Document Detail


The variation in fatigue rate with frequency using kHz frequency alternating current.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11259932     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The most commonly used stimulus for functional electrical stimulation is low frequency, short duration pulsed current. A disadvantage is the associated rapid fatigue. The present study investigated the effect of kHz frequency alternating currents on the rate of fatigue with electrically induced skeletal muscle contractions in normal subjects. Alternating current with frequencies between 1 and 15 kHz, interrupted at 50 Hz and applied in 3-s surges with an effective 1:1 duty cycle, was applied transcutaneously for a 10-min period, during which time electrically induced wrist extensor torque was measured. The decline in torque with time was analysed in terms of "fast" and "slow" fatigue components. A systematic frequency dependence was found in each. "Fast" torque decline is interpreted as reflecting fast-fatigue muscle fibre activity and "slow" torque decline, that of fatigue-resistant fibres. With this interpretation, over the frequency range 1-10 kHz, the proportion of fatigue-resistant fibres contributing to the torque increases. It is argued that this is due to selective dropout of fast-fatigue fibres. The findings suggest the potential usefulness of kHz frequency alternating current for functional electrical stimulation.
Authors:
A R Ward; V J Robertson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical engineering & physics     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1350-4533     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Eng Phys     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-22     Completed Date:  2001-05-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422753     Medline TA:  Med Eng Phys     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  637-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Human Physiology and Anatomy, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Vic. 3083, Australia. a.ward@latrobe.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Electric Stimulation Therapy / methods*
Female
Forearm
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Muscle Contraction / physiology
Muscle Fatigue / physiology*
Muscle Fibers, Fast-Twitch / physiology
Muscle Fibers, Slow-Twitch / physiology
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Wrist Joint
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Med Eng Phys. 2001 Jul;23(6):437-8   [PMID:  11700607 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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