Document Detail

The use of imagery to manipulate challenge and threat appraisal States in athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20587822     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study investigated whether imagery could manipulate athletes' appraisal of stress-evoking situations (i.e., challenge or threat) and whether psychological and cardiovascular responses and interpretations varied according to cognitive appraisal of three imagery scripts: challenge, neutral, and threat. Twenty athletes (M(age) = 20.85; SD = 1.76; 10 female, 10 male) imaged each script while heart rate, stroke volume, and cardiac output were obtained using Doppler echocardiography. State anxiety and self-confidence were assessed following each script using the Immediate Anxiety Measures Scale. During the imagery, a significant increase in heart rate, stroke volume, and cardiac output occurred for the challenge and threat scripts (p < .05). Although there were no differences in physiological response intensities for both stress-evoking scripts, these responses, along with anxiety symptoms, were interpreted as facilitative during the challenge script and debilitative during the threat script. Results support using imagery to facilitate adaptive stress appraisal.
Sarah E Williams; Jennifer Cumming; George M Balanos
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sport & exercise psychology     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0895-2779     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sport Exerc Psychol     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-30     Completed Date:  2010-08-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809258     Medline TA:  J Sport Exerc Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  339-58     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological / physiology
Adrenal Medulla / physiopathology
Anxiety / physiopathology*,  psychology
Arousal / physiology*
Athletic Performance / physiology*
Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
Heart Rate / physiology
Imagination / physiology*
Judgment / physiology*
Self Efficacy
Sports / physiology*,  psychology
Stroke Volume / physiology
Sympathetic Nervous System / physiopathology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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