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Gakuya, D W; ;
The purpose of this investigation was to establish the incidences of tick borne diseases (TBD) in cattle. The diseases investigated were East Coast Fever (ECF), Anaplasmosis and Babesiosis. The data used was obtained from the large animal clinic of the Faculty of Veterinary medicine covering a period of 8 years ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 273
Salem N Y NY Department of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza Square, Giza 12211, - - 2014
Background. Canine babesiosis is a clinically important hemoprotozoan parasite affecting dogs. The goal of this present study was to determine the clinical symptoms and to establish its hematological and microscopic detection and compare it with the PCR findings attained from dogs infected with Babesia canis vogeli. Methodology/Principal Findings. 13-PCR confirmed ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 273
Curioni V - - 2004
The Monti Sibillini National Park is a recently borne protected area in the central Apennines that has become an important tourist destination. Mountain grasslands and woods have made it also a suitable habitat for sheep and bovine cattle, as well as for wild animals such as the wild bore and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 272
Masika P J - - 1997
Perceived causes, diagnosis and treatment of redwater (babesiosis) and gallsickness (anaplasmosis) in cattle by livestock farmers in communal areas of the central Eastern Cape Province were investigated by means of participatory methods, semi-structured interviews and a questionnaire survey. Most livestock owners relate the causes of these diseases to excessive grazing ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 272
Last R D - - 2007
South African canine babesiosis caused by Babesia canis rossi is a common clinical disease in dogs in South Africa and remains a significant cause of domestic dog mortality. To determine whether tick-repellent, 9% amitraz-impregnated tick collars (Preventic-Virbac) could prevent tick-borne exposure to B. canis rossi, 50 dogs were assigned to ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 272
Stewart C G - - 1983
Isometamidium, amicarbalide and diminazene were used to treat experimentally induced canine babesiosis. Relapse parasitaemias developed after treatment in all groups of animals. The relapse interval, however, was shorter and more relapses occurred after treatment with amicarbalide than either of the other 2 drugs. Only half of the dogs treated with ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 269
Diana Alessia - - 2007
Cardiac dysfunction is a rare complication of babesiosis in domestic animals. The horse in this report showed clinical signs of anorexia, depression, fever, icterus and brown urine, and laboratory results (monocytosis, thrombocytopenia, azotemia, hyperbilirubinemia and bilirubinuria) indicated sub-acute piroplasmosis. Furthermore, junctional and polymorphic ventricular premature complexes and tachycardia associated with ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 269
Taylor J H - - 1991
Carboxyhaemoglobin fractions were found to be significantly higher (P less than 0.05) in dogs (n = 5) with severe babesiosis than in control subjects (n = 5). The enzymatic conversion of haem to biliverdin by haem oxygenase is the only known source of endogenous carbon monoxide. We propose that the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 269
Vyas Jatin M - - 2007
A patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome presented with babesiosis 6 months after presumed tick exposure. Despite initial treatment with azithromycin and atovaquone, followed by quinine and clindamycin, he experienced an increasing parasite load. Finally, red blood cell exchange transfusion, anti-Babesia therapy, and the addition of atovaquone-proguanil to the treatment ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 269
Habicht G S - - 1983
5he effect of age on the immunological responses to Babesia microti infection in the mouse was investigated. Aged mice experienced reduced and delayed peak parasitemias compared to younger animals; however, the old mice failed to clear the parasites from the blood and experienced fluctuating parasitemias until death. Babesiosis produced suppression ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 269
Zhou J - - 1997
To obtain a highly effective method for controlling babesiosis in cattle and buffalo, an epidemiological survey was carried out at Zuiyun village in Hubai Province. On the grounds of the epidemiological data, control measures which included preventive drugs and killing the vectors were devised. After two years of control no ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 269
Nohýnková E - - 2003
Human babesiosis is a zoonotic tick-borne protozoan infection caused by several species of the genus Babesia. It is a rare disease in Europe. Until recently, 31 cases have been described. Most of them were severe infections caused by a cattle parasite Babesia divergens in splenectomized patients. In contrast, a rodent ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 269
