Document Detail

The "nutcracker phenomenon" with orthostatic proteinuria: case reports.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16629228     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The nutcracker phenomenon refers to compression of the left renal vein between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. Clinical features are hematuria, abdominal pain, left flank pain, pelvic or scrotal discomfort due to varicocele or ovarian vein syndrome. In this report, 2 patients with orthostatic proteinuria, in whom nutcracker phenomenon was detected as a cause, are presented. One of them had posterior nutcracker with also asymptomatic varicocele that was detected during ultrasonographic examination. Nutcracker phenomenon is a rare but important clinical condition that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with proteinuria and hematuria.
M Ekim; Z B Ozçakar; S Fitoz; T Soygür; S Yüksel; B Acar; F Yalçinkaya; N Arikan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nephrology     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0301-0430     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Nephrol.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-24     Completed Date:  2006-05-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364441     Medline TA:  Clin Nephrol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  280-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Ankara University Medical School, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Constriction, Pathologic / complications
Mesenteric Artery, Superior
Proteinuria / etiology*
Renal Veins / pathology*
Varicocele / etiology

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