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McMillan Hugh J - - 2011
Autoimmune neuromuscular disorders in childhood include Guillain-Barré syndrome and its variants, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG), and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM), along with other disorders rarely seen in childhood. In general, these diseases have not been studied as extensively as they have been in adults. Thus, treatment ...
Sivayoganathan Dhakshana D The Leeds Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Seacroft Hospital, Leeds, - - 2011
This study aimed to compare the spectrum of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) symptoms in patients from four different specialist clinics. A prospective cross-sectional observational study. The study was conducted at the infertility, gynaecology, endocrine and dermatology clinics at Leeds General Infirmary, U.K. Seventy women presenting with features of PCOS: 20 ...
Samara-Boustani Dinane - - 2011
Objectives: To compare the pubertal development, the hormonal profiles, and the prevalence of hirsutism and menstrual disorders in obese adolescent girls and adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).Methods: Data were collected from 96 obese adolescent girls and 78 adolescent girls with T1DM at Tanner stages IV or V, ...
Dokras Anuja - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that compared the prevalence of anxiety symptoms in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and control women. DESIGN: Meta-analysis and systematic review. SETTING: University practice. PATIENT(S): Cross-sectional studies comparing PCOS subjects and geographically matched clearly defined non-PCOS control subjects with ...
Skrgatic L - - 2011
Hyperandrogenemia has been the most consistent feature of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Androgens exert their effects through androgen receptors (ARs). The expansion of the codon CAG trinucleotide repeat polymorphism in exon 1 of the AR gene represents a type of genetic alteration associated with changes in the AR gene function. ...
Stovall Dale W - - 2012
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinologic disorder. Little is known about the effects of PCOS on overall sexual functioning, phases of the sexual response cycle, and sexual satisfaction. To compare the differences in sexual function between women with PCOS and controls, and to assess the relationship of serum ...
Escobar-Morreale H F - - 2011
BACKGROUNDHirsutism, defined by the presence of excessive terminal hair in androgen-sensitive areas of the female body, is one of the most common disorders in women during reproductive age.METHODSWe conducted a systematic review and critical assessment of the available evidence pertaining to the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of hirsutism.RESULTSThe prevalence ...
Ramage John K JK Basingstoke and North Hampshire Hospital, Aldermaston Road, Basingstoke RG24 9NA, UK. - - 2012
These guidelines update previous guidance published in 2005. They have been revised by a group who are members of the UK and Ireland Neuroendocrine Tumour Society with endorsement from the clinical committees of the British Society of Gastroenterology, the Society for Endocrinology, the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and ...
Köşüş Nermin - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between ovarian volume (OV) and mean platelet volume (MPV) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Hormonal parameters and lipid profile of cases, and their relationship to OV were also assessed. Bilateral OV of 210 newly diagnosed PCOS patients ...
Chanukvadze D - - 2011
Free testosterone is the most common marker of hyperandrogenism in women. Its measurement by equilibrium dialysis and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy is the "gold standard", but determination of free testosterone routinely not feasible in all laboratories. In some cases the level of free testosterone may be elevated when the total ...
Kristesashvili J - - 2011
Hyperandrogenism is the pathological condition, which clinical signs are "androgendependent dermopathies" (seborrhea, acne, hirsutism, alopecia) and not in every cases evidence with hyperandrogenemia. Free testosterone is the most frequent marker of hyperandrogenism, but its determination routinely not feasible in all laboratories. Therefore, some models for calculating free and bioavailable testosterone ...
Carvalho Manuel Maria - - 2011
Hyperprolactinemia is a common, but neglected, adverse effect of conventional antipschycotics and of some of the atypical antipshycotics. It occurs in almost 42% of men and in 75% of women with schizophrenia who are treated with prolactin-raising antipshycotics, even though it has aroused minimal interest within the scientific community when ...
Nilforoushzadeh Mohammad Ali - - 2011
Laser systems that are commonly used for the treatment of hirsutism include the ruby laser (694 nm), the diode laser (800 nm), the alexandrite laser (755 nm) and the Nd:YAG laser (1084 nm). The diode laser and alexandrite laser are considered effective in treatment of hirsutism in dark-skinned patients. The ...
Bedford Jennifer L - - 2011
We assessed 24-h urinary sodium (Na) and its relationship with urinary calcium (Ca) and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) at the whole body, lumbar spine and total hip in a cross-sectional study. 102 healthy non-obese women completed timed 24-h urine collections which were analyzed for Na and Ca. Dietary intakes ...
Munoz Javier J Department of Hematology/Oncology, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI, - - 2011
Mahesh Virendra B - - 2012
This career retrospective describes how the initial work on the mechanism of hormone action provided the tools for the study of hirsutism, virilism, and polycystic ovarian disease. After excessive ovarian and or adrenal androgen secretion in polycystic ovarian disease had been established, the question whether the disease was genetic or ...
Colonna L - - 2011
Background  Despite it is accepted that acne is mostly caused by an hyper-responsiveness of the pilo-sebaceous unit to normal circulating androgen hormones, in a few patients, especially women, acneic lesions can be associated with increased serum androgen levels (hyperandrogenism), of which polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause. ...
