Document Detail


The urinary cotinine levels of infants and the determinants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20718188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the route of tobacco smoke exposure on urinary cotinine levels of infants. A cross-sectional analysis was done on 254 six-month-old infants. The infants were grouped according to the route of tobacco smoke exposure. The urinary cotinine/creatinine ratios were determined. Forty-nine percent (124/254) of mothers were smokers. Urinary cotinine levels in infants of smoking mothers were statistically significantly higher than levels in infants of non-smoking mothers. The highest mean cotinine/creatinine level was found in the breast-milk-exposed group. Linear regression analysis showed that maternal smoking increased urinary cotinine level by 541 times and breastfeeding increased it by 171 times, whereas early start of formula feeding decreased it by 63 times. Tobacco exposure by breastfeeding may be more harmful than other routes of exposure. Mothers should be encouraged to stop smoking during the breastfeeding period even if they avoid exposing their infants to passive tobacco smoke.
Authors:
Gonca Yilmaz; Candemir Karacan; H Tanju Besler; Kadriye Yurdakök; Turgay Coşkun
Related Documents :
10560768 - The effect of prenatal cocaine exposure on neurobehavioral outcome: a meta-analysis.
8407618 - Birth weight and smoking practices during pregnancy among mexican-american women.
11339618 - Assessment of prenatal smoke exposure by determining nicotine and its metabolites in ma...
12597088 - Prenatal cocaine exposure and neonatal/infant outcomes.
23498848 - Safety and efficacy of inulin and oligofructose supplementation in infant formula: resu...
21910128 - Factors associated with parental perception of child vulnerability 12 months after abno...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Turkish journal of pediatrics     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0041-4301     ISO Abbreviation:  Turk. J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:    2010 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-19     Completed Date:  2010-09-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417505     Medline TA:  Turk J Pediatr     Country:  Turkey    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  294-300     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dr. Sami Ulus Children's and Maternity Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Breast Feeding*
Cotinine / urine*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Infant
Linear Models
Male
Tobacco Smoke Pollution / analysis,  statistics & numerical data*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution; 486-56-6/Cotinine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  A household survey: unintentional injury frequency and related factors among children under five yea...
Next Document:  Convulsion following gastroenteritis in children without severe electrolyte imbalance.