Document Detail

An update on food allergy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19629009     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review serves to address food allergy, which is a common problem encountered by the general pediatrician. Between 4 and 6% of US children have an allergic reaction to at least one food, and the prevalence of some food allergies appears to be increasing. RECENT FINDINGS: A combination of genetic influences, characteristics of food antigen processing, and timing of food introduction may influence the development of food allergy. Avoidance of highly allergenic foods beyond 4-6 months may not be effective at preventing the development of food allergy in most children, and the effect of specific early introduction of allergenic foods is being investigated. Oral immunotherapy is under investigation but may be limited in future use by several factors, including a significant rate of allergic reactions. SUMMARY: Current management of food allergy focuses on accurate diagnosis, appropriate counseling regarding strict allergen avoidance with review of available educational resources, emergency preparedness, instruction on the use of self-injectable epinephrine, and ongoing surveillance for the possible development of tolerance.
Marcus Shaker; Donald Woodmansee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in pediatrics     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1531-698X     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Opin. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-14     Completed Date:  2010-05-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9000850     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Pediatr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  667-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Children's Hospital at Dartmouth, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Desensitization, Immunologic
Food Hypersensitivity* / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  therapy

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