2 incisions, and to allow for completion of the surgery by primary closure. These horses recovered from surgery with few complications, returned to work ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Sule J D - - 1993
We report a rare case of scrotal arteriovenous malformation in an adolescent. Arteriovenous malformation of the scrotum is distinguished radiographically and histologically by numerous arterioles and thick walled veins with no intervening capillary bed. The cardinal sign is a bruit. Complete excision is recommended as definitive treatment. Preoperative angio-embolization may ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Crain T W - - 1992
We report a case of an extragonadal yolk sac tumor in a superior scrotal mass. Testicular ultrasonography was normal preoperatively and after chemotherapy. Serum alpha-fetoprotein was initially increased to 344.55 ng./ml. (normal 0 to 15) but it returned to normal after surgery and chemotherapy.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Glimcher M E - - 1978
Giant melanosomes, ellipsoidal (1.5 micron X 1.3 micron) or spherical (1.1 micron-1.4 micron in diameter) exist in the scrotal skin of the black pelted Long Evans rat. They are longer and wider than normal stage IV melanosomes (0.7 micron X 0.4 micron) found in these dermal melanocytes.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Rajasekar A - - 1998
Retroperitoneal extravasation is an extremely uncommon complication of duodenal ulcer perforation. The preoperative diagnosis is difficult and may even by missed at operation. There were 25 cases reported in the literature. Only one patient was correctly diagnosed preoperatively and only seven patients survived. We describe the first case of retroperitoneal ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Watanabe K - - 1988
We report a rare case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma arising from the scrotal wall. Wide excision of the tumor was followed 9 months later by metastasis to the ipsilateral superficial inguinal nodes. The patient remained well without evidence of disease 15 months after ipsilateral ilioinguinal node dissection.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Shah J - - 2001
Scrotal haematoma is an unusual complication following percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. It carries significant morbidity and causes extreme discomfort to the patient. We describe the case of a 75-year-old diabetic man who developed this complication. Recommendations are made for investigation and management of this problem, which is so infrequently encountered in ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Simoneaux S F - - 1995
Crohn's disease often is detected in adolescents with nonspecific gastrointestinal complaints. Extraintestinal complications are common but usually follow the onset of the bowel complaints. We present an unusual case in which scrotal swelling was the first symptom in a patient discovered to have Crohn's disease.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Young W A - - 1988
The rectus abdominis muscle flap provides excellent coverage of major scrotal defects. It is a simple, reliable, one-stage procedure which covers the exposed testes and gives a satisfactory aesthetic result and is an ideal choice for covering the contaminated wound.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Jamaleddine F N - - 1988
An asymptomatic nodule over the right labium majus of a 13-year-old girl is described. Examination of an excisional biopsy specimen revealed a well-circumscribed lobular mass of calcium deposits. No underlying laboratory abnormalities were detected. The lesion most likely represents the female counterpart of idiopathic scrotal calcinosis.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 522
Waldron H A - - 1984
Between 1936 and 1976, 344 cases of scrotal cancer were registered in the West Midlands Region. There was a considerable increase in the number of registrations after 1955, the figures remaining high until the 1970s since when they appear to be falling towards the low level seen in the early ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 521
El-Saeity N S - - 2006
A scrotal varicocele is a common finding during both a scrotal clinical examination or during the course of a scrotal ultrasound examination and invariably found in the left hemiscrotum. Traditionally when a scrotal varicocele is found, the referring clinician requests a renal ultrasound examination or the sonographer extends the examination ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 521
Quinn F M - - 1990
Unilateral cryptorchidism was induced in under 2-day-old Wistar rat pups. A control group of rats underwent sham operation at the same age. The animals were killed at intervals from 5 to 120 days, both testes were excised, weighted, and processed for histological examination, morphometric measurement of the seminiferous tubules, and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 521
Reed Robyn C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Neuroblastoma is a common malignancy of infancy and childhood. The scrotum and paratesticular tissues are rare sites of presentation. We report the case of an infant who presented with a scrotal mass that proved to be a metastatic neuroblastoma. PATIENT AND RESULTS: A previously healthy 4-month-old boy presented with ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 521
Lee Aleum - - 2009
We evaluated the US findings in acute idiopathic scrotal edema (AISE) in order to identify diagnostic features that may help to avoid unnecessary surgical intervention. We investigated 12 boys with AISE diagnosed according to the clinical course and US findings. We assessed the thickness, compressibility, and vascularity of the scrotal ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 521
Aendekerk R P P - - 2002
For non-scrotal testes a distinction can be made between retractile testes (completely descended and normally developed but sometimes situated subcutaneously in the groin area), retained testes (testes cannot be brought into the scrotum or this can only be achieved using light manual pressure) and ectopic testes (lying outside of the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 520
Taylor D C - - 1987
The responses of neurones in the caudate-putamen complex of anaesthetised rats to different scrotal skin temperatures were examined, together with the electroencephalogram (EEG). Caudate neuronal firing patterns did not change independently of rate, unlike the thermo-responsive cells of the hypothalamus previously reported. The scrotal skin temperature threshold for the caudate ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 520
Murshidi M S - - 1990
In a five years period (1983-1988) we were faced with three patients who had inadequate primary surgical management for their testicular tumours in the form of local testicular biopsy through a scrotal incision. Management of two of these patients by a high inguinal orchidectomy with wide local excision at the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 520
Dargin James M - - 2011
