Document Detail


The use of table and cooking salt in a sample of Australian adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20460241     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Dietary sodium, the major source being salt, is associated with hypertension. Australian adults consume more than the recommended amount of salt and approximately 15% of dietary sodium comes from salt added at the table and during cooking. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of and the demographic characteristics associated with discretionary salt use. DESIGN: A cross sectional survey conducted in shopping centres within Metropolitan Melbourne. Participants completed a questionnaire assessing discretionary salt use and attitudes to salt intake. OUTCOMES: Four hundred and seventy four surveys were collected (65% female, 77% Caucasian, 64% holding a university qualification). Eighty nine percent of respondents were classified as salt users and 11% as non-salt users. Of the salt users 52% reported that they always or sometimes add salt during cooking and at the table. Those of Asian descent and younger respondents aged 18-24 years were more likely to be salt users (chi2=12.3, df=2, p<0.001; chi2=19.2, df=5, p<0.01). CONCLUSION: Discretionary salt use remains high. To successfully reduce population dietary salt intake public health campaigns are urgently required and need to include consumer advice to reduce discretionary salt use, whilst reducing the salt added to processed foods. Such campaigns should include younger age groups and should be appropriate for all ethnic backgrounds to raise the awareness of the risks of a high salt diet on health.
Authors:
Carley A Grimes; Lynn J Riddell; Caryl A Nowson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0964-7058     ISO Abbreviation:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-12     Completed Date:  2010-07-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9440304     Medline TA:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  256-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia. carley.grimes@deakin.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aging
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Australia
Chi-Square Distribution
Cookery / methods*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Food Habits*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Policy
Nutrition Surveys
Patient Education as Topic
Questionnaires
Socioeconomic Factors
Sodium Chloride, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Victoria
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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