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The use of radioreceptor assay for the detection of pregnancy in the mare.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16725765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Jugular blood samples were collected between 42-45 days from the last breeding for measurement of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and progesterone in 46 pregnant mares. A radioreceptor assay (RRA) was developed to measure human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and subsequently modified to measure PMSG. Highly purified hCG was iodinated using a lactoperoxidase enzymatic procedure and served as the labeled antigen for both the hCG and PMSG RRA. Standard curves were generated using purified hCG or PMSG. Bovine corpora lutea served as the receptor source. The assay was conducted at 37 degrees C for one hour with a total elapsed time from preparation of the luteal cell homogenate until final results were calculated of 2.5 hours. Twelve of the 46 mares failed to maintain their pregnancy, returned to estrus and reovulated after 45 days post-breeding (non-foaling mares). Thirty-four of the 46 mares delivered foals following a gestation of normal length. Mean concentrations of PMSG in the foaling mares was higher than in non-foaling mares. A concentration of 6.9 I.U. of PMSG/ml was used as the lowest concentration necessary for the confirmation of pregnancy. Five of the mares delivering foals had low concentrations of PMSG and were called non-pregnant. Thus, the incidence of false negatives by RRA was 14.7%. All of the non-foaling mares were correctly diagnosed non-pregnant for an error rate (false positive) of 0.0. Mare Immunological Pregnancy (MIP) tests on the 12 non-foaling mares indicated three false positives - an error rate of 25%. Of the 34 foaling mares, the MIP test indicated 8 inconclusive or false negatives, an error rate of 23.5%. At day 42-45, there was no significant difference in progesterone concentrations (determined by RIA) between foaling and non-foaling mares. RRA is a quick, accurate and quantitative method for measuring PMSG in the mare and can be used to diagnose pregnancy at 42-45 days post-ovulation. Plasma progesterone concentrations at this time were not associated with subsequent pregnancy maintenance as were plasma PMSG concentrations.
J E Fay; R H Douglas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0093-691X     ISO Abbreviation:  Theriogenology     Publication Date:  1982 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  431-44     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Veterinary Science University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0076 USA.
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