Document Detail

The valvular segment of the lower limbs venous system: anatomical, physiological and physiopathological aspects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20191137     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The valvular segment is a distinct venous structure, which, from a morphological point of view, is comprised of the following components: the valvular insertion, the valvular gorge entrance orifice, the valvular defile, the valvular gorge exit orifice, the valvular sinus. Endoscopic and echo Doppler examinations are used to identify the normal and the pathological morphology of the valvular segment, and the hemodynamic phenomena occurring at this level. Cusps' integrity and size as well as valvular dynamics are key elements directly involved in shaping the valvular segment in general, and the valvular sinus in particular. The valvular sinus shows an obvious hemodynamic determinism. Valvular segment pathology is the outcome either of a progressively long evolving process initialized by gravitational venous pressure overcharges, or of a rapidly evolving process such as the hemodynamic shock following intense physical efforts. Valvular defunctionalisation implies a different mechanism and a different type of cusp lesion.
F Calotă; S S Mogoantă; Mirela-Maria Vasilescu; I Vasile; M Paşalega; M C Stoicea; D Camen; C Meşină
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Romanian journal of morphology and embryology = Revue roumaine de morphologie et embryologie     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1220-0522     ISO Abbreviation:  Rom J Morphol Embryol     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-01     Completed Date:  2010-09-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9112454     Medline TA:  Rom J Morphol Embryol     Country:  Romania    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
IInd General Surgery Clinic, Emergency County Hospital, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania.
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MeSH Terms
Lower Extremity / blood supply*,  ultrasonography
Peripheral Vascular Diseases / pathology,  physiopathology,  ultrasonography
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
Venous Insufficiency / pathology,  physiopathology,  ultrasonography
Venous Valves / anatomy & histology*,  pathology*,  physiology*,  ultrasonography

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