Document Detail

The use of oxygen for delivery room resuscitation of newborn infants in non-Western countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22321600     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Using pure oxygen (PO) in neonatal resuscitation increases oxidative stress and mortality in full-term hypoxic infants. International neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend air or blended oxygen for resuscitation regardless of gestational age but this requires education and equipment that may not be globally available. OBJECTIVE: To determine current neonatal resuscitation practices and availability of oxygen blending equipment in non-Western hospitals. DESIGN: 196 email addresses were obtained through perinatal societies representing 45 hospitals in 14 countries in Asia, Africa and the Middle East. RESULTS: 68 (34.6%) responses were received from all 14 countries. The majority (90%, n=61) of respondents were aware of recent guideline changes but continued to resuscitate with PO because of the lack of equipment and uncertainty about international guidelines (61%, n=41 for term, 44%, n=30 for preterm). Most (81%, n=55) believed that PO caused adverse effects in term neonates. The availability of oxygen blending equipment correlated significantly with the country's gross domestic product. CONCLUSION: The majority of the practitioners we surveyed in non-Western countries are aware of the most recent recommendations regarding oxygen use in neonatal resuscitation. However, lack of oxygen blending equipment remains a hindrance to the use of blended gas at resuscitation in low resource, non-western countries. Global guidelines from developed countries must take into account the resource limitations and implementation difficulties faced by countries with restricted resources, where the majority of the high-risk infants are born.
Jeremy Koh; Cheo Lian Yeo; Ian Wright; Kei Lui; Ola Saugstad; William Tarnow-Mordi; John Smyth; Ju Lee Oei
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-6232     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Crown Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
School of Women's and Children's Health, the University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW 2031, Australia.
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