Document Detail

A three-dimensional human trunk model for the analysis of respiratory mechanics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20524749     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Over the past decade, road safety research and impact biomechanics have strongly stimulated the development of anatomical human numerical models using the finite element (FE) approach. The good accuracy of these models, in terms of geometric definition and mechanical response, should now find new areas of application. We focus here on the use of such a model to investigate its potential when studying respiratory mechanics. The human body FE model used in this study was derived from the RADIOSS HUMOS model. Modifications first concerned the integration and interfacing of a user-controlled respiratory muscular system including intercostal muscles, scalene muscles, the sternocleidomastoid muscle, and the diaphragm and abdominal wall muscles. Volumetric and pressure measurement procedures for the lungs and both the thoracic and abdominal chambers were also implemented. Validation of the respiratory module was assessed by comparing a simulated maximum inspiration maneuver to volunteer studies in the literature. Validation parameters included lung volume changes, rib rotations, diaphragm shape and vertical deflexion, and intra-abdominal pressure variation. The HUMOS model, initially dedicated to road safety research, could be turned into a promising, realistic 3D model of respiration with only minor modifications.
Michel Behr; Jeremie Pérès; Maxime Llari; Yves Godio; Yves Jammes; Christian Brunet
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomechanical engineering     Volume:  132     ISSN:  1528-8951     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomech Eng     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-07     Completed Date:  2010-09-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909584     Medline TA:  J Biomech Eng     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  014501     Citation Subset:  IM    
LBA, Faculté de Medecine Nord, UMRT24, INRETS/Université de la Méditerranée, Boulevard Pierre Dramard, Marseille F-13916, France.
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MeSH Terms
Abdomen / physiology*
Computer Simulation
Lung / physiology*
Models, Biological*
Muscle Contraction / physiology*
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology*
Respiratory Muscles / physiology*
Thorax / physiology*

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