Document Detail


The uses and predictive limitations of intelligence tests in infants and young children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  13106705     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The author was asked by the World Health Organization to examine whether appraisals of intelligence of infants and young children show enough predictive validity to be dependable criteria on which to base adoption policy. Studies have shown that mental-test performances by children under 6 years of age have little predictive significance, although reasonable prediction may be made in about 37% of cases at the age of 6 years. Moreover, too much importance should not be given to the tested intelligence of parents, particularly those tested under stress, unless their intelligence quotients are over 90; it provides, however, a better guide, taken alone, than do the tests on infants alone. Tests on infants should be considered together with those on the parents and with a number of other factors, including a full developmental history of the child, its health record, and the results of a medical and neurological examination. The author concludes by saying that the major emphasis in adoption should perhaps be placed on the needs of the adopting parents; those who would only respond to a child of high ability should be urged not to adopt an infant but rather a child who has reached an age where prediction can be more accurate.
Authors:
J W MACFARLANE
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0042-9686     ISO Abbreviation:  Bull. World Health Organ.     Publication Date:  1953  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1954-12-01     Completed Date:  2003-05-01     Revised Date:  2010-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507052     Medline TA:  Bull World Health Organ     Country:  Not Available    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  409-15     Citation Subset:  OM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Psychological Tests*
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