Document Detail

On variability, Simpson's paradox, and the relation between recognition and recall: reply to Tulving and Flexser.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8426879     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Tulving and Flexser's (1992) defense of the Tulving-Wiseman law rests on the partitioning of data points into 2 sets, which they call constrained and unconstrained. This dichotomy depends crucially on the implicit assumption that within-condition variance is 0. Simulations are done to show the effects of variability on the maximum contingency that can be displayed by an average 2 x 2 table. The results help explain the form of the regularity known as the Tulving-Wiseman law, as well as the conditions under which exceptions are found. This analysis reinforces the conclusion that the law is an artifact and serves as a reminder of the dangers posed by variability and Simpson's paradox when contingency analyses are done.
D L Hintzman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological review     Volume:  100     ISSN:  0033-295X     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Rev     Publication Date:  1993 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-03-04     Completed Date:  1993-03-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376476     Medline TA:  Psychol Rev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  143-8; discussion 149-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403.
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MeSH Terms
Mental Recall*
Models, Statistical
Retention (Psychology)*

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