Mazziotti Gherardo - - 2011
Diabetes mellitus is a frequent complication of Cushing syndrome (CS) which is caused by chronic exposure to glucocorticoid excess, either endogenous or exogenous, and that is characterized by several clinical symptoms such as central obesity, purple striae, proximal muscle weakness, acne, hirsutism and neuropsychological disturbances. Diabetes occurs as a consequence ...
Cinar Nese - - 2011
BACKGROUNDPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with psychological and metabolic disturbances. The aim of this study was to determine whether depression, anxiety and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are more common in women with PCOS and associated with metabolic risk.METHODSThe study included 226 PCOS patients and 85 BMI-matched healthy ...
Jamal Mohammad - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common cause of infertility, especially in the morbidly obese. We evaluated the long-term effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on PCOS and infertility. METHODS: A total of 566 morbidly obese women underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass from 2000 to 2009. A total of 31 patients ...
Alpsoy Erkan - - 2012
Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic, relapsing, and debilitating systemic vasculitis of unknown aetiology with the clinical features of mucocutaneous lesions, ocular, vascular, articular, neurologic, gastrointestinal, urogenital, and pulmonary involvement. The disease is much more frequent along the ancient "Silk Route" extending from Eastern Asia to the Mediterranean basin, compared ...
Wu Jianguo - - 2011
Corn stalk pretreated with white-rot fungus Trametes hirsute was used to produce fiberboard by hot pressing without adhesive. The moduli of rupture and elasticity of the corn-stalk-based fiberboard were increased 3.40- and 8.87-fold when bio-pretreated rather than untreated corn stalk was used. Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and chemical ...
Minella D - - 2011
Hirsutism is the development of androgen-dependent terminal body hair in women in places in which terminal hair are normally not found. It is often associated with hyperandrogenemia and/or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but the existence of uncommom hirsutism forms that are not related to altered androgen plasma levels lead also ...
Seeman Mary V - - 2011
Background: Antipsychotics are effective in treating the symptoms of schizophrenia, but they may induce adverse effects, some of which-those that impact negatively on physical appearance-have not been sufficiently discussed in the psychiatric literature. Aim: Through a narrative review, to catalog antipsychotic side effects that interfere with physical attractiveness and to ...
Karabulut Aysun - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the effects of ethinyl estradiol-cyproterone acetate (EE-CA) treatment on metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors, and body fat distribution in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) after 6-month treatment. Subjects and methods: Thirty women with PCOS were evaluated before and after 6 months of EE-CA treatment. Anthropometrical measurements, hormonal levels, ...
Türsen Umit - - 2012
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystemic disease of unknown etiology characterized by chronic relapsing oral-genital ulcers and uveitis. Multiple systemic associations including articular, gastrointestinal, cardiopulmonary, neurologic, and vascular involvement are also observed in BD. Although the etiopathogenesis of the disease remains unknown, increased neutrophil functions such as chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and ...
Nazir Fouzia - - 2011
To review different clinical endocrine manifestation of polycystic ovarian syndrome in adolescent girls. A descriptive study was conducted in Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from Nov 2001 to Oct 2002. Adolescent girls diagnosed with polycystic ovaries on ultrasound seen in the out patients department for menstrual problems were included in ...
Hagemann Kerstin - - 2011
Adrenocortical tumors are rare in children and present with variable signs depending on the type of hormone excess. We herein describe the unusual presentation of a child with adrenocortical tumor and introduce the concept of in vitro chemosensitivity testing. A 10.5-year-old girl presented with hypertrichosis/hirsutism and weight loss. The weight ...
Magon Navneet - - 2011
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists are derived from native GnRH by amino acid substitution which yields the agonist resistant to degradation and increases its half-life. The hypogonadotropic hypogonadal state produced by GnRH agonists has been often dubbed as "pseudomenopause" or "medical oophorectomy," which are both misnomers. GnRH analogues (GnRH-a) work by ...
Carney J Aidan - - 2011
A woman with Carney complex presented at the age of 22 years with abdominal pain and hirsutism. As a baby, she had undergone excision of a right eyelid lesion, and at age 14 years she had undergone removal of a left lower eyelid nodule that subsequently recurred. Investigation revealed an ...
Ono Erina - - 2011
It is sometimes difficult to confirm the location of a microadenoma in Cushing disease. Recently, we experienced an 11-yr-old female case of Cushing disease with hyperprolactinemia. She was referred to our hospital because of decrease of height velocity with body weight gain. On admission, she had typical symptoms of Cushing ...
Bonnema Rachel A RA Associate Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency Program, and Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, - - 2011
Effective contraceptive counseling requires an understanding of a woman's preferences and medical history as well as the risks, benefits, side effects, and contraindications of each contraceptive method. Hormonal contraceptives using a variety of delivery methods are highly effective and this review highlights the new extended-cycle levonorgestrel-ethinyl estradiol contraceptives. Extended-cycle OCPs ...
