Document Detail


The ultraendurance triathlete: a physiological profile.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3821454     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To better characterize the athletes who participate in ultraendurance triathlons, 14 triathletes in training for the Hawaii IRONMAN triathlon were studied. A physical and physiological profile was developed from anthropometric measurements and oxygen uptake during maximal exercise on a treadmill, cycle ergometer, and arm ergometer. A comparison of the maximal values among exercise modes and between males and females was made. A comparison of height, weight, and percent body fat of these triathletes with elite athletes from the sports of swimming, cycling, and running showed the physique of triathletes to be most similar to that of cyclists. Oxygen uptake at maximal exercise was, for males and females, respectively: 68.8 ml X kg-1 X min-1, 65.9 ml X kg-1 X min-1 on the treadmill; 66.7 ml X kg-1 X min-1, 61.6 ml X kg-1 X min-1 on the cycle ergometer; and 49.1 ml X kg-1 X min-1, 39.7 ml X kg-1 X min-1 on the arm ergometer. When comparing the highest oxygen uptake attained at maximal exercise in any one of the three exercise modes, the male triathletes are comparable to swimmers, but have a lower aerobic capacity than cyclists or distance runners. The female triathletes studied were able to attain oxygen uptake values greater than those previously reported for female athletes.
Authors:
M L O'Toole; D B Hiller; L O Crosby; P S Douglas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1987 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-03-31     Completed Date:  1987-03-31     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  45-50     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Bicycling
Body Composition*
Exercise Test
Female
Heart Rate
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Endurance*
Respiration
Running
Sex Factors
Sports*
Swimming

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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