Document Detail

The value of hysteroscopy in diagnosis of chronic endometritis in patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21232841     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: We performed this study in order to investigate the role of chronic endometritis (CE) in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) and to determine the correlation between hysteroscopic and histologic findings of CE in patients with unexplained RSA. We also tried to find out the relation between CE and primary vs. secondary RSA. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and forty-two consecutive patients with unexplained RSA and 154 fertile women were enrolled in this study. All the patients and controls underwent hysteroscopy and, at the same time, endometrial biopsy. CE was suspected when hysteroscopy revealed signs of focal or diffuse endometrial hyperemia or endometrial endopolyps (less than 1mm in size). Histopathologic diagnosis of CE was based on superficial stromal edema, increased stromal density, and pleomorphic stromal inflammatory infiltrate dominated by lymphocytes and plasma cells. Results were compared between cases and controls as well as those with primary (n=61) and secondary (n=81) RSA. RESULTS: Patients with RSA had a significantly higher incidence of CE both hysteroscopically (67.6% vs. 27.3%; p<0.0001) and pathologically (42.9% vs. 18.2%; p<0.0001). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of hysteroscopy in the diagnosis of CE were found to be 98.4%, 56.23%, 63.5% and 97.82% respectively. Patients with secondary RSA had a higher prevalence of CE both pathologically (83.9% vs. 45.9%; p<0.0001) and hysteroscopically (58.1% vs. 24.6%; p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: CE is associated with unexplained RSA. Hysteroscopy, with high sensitivity and acceptable specificity, is suitable for the diagnosis of CE in those with unexplained RSA. CE should be taken into consideration in those with secondary unexplained RSA.
Jaleh Zolghadri; Mozhdeh Momtahan; Khatereh Aminian; Fariborz Ghaffarpasand; Zohreh Tavana
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7654     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375672     Medline TA:  Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
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