Document Detail


The time course and frequency content of hydrodynamic events caused by moving fish, frogs, and crustaceans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1920167     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In the present study the time course and spectral-amplitude distribution of hydrodynamic flow fields caused by moving fish, frogs, and crustaceans were investigated with the aid of laser-Doppler-anemometry. In the vicinity of a hovering fish sinusoidal water movements can be recorded whose velocity spectra peak below 10 Hz. Single strokes during startle responses or during steady swimming of fish, frogs, and crustaceans cause short-lasting, low-frequency (less than 10 Hz), transient water movements. Low-frequency transients also occur if a frog approaches and passes a velocity-sensitive hydrodynamic sensor. In contrast, transient water movements caused by a rapidly struggling or startled fish or water motions measured in the wake of a slowly swimming (less than or equal to 47 cm/s) trout can be broadbanded, i.e., these water movements can contain frequency components up to at least 100 Hz. High-frequency hydrodynamic events can also be measured behind obstacles submerged in running water. The possible biological advantage of the ability to detect high-frequency hydroynamic events is discussed with respect to the natural occurrence of high frequencies and its potential role in orientation and predator-prey interactions of aquatic animals.
Authors:
H Bleckmann; T Breithaupt; R Blickhan; J Tautz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of comparative physiology. A, Sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology     Volume:  168     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Comp. Physiol. A     Publication Date:  1991 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-11-21     Completed Date:  1991-11-21     Revised Date:  2014-07-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8413199     Medline TA:  J Comp Physiol A     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  749-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Anura / physiology*
Behavior, Animal / physiology*
Crustacea / physiology*
Fishes / physiology*
Locomotion / physiology
Swimming
Water Movements*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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