Gubernot Diane M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Human babesiosis is an illness with clinical manifestations that range from asymptomatic to fatal. Although babesiosis is not nationally notifiable, the US incidence appears to be increasing. Babesia infection is a transfusion-transmissable disease. An estimated 70 cases were reported during 1979-2007; most of these cases were reported during the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 269
Tsuji M - - 2001
We have carried out epizootiologic surveys at various sites in Japan to investigate wild animals that serve as reservoirs for the agents of human babesiosis in the country. Small mammals comprising six species, Apodemus speciosus, Apodemus argenteus, Clethrionomys rufocanus, Eothenomys smithii, Crocidura dsinezumi, and Sorex unguiculatus, were trapped at various ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 268
Munang'andu Hetron Mweemba - - 2011
Babesia spp. were detected from 4 asymptomatic pukus captured on a game ranch in central Zambia in October 2008. Blood smears were examined in 4 species of aymptomatic free-ranging antelopes, namely the puku (Kobus vordanii), reedbuck (Redunca arundinum), bushbuck (Tragelaphus sylvaticus), and kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros), and showed the presence of ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 264
Zobba Rosanna - - 2011
Porcine babesiosis is a widespread yet overlooked disease causing economic losses in many regions of the world. To date, the etiological agent of porcine babesiosis has not been molecularly characterized. Here, we provide the first molecular characterization of a piroplasm detected in a symptomatic sow, phylogenetically closely related to the ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 262
Leisewitz A L - - 1996
The usefulness of whole-blood transfusion in normalising the blood-gas, acid-base, and arterial oxygen status in severe babesiosis was demonstrated in 6 severely affected Babesia canis infected dogs. These dogs all demonstrated a metabolic acidosis at admission and yet were not acidaemic. It is possible that this may reflect a mixed ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 260
Mazuz Monica L - - 2013
Artemisone was evaluated, in in vitro and in vivo, for control of bovine babesiosis caused by Babesia bigemina and Babesiabovis parasites. In vitro, artemisone reduced parasitemia in a dose-dependent manner: the inhibitory effects increased gradually, reaching a maximum inhibition of 99.6% and 86.4% for B. bigemina and B. bovis, respectively ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 260
Cantó Alarcón, Germinal Jorge
In Mexico, there is an attenuated live vaccine against bovine babesiosis that has been shown to confer protection to susceptible cattle immunized and challenged under controlled conditions. Immunized cattle survive a challenge using known numbers of virulent parasites of both Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina. However, stress-inducing field situations such ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 257
Hersh Michelle H - - 2012
Human babesiosis is an increasing health concern in the northeastern United States, where the causal agent, Babesia microti, is spread through the bite of infected Ixodes scapularis ticks. We sampled 10 mammal and 4 bird species within a vertebrate host community in southeastern New York to quantify reservoir competence (mean ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 254
Ahmed F A - - 1987
Despite the intensive management and husbandry precautions, exotic pregnant heifers imported to the Gezira, Sudan, suffered excessive stress. Four of five heifers aborted due to stress. Death was due to pasteurellosis, babesiosis and heart water.
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 253
Rikhotso B O - - 2005
A 12-month study was conducted in 4 communal grazing areas in the Bushbuckridge region, Limpopo Province, South Africa. The main objective was to investigate the impact of reduced acaricide application on endemic stability to bovine babesiosis (Babesia bigemina and Babesia bovis) and anaplasmosis (Anaplasma marginale) in the local cattle population. ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 253
Ramharter Michael - - 2010
A previously healthy febrile patient with travel history to Nicaragua showed rapid clinical deterioration with hemodynamic shock and anuria. Diagnosis of severe malaria was established based on intra-erythrocytic parasites and antimalarial treatment was initiated. However, upon reevaluation Babesia microti infection was suspected and molecular characterization by polymerase chain reaction and ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 253
Orinda G O - - 1992
The immune response to Babesia bovis infection or vaccination was evaluated by measuring antibody and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) production to protective recombinant and crude native B. bovis antigens. Cells from vaccinated or infected cattle failed to produce detectable IFN-gamma when stimulated with B. bovis antigens in vitro. In contrast, antibody ...
Relevancy Score: Relevancy Score: 251
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