Document Detail


The use of the minimum projection mode in 4-dimensional examination of the fetal heart with spatiotemporal image correlation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15448324     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The minimum projection mode (MPM) is a rendering algorithm available in some 3- and 4-dimensional ultrasonography systems that, in 1 image, allows the visualization of vessels and cystic anatomic structures located in different scanning planes. The objective of this study was to compare the information displayed in images obtained with the MPM with their corresponding 2-dimensional ultrasonographic images from fetuses with and without structural heart defects. METHODS: Thirty-two volume data sets acquired with the spatiotemporal image correlation technique from fetuses with (n = 15) and without (n = 17) structural heart defects were analyzed. Rendered images of the upper abdomen, 4-chamber view, and 3-vessel view were compared with the corresponding 2-dimensional images. Two independent observers with experience in fetal echocardiography reviewed these volume data sets using the MPM. The visualization rate of specific anatomic structures seen from a transverse sweep of the heart was recorded for each observer, and the interobserver agreement was assessed by statistical indices of agreement (kappa statistic). RESULTS: Images obtained by the MPM displayed more vascular structures than those of corresponding 2-dimensional images at the level of the 3-vessel view. For conotruncal anomalies, the minimum mode projected the aorta and pulmonary arteries in 1 single plane, facilitating the understanding of their spatial relationships. The interobserver agreement score was moderate to "almost perfect" for assessment of most anatomic structures in the upper abdomen, 4-chamber view, and 3-vessel view sections. However, interobserver agreement ranged from fair to poor for visualization of the left outflow tract, atrial septum, and flap of the foramen ovale. CONCLUSIONS: The MPM is an alternative rendering modality that facilitates visualization of normal and abnormal vascular connections to the fetal heart at the level of the 3-vessel view. This technique may be useful in prenatal diagnosis of conotruncal anomalies and in assessment of the spatial relationships of abnormal vascular connections in the upper mediastinum.
Authors:
Jimmy Espinoza; Luís F Gonçalves; Wesley Lee; Tinnakorn Chaiworapongsa; Marjorie C Treadwell; Susan Stites; Mary Lou Schoen; Moshe Mazor; Roberto Romero
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0278-4297     ISO Abbreviation:  J Ultrasound Med     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-27     Completed Date:  2005-01-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211547     Medline TA:  J Ultrasound Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1337-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Perinatology Research Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University/Hutzel Hospital, 4707 St Antoine Blvd, Detroit MI 48201 USA. warfiela@mail.nih.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Algorithms*
Fetal Heart / ultrasonography*
Humans
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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