The diagnosis of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is often missed as a result of an atypical presentation, resulting in increased mortality. Here we present an unusual case of painless scrotal ecchymosis as a presentation of ruptured AAA. We review the origin of the scrotal sign of Bryant and emphasize ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 520
Erdogan Derya - - 2013
Gastric perforation in neonates is an uncommon condition. A four-day-male neonate was referred with respiratory distress, abdominal distention, right scrotal swelling and extensive emphysema of the abdominal wall. Abdominal X-ray findings showed bilateral sub-diaphragmatic free air, right scrotal pneumatocele and subcutaneous emphysema of the abdominal wall. During the operation, pre-pyloric ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 520
Gakiya M - - 1994
Scrotal calcification is a rare complication of childhood hydrocele testis. Herein, a 12-year-old boy who suffered from left hydrocele testis with intrascrotal calcification is reported. The boy had experienced scrotal pain about 6 months prior to the first visit to our hospital, and gradually noted scrotal swelling. Physical examination revealed ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 520
Holloway B J - - 1998
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the utility of scrotal sonography in the evaluation of patients with scrotal pain or swelling following inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: From our database, we identified patients who were referred for sonographic evaluation because of persistent scrotal pain or swelling after inguinal ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 520
Zhang Yan - - 2011
To evaluate the application of scrotal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of the causes of azoospermia. We performed scrotal ultrasonography for 96 patients with azoospermia, and analyzed the ultrasonographic images in comparison with the results of the final diagnosis. Based on the characteristics of the ultrasonographic images, 35 of the cases ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 520
Redman J F - - 1995
PURPOSE: Scrotal pouch orchiopexy without suture fixation will result in strong atraumatic fixation of the testis in the management of undescended testis. We describe a similar technique that is effective in the management of testicular torsion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 19 scrotal pouch orchiopexies was performed in 11 ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 520
Kumi-Diaka J - - 1985
Scrotal circumference and semen characteristics of three breeds of sheep (Udda, Balami and Yankasa) indigenous to Nigeria and Southern Guinea Savannah zones of Africa were compared. The age, body weight, scrotal circumference and spermiogram of the rams were studied by standard techniques. The mean age, body weight, and scrotal circumference ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 520
Angus William - - 2012
Extensive large sebaceous cysts on the scotum are rare and present a problem only when infected or when cosmesis is deemed unacceptable by the patient. Fournier's gangrene is an infective condition with a high death rate. We describe a case of Fournier's gangrene in a patient masked by multiple large ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 520
Valeri A - - 1993
Scrotal hyperthermia can induce certain alterations in spermatogenesis. The basal scrotal temperature used to define hyperthermia is usually 33 degrees C. However, no study, conducted according to a strict methodology has validated this mean measurement. We therefore randomly selected 258 men between the ages of 18 and 23 years from ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 519
Karpe B - - 1982
The effects of experimental unilateral cryptorchidism on the scrotal testis regarding weight, morphology and secretion of tubular fluid and the sertoli-cell specific androgen binding protein (ABP) were studied. In the intact guinea pig testis and epididymis an androgen binding component similar to rat ABP was found. In juvenile and adult ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 518
Zhang Zheng-Yu - - 2010
To explore the feasibility of the treatment of hypospadias with penile and scrotal skin flaps. Twenty-three hypospadias patients aged 3.5-19 (mean 6. 8) years underwent urethroplasty with penile and scrotal skin flaps. All were followed up for 6 years and analyzed retrospectively. Of the total number of patients, 21 (91.3%) ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 518
Quinn F M - - 1991
Unilateral cryptorchidism was induced in newborn Wistar rats. With standard histological techniques, no abnormality was found in the scrotal testis at any age. Using DNA flow cytometry to measure the proportion of cells in the haploid phase in the testis, secondary degenerative changes were noted at 40 days of age. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 518
Kratzik C - - 1988
Scrotal ultrasound was carried out since 1980 in five centers. 1,971 cases presenting with pathological conditions of scrotal content were reviewed to asses limitations and possibilities of the method. Scrotal sonography was found to be a highly reliable method to distinguish between intra- and extratesticular lesions. The data presented reveal ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 518
Goldstein M - - 1989
A possible mechanism of varicocele-induced infertility is believed to be elevation of testicular temperature. Sensitive needle thermistors were used to measure directly intratesticular and bilateral scrotal surface temperatures simultaneously in anesthetized infertile men with varicocele and control subjects. We found that intratesticular temperature is elevated significantly in humans with varicocele. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 518
Pomara G - - 2003
We report a case of a locally advanced verrucous scrotal cancer in a patient with hypospadias. Surgical excision was performed and no recurrence was noted with 14 months of follow-up. To our knowledge, this association has not been reported. Historically, scrotal carcinoma is occupation related, but none of the occupational ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 518
Sellem G - - 1987
We report a serial case study of 20 patients presenting scrotal contusions and for whom an emergency scrotal ultrasonography was performed. This investigation is not a luxury. It was a useful confirmation diagnostic tool for hematocele in 1/3 of cases (7/20) as well as for the detection of associated epididymal ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 518
Threlfall W R - - 1990
A stallion was twice referred for evaluation of scrotal swelling and signs of pain. The first admission followed a 3-year period of recurrent signs of left-sided scrotal pain and swelling. After the removal of the left testis because of testicular torsion, the stallion was returned to service. The conception rate ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 518
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