Document Detail


An unexpected mortality increase in the United States follows arrival of the radioactive plume from Fukushima: is there a correlation?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22403909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The multiple nuclear meltdowns at the Fukushima plants beginning on March 11, 2011, are releasing large amounts of airborne radioactivity that has spread throughout Japan and to other nations; thus, studies of contamination and health hazards are merited. In the United States, Fukushima fallout arrived just six days after the earthquake, tsunami, and meltdowns. Some samples of radioactivity in precipitation, air, water, and milk, taken by the U.S. government, showed levels hundreds of times above normal; however, the small number of samples prohibits any credible analysis of temporal trends and spatial comparisons. U.S. health officials report weekly deaths by age in 122 cities, about 25 to 35 percent of the national total. Deaths rose 4.46 percent from 2010 to 2011 in the 14 weeks after the arrival of Japanese fallout, compared with a 2.34 percent increase in the prior 14 weeks. The number of infant deaths after Fukushima rose 1.80 percent, compared with a previous 8.37 percent decrease. Projecting these figures for the entire United States yields 13,983 total deaths and 822 infant deaths in excess of the expected. These preliminary data need to be followed up, especially in the light of similar preliminary U.S. mortality findings for the four months after Chernobyl fallout arrived in 1986, which approximated final figures.
Authors:
Joseph J Mangano; Janette D Sherman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0020-7314     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Health Serv     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-12     Completed Date:  2012-03-25     Revised Date:  2012-09-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1305035     Medline TA:  Int J Health Serv     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  47-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Radiation and Public Health Project, New York, USA. odiejoe@aol.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Distribution
Air Pollutants, Radioactive / toxicity*
Cause of Death
Health Status
Humans
Infant Mortality / trends*
Infant, Newborn
Japan
Northwestern United States
Nuclear Power Plants*
Radiation Injuries / mortality*
Radioactive Hazard Release / mortality*
United States / epidemiology
Vital Statistics
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants, Radioactive
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Int J Health Serv. 2012;42(3):549-51; discussion 561-70   [PMID:  22993968 ]
Int J Health Serv. 2012;42(3):553-5; discussion 561-70   [PMID:  22993969 ]
Int J Health Serv. 2012;42(3):557-9; discussion 561-70   [PMID:  22993970 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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