Liang So-Jung - - 2011
BACKGROUNDThe clinical features and metabolic complications of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may change with age. This study was designed to investigate the clinical and biochemical characteristics of PCOS patients between the ages of 20 and 40.METHODSThe study included 781 Taiwanese women, of whom 453 were diagnosed with PCOS and 328 ...
Cook Heather H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, - - 2011
To determine whether assessing the extent of terminal hair growth in a subset of the traditional nine areas included in the modified Ferriman-Gallwey (mFG) score can serve as a simpler predictor of total body hirsutism when compared with the full scoring system, and to determine if this new model can ...
Lajunen Taina K TK Deparment of Physiology Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, - - 2012
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common gynaecological endocrinopathy characterized by oligomenorrhea, amenorrhoea, clinical and/or biochemical hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovaries. Abdominal deposition of excess body fat and metabolic diseases like insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia are commonly observed in PCOS subjects. It has been suggested that visfatin is an ...
Guzel Ali Irfan - - 2011
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical features of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and compare the patients with hirsutism to those without. METHODS: In total, 304 consecutive females with PCOS were evaluated. The cases were divided into two groups of hirsute or non-hirsute. The risk factors recorded were age, age ...
Mishra Om P - - 2011
Background: The prolongation of steroid therapy for an initial episode of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome may decrease any relapses. Two treatment protocols were compared with the objective of finding the frequency of relapses and side effects of steroid in the following 12-month period. Methods: A hospital-based prospective study was conducted of ...
Gómez Vázquez Mercedes - - 2011
The diagnosis and management of four cases of dermatological disorders, most of which are related to the endocrine disorder of androgen excess, are presented. Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) may be useful when well-tolerated hormonal therapy and/or when contraception is required. A female patient with androgenetic alopecia or female pattern balding, ...
Guerra-Tapia Aurora - - 2011
Acne vulgaris, hirsutism, seborrhea and female pattern hair loss (FPHL) are common disorders of the pilosebaceous unit (PSU). In some women with hyperandrogenemia, an excess of androgens at the PSU can lead to the development of these dermatological manifestations. These manifestations can cause many psychiatric and psychological implications, such as ...
Jones Georgina L - - 2011
To explore health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Qualitative study. Two out-patient gynecology clinics in Yorkshire, England. Fifteen young women diagnosed with PCOS were recruited. Semistructured interviews were carried out, transcribed verbatim, and subjected to thematic analysis using NVivo software version 2.0. A few ...
Galioto Silvestre - - 2011
The purpose of this article was to report a pediatric case of secondary cervical esthesioneuroblastoma involving the parapharyngeal lymph nodes. A 3-year-old boy came to our clinical observation because of a right lymphonodal mass evidenced by nuclear magnetic resonance and a diagnosis of Cushing syndrome associated with ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone ...
Paparodis Rodis - - 2011
To review the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnostic approach, and management of hirsutism. We discuss the clinical course of hirsutism and provide our recommendations on the various treatment options available. Hirsutism is a common clinical problem characterized by the presence of increased terminal hair growth in androgen-dependent areas of the skin. The ...
Ekbäck Maria - - 2011
The aim of the study was to describe how women with hirsutism experience their relationship with health care. Data were collected by tape-recorded individual interviews, which were analyzed by means of qualitative content analysis. The results showed that the relationship with health care, from the perspective of patients with hirsutism, ...
Kraker Jessica - - 2011
Autoimmune neuromuscular disorders affecting peripheral nerves, neuromuscular junction or muscle have a wide clinical spectrum with diverse pathogenetic mechanisms. Peripheral nervous system may be targeted in the context of complex immune reactions involving different cytokines, antigen-presenting cells, B cells and different types of T cells. Various immunomodulating and cytotoxic treatments ...
Lallana Enrico C - - 2011
In parallel to our better understanding of the role of the immune system in neurologic diseases, there has been an increased availability in therapeutic options for autoimmune neurologic diseases such as multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, polyneuropathies, central nervous system vasculitides and neurosarcoidosis. In many cases, the purported benefits of this ...
Szyca Robert - - 2011
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (typus degenerativus amstelodamensis, CdLS, Brachmann syndrome) is a complex, congenital, multi-gene anomaly characterized by mental retardation. Its features include growth inhibition, hirsutism, structural anomalies of the limbs and abnormal development of osseous structures of the face. Independent of the phenotype of the disease, 85% of patients ...
van der Mei Sijrike F - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the health- and work outcomes of renal transplant recipients long-term after transplantation as well as the pattern of work status, work ability and disability benefits during the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) trajectory that precedes transplantation. 34 transplant recipients completed interviews 3, 13 ...
Shackleton Cedric H L - - 2012
In 1937 Butler and Marrian found large amounts of the steroid pregnanetriol in urine from a patient with the adrenogenital syndrome, a virilizing condition known to be caused by compromised adrenal secretion even in this pre-cortisol era. This introduced the concept of the study of altered excretion of metabolites as ...
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