Document Detail

A xiphoid approach for minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11758059     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The premise for adopting minimally invasive cardiac surgery techniques for myocardial revascularization is to reduce the patient's morbidity without compromising the efficacy of conventional coronary artery bypass. However, opening the pleura has been a limitation of using these approaches.
AIM: We used the xiphoid approach as an alternative to opening the pleura and to minimize pain after minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery.
METHODS: We review our surgical experience in 55 patients who underwent minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) surgery through a xiphoid approach between October 1997 and August 1999. Thoracoscopy (n = 31) or direct vision (n = 24) were used for internal mammary artery (IMA) harvesting. Mean patient age was 67 +/- 10 years and 65% were men. The mean Parsonnet score was 23 +/- 10. Performed anastomoses included left IMA (LIMA) to the left anterior descending (LAD) artery (n = 53), LIMA-to-LAD and saphenous vein graft from the LIMA to the right coronary artery (n = 1), and LIMA-to-LAD and right IMA (RIMA) to right coronary artery (n = 1).
RESULTS: Postoperative complications included atrial fibrillation (12%), acute noninfectious pericarditis (12%), and acute renal failure (5%). Mean postoperative length of stay was 4 +/- 2 days. Angiography was performed in 16 patients and demonstrated excellent patency of the anastomoses. There was no operative mortality. Actuarial survival was 98% in a mean follow-up period of 11 +/- 5 months.
CONCLUSIONS: Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass can be performed safely through a xiphoid approach with low morbidity, mortality, and a relatively short hospital stay.
F Benetti; M K Dullum; S C Stamou; P J Corso
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiac surgery     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0886-0440     ISO Abbreviation:  J Card Surg     Publication Date:    2000 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-12-06     Completed Date:  2002-02-22     Revised Date:  2014-07-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8908809     Medline TA:  J Card Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  244-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Coronary Artery Bypass / methods*
Length of Stay
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive
Xiphoid Bone / surgery*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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