Document Detail
Processing of Procorticotrophin-Releasing Hormone (Pro-CRH): Molecular Forms of CRH in Normal and Preeclamptic pregnancy
Abstract/OtherAbstract :
This study examined the different molecular forms of CRH in normal and preeclampsia maternal plasma and protease-blocked placental extracts using antibodies to different regions of the CRH precursor, pro-CRH. In the absence of protease inhibitors, chromatographed normal placental extracts contained four peaks of immunoreactivity corresponding to unprocessed approximately 19-kDa pro-CRH, its approximately 8-kDa intermediate metabolite, pro-CRH125 194, its approximately 2.8-kDa midportion fragment, pro-CRH125 151, and 4.75-kDa CRH1 41. However, if protease inhibitors were included in the extraction medium, only pro-CRH and pro-CRH125 194 were found. Pro-CRH processing was more extensive in protease-blocked preeclampsia placentas than in those from normal pregnancy, with three peaks corresponding to pro-CRH, pro-CRH125 194, and mature CRH1 41 peptide found. Using quantitative competitive PCR, the messenger ribonucleic acid levels of CRH precursor in preeclampsia placentas were 1.7-fold higher than those in normal placentas (37.83 ± 3.48 vs. 21.83 ± 2.59 attomoles/µg total ribonucleic acid, respectively; P < 0.005). Preeclampsia placentas contained significantly more CRH1 41 cross-reactivity (4.72 ± 1.22 pmol/g) than normal term placentas (1.52 ± 0.39 pmol/g; P < 0.048) extracted in medium containing protease inhibitors. The content of pro-CRH125 151-reactive species in these extracts followed the same pattern, with more immunoreactivity detected in preeclampsia placentas (4.23 ± 1.39 pmol/g) than in those from normal term pregnancies (1.44 ± 0.32 pmol/g; P < 0.01). Sequential plasma samples from 10 women with normal pregnancy and 5 women with preeclampsia were assayed for pro-CRH125 151- and CRH1 41-immunoreactive species. In normal pregnancy, maternal plasma CRH1 41 immunoreactivity rose with increasing gestational age, reaching 460 ± 48 pmol/L at term. In women with preeclampsia, CRH1 41 levels at each gestational age point were higher than those at the equivalent stage of normal pregnancy. In contrast, the levels of pro-CRH125 151-immunoreactive species remained barely detectable throughout normal and preeclamptic pregnancy. Both pro-CRH and CRH1 41, but not pro-CRH125 151, were shown to bind to the plasma CRH-binding protein. Our findings highlight the importance of protection of placental tissue from degrading enzymes during extraction and show that most of the CRH in the human placenta exists as unprocessed pro-CRH, with very little in the form of CRH1 41 except in preeclampsia. Our studies using maternal plasma indicate that CRH1 41 is the only one of the pro-CRH fragments studied to be maintained in significant amounts in the maternal circulation and also the only fragment studied for which a specific plasma binding protein exists., Yes, Yes
Authors :
Ahmed, I., Glynn, B., Perkins, Anthony Vincent, Castro, MG., Rowe, J., Morrison, E., Linton, EA.
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Contributors :
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Publication Detail :
Publisher :  http://jcem.endojournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/85/2/755, Endocrine Society, USA, http://jcem.endojournals.org/cgi/content/full/85/2/755     Type :  c1, Article in Scholarly Refereed Journal, Full-text link or file     Format :  -    
Date Detail :
2001-01-01, 2007-03-29, 2007-03-29, 2000
Subject :
Griffith Health Faculty, 320000, Heart Foundation Research Centre, Medical & Health Sciences
Coverage :
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Relation :
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 755, 764, 85
Source :
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Copyright Information :
Copyright 2000 Endocrine Society. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. This journal is available online - use hypertext links.
Other Details :
Languages :  en_AU    
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