Document Detail

The use of plants for the production of therapeutic human peptides.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22218674     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Peptides have unique properties that make them useful drug candidates for diverse indications, including allergy, infectious disease and cancer. Some peptides are intrinsically bioactive, while others can be used to induce precise immune responses by defining a minimal immunogenic region. The limitations of peptides, such as metabolic instability, short half-life and low immunogenicity, can be addressed by strategies such as multimerization or fusion to carriers, to improve their pharmacological properties. The remaining major drawback is the cost of production using conventional chemical synthesis, which is also difficult to scale-up. Over the last 15 years, plants have been shown to produce bioactive and immunogenic peptides economically and with the potential for large-scale synthesis. The production of peptides in plants is usually achieved by the genetic fusion of the corresponding nucleotide sequence to that of a carrier protein, followed by stable nuclear or plastid transformation or transient expression using bacterial or viral vectors. Chimeric plant viruses or virus-like particles can also be used to display peptide antigens, allowing the production of polyvalent vaccine candidates. Here we review progress in the field of plant-derived peptides over the last 5 years, addressing new challenges for diverse pathologies.
Chiara Lico; Luca Santi; Richard M Twyman; Mario Pezzotti; Linda Avesani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant cell reports     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-203X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9880970     Medline TA:  Plant Cell Rep     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Laboratorio di Biotecnologie, Unità Tecnica BIORAD, ENEA C.R. Casaccia, 00123, Rome, Italy.
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