Document Detail


The value of a new speckle tracking index including left ventricular global longitudinal strain and torsion in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21933760     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Torsional and longitudinal deformations are essential components of left ventricular (LV) performance. We believe that a precise assessment of LV function must take into account both LV torsion (LVtor) and global longitudinal strain (LVε). Therefore, we investigated with speckle tracking echocardiography the value of a new parameter, LVtor × LVε, for assessing LV function in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and validated it against N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP).
METHODS: Echocardiography was performed simultaneously with NTproBNP determination in 55 consecutive patients with DCM in sinus rhythm. The ratio of early diastolic transmitral velocity to early mitral annular diastolic velocity (E/E') was measured. LVtor was defined as the ratio between LV twist (LVtw) and LV enddiastolic longitudinal length. LVtw (net difference between rotation angles at base and apex) was obtained from parasternal apical and basal short-axis planes. LVε was obtained by averaging longitudinal peak systolic strain of all 17 LV-segments (from apical planes).
RESULTS: Log-transformed NTproBNP correlated significantly with LVε (r=0.56, p<0.001), E/E' (r=0.52, p<0.001), LVtor (r=-0.41, p=0.003), LVtw (r=-0.38, p=0.004) and LV ejection fraction (r=-0.37, p=0.005). LVtor × LVε had the strongest correlation with log-NTproBNP (r=0.71, p<0.001). LVtor × LVε was a better predictor of NTproBNP levels >900 pg/ml (sensitivity 73%, specificity 82%) than LVε, E/E', LVtw, LVtor and LV ejection fraction (each p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that in patients with DCM in sinus rhythm, the evaluation of LV function can be accurately accomplished by using a new speckle tracking index, LVtor × LVε.
Authors:
Cristian Mornoş; Dan Ruşinaru; Athanasios J Manolis; Ioanna Zacharopoulou; Andreas Pittaras; Adina Ionac
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hellenic journal of cardiology : HJC = Hellēnikē kardiologikē epitheōrēsē     Volume:  52     ISSN:  2241-5955     ISO Abbreviation:  Hellenic J Cardiol     Publication Date:    2011 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-21     Completed Date:  2012-01-25     Revised Date:  2013-08-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101257381     Medline TA:  Hellenic J Cardiol     Country:  Greece    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  299-306     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Cardiology Clinic, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Timişoara, Romania. mornoscristi@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / blood,  physiopathology*,  ultrasonography*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Natriuretic Peptide, Brain / blood
Peptide Fragments / blood
Torsion, Mechanical
Ventricular Function, Left*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Peptide Fragments; 0/pro-brain natriuretic peptide (1-76); 114471-18-0/Natriuretic Peptide, Brain

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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