Document Detail

The year in cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia: selected highlights from 2010.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21272776     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The aortic valve treatment revolution continues with the maturation of aortic valve repair and the dissemination of transcatheter aortic valve implantation. The recent publication of comprehensive multidisciplinary guidelines for diseases of the thoracic aorta has assigned important roles for the cardiovascular anesthesiologist and perioperative echocardiographer. Although intense angiotensin blockade improves outcomes in heart failure, it might further complicate the maintenance of perioperative systemic vascular tone. Ultrafiltration as well as intensive medical management guided by the biomarker brain natriuretic peptide improves outcomes in heart failure. Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices have further improved outcomes in the surgical management of heart failure. Major risk factors for bleeding in the setting of these devices include advanced liver disease and acquired von Willebrand syndrome. The metabolic modulator perhexiline improves myocardial diastolic energetics to achieve significant symptomatic improvement in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. A landmark report was also published recently that outlines the major areas for future research and clinical innovation in this disease. Landmark trials have documented the outcome importance of perioperative cerebral oxygen saturation monitoring as well as the outcome advantages of the Sano shunt over the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in the Norwood procedure. Furthermore, the development and evaluation of pediatric-specific ventricular assist devices likely will revolutionize the mechanical management of pediatric heart failure. A multidisciplinary review has highlighted the priorities for future perioperative trials in congenital heart disease. These pervasive developments likely will influence the future training models in pediatric cardiac anesthesia.
Michael Andritsos; Nina Singh; Prakash Patel; Ashish Sinha; Jens Fassl; Tygh Wyckoff; Hynek Riha; Chris Roscher; Balachundar Subramaniam; Harish Ramakrishna; John G T Augoustides
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1532-8422     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110208     Medline TA:  J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Anesthesiology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.
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