Document Detail


Is there a relation between neuropsychologic variables and quality of life after stroke?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11588738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To describe the quality of life (QOL) of stroke patients and to distill neuropsychologic predictors for poor QOL. DESIGN: A cohort study in which patients were neuropsychologically assessed at a mean of 72.2 days after stroke, with follow-up at a mean of 9.8 months after stroke. SETTING: Research department of a rehabilitation center. PATIENTS: A consecutive sample of 164 stroke patients (mean age, 55.2yr) recruited from a university hospital, a regional hospital, and a rehabilitation center. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Orientation, memory, attention and concentration, visuospatial and visuoconstructive functions, language, and arithmetic skills were assessed with neuropsychologic tests. QOL was assessed with the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP). RESULTS: An overall mean SIP score +/- standard deviation of 20 +/- 11 showed that stroke has a high impact on everyday functioning. Further analyses indicated that QOL is related in particular to tests measuring spatiotemporal and/or sequential aspects of behavior. Forward/backward stepwise regression analysis (n = 106) showed that poor QOL was more likely if patients had a poor result on the Trailmaking Test (TMT) B and/or were women. CONCLUSION: The predictive value of the TMT is most effective and very useful because the TMT is a short and economical procedure. However, the gender-related aspects of recovery deserve more attention, as does the possible bias that can be caused by the composition of a measurement. Further research is needed to refine predictive models that are needed to facilitate the development of more adequate, individual rehabilitation programs.
Authors:
J B Hochstenbach; P G Anderson; J van Limbeek; T T Mulder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0003-9993     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Publication Date:  2001 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-05     Completed Date:  2001-12-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985158R     Medline TA:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1360-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2001 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Affiliation:
University of Groningen, Northern Centre for Brain Damage Aftercare, The Netherlands. J.B.H.Hochstenbach@med.rug.nl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cohort Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Quality of Life*
Stroke / complications,  physiopathology,  psychology,  rehabilitation*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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