Document Detail

The use of music with hospitalized infants and toddlers: a descriptive study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10269113     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This clinical study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of music in decreasing stress behaviors exhibited by hospitalized infants and toddlers. The sample consisted of 27 hospitalized infants and toddlers, ages 5 weeks to 36 months, who had demonstrated stress behaviors (defined as crying, throwing objects, absence of vocalization, lethargy, and/or body tension) during 15-minute observation sessions. Each subject was assigned to a music program implemented by a Registered Music Therapist (RMT) on the Child Life staff. Programming included relaxation, didactic games, movement, and songs. Sessions lasted from 15 minutes to 1 hour. During the sessions, the subjects were observed and their behaviors were recorded on a checklist. Results of the study indicated that music plus interaction with a music therapist effectively reduced stress-related behaviors.
L S Marley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of music therapy     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0022-2917     ISO Abbreviation:  J Music Ther     Publication Date:  1984  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-01-14     Completed Date:  1985-01-14     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014162     Medline TA:  J Music Ther     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  126-32     Citation Subset:  H    
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MeSH Terms
Child, Hospitalized / psychology*
Child, Preschool
Hospital Bed Capacity, 500 and over
Music Therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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