Document Detail


An unusually cold active nitroreductase for prodrug activations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22546205     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A set of PCR primers based on the genome sequence were used to clone a gene encoding a hypothetical nitroreductases (named as Ssap-NtrB) from uropathogenic staphylococcus, Staphylococcus saprophyticus strain ATCC 15305, an oxygen insensitive flavoenzyme. Activity studies of the translation product revealed that the nitroreductase catalyses two electron reduction of a nitroaromatic drug of nitrofurazone (NFZ), cancer prodrugs of CB1954 and SN23862 at optimum temperature of 20°C together with retaining its maximum activity considerably at 3°C. The required electrons for such reduction could be supplied by either NADH or NADPH with a small preference for the latter. The gene was engineered for heterologous expression in Escherichia coli, and conditions were found in which the enzyme was produced in a mostly soluble form. The recombinant enzyme was purified to homogeneity and physical, spectral and catalytical properties were determined. The findings lead us to propose that Ssap-NtrB represents a novel nitro reductase with an unusual cold active property, which has not been described previously for prodrug activating enzymes of nitroreductases.
Authors:
Ayhan Celik; Gülden Yetiş
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1464-3391     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9413298     Medline TA:  Bioorg Med Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Gebze Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, 41400 Gebze-Kocaeli, Turkey.
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