Document Detail


Withholding/withdrawing treatment from neonates: legislation and official guidelines across Europe.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10635495     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Representatives from eight European countries compared the legal, ethical and professional settings within which decision making for neonates takes place. When it comes to limiting treatment there is general agreement across all countries that overly aggressive treatment is to be discouraged. Nevertheless, strong emphasis has been placed on the need for compassionate care even where cure is not possible. Where a child will die irrespective of medical intervention, there is widespread acceptance of the practice of limiting aggressive treatment or alleviating suffering even if death may be hastened as a result. Where the infant could be saved but the future outlook is bleak there is more debate, but only two countries have tested the courts with such cases. When it comes to the active intentional ending of life, the legal position is standard across Europe; it is prohibited. However, recognising those intractable situations where death may be lingering and unpleasant, Dutch paediatricians have reported that they do sometimes assist babies to die with parental consent. Two cases have been tried through the courts and recent official recommendations have set out standards by which such actions may be assessed.
Authors:
H E McHaffie; M Cuttini; G Brölz-Voit; L Randag; R Mousty; A M Duguet; B Wennergren; P Benciolini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical ethics     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0306-6800     ISO Abbreviation:  J Med Ethics     Publication Date:  1999 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-02-08     Completed Date:  2000-02-08     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513619     Medline TA:  J Med Ethics     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  440-6     Citation Subset:  E; IM    
Affiliation:
University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Advisory Committees
Child Advocacy / legislation & jurisprudence*
Decision Making
Double Effect Principle
Ethics
Ethics, Medical*
Euthanasia, Active*
Euthanasia, Passive / legislation & jurisprudence*
France
Germany
Great Britain
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Informed Consent / legislation & jurisprudence
Intention
Internationality*
Italy
Judicial Role
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Parental Consent
Parents / education,  psychology
Perinatal Care / legislation & jurisprudence*,  standards*
Practice Guidelines as Topic*
Spain
Stress, Psychological
Sweden
Value of Life
Withholding Treatment*
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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