Document Detail

A video lesson series is effective in changing the dietary intakes and food-related behaviors of low-income homemakers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14576714     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relative cost-effectiveness of a self-administered video series in delivering nutrition education to low-income homemakers. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design was used, with subjects randomly assigned to traditional lessons (Traditional Group) or video lessons (Video Group). SUBJECTS/SETTING: 108 subjects were recruited, with 93 nonpregnant, low-income, female homemakers completing the study (response rate = 86%). Subjects had recently enrolled in the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program, or the Food Stamp Nutrition Education Program, and had a videocassette recorder and telephone. INTERVENTION: Both groups received 12 lessons from the Eating Right Is Basic Series, 3rd edition, with the Traditional Group being taught in face-to-face sessions and the Video Group receiving self-administered, video-lesson packets. OUTCOME MEASURES: Dietary intake and food behaviors were assessed at pre and post intervention with 24-hour recalls and a 14-item checklist. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Chi(2) and t tests were used to compare the groups on demographics and pre-intervention dietary factors. Multiple analysis of variance was used for comparisons of change from pre to post intervention. RESULTS: Significant improvements were observed in both groups for fruits, calcium, and vitamins A and C. The Video Group improved on fiber intake (P<or=.005). The groups did not differ on dietary or behavior change (P=.2357). Duplication and implementation costs of the video series totaled 4,820 dollars, or 36% of the traditional lesson cost of 13,463 dollars. APPLICATIONS: Both methods achieved similar improvements in diet and behaviors, but the video method was less expensive. The video series seems to be a cost-effective method for delivering nutrition education to low-income homemakers.
Ruby H Cox; Alicie H White; Clark K Gaylord
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2003 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-24     Completed Date:  2003-12-09     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1488-93     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Human Nutrition, Foods and Exercise, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, State University, Blacksburg 24061, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Food Habits*
Food Services
Intervention Studies
Mental Recall
Middle Aged
Nutritional Sciences / education*
Patient Satisfaction
Program Evaluation
Teaching / economics,  methods*
Video Recording* / economics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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